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£5.50 in supermarket. First sip, awesome. Smoooooth, raspberries with too much cream, farmhouse unsalted butter,faint reminisce of a rusty disused 90's farm tractor http://www.vivino.com/s/54ca787d90542
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Richardson is lying about the limitations of the end time beast. See this amazing review that decimates mideast beast completely.
http://www.amazon.com/Mideast-Beast-Scriptural-Islamic-Antichrist/dp/1936488531/ref=cm_cr-mr-title

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I met some occult types in my youth and since. They all have a shared character trait - they are cowards, usually perverts and somewhat deluded about their personal importance. . hoho. 

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It is not actually possible to "open your heart to jesus christ" as you suggest. Fallen Adam cannot do this - those who try end up bitterly dissapointed. However, you can believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and get born again as the Spirit chooses. That is totally different, it is all a work of grace and results in a new creation, incorporation into the raised body of christ. It is about one's state, one's condition, not about "opening your heart" which is evangelical baloney

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Ok, here you go, a little light reading for you:-


The "epi"c error

Author says on page 45 of kindle edition:-
Another important factor worthy of consideration is the phrase "authority was given him over ..." The word for "over" in Greek is epi. Besides "over" it can also mean "in," "on," or "upon." As such, the English translation could just as easily read, "And authority was given him in [or among] every tribe, tongue, and nation."

Richardson, Joel (2012-06-08). Mideast Beast: The Scriptural Case for an Islamic Antichrist (p. 45). Joel Richardson. Kindle Edition.

Well, no it cannot "just as easily read" as I demonstrate below. What we have here is a case of ignoring the greek rules of grammar and that is a dangerous road with the revelation as the book itself warns about tampering with what it says.
Now, the translation of "epi" is governed by the tense of the noun to which it refers.

Companion bible appendix 104 says

9.
epi governs three cases (the Genitive, Dative, and Accusative), and denotes superposition.
1.
With the Genitive it denotes upon, as proceeding or springing from, and answers to the question "Where? " (e.g. Mat 9:2; 10:27. Mar 8:4. Luk 22:30. Joh 6:21).
With the idea of locality it conveys the sense, in the presence of (e.g. Mat 28:14. Mar 13:9. Act 24:19. 1Co 6:1).
With the idea of time, it looks backward and upward, e.g. "in the days of" (Mat 1:11. Heb 1:2).
With the idea of place, it denotes dignity and power (e.g. Mat 23:2. Act 12:21. Rom 9:5. Rev 2:26).
2.
With the Dative it implies actual superposition, as one thing resting upon another, as upon a foundation or basis which may be actual (e.g. Mar 6:25, 28, 39), or moral (e.g. Mat 18:13. Mar 3:5). Both senses occur in 1Th 3:7.
Hence it is used of the moving principle or motive suggesting the purpose or object (e.g. Eph 2:16), and sometimes including the result (e.g. 2Ti 2:14).
3.
With the Accusative it implies the downward pressure on that upon which a thing rests; active motion being suggested (e.g. 2Co 3:15. 1Ti 5:5).
Hence, it denotes any extended motion downward (Mat 13:2; 18:12; 19:28; 27:45) from heaven to earth (Mar 4:20. Act 11:15. 2Co 12:9).
Compared with pros (No. xv, below), pros marks the motion, the direction to be taken, while epi (with Acc.) marks the point to be reached.
This downward pressure may be that of the mind, or feeling (e.g. Mat 25:21; 27:43. Heb 6:1. 1Pe 1:13).
For the difference between eis (No. vi, above) and epi (with the Acc.) see Rom 9:21, "one vessel unto (eis) honour", and v. 23, "riches of glory on (epi) the vessels of mercy".

end of quote.

"Epi" here in 13:7 is in the accusative:-

Quote from companion bible appendix 104,note 9,accusative:-With the Accusative it implies the downward pressure on that upon which a thing rests; active motion being suggested (e.g. 2Co 3:15. 1Ti 5:5).
Hence, it denotes any extended motion downward

It does not therefore mean "in" or "among".

"epi" is in the accusative case in revelation 13:7 as governed by the 4 nouns people, tribe, language and nation, all of which are in the accusative. I strongly encourage the reader to look up rev 13:7 on the blueletterbible website. There you can parse a word to discover it's tense (Interlinear tab). See the "EPIC" section further down the page for the full piece on "epi".

Richardson is deliberately twisting the scripture to imply that the beast in revelation might have power "in" or "amongst" nations but not actually over all of them. However, the only translation possible is that the beast has power "over" the nations.

I have a name for that. You may have a more polite term for it. Whatever it is called, this means Richardson's central thesis looks a lot like the statue in Daniel Chapter 2 after the stone had hit it on its feet. "Look out below!"

While we are on topic, we are talking about power over "every....nation". The nations in Rev 2:26 are not different to those in 13:7, are they?

Rev 13:7 Also it was allowed to make war on the saints and to conquer them. And authority was given it over every tribe and people and language and nation,
Rev 2:26 The one who conquers and who keeps my works until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations,
Rev 2:27 and he will rule them with a rod of iron, as when earthen pots are broken in pieces, even as I myself have received authority from my Father.
................................................
comments

Andrew Qian says:
RS,

Don't get me wrong, I love schizophrenics, but they really shouldn't allow you to write book reviews. 

As a lover of truth, and someone who actually knows Greek, allow me to step in here and share a few examples where the Greek epi is translated as "in", all of which are precisely the same usage and tense as is used Revelation 13:7. 

And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and IN their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. (Matthew 4:6) 

Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is IN heaven. (Matthew 6:10)

But other fell INTO good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. (Matthew 13:8)

And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist's head IN a charger. (Matthew 14:8)

And his head was brought IN a charger, and given to the damsel: and she brought it to her mother. (Matthew 14:11)

And whoso shall receive one such little child IN my name receiveth me. (Matthew 18:5)

How think ye? if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he not leave the ninety and nine, and goeth INTO the mountains, and seeketh that which is gone astray? (Matthew 18:12)

But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that IN the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. (Matthew 18:16)

And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit IN the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Matthew 19:28)

And when he saw a fig tree IN the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away. (Matthew 21:19)

Okay, I could go on and on and on... In short, please stop pretending you know what you are talking about. You obviously do not.

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Amazon Customer says:
ESV Matthew4: 6, and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, A "`He will command his angels concerning you,'and "`On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.'"

Companion bible Revised
6, And saith unto Him, "If Thou be the Son of God, cast Thyself down: for it is written, He shall give His angels charge concerning Thee: and upon their hands they shall bear Thee up, lest at any time Thou dash Thy foot against a stone."

You are using the error prone KJV.

ESV Mat 6:10 Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. 
epi is translated here as on, the "in" heaven is the greek "en".
So wrong again.

ESV Mat 13:8 Other seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. 
again, epi is on 

ESV
Mat 14:8 Prompted by her mother, she said, "Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter." 
Companion Bible Revised
8, And she, being prompted by her mother, said, "Give me here John Baptist's head upon a wooden platter." 
LITV (Literal translation)
Mat 14:8 But she being urged on by her mother, she says, Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptist. 
NET (net bible translation)
Mat 14:8 Instructed by her mother, she said, "Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter.
LEB (Lexham English bible)
Mat 14:8 And coached by her mother, she said, "Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter!"

It's all "on", dude.

Now lets look at Matthew 18:5

Mat 18:5 and whoever welcomes one child such as this in my name welcomes me. 

"epi" is here in the dative

Companion bible says about the dative use of epi:-
With the Dative it implies actual superposition, as one thing resting upon another, as upon a foundation or basis which may be actual (e.g. Mar 6:25, 28, 39), or moral (e.g. Mat 18:13. Mar 3:5). Both senses occur in 1Th 3:7.
Hence it is used of the moving principle or motive suggesting the purpose or object (e.g. Eph 2:16), and sometimes including the result (e.g. 2Ti 2:14).

You see, a foundation or basis which may be actual (e.g. Mar 6:25, 28, 39), or moral 

Another example of the dative case
Mar 3:5 And looking around at them with anger, grieved at the hardness of their hearts, he said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored. 
"epi" is here the second "at".

The "epi" in revelation 13:7 is in the accusative., not the dative.

You have to get things right and study to be approved.

Okay, I could go on and on and on... touche
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Andrew Qian says:
Dear RS,

The Bible says not to rebuke a fool, lets you become like him. I fear that in correcting you, I am only joining in your buffoonery and lowering myself to your level of shameful childishness. 

You have now changed your posts several times. Initially you stated that "epi" in Rev. 13:7 is "in the genitive case". Then you changed it to the dative case and acknowledged your error. Now, you have changed your opinion a third time and say that it is in the accusative case, while deleting your admission of ignorance. Now I must inform you that prepositions do not possess any case. There is no such thing as eli in the genitive, accusative or dative case. Prepositions merely govern the noun within any given prepositional phrase. Thus "epi" merely governs the nouns "authority" and "tribes, tongues and nations." While "over" is the most frequently used go-to translation, it is entirely possible to interpret this as "in" or "within". Your ignorance concerning the basics of Greek translation, combined with your extreme arrogance all the while claiming to know your subject is not only embarrassing, it is quite shameful. Simply because you are adept at copying and pasting various clips from the internet, an expert does not make you. In my country, you would not leave your house after flaunting such foolishness.

Regards

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Amazon Customer says:
Come on, "greek scholar". You have been cut to pieces, don't prolong the agony. It is not possible in the accusative governing mode to translate "epi" as "in" or "among" or even "within", your latest suggestion. I never changed it to the dative case, I merely provided some dative cases by way of example to highlight the difference between the dative and the accusative. What is happening here is that you are firing off answers without thinking them through, grasping at straws and setting them on fire. 
I provided the blueletterbible suggestion so users can see how the tense of the noun in question governs the preposition "epi". Granted, I initially thought "epi" was in the genitive case as governed by the noun BUT I did my research and found it to be the accusative case as governed by the noun, which actually adds even more strength to my point. 
Your KJV stunt, well, that kind of backfired, did it not? Yeah, readers, check Qian's attempt to prove me wrong by quoting the error riddled KJV bible version. 
I challenge you, "greek scholar", provide evidence that "epi" governed by the noun in the accusative can be translated as "in" or "within". If you can't , which you can't, then stay indoors perhaps. 

Love to all who love the Lord. 
Rev 22:18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 
Rev 22:19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.

I can be graceful but when it comes to the book of revelation, you have to be VERY EXACT.

So there it is. You HAVE to provide a reliable bible translation of "epi" being governed by the noun in the accusative and meaning "in", "among" or "within".. In fact, several translations preferable. 

Qian says "While "over" is the most frequently used go-to translation, it is entirely possible to interpret this as "in" or "within"."
I say: You need to provide evidence of this when the noun in the accusative governs the meaning of the preposition "epi". Evidence is all that is required

Qian states that "While "over" is the most frequently used go-to translation, it is entirely possible to interpret this as "in" or "within" ", 
then how come not one bible with notes that I know of makes any mention of this "fact" of the noun in the accusative governing the meaning of epi such that it means "in" etc. All we see is that the friutcake KJV translation error that you favour of "epi" is corrected in translations such as the original companion bible (where it corrects the KJV at almost every verse). 

Companion Bible Appendix 104, Prepositions:-

9. 
epi governs three cases (the Genitive, Dative, and Accusative), and denotes superposition.
1. 
With the Genitive it denotes upon, as proceeding or springing from, and answers to the question "Where? " (e.g. Mat 9:2; 10:27. Mar 8:4. Luk 22:30. Joh 6:21).
With the idea of locality it conveys the sense, in the presence of (e.g. Mat 28:14. Mar 13:9. Act 24:19. 1Co 6:1).
With the idea of time, it looks backward and upward, e.g. "in the days of" (Mat 1:11. Heb 1:2).
With the idea of place, it denotes dignity and power (e.g. Mat 23:2. Act 12:21. Rom 9:5. Rev 2:26).
2. 
With the Dative it implies actual superposition, as one thing resting upon another, as upon a foundation or basis which may be actual (e.g. Mar 6:25, 28, 39), or moral (e.g. Mat 18:13. Mar 3:5). Both senses occur in 1Th 3:7.
Hence it is used of the moving principle or motive suggesting the purpose or object (e.g. Eph 2:16), and sometimes including the result (e.g. 2Ti 2:14).
3. 
With the Accusative it implies the downward pressure on that upon which a thing rests; active motion being suggested (e.g. 2Co 3:15. 1Ti 5:5).
Hence, it denotes any extended motion downward (Mat 13:2; 18:12; 19:28; 27:45) from heaven to earth (Mar 4:20. Act 11:15. 2Co 12:9).
Compared with pros (No. xv, below), pros marks the motion, the direction to be taken, while epi (with Acc.) marks the point to be reached.
This downward pressure may be that of the mind, or feeling (e.g. Mat 25:21; 27:43. Heb 6:1. 1Pe 1:13).
For the difference between eis (No. vi, above) and epi (with the Acc.) see Rom 9:21, "one vessel unto (eis) honour", and v. 23, "riches of glory on (epi) the vessels of mercy". of mercy".

Qian says "Your ignorance concerning the basics of Greek translation".This is the very same Qian who lists a whole litany of KJV mistranslations of "epi" when governed by an accusative noun and then completely forgets he used this as the central basis of his first post.

Qian also mentions "authority". However, this noun is in the "Nominative Singular Feminine" and is not/cannot be the object of the "epi" in question.

Tribe, people, tongue and nation are the accusative nouns in question
Tribe ... Accusative Singular Feminine
people...Accusative Singular Masculine
tongue ...Accusative Singular Feminine
nation...Accusative Singular Neuter

Come on, " greek scholar", just one example out of all the thousands of "epi"s in the accusative governed case. We are all waiting.

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oh really!. This number is just the mixylodian scale n the key B. THIS GUY IS crap, i PLAY IT A TON BETTER MYSELF, always have done for years. Now , the dead taught us to revere music and its construction, but this is guy is a very sad johhny come lately. he is RUBBISH. JERRY WAS GOOD IN THE EARLY DAYS, THEN THE DEAD COVERED UP for his deficiency's  (drugs etc) going more into rehearsed chordal structures than live inspiration ( they never matched the early dark star incendiary playing). This guy is a PLONKER

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it's in the bible

    25, “And  there will be signs in sun and moon  and stars, and on the earth  distress of nations in perplexity because of the roaring of the sea and the waves,
    26, people fainting with fear and with foreboding of what is coming on the world. For A the powers of the heavens will be shaken.

global warming, climate change, scientists, it's all hooky. It's just the end of the age approaching. head for the hills

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