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Zakia Usmani
Zakia provides authoritative answers on various Islamic topics and guidance on social and psychological issues.
Zakia provides authoritative answers on various Islamic topics and guidance on social and psychological issues.
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QUESTION
I read the hadith which says a Muslim will receive light on Friday if he recites Surah Al-Kahaf. What is this light?

ANSWER
This surah is popular among Muslims due to the many special merits associated with reading it according to various statements attributed to Prophet Muhammad sallAllahu alaihe wassallam. I will mention a few Sahih ahadith about its being a source of light for the believers and what does this light mean.

Abu Sa’eed said that the Prophet (S) said, “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday, it will illuminate him with light from one Friday to the next.” [ al-Hakim in his Mustadrak]. Al-Bayhaqi also recorded it iSunan sunan from Al-Hakim, then he narrated with his own chain that the Prophet (S) said, “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf as it was revealed, it will be a light for him on the Day of Resurrection.”

Abu Darda quoted the Prophet (S) saying “Whoever recites surah al-Kahf on Friday will be illuminated by its light from one Friday to the next.” [Mustadarak al-Hakim vol 2 no 368 and sunan al-Bayhaqee vol 3 no 249].

Ibn ‘Umar is reported to have quoted Allah’s Messenger (S) as saying, “Whoever recites surah al-Kahf on Friday, light will shine from beneath his feet to the heavens, it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgment, and he would be forgiven for his sins between the two Fridays.” [Ibn Kathir mentioned that its attribution to the Prophet (P) is doubtful and it would be more accurately be considered a statement of Ibn ‘Umar].

What does this light mean? The light is mentioned in many surahs and in ahadith. For example, Allah says in surah Al-Nur that
“Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth…” [24:35]

Ibn `Abbas said, “Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth” means that Allah is ‘the Guide’ of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth.
“Mujahid and Ibn `Abbas said concerning this verse, “Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth“, that He is controlling their affairs and their stars and sun and moon.”

As-Suddi said concerning it, “Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth“, by His (Allah’s) Light, the heavens and earth are illuminated.

Maududi explains in his tafsir about light and says, “Light is something which makes things visible; which is itself manifest and helps make other things manifest.”

Allah says in the Qur’an“….Allah guides to His Light whom He wills“: this means that Allah shows the way to the ones whom He chooses, as it says in the hadith recorded by imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Amr, who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu alaihe wassallam say:
“…Allah created His creation in darkness, then on the same day, He sent His Light upon them. Whoever was touched by His Light on that day will be guided and whoever was missed will be led astray. Hence I say: the pens have dried in accordance with the knowledge of Allah, may He be glorified.”

Prophet (P) mentioned in a Sahih hadith reported by Muslim that “Prayer is the light for the believers” That is why the names of Allah is Noorus Samawati wal Ardh. Allah is that pure light. Meaning that Allah is the One who Guides from the darknesses of misguidance to the light of guidance as is often parable in the Qur’an, where light represents guidance and darkness misguidance.

What is the purpose of light, what does a light do? In this world, a light enables you to see where you are going. It shows you your destination. So it is used in the meaning of guidance. On the Day of Judgment, Allah will destroy the sun and it will be complete darkness. That day our bodies will shine like a light and we will become our own flashlight depending on our level of Eman. So the strength of our light will be proportional to that. And the strength of our eman is directly linked to our actions in this world. The light of obedience and worship in this world will become the light on the Day of Judgement for us.

Some of the Salaf said that good deeds brings light to the heart and a glow to the face, an increased provision and the love of the people.” so perhaps the recitation of this surah which is a good deed will come as a bright light on the Day of Judgment and bring the glow to our faces in this world.

One of the merits of this surah is that it offers protection from the fitnah of the Dajjal. According to the advice of the Prophet (P) Allah will offer us some protection from this trial if we recite it on every Friday. Some of the scholars say that it is not just the recitation of the surah that will protect us; the teachings of this surah have a lot to do with how to deal with the fitnah. So the lessons that we learn in this surah is a guiding light for us and if we act upon these lessons then it will become a guiding light for us on the Day of Judgement.

I ask Allah to bless us with His light in this world and the Hereafter.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
I am 28 years old Muslim boy. I had been in contact via phone and (sometimes meeting in person) with a girl belonging to my city. We never dated etc at all. I was in love with her madly and the more time used to pass by, more I got emotionally/mentally attached with her and hence it resulted in the duration of a complete 7.5 years being in contact with each other. My family was against this proposal. So they asked a knowledgeable person whether this specific girl was good for me or not, to which this person replied that the girl is one in a million but this marriage won’t last because of some actions/deeds of the boy(pointing me) in the future. This made my family frightened and they refused. Other than this, we have another well knowledgeable Islamic person in our family & I asked my parents and grandparents to request them for making the Istikhara whether this girl is right for me or not. When that person made Istikharas for me, he came with the conclusion that this girl is not right for me and this marriage won’t last for long. I also did istikhara and saw few disturbing dreams and as a result, I ended the so long relationship with this girl.

This girl got engaged to another guy. I got engaged to another girl and it has been 5 months. But I can’t seem to find happiness no matter how much I keep on telling my heart every single day that I trust Allah & I trust Allah and only Allah knows what is best for me. Still, I end up crying all day, no matter how much I am trying to do sabar and recite Quran and offer salah. I fully trust Allah and have my full faith in Him and don’t complain anything.
My question is that under this entire scenario, the thing which I did was correct (i.e stepping back)? Or was it something I took wrong from the dreams and wasn’t supposed to step back since on the other hand I loved this girl and knew her from 7.5 years. My parents at the end did agree to get me married and solely left it to my decision.

I want to know the honest answer may be this would help me for future decisions of life after knowing the answer to my question. Shall I start praying to Allah to somehow get me this girl back either in this world or in the hereafter? I ask Allah for help and ask Him to help me out, but still, I unintentionally remember this girl and tears start coming out from my eyes till this day. Please, it will be really kind of you and a big help for me to answer my questions & clear my doubts.

ANSWER
First of all, believing what those 'Islamic personalities' told you about your future, is wrong and against Islamic teachings. No one in this world know the future, not even Prophet (Peace be upon him) then how come these two people claim to know what’s written for you? It is not permissible in Islam to go to fortune tellers to find out about the future. The Prophet sallAllahu 'alaihe wassallam said, " “Whoever goes to a fortune-teller and asks him about something, his prayer will not be accepted for forty nights.” [Muslim, 2230]. So here is your biggest mistake; not only asking them about your future but believing in them, so you MUST repent to Allah sincerely and never ever go to anyone who claims to know the future no matter how religious he or she may appear.

Secondly, it is also against the Islamic teachings for asking someone else to do istikhara for you. The correct way of doing istikhara, is praying two rakah any time during the day or night and then reading the dua istikhara before or after salam and then asking Allah for the guidance. Istikhara can be done as many times as you may want or until the heart is settled with the decision. When teaching about Istikhara Prophet (S) did not say anything about seeing a dream and so on. So the correct opinion is that one should not care about the dreams. After and during the istikhara, if Allah opens the door for you or makes that path easy for you then it means yes, and if you find the door is closing upon you and that path is becoming difficult then it means no. In short, what you should have done was to proceed with the proposal and not paying any attention to the dreams and anything else. In your case, you closed the door, so perhaps this was the answer for your istikhara.

Now, you are engaged to another girl, but your heart is still with that girl. This is a pretty messed up situation …

My advice for you is to first seek Allah's forgiveness for being in this haram relationship and then ask Him to remove her love from your heart completely. That chapter is closed in your life, and there is no need to revisit the past and reread those chapters. The basic principle is that if you have prayed for a certain thing for long, and if Allah has not given it to you then it isn’t good for you. What He has given to you is good for you and now it's for you to find the good in it, and focus on it. Allah says, "But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not." [Al-Baqarah 2:216]

And Allah knows best.
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QUESTION

I have a question. Why does Allah bring people into your life when you don’t belong together? There are moments when you leave them, and then go back to them as well, or they come back to you, but in the end, it was never meant to happen. It’s getting too difficult for me now to move on with something I couldn’t imagine having. I so want to ask this question from Allah directly so that I get to know why does He send some people in our life, makes us live with them and then they leave you. I don’t find any lesson except for the pain when they leave.

ANSWER

Allah brings people into our lives for a purpose, and He then takes them away when their purpose is done. Every experience you have with people you meet is meant to teach you something. When He removes them from your life, you must say “alhamdulillah” because there is most definitely a lesson you’ve learned that you can’t comprehend at this moment. You’ll never really know for sure what roles people play in your life, but if you look back, you’ll realize that they have either sparked the cogs of change or have taught you something valuable. Allah places people in our lives at specific times to suit a specific reason and removes them from our lives at specific times. Rather than thinking about why do they leave, think about “Why did they enter.” That will make your life more meaningful.

The life of this world is transitory, it’s a journey, and everyone you meet will leave you one day, and someone’s leaving may drive you to think about the life – loss, and gain. Life is all about losing and gaining. Not every friendship or relationship is meant to be what you have imagined. We always imagine a happy ending, but we forget that sad endings also exists. And maybe – just maybe, to teach you to value the people around you who don’t want to leave you.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
I want to start memorizing the Quran In Sha Allah, but there's one thing I need advice on in that matter. I am afraid of having any wrong intentions which would render my efforts null and instead make them count as sins. so what should our intentions be when approaching to memorise the Quran? how can i ensure that my intentions are sincere and not meddled with worldly things? JazakAllahu Khairan in advance

ANSWER
First, be aware that one of the traps of Shaytaan is to make a person refrain from doing good deeds is by instilling the thoughts that he is showing off or that people will think that he is showing off so do not pay any attention to his whispers and do not be afraid.

Second, your intention to memorize the Qur'an is to seek Allah's pleasure and to the achieve the highest level in Paradise. The Prophet sallAllahu 'alaihe wassallam said, “Allah does not accept any deed except that which is done only for Him and to seek His Countenance.” [Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 3140; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani].

Third, sincerity in our intentions can only be achieved by seeking help from Allah and knowing the fact that He is Ever Watchful over us in secret and in open. This is indicated in the hadith of Jabreel which he mentioned to the Prophet (S) that “you should worship Allah as if you can see Him, and even though you cannot see Him, He can see you.” (Narrated by Muslim, 97). When you feel that Allah is always watching you and is close to you, then impressing other people or seeking fame and wealth with your knowledge will become insignificant, and this will make firm in your intention in seeking Allah's pleasure only.

Fourth, make dua in every sujood, and ask Allah to keep your intentions purely for His sake and to remove the desires of worldly pleasures from your heart.

And Allah is the Source of Strength
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QUESTION
Can we read any translated form of Quraan Sharif without wudu as like we read other books or is it also necessary to do wudu?? Is there any proper condition to read Quraan in translated form.?? And another question can women recite Quraan in mensuration cycle? what are the limitation during mensuration cycle regarding Quraan recitation?

ANSWER
Yes, you can read translation or tafsir of Qur’an without wudu even if there is Arabic text in it so long as Arabic text is not more than translation or tafsir. If Qur’anic ayaat are more than tafsir or translation, then it is not permissible to touch it without wudu. Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Anything on which there is Qur’an comes under the same rulings as the Mus-haf if there is only Qur’an on it, but if other things are written on it as well as Qur’an, then the ruling depends on which is the greater. It is permissible to touch books of tafsir, hadith, fiqh, and essays in which there is some Qur’an.” (Sharh al-‘Uddah, 1/385).

There are no conditions or manners prescribed to reading translation or tafsir. However, keep in mind that you’re reading the words of Allah so give respect to it and ponder over it while reading it.

I would also like to clarify few things that men or women do not need to cover their heads while reading Qur’an nor it is compulsory to sit and the face the Ka’bah, it is better but not obligatory. You can read while lying down even from the Qur’an (Arabic text) because the Prophet (S) used to read Qur’an while lying on Ayesha’s RA lap. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 7549 & Muslim, 301]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “There is nothing wrong with reading the Qur’an when lying down, whether one is lying on a bed or on the ground. There is nothing wrong with that. A person may recite Qur’an whatever position he is in, standing or sitting or reclining, and whether he has wudu’ or is in a state of minor impurity, if he is reciting from memory. But if he is reading from the Mus-haf, then it is not permissible for the one who does not have wudu’ to touch the Mus-haf unless he has done wudu’. ” [Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Fawzan].

It is also permissible to read Qur’an from electronic devices without wudu and during menstruation.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
As we all know that Allah is most forgiving and merciful, He forgive anyone who repent sincerely no matter wht he has done in his life.. My question is.. If someone do something very wrong with someone else tht hurts other person to the extreme or may destroy his/her life.. And then repent sincerely, will Allah forgive him/ her??? If yes what about the person whom he/she have hurt or what about the sufferer who remain patient n ask Allah for justice n seek reward form Allah for his patience ?? please answer this.

ANSWER
Sincere repentance, good deeds, istighfar, acts of worship only expiate for transgressions against the rights of Allah. As for the sins that have to do with the rights of people, they can only be expiated by sincere repentance and restoring the rights of those who have been wronged. So if it is to do with money, then he must return the money, if it his honor, then he can either seek forgiveness from the person and if can’t then he should make dua for him/her and give charity on his/her behalf.

The Prophet SallAllahu ‘alaihe wassallam said, “Whoever has wronged his brother with regard to his blood, his wealth or his honour, let him come and set matters straight before there comes a Day on which there will be no dirhams and no dinars, only good deeds and bad deeds, and if he has good deeds (they will be taken and given to the one whom he wronged), otherwise some of the bad deeds of the one whom he wronged will be taken and added to his burden, then he will be thrown into the Fire.” [Bukhari & Muslim]

If a person hurts someone to the extent that destroys his or her life, then the only expiation is seeking forgiveness from that person. He or she may choose to forgives or settle the scores in this world or leave the settlement for the hereafter.

The sufferer who remained patient upon the oppression and injustice will get the reward from Allah for his suffering, and if he forgives the oppressor, then his reward is with Allah. Allah says, “The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof; but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is with Allaah. Verily, He likes not the Zaalimoon (oppressors, polytheists, and wrongdoers). [Al-Shura 42:40]

To sum up: when someone oppressed you, there are three options to choose from. They are all considered your right, and you are free to choose whichever one you like:

To make dua against the one who has oppressed you. And if you made dua against him then Allah will take your right from him/her in this world before the Hereafter.

To NOT make dua against him in this world but to wait, so you take back your right from him on the Day of Resurrection.
To forgive the one who oppressed you. If you forgive the one who oppressed you, it means punishment will not befall him in this world, and the rewards for his good deeds will not be given to you in the Hereafter. You may wonder, I suffered because of him, he will not suffer in this world and the hereafter because of my forgiveness then what is there for me?? You will benefit more than if you were to take from his reward on the Day of Resurrection. Allah Himself will give you the reward even more than if you had taken from his rewards. Allah will give you a greater amount.

The best choice is to forgive the one who oppressed you because your happiness on the Day of Judgement is more valuable than anything else.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
I want to ask is it necessary to cover our head during azan? specially females.

ANSWER
It is not necessary for a woman to cover her head during adhan (so long as no non-mahrams can see her) because there is no evidence to indicate that this is obligatory. The same ruling applies to males too.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
My qs is if a person leaves the haram path..such as any relation with his fiance before marriage, in order, not want to lose that person(thinking that the heart of the person is in the hands of Allah swt n He can snatch him if i disobey Him) n stops herself for this reason that she dnt want to lose that person...is that ok ??or she should do it to please Allah only n not just bcz she wants this person thats y she obeys Allah...kindly please answer me i m confused..JazakAllah khyr

ANSWER
Fear of Allah that leads to you fearing Him in all that you do, by keen to do acts of obedience and fearing about His punishment is a praiseworthy fear for which you'll be rewarded in Sha Allah. So if you're refraining from getting into a haram relationship with your fiancé for the sake of Allah and fearing His punishment, then there is nothing wrong with it.

The early generation feared sins, lest they kept them from a good end. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This is part of a greater understanding: that a man fears that his sins may cause him misfortune at the time of death and keep him from a good end.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
In my culture people don't go for proper investigation while accepting a proposal. when girl or boy discuss some doubts with parents they just say "make dua for it". I got a proposal, I'm telling to my family at least tell the boy I'm conscious in deen ,although I don't cover face in joint family but I will be reserved and simple, I will avoid CO-functions, I will need some permission to attend a deeni organization, but my family is not getting it. they are saying it seems we are underestimating their Eeman level ,giving too much such information seems like you are praising yourself so rather than sharing such things make dua that Allah increase the eman of other family and help you to adjust there. I wanna ask how much time we should spend on Investigation and how much on dua? If we are not making investigation about someone deen, will it be sufficient to just "Make dua"? Really dua is so much powerful that we should just concentrate on it? rather than asking someone about his commitment on deen?

ANSWER
First of all, your family should find out about the boy's character, righteousness and religious commitment from his colleagues, neighbors, friends, and family before moving forward. If he is righteous and offers prayers regularly, adhere to Sunnah and treats others well, then you should accept this proposal. However pray istikhara first, and if there is any good for you in that, Allah will make it easy for you, otherwise, Allah will divert this proposal from you by His knowledge. The Prophet sallAllahu 'alaihe wassallam said, " If there comes to you one with whose character and religious commitment you are pleased, then give (your daughter or female relative under your care) to him in marriage.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, even if he falls short with regard to wealth and compatibility.” He said: “If there comes to you one with whose character and religious commitment you are pleased, then give (your daughter or female relative under your care) to him in marriage” three times. [al-Tirmidhi, 1084; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi].

Second, people vary in their character and level of religious commitment, and there is no guarantee that a person will remain on that level as he is now. So you should accept the proposal if he is good enough and do not wait for the one who is superior to you in religious commitment.

Third, I think your parents should inform him that you're a reserved, shy and simple girl and would attend Islamic institutions after marriage to seek Islamic knowledge. In fact, it is permissible to put this condition on your marriage contract, and it's perfectly valid condition.

Fourth, after doing the investigation, you and your parents should pray for guidance (istikhara prayer). After making the istikharah in the prescribed manner, you and your parents should do which you all perceive to be correct, after placing your trust in Allah. Allah says, “Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah.” [Aale Imran 3:159]

To sum up, there are four stages:

1. Being concerned about the matter
2. Consulting others, investigating and making istikharah, asking Allah for advice
3. Reliance upon Allah
4. Then acting upon what you consider correct

Please note: Istikharah is a dua so one should fulfill all the conditions of making a dua and should adhere to the etiquette of making a dua and avoid all the obstacles and barriers that prevent a dua from being answered.

Beware of hesitating and refusing without any valid reason, because if he goes away today, you may not see another like him tomorrow.

And Allah knows best
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QUESTION
I wanted to know that can we drink Zam zam in menstruating state ? As we are defiled and need to wait for the period and take full body ablution before we can touch Quran . I wanted to know if the same ruling applies for the above ?
Hope to get my answer soon .

ANSWER
It is permissible to drink Zamzam water in a state of both minor or major impurity such as during menstruation, in a state of janaabah or without wudu. It is also permissible to make wudu with Zamzam water or pour over a sick person or give to a non-Muslim to drink for healing purposes.

As for the Qur'an, it is not permissible to touch the mus-haf in a state of major and minor impurity because the Prophet sallAllahu 'alaihe wassallam said, “No one should touch the Qur’an except one who is taahir (pure).”

And Allah knows best
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