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Max Chiu
Works at Software Developer, E-Commerce Application Architect, Software Craftsman, Aspiring Entrepreneur, Technology Enthusiast and Internet Startup Technologist. Founder of Pzaar.com.
Lives in Beijing, China
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Above plot shows the Big data middleware tools like MapReduce, CEP, Storm etc placed against how fast results are needed and data rates.
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西元1951年,為了慶祝世界大戰落幕後,德國『拜魯特音樂節』(Bayreuther Festspiele)的重新舉辦,他登台指揮象徵新生與希望的貝多芬第九號交響曲…當時演奏的總長度為74分鐘又42秒,後來也就成為CD的標準時間格式!

1月25日知名壽星:
不只偉大,更超越傳奇!一代指揮巨匠:福特萬格勒(Wilhelm Furtwängler,1886-1954)

堪稱西元二十世紀古典音樂與錄音工業發展史上成就最為斐然的指揮名家,誕生於昔日德意志帝國柏林的福特萬格勒,也是當年歐陸首屈一指的古典交響天團『德國柏林愛樂』(Berliner Philharmoniker)創團後的頭一位終身桂冠指揮…但父親是大學考古系教授,母親是畫家的他,在接受了專業且豐富的音樂教育啟蒙之後,生涯規劃起初並非想成為活躍於幕前的指揮家,反而是一心想擔任譜曲工作的作曲家,但因為自己的第一號交響曲作品首演後未獲得成功,再加上父親辭世後須擔負起家裡經濟上的重責大任,使得他在深思考慮自己的未來以及前途之下,西元1906年,20歲的福特萬格勒,選擇了走上職業指揮家的道路,更以德奧派作曲家布魯克納深奧又極富哲理的第九號交響曲,在德國樂壇一鳴驚人,被評論為不可小看的古典新秀,並且很快的兩年之後,成功登上了柏林愛樂的藝術總監大位,並且還擔綱起奧地利維也納愛樂與萊比錫布商大廈管弦樂團的常任指揮一職,可說是掌握了歐陸樂壇的文武半邊天!
只不過喔,一直到大師晚年的時候,他始終還是堅持自己的初衷,認為自己是一名會指揮的作曲家呢!

當然,中年時期的福特萬格勒,我想很多好友們都應該有聽過,這位舉世聞名的音樂人,在近代史上,留下了一個值得探討,或者是些許爭議的地方…那就是他與納粹德國政權的分合關係。

話說從頭,在西元二十世紀三零年代初期,也就是希特勒正式以元首之姿掌權後,由於他所推行的一系列藝文政策,說穿了只是在無限吹捧亞利安民族的功績而已,並非是實實在在的推廣藝術,因此讓當時早已經享譽國際的福特萬格勒感到相當不滿,幾次在公開場合上拒絕行納粹的舉手禮,甚至還與納粹黨官派的藝術界人士直接槓上,結果讓希特勒不開心,除了撤銷先前所封與福特萬格勒『納粹第三帝國音樂院』(Reichsmusikkammer)副總裁的職位外,更直接把他冰凍起來,刻意不讓他有機會舉辦音樂會…但因為他在歐陸音樂界,乃至於是藝文界的地位非同小可,希特勒想整他也不敢做得太過份,所以隔年就恢復了他的頭銜,更決定拉攏他,正式行文聘請福特萬格勒出任第三帝國文化部的要員…

結果到了西元1942年時,當整個歐洲都已經淪入納粹黨挑起的瘋狂戰火之際,他卻在一場公開替希特勒祝壽的納粹官辦生日宴會上,率領樂團演出了貝多芬的第九號交響曲!而這件事情一傳出德國後,福特萬格勒馬上就變成了眾矢之的,不只西方民主國家質疑他毫無政治立場可言,當時許多藝術界的人士更是出面痛批,說他為了權勢,居然已經悲哀淪落到變成納粹的走狗…而義大利超重量級的歌劇指揮大師托斯卡尼尼(Arturo Toscanini,1867-1957),更是對他失望透徹!

西元1945年5月,第二次世界大戰歐洲戰區終於慘烈地譜下了終止符…戰勝的西方盟國也正式進駐德國,並開始一一清算倖存下來的納粹黨羽;很遺憾地,福特萬格勒此時被視為是希特勒在藝文界的幫兇與迫害者,因此依法要就此停止一切公開的音樂演出活動,而且沒有解禁的一天…

可是,就在這個關鍵的時刻,有許多猶太裔的音樂家紛紛挺身而出,要來替他們所尊敬的福特萬格勒辯護…他們明白的表示,當時福特萬格勒會委身在希特勒的萬惡政權底下,最終的目的就是要拯救更多的猶太裔藝術家免於納粹魔爪,同時更藉由他官方特許的身分,大量發給護照,掩護了無數猶太音樂人平安離開了德國;另一方面,福特萬格勒也極力爭取到了柏林愛樂全體團員免除兵役的權利,並且透過戰火當中的巡迴定期音樂會,安慰了眾多無辜受到戰爭波及的德國老百姓。

後來經過盟軍方面的再三確認,德國政府還給了福特萬格勒非納粹化人士的清白,並且讓大師得以重新返回指揮台,再次引領樂團帶來不朽的天籟。同時他也把握機會,馬不停蹄地展開錄音的工作,舉凡貝多芬、布拉姆斯以及華格納的諸多管絃樂曲目,都排入了他的錄製名單裡頭;而且在西元二十世紀中葉,只要提到德奧樂派,基本上沒有人會忽略掉福特萬格勒,尤其是樂聖貝多芬的九大交響曲,更被譽為是『指揮帝王』卡拉揚之外,地球上最偉大的錄音版本!
(小弟編按:最後要說明一下,福特萬格勒與卡拉揚兩位劃時代指揮大師,誰才是德奧頭號指揮家的問題,不是現在在吵,而是已經在古典音樂界爭論超過一甲子囉!)
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“No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.”
Paul Carus, summarized from the Dhammapada, verse 165
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The serious pollution issues in China is not only their own problem, but also effects the whole planet. #‎china‬ ‪#‎pollution‬ #globalissues
When you take a look at the pictures below, you can begin to understand how China is one of those places where 16,000 dead pigs can be found floating down the river.
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It's awesome!
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Dragon Age: Inquisition - Main Theme
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  • Software Developer, E-Commerce Application Architect, Software Craftsman, Aspiring Entrepreneur, Technology Enthusiast and Internet Startup Technologist. Founder of Pzaar.com.
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Chase the vision, not the money, the money will end up following you.
Introduction
Software Developer, E-Commerce Application Architect, Software Craftsman, Aspiring Entrepreneur, Technology Enthusiast and Internet Startup Technologist. Founder of Pzaar.com.
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