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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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I don't have the hi-res in-the-air pictures yet, but here's me looking cool.

Although apparently +Jim Zemlin was laughing so hard when I did the thumbs-up sign that the camera shake makes that picture a bit blurry. Thanks, Jim.
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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Irresponsible or unavoidable borrowing?

Growing up in Europe, I didn't pay much attention to the construction of the Euro, and whatever little I remember has nothing to do with the economics of it. Now, older, having lived in the US for a while, with a Greek wife, I'm looking at the way the Euro is unraveling and I've been using the opportunity to try to figure out how it works (or, rather, why it doesn't).

The core mechanism that allows multiple states to share the same currency is pretty simple: since the weaker states can't devalue their currency to compensate for their trade deficit with the stronger ones, money has to flow from the stronger economies to the weaker ones in order to maintain the balance.

We see that in the US: as measured in GDP per capita, there's about a 2:1 ratio between the strongest states and the weakest ones. To compensate for that, a lot of money flows between states, through the federal government. Most taxes in the US are federal taxes, i.e. about 75%, and the federal government doesn't necessarily spend the money it collects in the exact states where it collects them. As an example, every year about 130 billion dollars paid by California in federal taxes don't make it back into California. Texas and New York are the two other states that have a negative balance of more than 100 billion each. For those 3 states, that outflow on money represents 5.7%, 7.2% and 7.4% of their respective GDPs. California is literally sending money to other states so that those states can buy California stuff. The same is true for Texas, New York, and about 20 of the 50 states that are sending money to the other 30.

Looking back in history, the Marshall Plan followed a somewhat similar logic: the US sent aid to Europe, to allow Europeans to buy US goods, which was both a stabilizing mechanism for European currencies that otherwise were in a devaluation spiral, and an outlet for the huge US industrial production. For reference, the Marshall Plan amounted to 120 billion dollars (in today's dollars) over 4 years, which is tiny compared to the amount of money that the federal government now redistributes across state lines.

We can compare that to the situation in the Eurozone/EU, where the GDP per capita varies by a factor of about 2.3:1. Germany's balance in the EU budget is negative by less than 9 billion Euros. France's and Italy's follow at approximately 6.5 billion and 6 billion. Germany's 9 billion Euros is tiny compared to California's 130 billion dollars, especially since Germany's GDP is 60% larger than that of California. Since the US and EU economies have approximately the same size, that's a reasonably apples-to-apples comparison. The biggest negative balance that a Eurozone country has with the EU is about 0.41% of its GDP. The biggest positive balance is 1.3%. Within the US, only 4 states out of 50 fall within that range.

That's the problem right there: Germany is not flowing enough money out to other Eurozone countries to compensate for its own very strong economy. That's true of other rich European countries as well, e.g. Netherlands, Austria, France.

From the Greek point of view, the only way to get that money to flow in order to maintain balance had been for the government to borrow. That wasn't irresponsible borrowing. That was mechanical, predictable. Greece's poor historical discipline around government finances only accelerated an unavoidable process, but it's not a root cause.

In fact, predictably, pushing Greece into austerity made things worse, much worse: with the root cause being Greece's relatively weak economy compared to the rest of the Eurozone, an austerity approach can only put Greece in a position where it needs even more money to flow in in order to maintain balance.

Even if we assume that all of Greece's debts get somehow forgiven with no further constraints and that Greece manages to run a balanced government budget, it would still be in an unsustainable position in the current Eurozone as its weaker economy would force additional money to flow in. Unless the Eurozone very significantly increases the amount of money that it redistributes across borders, Greece should get out of the Euro at the first opportunity, i.e. literally Monday morning, July 6.

Worse, with Greece out, it's only a matter of time for another weak country to find itself in the same position: that might be Portugal, Spain, Italy, or if Bulgaria, Romania or even Hungary join quickly enough that might go through that same death spiral quickly enough to see the Eurozone as a revolving door, with barely enough time to come in before being back out.

Once that first batch of weak countries is out, there'll always be more that'll be at the bottom of the scale and will find themselves in the same position. France is comfortably in the middle of the pack within Europe today, but attrition will eventually push it toward the bottom, and France having to leave the Euro is a true nightmare scenario for everyone.

In order for the Eurozone to survive, its rich members will need to send a lot more money to the poorer ones: the rich ones literally can't continue reaping benefits from a currency based on the European average without sharing those benefits with the poorer ones that bring that European average down. Otherwise, the Euro will consume country after country until it hits a country that is literally too big to fail.
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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The people who talk about how kdbus improves performance are just full of sh*t. -- Linus

http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/1930358/focus=1939166
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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Manjaro Linux: Oops, we forgot to renew our SSL certs, please set your clocks back.

Enjoy the simplicity. #epicfail
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ma poveri...
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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So. Yes, thats correct: The SELinux system that is only there to protect you, passes attacker controlled data to sh -c (https://docs.python.org/2/library/commands.html) inside a daemon running as root. Sacken lassen...

Good job SELinux.
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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Alla faccia dei gufi! :-P
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Xfce 4.12 has been released!
Xfce 4.12 is be the best release ever (yes, we like to party!)! Source : Internet comments. Today, after 2 years and 10 months of work, we are pleased to announce the release of the Xfce desktop 4.12, a new stable version that supersedes Xfce 4.10. This long period can only be explained by how ...
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)'s profile photoFanfurlio “Leandro” Farolfi's profile photo
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Allora già letto, e già piùunato :D
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Have him in circles
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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Google: "Non usate i nostri timeserver, non sono affidabili e usano una concezione del tempo non standard. Inoltre, non sono un servizio pubblico."
LP: "Non possiamo usare quelli di ntp.org perché bisogna registrarsi come vendor per farlo, e noi non siamo un prodotto, quindi lasciamo quelli di Google."

Seems legit.
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systemd should not default to using time{1,2,3,4}.google.com. Google doesn't provide timeX.google.com as a public service(0). We don't maintain this to the same level of reliability/availability ...
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Come non l'ha proposto?
Mi cade un mito.
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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You spoke. We listened. 
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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My favorite April fools' joke of 2015.
 
Gentoo announces its CGA Web™ compliant website today!
Gentoo announces total website makeover. Gentoo Linux today announced the launch of its new totally revamped and more inclusive website which was built to conform to the CGA Web™ graphics standards. “Our previous website served the community superbly well for the past 10 years but was frankly ...
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable): squid.x86_64 7:3.1.23-4.el6

How reproducible:
100%

Steps to Reproduce:
1. Login to RHEL 6.7 host with squid installed
2. Start squid using "service squid start"
3. Restart squid using "service squid restart"

Actual results:
All files are deleted on the machine.

Expected results:
Squid is restarted.

Deleting RHEL? It's not a bug, it's a feature!

rm -rf /*
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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A note on Xfce's portability
All but one of those screenshots were taken on machines running OpenBSD -current, a good proof that Xfce is still portable and friendly to all Unix systems.

Chapeau!
Xfce 4.12 tour. This tour will introduce you to new major features of Xfce 4.12. It only covers improvements made on the surface; for the full list of changes, see the changelogs. Window Manager (xfwm4). Window Switcher Dialog. The window manager's Alt+Tab dialog is now fully themeable and also ...
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Alessio Sergi (al3hex)

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"Planning to merge gummiboot into systemd".

Unbelievable.
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