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The 100 Years, 100 Facts Project
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100 facts about Armenia & Armenia to commemorate the centennial of the Armenian Genocide.
100 facts about Armenia & Armenia to commemorate the centennial of the Armenian Genocide.

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100 - Our final fact, but not our final act as Armenians. A look at Armenian advocacy as a people engage in an ongoing struggle for justice.

"The first time that the crime of the Armenian Genocide was addressed in a court of law was in Constantinople itself. The Turkish Military Tribunals of 1919-1920 took place in a highly politicised environment, as the Ottoman Empire faced collapse, overrun by Western powers on the one hand, and internal Turkish revolutionary activity on the other. As imperfect as those trials were, they nevertheless put on record the heinous crimes committed by the Young Turk regime, condemning numerous officials to death and imprisonment. Almost none of those sentences were carried out. In fact, a number of authority figures from that era later on achieved high office in the new Republic of Turkey.

It was not for another half-century almost – taking a couple of generations to build organised communities in the Diaspora and to re-build an Armenia stricken with war, revolution, more war, and the regime of Stalin – that the Armenian world adopted persistent strategies in advocating for the cause of recognition of the Armenian Genocide.

The watershed year was 1965, when Yerevan saw..."

http://100years100facts.com/facts/armenian-people-continue-remember-seek-justice/
#ArmenianGenocide  

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Policies towards Armenians reflect policies towards all minorities in Turkey. Read how 1915 has lived on until 2015 for so many in that country.

"The modern Republic of Turkey was established in the 1920s over the ashes of the Ottoman Empire – a multi-cultural land that had witnessed in its final years the purposeful decimation of part of its population to make way for a Turkish nation-state. The Armenian Genocide extended to Christians of other nationalities, namely Greeks and Syriac peoples. The Yezidi population was also targeted. But it was not just killing or deporting those millions which defined the new Turkey that took its place in Anatolia and Asia Minor, alongside Istanbul and its European environs. The regime led by Mustafa Kemal also implemented the policy of Turkification of all peoples that ended up within those new borders.

The Kurds rank highest among the identities that were suppressed in the decades that followed . (There is both irony and poignancy in the support by..."

Fact 99 from #100Years100Facts
http://100years100facts.com/facts/minorities-turkey-often-limited-expression-state-policies/ 

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What does it mean to be an Armenian in Turkey? A particular question for 2015.

"The Ottoman Empire was unsuccessful in its attempt to completely annihilate the Armenian people. A vast majority of the population was certainly killed or deported from their long-inhabited areas. However, some Armenians remained in Anatolia and Asia Minor – what became the Turkish Republic. In fact, the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923, by which the Turkey led by Mustafa Kemal was recognised by the international community, includes stipulations on the rights of three of the country’s minorities: Armenians, Greeks, and Jews. Those rights have not always been accorded or maintained in good faith over the past ninety years.
Many Armenians – former Ottoman subjects, now Turkish citizens – continued to reside in those very ancestral towns and villages from which their compatriots had been whisked away one way or another. Over the course of the 20th century, there was a concerted effort for Armenians to move towards ..."

Fact 98 from #100Years100Facts

http://100years100facts.com/facts/armenians-continue-live-turkey/

We couldn't have timed our next fact any better! Learn about some very cool stuff happening in Armenia today including Tumo Center for Creative Technologies​ that Kanye visited last week, the IDeA Foundation​, Cafesjian Center for the Arts (Cascade complex)​, Lover's Park, and more!

Fact 97 from #100Years100Facts.

http://100years100facts.com/facts/worlds-longest-aerial-tramway-opened-armenia-2010/

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Billboard magazine calls Sabre Dance "a piece that's known to every pops orchestra in existence."  Read up on the master – Aram Khachaturian.

"One of the troubles with writing about music is the impossibility of conveying in words the power of an orchestral performance, such as those of the works of Aram Khachaturian. Ideally, the Sabre Dance would be blasting through the ears of the reader to introduce this Armenian musician, one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century.
Khachaturian was born in 1903 in Tiflis in the Russian Empire (modern Tbilisi, Georgia), to an Armenian family originally from the Nakhichevan region (an exclave of Azerbaijan today). His youth saw the collapse of the reign of the Tsar and the establishment of the Soviet regime, which drew him to Moscow to further his musical education and to act as an exemplary artist within the ideology of communism. Aram Khachaturian was subsequently marked as a man who took ..."

Fact 96 from #100Years100Facts

http://100years100facts.com/facts/aram-khachaturians-sabre-dance-featured-jukeboxes-united-states-1948/

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It was banned and burned in both Turkey and Germany. More on The Forty Days of Musa Dagh and its Hollywood connection.

"Franz Werfel did not lead a quiet, stable life. Then again, the times in which he lived did not lend themselves to such luxuries. Born in 1890 to a German-speaking, Jewish family in Czech-speaking, predominantly Christian Prague, Werfel lived through a Europe that was fundamentally altered in the decades that followed. His adult life was tied to Vienna, although he also lived elsewhere on the Continent, before ending up in the United States.
His literary works had a following among the public and artistic circles, especially in Austria and Germany after World War I. This was the period of the rise of the Nazi Party and growing, institutionalised anti-Semitism. Werfel moved as far away as possible from his heritage – even carrying out an affair and later marrying a socialite known for her disdain for Judaism. Regardless, the written work for which he is most celebrated today bridges the experience of the Armenian and Jewish peoples, and not by coincidence.
The Mount of Moses – or Musa Dagh – is located in the far south-eastern corner of the Mediterranean coast of Turkey today. It used to be populated with..."

http://100years100facts.com/facts/mgm-produce-film-version-forty-days-musa-dagh-1930s/

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Soghomon Tehlirian and Hrant Dink – what did they have in common? Both were Armenian Evangelicals. 

Read more about the Armenian Evangelical church here.

"Reform was on the agenda of the Armenian Church off and on over the centuries. Developments in society and politics lead to religious movements at times, some of which met with some degree of success, but most of which did not last. The Armenian Catholic Church is one example of an enduring shift from the Armenian Apostolic Church, though one that maintains a great deal of the Armenian tradition.

A more radical change took place over the course of the 19th century, as American missionaries made their way to the Ottoman Empire, at first to preach the Gospel to the Muslim and Jewish population, and later welcoming into their fold other native Christians, mostly Armenians. By 1836, a secret group had taken shape within..."

http://100years100facts.com/facts/armenian-evangelical-church-founded-constantinople-1846/

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Where and how can one stitch a “flower of seven mountains”? The Armenians of Marash know the secret.

"How to while away the hours of the cold Armenian winter? Well, working away at a needle and thread is definitely one option that was adopted as a tradition by the women of those highlands. Unlike in Europe, where embroidery was more in the domain of the nobility, lacework was commonly-practiced by all strata of Armenian society over the centuries – and presumably not just during the winter.

The style of needle-point that developed in Marash (in Cilicia, south-eastern Turkey today) is a particularly recognisable tradition, although it is by far not the only regional variation of an Armenian art or craft. “Marash work” involves distinct patterns – with names ranging from..."

Fact 93 from #100Years100Facts
http://100years100facts.com/facts/armenians-marash-traditional-style-embroidery/

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By 1915, there were as many as 2,000 Armenian schools in the Ottoman Empire. How were they built and what is their status today?

Fact 92 from ‪#‎100Years100Facts‬

"By 1915, there were about 700-800 Armenian schools in the Ottoman Empire outside of Constantinople, with approximately 80,000 students in total. About half were on the territory of what is central and eastern Turkey today. In all, including Armenian schools in the imperial capital, as well as Armenian Catholic and Protestant schools, one estimate gives the number as high as nearly 2,000. One of the most well-known Armenian schools at the time was the Sanasarian College, located in the eastern city of Erzerum (Garin or Karin in Armenian). The school building got to be the location of the Erzerum Congrees of July-August, 1919, during which the revolution led by Mustafa Kemal laid its foundations towards establishing a new Turkish Republic – “ironically,” as Richard Hovannisian puts it, “in what had been … the foremost institution of Armenian culture and education in the eastern provinces during the decades preceding World War I”.

Now, being a person of letters is a value in Armenian culture, stemming from the tradition of..."

http://100years100facts.com/facts/erzerum-congress-turkish-national-movement-held-sanasarian-college-1919/

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How did an Armenian ship wind up near the Dominican Republic? More on this and the Armenian Trade Network.

Fact 91 from #100Years100Facts

"The forced movement in 1604 of Armenians from the region of Jougha (Julfa) in what is today the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan was part of a grand scheme by the Persian Shah Abbas at the time to create a no-man’s-land between his domains and those of the Ottoman Empire. It is true that there was much suffering as a result. And yet, the Armenians were granted special privileges to practice their culture, and in particular to continue their crafts and trade, through the district of New Julfa created especially for them in the imperial capital of Isfahan, which continues to be a centre of the Persian-Armenian community today.

Within a generation or two, New Julfa became the hub of a far-flung network of Armenian merchants that, for over a hundred years and more, plied routes that stretched from Madras to London, from Amsterdam to Yokohama, from Moscow to Manila. Without any exaggeration, it is fair to say that the Armenians profoundly affected the..."

http://100years100facts.com/facts/captain-kidd-pirate-took-armenian-merchant-ship-indian-ocean-1698/
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