Buffalo Soldier circa 1867 - About the Buffalo Soldier - Over two hundred thousand African American servicemen fought during the Civil War. The Buffalo Soldier’s duty was to protect settlers as they moved west to support westward expansion. They controlled hostile forces, escorting wagon trains and stagecoaches, built forts and roads, installed telegraph lines, guarded watering holes, railroad construction workers, horses and cattle. Buffalo Soldier’s became the most effective hard-hitting combatants in the West. The name "Buffalo Soldier" was given by the Cheyenne for their tenaciousness, strength, bravery and appearance, like that of the Indians' sacred buffalo, a name of honor given to them by a formidable adversary, the name spread.If it weren't for The Buffalo Soldiers, the American west as we know it would be something completely different indeed !