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Captain John Coxon was a late seventeenth century buccaneer who terrorised the Spanish Main. Coxon was one of the most famous of the Brethren of the Coast, a loose consortium of pirates and privateers. The Brethren of the Coast were a syndicate of pirate captains with letters of marque who regulated their privateering enterprises within a community of privateers. They were primarily private individual merchant mariners of Protestant background usually of English and French origin. A fictionalized, romanticized version of the Brethren was featured in the Pirates of the Caribbean series of films.

Read more at www.coxonclub.com

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The History of the Coxson, Coxon and Coxen names from Medieval England to Elizabethan England.

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To investigate the evolution of the name the following names have been researched from documented evidence to give a complete understanding:

Coq, Coc, Cock, Cocks, Cockson, Kockson, Cox, Coxe, Coxson, Coxon, Coxen.





SUMMARY OF OUR RESEARCH - for the period from 900 to 1558.

From 1066 to 1485, Coc is by far the most common name in use.
Cock appears in 1201 but infrequently in the period 1066-1485.
Cockson appears in 1273 and is more common than Cock during the period but much less so than Coc.
Cocks first appears in 1293.
Cox first appears in 1318.
Coxson first appears in 1475.
Coxon first appears in 1538.
Coxen appears in 1551.
Kockson appears briefly in 1552.
At the beginning of the Norman period the family locations were Cambridgeshire, Derbyshire and Staffordshire.
At the end of the Tudor period locations were Cambridgeshire, Derbyshire, Yorkshire, London, Lincolnshire, Dorset, Norfolk and Suffolk.


OVERALL CONCLUSION

We have reviewed the development from 1066 of eleven similar names - Coq, Coc, Cock, Cocks, Cockson, Kockson, Cox, Coxe, Coxson, Coxon and Coxen.

From this documented evidence our research has concluded that our names are derived from the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 and from the Coc families who came from France with William I.

The name then evolves from 1297 to Cockson and Coxson and then from 1538 into Coxon and finally Coxen in 1551.

We have found evidence dating from 1086 through to the end of Medieval England and then into the Tudor period. We will be publishing more details of our research at a later date.
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1906 Hollywood - Edward Albert Coxen, silent movie star.

He was a famous actor in the early days of Hollywood and the silent movies.

The year is 1882. Joseph and Sarah Coxen are sailing from England to the USA with their only child Edward Albert aged two years. The family, heading to San Francisco are to join Joseph's brother and his family who had emigrated two years earlier.


Edward Albert or 'Bertie' as he was known to his family would become a Hollywood actor with parts in over 150 films and many stage plays including a Broadway play. He would also live through the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. When he began his acting career he dropped the name Albert and became Edward, Eddie or Ed Coxen.


The Coxen family settled in San Francisco and Joseph started a business with his brother - 'Coxen Brothers, Wood and Photo Engravers'. However, they returned to London in 1896 after fourteen years to look after Sarah's dying sister.


Edward Coxen was 16 years old and determined to return to the USA. He set sail one year later on the SS St Louis from Southampton travelling 3rd class to get back to his uncle's home in California. In 1900 at the age of 20 he became a naturalised US citizen. For the next six years he completed his education (Berkeley, University of California), went gold prospecting in California and worked in civil engineering.


Edward Coxen (aged 26) spoke his first lines as a professional actor appearing in 'Who Goes There?' at the Majestic Theatre, San Francisco. The show opened on the 9th April 1906 but the San Francisco earthquake and fire is only nine days later.

Read more at www.coxonclub.com
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The US Cavalry in the Civil War - Coxon, Coxen and Coxson


This article is more detail of their role and Regiments and adds to our previous post on 'The American Civil War'.

The role of the cavalry at the beginning of the Civil War was very limited. Horsemen of both armies were initially used for patrolling and scouting, guarding supply trains and railroads, and providing escorts to generals. They were initially only used in battle as shock troops. As the war progressed this changed.


Soldiering on horseback became a hard life with plenty of danger. The cavalry's role dramatically changed and by 1863 the armies were making use of their horse soldiers in combat situations. Cavalry divisions were used by commanders as advance scouts and as a mobile fighting force.


Cavalry were dependent on fast movement so a cavalryman's first priority was care of his horse. Each cavalry regiment had a blacksmith who shod and cared for the animals in camp.


On active campaign, a trooper had to look out for his own animal and care for it. If the horse was disabled, it was easier for a northern soldier to get a new mount from the herd which usually accompanied the army.


Southerners brought their own mounts with them into service and woe be to the man whose horse pulled up lame or was injured. It sometimes meant the trooper became a foot soldier until another horse could be obtained.



The armament of a typical cavalryman included a light steel saber, a pistol and a carbine. By the time of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1863) breech-loading carbines were standard issue in all Union cavalry regiments.


Confederate cavalrymen traveled lighter than their Union counterparts and were not usually armed with the more modern weapons. Short, muzzle-loading carbines were common in southern regiments. Some southern troopers preferred to leave their sabers behind and carried extra pistols instead of sabers, for close work.

To read about the Coxon, Coxen and Coxson soldiers in the US Cavalry go to www.coxonclub.com

#coxon   #coxen   #coxson   #coxonclub  
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The American Civil War - Coxon, Coxen and Coxson were fighting on both sides.


The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states known as the Confederate States of America. It was originally formed by seven slave states – South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.

After the Civil War began in April, four slave states – Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee – also declared their secession and joined the Confederacy.

Soldiers on both sides were young and inexperienced; most were in their teens or early twenties.

Coxon, Coxen and Coxson people who fought in the American Civil War are listed here. Read more at www.coxonclub.com

#coxon   #coxen   #coxson  
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1827, the first Coxen in Australia. Here is the story...

#coxen #coxon #coxson




Captain Cook landed in 1770 at Botany Bay and discovered Australia and the first English settlement was established in 1788.



Stephen Coxen and his family arrived in 1827 - probably the first Coxen's in Australia. His younger brother, Charles arrived in 1834 and their nephew Henry arrived in 1838. Stephen had a tragic life and committed suicide. Charles and Henry prospered in Australia.



The Coxen's established themselves as pastoralists (sheep or cattle farmers) and were among the wealthy colonists who employed convicts which had been sent from England. (see our separate article 'Convicts' the first Coxon's in Australia).







Stephen Coxen



Stephen Coxen arrived on the Lucy Ann with his wife Sarah and family in 1827. The Lucy Ann had departed London 19th January 1827 and Cork 1st February 1827.



Stephen Coxen was promised six hundred and twenty acres by Sir Ralph Darling (Governor of New South Wales, 1825-1831) on 17 August 1827 and this was converted to a primary grant on 18 October 1831. Another 640 acres was granted on 23 February 1838 and then 2,560 acres acquired - in total 3,820 acres owned by Stephen Coxen.

read more at www.coxonclub.com



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Coxon History 1896 - Harry Coxon invents the 'Aeriel' Fishing Centrepin.


The Centrepin is a classic reel design and in 1896, Henry ("Harry") Coxon designed one of the most famous and collectible designs - the Coxon 'Aeriel' Reel.

Fishing reels originated in China between 300 and 400 AD. The English developed a modern reel in about 1650. The first American reel was in 1820 by George Snyder from Kentucky. Charles F. Orvis brought out his lightweight reels in 1874. The Coxon 'Aeriel' Reel was designed in 1896.

The Centrepin reel comes into its own for river fishing. It is also particularly popular in Australia for surf casting from the beach.

The Centrepin reel was invented in the mid-1800's in Nottingham, England where river anglers wanted a lightweight free-running reel. These simple wooden reels promoted a method of fishing called the Nottingham style.


The Centrepin rapidly gained popularity and by the 1890's were amongst the finest made and very expensive. Some are superb pieces of design and craftsmanship and are eagerly sought by collectors - none more so than the famous Coxon 'Aerial' Reel.

Coxon didn’t have to look far to make his discovery - his brother made bicycles - the 'Aeriel' design in 1896 replicated the spoke and wheel. It was brilliant for the time and rapidly became the most popular.

The reel was designed by Henry Coxon and they were manufactured by himself in his own workshop. When he couldn't keep up with demand he passed on the design to the old-established tackle company of Allcocks, who marketed Coxons for around 70 years.

The 'Aeriel' name (air drying reel) came from the caged construction and its attribute to dry the fishing line which in those days was made from braided horse hair and silk.

Read more at www.coxonclub.com

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Muhammad Ali and Benjamin Coxon


He was Ali's friend and business partner but he was murdered in 1973.

Major Benjamin Coxon (later Coxson) was the first black man in an all-white neighbourhood and Muhammad Ali bought his home in 1970.

Coxson, a close friend of Muhammad Ali, was murdered on June 8th, 1973 in a gangland killing.

Read more at www.coxonclub.com




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Captain John Coxon - The East India Company - 'Shipwreck' Read his life story at www.coxonclub.com

The East India Company has been described as the mother of the modern corporation. Formed in 1600 under Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I soon after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, London merchants presented a petition to Queen Elizabeth I for permission to sail to the Indian Ocean.

It was an import-export company. Exporting bullion, gold and silver to the east and bringing back tea, silk, dyes, salt, spices and porcelain. From its headquarters in Leadenhall Street, London it had a monopoly on all British trade with the east. At one stage it controlled about half of all world trade.

The Company effectively ruled India in 1757 after the Battle of Plassey and lasted until 1858 when, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India in the form of the new British Raj.

The corporations docks were at Blackwall where they had chandleries, sail lofts, mast riggers and an army of stevedores toting cotton, silks, tea, spices and porcelain. From here their ships which were called EastIndiamen sailed out to find the trade winds taking the ships down the coast of Africa, around Cape Horn, across the Indian Ocean through the Malacca Straits and into the South China Seas. These were perilous journeys and the Company operated big ships which could both act as cargo vessels but be also heavily armed to fight off marauders and pirates.

The East India Company was dissolved in 1874.Today, in Leadenhall Street, London there is no indication that this all powerful company ever existed. The site which had a very grand and classical headquarters building has been developed and replaced by a modern building housing Lloyds of London.
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www.coxonclub.com

Coxon, Coxen, Coxson name. Want to know more about our name, origin and history? Visit Coxon Club to see the history back to the 12th century.
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