James Carafano is a leading expert in defense affairs, military operations and strategy, and homeland security at The Heritage Foundation.
An accomplished historian and teacher, Carafano was an Assistant Professor at the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, N.Y., and served as director of military studies at the Army's Center of Military History. He also taught at Mount Saint Mary College in New York and served as a fleet professor at the U.S. Naval War College. He is a visiting professor at the National Defense University and Georgetown University.
Carafano is the author of several military history books and studies. His latest is GI Ingenuity: Improvisation, Technology and Winning World War II (2006). The book's premise: World War II saw the first generation of young men that had grown up comfortable with modern industrial technology go into combat. These tinkerers, problem-solvers, risk-takers, and day-dreamers were curious and outspoken – a generation well prepared to improvise, innovate, adapt on the battlefield – and win the war.
Carafano also is the coauthor of Winning the Long War: Lessons from the Cold War for Defeating Terrorism and Preserving Freedom. The first to coin the term, the "long war," the authors argue that a successful strategy requires a balance of prudent military and security measures, continued economic growth, the zealous protection of civil liberties and winning the "war of ideas" against terrorist ideologies.
In addition, Carafano is the coauthor of the text book, Homeland Security published by McGraw-Hill. Homeland Security is a practical introduction to everyday life in the new era of terrorism. Numerous key details are addressed, from roles of first responders and volunteers to family preparedness techniques to in-depth descriptions of weapons of mass destruction.
His other works include: Waltzing Into the Cold War, published in 2002 by Texas A & M University; After D-Day, a Military Book Club main selection published in 2000 by Lynne Rienner. Carafano is currently writing a book about the role of contractors in support of combat operations.
Carafano joined Heritage in 2003 as a Senior Research Fellow after serving as a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, a Washington policy institute dedicated to defense issues. In 2006, Carafano became Assistant Director of Heritage's Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies. Before becoming a policy expert, he served 25 years in the Army. Before retiring, he was Executive Editor of Joint Force Quarterly, the Defense Department's premiere professional military journal.
Carafano is a member of the National Academy's Board on Army Science and Technology, the Department of the Army Historical Advisory Committee, and is a Senior Fellow at the George Washington University's Homeland Security Policy Institute.
A graduate of West Point, Carafano also has a master's degree and a doctorate from Georgetown University and a master's degree in strategy from the U.S. Army War College.
- Georgetown UniversityHistory, 2000
- The Heritage FoundationDirector, present