Be builders of colossal pyramid-shaped buildings divides the people of Caral other peoples of their time in the Andes. The pyramid in the Andes is a building of great proportions used by the chiefs (leaders) as the center of its activities, whether religious, political or economic. It was the symbol and center of power. There the ceremonies that would guarantee the status quo on key dates for ceremonial calendar that emulated the rhythm of nature were made.
Caral pyramids are the oldest found so far in the Andes dating back 5000 years (about 3000 BC) ago. Build structures of this type required a high degree of technology and social organization to address the problems of its construction and the high cost of materials and energy.
This ancient city of pyramids was erected on the left bank of Supe River on a large terrace which is 350 meters above sea level. This site covers an area of about 65 hectares. The Supe Valley is a narrow fertile creek that this place has a maximum width of 1.5 kilometers and houses along its route numerous other sites contemporary pyramids Caral as: Age of Pando, Lurinhuasi, Miraya, Allpacoto rough Chupacigarro, among others.
It has raised about Caral which was divested in a community of several lineages and directed by the heads or representatives of these lineages (Shady, Dolorier and Casas 2000) in which one of them would be the "main" (Curaca?) And other counterparts. The chiefs of these lineages lead and organize the life of the inhabitants of the various cities and towns contemporary to Caral as rough, Allpacoto, Miraya, Kotosh and The Galgada among others. They all shared the same tradition and formed a large and well-organized network of reciprocity and exchange (Shady, Dolorier and Casas 2000). Caral must be the head of this whole network.
What held them together was religion, which was used as a means of cohesion and coercion (Shady 2004). Religion at the time was state policy to control population (Shady 2004), production and circulation of goods. This is represented in the great monuments of religious character (the pyramids) with its squares, courtyards and shrines sacred fire where took place the various festivities of the ceremonial calendar, symbol of their cultural identity (Shady 2004). Regular meetings and joint activities such as renovation of the pyramids allow the recognition of the power and strengthened cultural identity (Shady 2004).
All this is the basis of Andean civilization and are present in Caral as the oldest examples of the main Peruvian prehispanic institutions such as reciprocity (exchange system and circulation of goods and services), the ceremonial calendar (linked the production, cultivation and fishing) and the construction and renovation of temples, among the most prominent.