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Clement Tesco
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Je suis reconnu pour la qualité du travail que je fourni en matière de serrurerie
Je suis reconnu pour la qualité du travail que je fourni en matière de serrurerie

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In today's ancient science news, an inscription from ancient Egypt, 3,500 years ago, is being reexamined, and it looks like rather than being a metaphorical discussion of an invasion, it may be a rather literal weather report, talking about the Thera eruption.

Thera was a large, round, Greek island, not far from Crete, the center of the first great Greek culture. The Minoan civilization boasted palaces, indoor plumbing, written language, a rich variety of festivals, and some truly beautiful art; it was one of the hubs of the Mediterranean world. 

Today, Thera is the crescent-shaped island of Santorini. It acquired this crescent shape over the course of a few seconds somewhere around 1620BCE, during a VEI (volcanic explosivity index) 6-7 eruption -- in the same category as the Tambora eruption of 1815 which created the "year without a summer." This had cascading effects across the Mediterranean, although the details are still not fully understood: what we know for sure is that civilizations started collapsing shortly afterwards. Crete fell, and gradually the Mycenaean civilization rose to take its place; this was the civilization which was to (in its waning days) fight the Trojan War. 

Unsurprisingly, the ash cloud was quite visible in Egypt, and had significant consequences there.

Also interestingly for history is the fact that this tablet records that the Pharaoh Ahmose personally witnessed the event. That would mean that he lived about 50 years earlier than we had previously thought, which adjusts our chronology for the entire Egyptian world in that time period. That explains a wide variety of other inconsistencies we'd had in our historical record: for example, Ahmose's successful rise to power and defeat of the Hyksos -- Mediterranean invaders who had ruled Egypt for centuries before him -- makes a lot more sense if we realize that he rose in the immediate aftermath of the Hyksos' ports and infrastructure being destroyed by a volcano.

So for your further enjoyment, here are some places where you can read more about Minos, the Hyksos, Ahmose, and the extraordinarily large explosion which reshaped the Mediterranean world.

h/t +Gnotic Pasta.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_civilization
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_eruption
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcanic_explosivity_index
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmose_I
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyksos

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Pablo Picasso - The Tragedy, 1903
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