Today's cephalopod awesomeness: Cthulhu Airforce (aka Flying Squid)
http://tolweb.org/Ommastrephidae/19418

A history of the discovery of this ability is here: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=can-squid-fly
A science paper would be here if it weren't paywalled: http://mollus.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/70/3/297
(it used to be here but Michael Robinson's page is completely gone: http://www.bio.miami.edu/robinson/research/jmollstud04.pdf)

+Danna Staaf has several posts about them:
http://www.science20.com/squid_day/blog/flying_squid_isnt_just_pretty_name
http://www.science20.com/squid_day/so_how_do_squid_fly_exactly
http://www.science20.com/squid_day/squid_can_fly_hear_teach_and_recover_over_fishing
http://www.science20.com/squid_day/blog/flying_squid_photographer-75744

Unfortunately no fossil contrails were found - I'd love to learn that they already flew around before the six-legged crunchies started to do so 320 Mya.

Edit (2012-01-29): http://people.hofstra.edu/jason_d_williams/HUML/Handbooks/Flying%20Squid.pdf
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