# Photo Taken Amazingly Twin-Waterfalls from Left and Right Cliffs of Lauterbrunen Valley after having visited Trümmelbach Falls and walking down to Lauterbrunen. Just feel fresh~, breath-breaking air~ Wow~
EU Extracurricular City-Break Tour to Trümmelbach Falls and Mt. Jungfraujoch in Interlaken.
EU Cultural Heritage in Tourism. / EU Environment in Tourism. / EU Leisure & Recreational Management / EU International Tourism Management.
Everywhere there are side gulches and cañons, so that these gulches are set about ten thousand dark, gloomy alcoves. One might imagine that this was intended for the library of the gods; and it was. The shelves are not for books, but form the stony leaves of one great book. He who would read the language of the universe may dig out letters here and there, and with them spell the words, and read, in a slow and imperfect way, but still so as to understand a little, the story of creation.
~ John Wesley Powell, Exploration of the Colorado River of the West and Its Tributaries, pg.s 193, 194 at http://content.lib.utah.edu/cdm/ref/collection/Powell/id/365
On May 24th, 1869, at the age of 35, one-armed Civil War vet and geologist John Wesley Powell led a team of eleven men into uncharted territory, the vast unknown area around the lower Colorado River. Four boats loaded with provisions, guns for hunting, and scientific instruments to map the terrain were lowered into the river. Powell set out to follow the Colorado though the Grand Canyon despite having no knowledge of what lay ahead.
“Following the twisting, tortuous river, negotiating the rough and dangerous waters, the whirlpools and rapids, Powell’s expedition made its way down through the high plateaus of eastern Utah. They were carried through the heart of colossal, soaring rocks; they exploded through canyons and over falls, roaring down the cataracts, or when possible portaging around them. Sometimes they glided around bends that revealed vistas stupendous and sublime; other times they drifted in the deep noontime shadow cast by towering canyon walls. They clambered up the cliffs, measuring and surveying.”
Before the journey ended, the party lost a boat, a third of the food, and 3 men. Despite the hardships, the intrepid explorers made one of the most important geological journeys of all time, and although Powell did not realize the significance, discovered one of Earth's greatest mysteries.
Traveling down the Colorado, the Canyon carves its way through older and older layers of rock. Powell discovered that near the very bottom of the Grand Canyon there is a place where the 575 Mya Tapeats sandstone (Cambrian) rests (unconformably) upon the highly metamorphosed rocks of the 1.7 Bya Vishnu schist (Precambrian). This gap in time (although Powell did not realize it), represents over a billion years missing from the rock record.
This “Great Unconformity” is so large that it represents a quarter of the entire time the Earth has existed. In those billion years continents shifted, mountain ranges were formed and eroded away, oceans filled and drained, massive volcanic eruptions occurred, and life itself evolved from simple single-celled organisms to highly complex organisms. But every rock that represents those events has been eroded completely away.
Please enjoy this beautifully written and wonderfully illustrated blog, Written In Stone by Dr. Jack Share, who explains how to read the “stony leaves” that Powell spoke of and explains the true mystery of the Great Unconformity and the geology of the Grand Canyon with accompanying pictures : http://written-in-stone-seen-through-my-lens.blogspot.com/2012/01/great-unconformity-of-grand-canyon-part.html
On August 30, 1869, ninety one days after they started, the Powell expedition reached the end of its journey. They had filled in the last blank spot on the nation's map. Powell became a hero, giving public lectures and speeches, and popularized the Grand Canyon with an illustrated account of his journey (link at the top of post). By the early 1880s, he was the director of the Smithsonian and the new US Geological Survey where he worked tirelessly to protect the lands around the Grand Canyon and the Native Americans who lived there.
In 1902, a year after Powell’s death, President Theodore Roosevelt visited the Grand Canyon and declared it to be "a natural wonder absolutely unparalleled in the world . . . one of the great sights every American should see." Thanks to Powell and Roosevelt, today the Grand Canyon and its Great Unconformity is part of the Grand Canyon National Park (http://www.nps.gov/grca/index.htm), preserved and protected so that all can see its beauty and learn the secrets written in the leaves of stone.
Read more about John Wesley Powell’s explorations and life here: http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2012/05/17/john-wesley-powell-soldier-explorer-scientist/
18 miles across at its widest point, 277 miles long, and more than a mile deep, the Grand Canyon can be seen from space. Image from: http://www.fromquarkstoquasars.com/grand-canyon-from-space/
This post is inspired by the 1886 children's geographic game, Rambles Through Our Country. By the time the game was published in 1886, Powell’s illustrations, pictures, and stories would have captured the world’s imagination and is thus a very worthy stop on our Rambles.
The game involves a gameboard, a book or key to the stops, and some kind of spinner. Find the gameboard here: http://goo.gl/7ORK1E and the book here: https://goo.gl/u96JE3 To spin, use the random number generator at: https://www.random.org/ and set the maximum number to 4.
I rolled a 1 on our makeshift teetotum and moved from Prescott, Arizona - Stop 129 to the Grand Canyon - Stop 130. Your spin, !
#ramblesthroughourcountry #johnwesleypowell #thegrandcanyon #thegreatunconformity
Nikon D300 / Nikkor 18-200 / 2 images manually blended for moon detail
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Pilot and photographer Alex MacLean captured the stunning images for his new book Up on The Roof: New York's Hidden Skyline Spaces.
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Photo © 2015 all rights reserved, Hanspi Schär
Zum Vergrössern, die obere Hälfte des Bildes anklicken!
Click to enlarge in the upper half of the picture!
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#naturephotography #switzerland #schweiz
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