Ur-Nammu - King of the Sumerian City of Ur.
Ur-Nammu (reigned 2113-2095 B.C.), sometimes called Zur-Nammu or Ur-Engur, the first king of the 3rd Dynasty of Ur, who revived the empire of Sumer and Akkad, won control of the outlet to the sea about 2100 B.C. and made Ur the wealthiest city in Mesopotamia. His reign marked the beginning of the so-called renaissance of Sumerian art and literature at Ur.
Ur-Nammu was the promulgator of the oldest code of law yet known, older by about three centuries than the code of Hammurabi. It consists of a prologue and seven laws; the prologue describes Ur-Nammu as a divinely appointed king who established justice throughout the land. This code is of great importance to the study of biblical law, which it predates by about five centuries.
Ur-Nammu and his son and successor Shulgi (reigned 2095-2047 B.C.) built the ziggurat of Nanna (about 2100 B.C.) and magnificent temples at Ur and in other Mesopotamian cities. The descendants of Ur-Nammu continued in power for more than a century, or until shortly before 2000 B.C., when the Elamites captured Ibbi-Sin (reigned 2029-2004 B.C.), king of Ur, and destroyed the city.
The Code of Ur-Nammu was first discovered in 1952 at Nippur and translated by Samuel Kramer.
Photo: Ziggurat of the Moon god Nanna at Ur, Iraq.
”The Code of Ur-Nammu” translated by S. N. Kramerhttp://www.polk.k12.ga.us/userfiles/644/Classes/177912/Code%20of%20Ur-Nammu.pdf
”The Code of Hammurabi” translated by L. W. Kinghttp://avalon.law.yale.edu/ancient/hamframe.asp
”History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History” by Samuel N. Kramerhttp://www.amazon.com/History-Begins-Sumer-Thirty-Nine-Recorded/dp/0812212762http://oi.uchicago.edu/sites/oi.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/shared/docs/sumerians.pdf