Cover photo
Lulie Tanett
Attended Autodidact
Lived in Oxford, UK
136 followers|14,660 views


Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Everyone should read this. 

Holy crap, philosophy is so practical! 

You need only take the time to criticise what you're doing, what you're thinking and feeling, how you responded to situations, and work out what a better way would be, and the benefits are striking.
salutations. I'm offering an opportunity for you to be challenged to think and to learn. Make the effort to face this challenge. Think of it as an opportunity to become a better person. I'm confused · I understand and agree.
Lulie Tanett's profile photo
The important thing is not to ensure being rational 100% of the time, but to make incremental progress, and analyse when stuff goes wrong.
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Nice videos of Szasz (who wrote the book on why mental illness is a myth, and who is awesome) answering questions:
Lulie Tanett's profile photoLaurie Pycroft's profile photo
Okay, as this is a fairly expansive topic, I'll try to keep this somewhat succinct. What I'm proposing here is that schizophrenia (and, by extension, a significant proportion of other mental conditions currently treated by psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy) is a genuine medical condition according to any reasonable definition of the term, featuring underlying physical causes. I'm certainly not trying to argue that every historical treatment for mental illness has been a good idea, or even that all current treatments are effective/ethical/economic, although I am willing to argue that some treatments do provide at least a modicum of relief for patients, and that broadly speaking the current range of psychiatric interventions are probably the best options available. Please note that the evidence I'm providing represents a quick-and-dirty search on google scholar and pubmed; there are plenty of areas I haven't even touched on, and for all of my citations there are most likely a number of additional papers (some of which may well be better than the ones I've chosen) which examined the same issue.

The underlying physical changes in the brains of schizophrenics are gradually becoming better understood. Patients exhibiting the cluster of symptoms associated with schizophrenia can be identified and put through a wide variety of tests which, when analysed, demonstrate significant structural differences between the brains of schizophrenics and the brains of the "normal" population. This ranges from relatively obvious large-scale changes such as shrinkage of the ventricles[1] to more subtle changes in white matter connectivity[2] and hippocampus volume[3]. In the latter instance, they specifically compared structural abnormalities in first-episode patients with those who have suffered from the condition for a long time and found similar volume reductions, suggesting that the changes do not stem from from extended periods of pharmaceutical treatment, social withdrawal, or any similar factors. In addition to structural differences, there have been differences observed in receptor function, with post-mortem brains of schizophrenics exhibiting lower concentrations of glutamate receptors[4], among other changes. 

Further supporting an underlying physical cause, there is well-established heritability in the condition. Having a close relative with schizophrenia significantly increases the risk of the condition, getting up to 40% or so if one has an identical twin with it. This link is maintained even across people who have been adopted, indicating that it’s not an environmental factor[5]. With more recent advances in genotyping and bioinformatics, it has become possible to identify specific regions of the genome strongly associated with schizophrenia[6]. While there is plenty of support for genetic factors playing a major role in the development of the condition, they aren’t the whole story, with a range of environmental factors also playing a role.

Like many other physical disorders, schizophrenia responds to treatment in a somewhat predictable manner. Obviously there are a range of different sub-types of the condition and a huge range of variables specific to each patient which could confound treatment, but nevertheless there is a variety of somewhat useful treatment options. Pharmacotherapy can be effective at improving quality of life for patients, with modern atypical antipsychotics providing significant improvement in the mental state of patients (measured by the standardised PANSS test) when compared with placebo in randomised trials[7]. If it weren’t a physical condition, one would expect the placebo to perform as well as the active compound. With regards to psychotherapy, there is evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy significantly benefits schizophrenics, beyond the benefit provided by talk therapy in general[8].

Taken together, this brief roundup of evidence strongly suggests that the condition (or range of conditions) characterised as schizophrenia has an underlying physical cause, and that it is amenable to treatment through conventional medical means. The condition is relatively stable in its incidence across countries and cultures[9], follows a well-defined set of symptoms, and is not under the control of the patient suffering from it, all of which says to me that it can reasonably considered an illness. More generally, I don’t really see how anyone can seriously argue that mental illness doesn’t exist at all. There are certainly reasonable arguments to be made about the degree of medicalisation of physiological/psychological phenomena, the extent of use of pharmacotherapy, the application of force when dealing with people suspected of posing a danger to themselves or others, etc., but none of this changes the fact that mental illness exists. Indeed, it would be surprising if it didn’t exist - the brain is a physical system like any other organ and, as such, is prone to defects and pathological functions (perhaps even more so than most other organs, given its exquisite complexity). Given that the brain controls behaviour, among other things, it would be downright amazing if people never developed physical malfunctions which manifested as behavioural problems. That’s not to say that all behavioural problems have a physiological underpinning (or even that they’re all necessarily “problems”), and I don’t think that having a mental illness necessarily excuses one from behaving in a reasonable manner, even if doing so is more difficult than for a “normal” person.

Hope that was of some interest, do feel free to ask questions, demand clarification, or whatnot, and I’ll get back to you in due course. Also, if you’re having trouble getting through the paywall on any of the journal sites, I should be able to find and send you PDF copies of any papers you’re particularly interested in reading.

Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Had to be done.
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Made a paper RGB cube. :3
Dominik Luger's profile photo
Haha, thought that was a Rubik's Cube at first glance!
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Free parenting classes are to be trialled for those with children under the age of five in three areas of England, children's minister Sarah Teather has said.
The classes will stress the importance of discipline and giving children appropriate boundaries.

Francis Wolfe's profile photoLulie Tanett's profile photoMatjaž Leonardis's profile photoAlan Forrester's profile photo
"And there will be advice on appropriate play for children's age and development." Translation: "If you don't like how your child spends his spare time after school, chores etc, make sure he knows that you will punish him. Remember the advice of the great philosopher Plato that nobody should ever be without a leader to tell him what to do."
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
I LOVE MY CITY. Lots of swag from Fresher's Fair. So many events! It's gonna be fun in Oxford this month.
Add a comment...
In their circles
112 people
Have them in circles
136 people
Tristan Tijssen's profile photo
HoneyBadgerRadio's profile photo
abdallah kimouche's profile photo
Jason Tarka's profile photo
Richard Fine's profile photo
Robin Reym's profile photo
Jacob Lewis's profile photo
Sierra Cvach's profile photo
Nike Dattani's profile photo

Lulie Tanett changed her profile photo.

Shared publicly  - 
From Karl Popper's Objective Knowledge, explaining a mistaken theory of epistemology. This is the threshold for becoming a philosopher-artist. ;P
Karl Stocker's profile photoLulie Tanett's profile photo
It's a comical illustration of the bucket theory of the mind; namely that information pours through our senses directly into our mind.

Popper argued that minds are not like buckets, that learning happens from within -- one has to re-create the knowledge in ones own mind. 
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Everyone should live life this way, regardless of field.
"Physics disgusts me a little bit now, but I used to enjoy doing physics. Why did I enjoy it? I used to play with it. I used to do whatever I felt like doing - it didn't have to do with whether it was important for the development of nuclear physics, but whether it was interesting and amusing for me to play with.

When I was in high school, I'd see water running out of a faucet growing narrower, and wonder if I could figure out what determines that curve … it wasn't important for the future of science; somebody else had already done it. That didn't make any difference.

So I got this new attitude … I'm going to play with physics, whenever I want to, without worrying about any importance whatsoever."
From ``Surely you're joking, Mr. Feynman'', by Richard Feynman, Copyright 1985, pg. 157-158. Dr. Feynman was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist who, among other things, worked on the first at...
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
The future is now!
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
David Deutsch originally shared:
How to obtain newsworthy results in experimental psychology or economics:

(1) Form a mathematical model of a certain class of human decisions. Of course the model will omit all creative thought on the part of the people being modelled, because it is not known how to model creative thought.

(2) Classify decisions made in the model as 'rational' or 'irrational' depending on some unacknowledged cultural criterion. (Again, this cannot possibly reflect the real distinction between rational and non-rational processes.)

(3) Invent an experiment in which humans are asked to make decisions in an artificial situation in which one can measure whether they are 'rational' or 'irrational' according to the criterion of (2). It will turn out that they (or some target group among them) are 'irrational'.

(4) Denigrate the target group, or human beings in general (except perhaps the experimenters and whoever the above-mentioned cultural criteria are designed to flatter), as being unfit to make their own decisions.
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Mac users, learn to use Quicksilver. It's awesome. It's kind of like Siri but for fingers and with typing. (At least, that's the feeling of power you get.)
Quicksilver Roars It’s on the prowl A new Lion-friendly version of QS boasting more than 40 additions, fixes and changes. It’s been a relatively long time coming (4 months – a catching of breath...
Fil Krynicki's profile photo
Curious - what are your top uses for quicksilver? I've switched to Alfred which has reduced functionality but less steep setup/learning investment.
Add a comment...

Lulie Tanett

Shared publicly  - 
Ebay is a photographer's best friend

Here are all the photography-related items I've bought in the past year (most recent first):

- 60cm 5 in 1 Collapsible Reflector: £6.07
- 55mm Soft focus portrait filter: £2.49
- 83cm shoot-through umbrella: £3.08
- 80cm 5 in 1 Collapsible Reflector: £9.00
- Uhu glue: £1.98 (for making a DIY grid -- in local shops it's much more expensive)
- 50 black drinking straws: £1.54 (ditto)
- 62mm Polarizing Filter: £1.99
- 45 watt step-down transformer US-UK: £6.80 (for using christmas lights I got in America as bokeh)
- 3 LED Color Light Laser Finger Beams: £0.99 (for light painting)
- Flash Cord: £9.97
- 5 sheet A4 black correx: £3.35 (also for grid making)
- Flash Gel Kit (10 Gels) + Velcro Strap: £5.59
- 10 white keychain LED lights: £2.50
- 4 LED finger lights: £0.55
- IR Wireless Remote Control for Canon EOS 600D/60D: £5.69

There are cheaper reflectors too, which I may get after mine arrives and I work out its limitations.
Lulie Tanett's profile photoGuy Grobler's profile photo
Only got it 2.5 days ago, and haven't tried yet. Will probably put it into action next week in Mitzpe Ramon :)
Add a comment...
Interests: philosophy, drawing, photography, politics, learning stuff.
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Oxford, UK - Waterloo, Canada
Lulie Tanett's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
Photographs Captured Over Years with an Open Camera Shutter

German photographer Michael Wesely has spent decades working on techniques for extremely long camera exposures -- usually between two to thr

POWER NAP - the sleep of reason brings forth monsters

Power Nap - an action oriented, highly humorous online graphic novel

YouTube - Google +

Create AccountSign In. Home. BrowseMoviesUpload. Hey there, this is not a commercial interruption. You're using an outdated browser, whi

Backup Facebook tool - Pick&Zip

Backup your Facebook photos and your friends' in a single zip or pdf file.