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Nokia Bell Labs
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Changing the Way You See the World
Changing the Way You See the World

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This week, we are celebrating our #space history; both the past and the future. And how that delightfully intersected with the biggest sporting event on the planet. #telstarring #telstar18 #worldcup⁠ ⁠ #FifaWorldCup18 #foxsports #adidas #missiontothemoon
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Mar 27, 1884, 1st long-distance #telephone call was made between Boston and New York City by Alexander Graham Bell's American Bell Telephone Company. #OTD #STEM #ThisDayinSTEM http://bit.ly/2I9v0YR

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On February 17, 2017, Yann LeCun, director of Artificial Intelligence Research at Facebook and Silver Professor of Data Science, Computer Science, Neural Science, and Electrical Engineering at New York University and former Bell Labs researcher delivered his Shannon Luminary Lecture, "Predictive Learning: The Next Frontier in A.I.". His work in convolutional neural networks has revolutionized the fields of image analysis, speech recognition, and language translation. As a recognized visionary, LeCun's research promises to bring great advances in artificial intelligence and the augmentation of human ability. Click here to watch his presentation in its entirety. #ThisDayinSTEM

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On February 7, 1984, the first untethered spacewalks were made by Challenger astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart, each using a 300-pound nitrogen-propelled backpacks called manned maneuvering unit (MMU), during the tenth flight of a Space Shuttle, mission STS-41B, in orbit 150 nautical miles above the Earth. McCandless, with his MMU, was the first to leave the cargo bay, becoming the first person to fly free, untethered in space. Stewart also flew the MMU. They checked out the equipment, maneuvered within the cargo bay, flew away from and back to the orbiter, made docking exercises, recharged the MMU nitrogen tanks, and collected engineering data. These MMU flights demonstrated capabilities needed in the planned retrieval of the Solar Max satellite on a later shuttle mission. There was no word on whether they saw the orbiting Tesla.

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On January 25, 1915, the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated transcontinental telephone service in the United States with a call made between New York City and San Francisco, which was answered by Dr. Thomas Watson, his longtime assistant, commemorating their first telephone call 38 years earlier. Two metallic circuits made up the line; it used 2,500 tons of hard-drawn copper wire, 130,000 poles and countless loading coils. Three vacuum tube repeaters along the way boosted the signal. The original long distance telephone network actually started in 1885, in New York City. By 1892 this line reached Chicago. After introducing loading coils in 1899, the long distance line continued west, and by 1911 it reached Denver, Colorado. The president of AT&T, Theodore Vail, committed the company to a transcontinental line in 1909. On June 17, 1914, after affixing 4,750 miles (7,640 km) of telephone line, workers raised the final pole at Wendover, Utah, actually on the border between Nevada and Utah state lines. Then, Theodore Vail, the president of AT&T, succeeded in transmitting his voice across the continental U.S. in July 1914. #ThisDayinSTEM

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January 17, 2017, Bell Labs Prize Winners for 2016, Dr. SungWon Chung, Hooman Abediasl & Hossein Hashemi from the USC Viterbi School of Engineering explain their prize-winning research; an architecture that allowed them to get 10x more nano-antennas on a chip than anyone before. The trio designed a new architecture that lets them tightly pack lots of optical nano-antennas, tunable optical components, and associated electronic control circuitry onto a single chip. This advancement has profound implications for self-driving cars and drones, 3-D projection technology, and high-speed optical communications. “The winners embody the essence of Bell Labs and the Bell Labs Prize – solving the great challenges facing humankind in the coming 10 years, with disruptive solutions that think differently,” said President of Nokia Bell Labs, Marcus Weldon. The USC team’s research replaces the current model with a compact, non-moving system at a fraction of the cost. So how did they do it? #ThisDayinSTEM

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On January 15, 1907, 110 years ago today, Dr. Lee de Forest received a U.S. patent for his diode vacuum tube detector, a 3-element vacuum tube. He called his tube an "Audion" and it was as a “device for amplifying feeble electric currents - such, for example, as telephone currents” (No. 841,387). This was the first vacuum tube designed specifically for amplification. The tube was evacuated, with some remaining conducting gas molecules, and it was suggested using for the heated electrode such material as platinum, tantalum or carbon. He had made a public announcement of his device a few months earlier, on October 20, 1906, at a meeting of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers held in New York City. At the end of 1906, after he applied for this patent, he improved this design by adding a grid. Eventually, AT&T bought the rights to his triodes now dubbed "grid Audions" & in 1915 AT&T used them to conduct 1st transcontinental telephone calls. His Audion vacuum tube made possible live radio broadcasting and became the key component of all radio, telephone, radar, television, and computer systems before the invention of the transistor in 1947.

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On January 13, 1888, The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, D.C. Happy 130rd Birthday! And thanks for inspiring generations of us to explore the world around us!

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January 10, 1949, RCA introduced the “single,” the 7-inch diameter 45 rpm record in the U.S. A single could play eight minutes of sound per side. Columbia had introduced the 12" long-playing vinyl 33 rpm as a new format the previous year. These formats greatly improved upon the 78 rpm records, which were limited to only 5 minutes per side on a 12" disk. Vinyl records were less fragile, and had a lower level of surface noise, but needed new playing equipment. RCA subsequently manufactured a record-player with a wide-diameter spindle to automatically play a stack of singles. The 45 rpm 7" record was favored by the young, and became successful with the onset of rock and roll. The most popular single of all-time is Bing Crosby's "White Christmas" with 50 million records sold.

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Want the blueprint to creating impact in the future? Our president Marcus Weldon shares five maxims to help you invent the next paradigm-shattering product or era-altering service.
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