Hi, from India :-)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_mathematics
It has a place where the counting practices being learnt from china, but again, those times, it was share of culture exchange. Even beyond, the vedic times, gave the practice of counting, and that is really old. I can count upto a hundred easily just by using the four fingers (not fore fingers), from both hands. That practice is given to us from vedic times when you chant verses for a number of times. I think that itself is a big proof on the counting practice from ages old.
the method is there in this doc :-) :: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:VEe7PU-xUMkJ:xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/2785355/1431845714/name/Sandhyavandana%2BAvatharikai%2B-%2BPart%2BXV.doc+&hl=en&gl=in&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESgl3zixV_FIvdXO5JNhoBPgWkAVR3xgv386s_RzFkL8XlyX0-EeMvITXqbzq-vLGWIoOpy3Rj5-O6PtAh0jkNv0t-5Wx1HEMxff9GoHI2jOPLmVZZgaDUKV5ard-mgYuiyDGeA9&sig=AHIEtbQAHXBsL3SScKNmqL6N0qpqqtx69w
Now, Albert Einstein, if the quote is, as is made, may be is referring to the numbers that is with zero, and thus we have the cycle in numbers and thus the counts established... My interpretation, and I could be wrong.
But beyond that, Am sure, Indian science has it greatest roots that just went faded away, Some of the practices followed, I have seen so many things, that are eco friendly and gives a clean solution for plastic free world, We have just given them away without any good reasoning.