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Water Well Plus, Inc.

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Oil and Gas Injection Well Drilling

Oil and gas injection well drilling has advanced over years to become a more efficient and technically-advanced business. The process is redefining the way various drilling processes are carried out manually.

Tools and tabulars with specific torque requirement are increasing and the speed and the combination of tools necessary to perform various drilling task is increasing. To meet these requirements, modern drilling equipment, trained personnel, rig operating system and advance handling equipment has become necessary. Advanced and top performing drilling tools are now available in the market.

What Is Injection Well Drilling:
Oil and gas injection well drilling is a process that is used to place underground fluid into porous geological formations. Deep underground formations range from deep limestone or sandstone to shallow soil layer. Injected fluids can include brine, wastewater, water, or mixed water with chemicals.

Oil and gas injection well drilling depends on the type and depth of the fluid injected. For instance, well drilling that are used to inject carbon dioxide or hazardous wastes into deep geological formation must be sophisticated. The injection well must ensure protection and are designed to have multiple layers or protective casing and cement. Shallow injection well features simple construction and only used for less hazardous fluids or gausses.

Oil and gas injection wells:
Hydraulic fracturing is an advance technology used to enhance extraction of oil from geological rocks after drilling. This process achieved through injection of a mixture of water and sand plus some certain additive into the deep-rock formation at very high pressure. Just after fracturing, injected fluid returns back to the surface as flowback. At one point in time, flowback needs to be recycled, treated or disposed through underground injection.

Wastewater injection process is totally different with the usual waste fluid disposal. Environmental agencies classify and regulate injection wells into six classes. Injection wells that are associated with oil and natural gas production are covered under class II.

Oil and gas drilling companies use hydraulic fracturing to create wells that they use to obtain oil and natural gases from geological formations. The source rocks include coal-beds, tight sandstones and shales. Fluids are injected under high pressure to the source rock to fracture and force oil and gas to flow to production wells.

Cathodic wells:
Wells that are constructed to extract oil and gas or inject fluids include cathodic protection wells. Cathodic protection wells are devices that help to minimize electrolytic corrosion or metallic pipelines, tanks and other facilities in contact with the ground.

Cathodic protection is employed in oil and gas drilling industry. The use of cathodic protection is proceeded by the use of the same in pipelines. It is a very successful technique and is used in to mitigate corrosion after the will is in place.

Cathodic wells are widely applied all over the world and the number of well that use is impressive. Most of the cathodic wells are installed to avoid leaking. Cp is a great tool to control corrosion.

Cothodic protection helps to mitigate corrosion on the exposed external surface of a well casing. Therefore cathodic protections are only effective on those parts that come in contact with the environment.

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The Los Angeles Aqueduct 
Water Plus, Inc.
Everyone is aware that California has been in a drought crisis for the past few years. Deep water well drilling has become extremely lucrative for both residential water wells and agricultural water wells.  Well drilling contractors in many cases have well worked lined up months in advance. This is good news for deep water well drilling companies but if you look deeper it is an indication of a water system in crisis. With water levels at the lowest levels in decades there is increasing concern that the state’s water delivery system might not meet demands. 

Most people even those native to Los Angeles are not unaware of how they receive their water. It turns out that water is imported along a 338 mile pipeline that imports the city’s water from Northern California. The system delivers water from the Owens River to Los Angeles and the construction of the aqueduct itself was controversial because allegedly the water diversion to Los Angeles ended agriculture in the Owens Valley and eliminated the valley as a viable farming community. Farmers in Owens Valley in the 1920’ attacked infrastructures in order to divert water flow, this was known as the California Water Wars. The aqueduct provided developers with water resources to develop the San Fernando Valley and Los Angeles during World War II. In an effort to find more water, Los Angeles began reaching farther north and in 1930 Los Angeles passed a bond to buy land in the Mono Basin and fund the Mono Basin Extension. The work was completed in 1940 the water export peaked in 1974 and greatly impacted the regions fish habitat, lake level, and air quality. In 1956 a second aqueduct was approved and runs parallel to the fist aqueduct and water flows by gravity. 

Last year due to the drought crisis the Department of Water and Power damned the Los Angeles Aqueduct at Owens Lake in order to conserver the Eastern Sierra snow runoff. The result was that Los Angeles would only receive 15% of water that it normally receives. The dam was dismantled in October 2015. 

What happens next? Some ecologists believe that California’s natural beauty and ecosystem will decline along with air quality due to forest fires and low humidity which produce smog. Others believe that the 21st century could be defined by a water crisis.

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The 21st Century Drought Crisis 
Water Well Plus, Inc.
Thanks to the drought conditions in California deep water well digging has become a prosperous business for well drilling contractors. They are providing a solution to the growing problem of water scarcity both for residential water wells and agriculture water wells in California but this may only provide a temporary solution. What does this what does this mean on a larger scale? The drought affects the environment by impacting air quality due to an increase in smog caused by wild fires. Water shortages make firefighting difficult. It is threatening geese and duck populations and Joshua trees not to mention a spread of the West Nile virus.  

2015 has been declared the warmest year on record and the Earth has seen 39 years of temperatures above the 20th century average. 

Water shortage is felt across the globe in places like Africa, India, and Ghana. Risk of conflict grows if water demand outstrips sustainable supplies and it is a possibility that by 2030 demand will outstrip supplies by 40%. This is part due to water shortage, growing populations, and pollution. Governments around the world are aware of the problem. There are a lot of man- made problems relating to water.  

The Middle East and North Africa have been hit especially hard and it is projected by the UN that 30 nations will be scarce of water by 2025. Water shortages will cost unstable countries jobs and also increase conflict and death due to water shortage. In order to avoid conflicts will required improved technology especially in areas like deep water well digging and converting ocean water to drinkable water. Intelligent political policies will also play an important role in the future of the human race and their water supply.

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Don’t Drill Your Own Well – Leave It to the Professionals

In these difficult economic times, individuals are looking for ways to cutback whenever possible. One area where not to cutback, is installing a water well.

A water well is a conduit into a source of running water, often times there can be great pressure behind sources of running water. If you don't drill a well high enough, you might spring a leak which could flood your property, or even your home depending on its proximity and the strength of the well.

Installing a new water well requires planning and ample foresight to determine the best location and source on your property. Well Drillers are professionals in properly installing and maintaining wells, and they're well-versed in all the difficulties that can spring up in a poorly-designed, built, or located well.

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Advantages of Having A Residential Water Well

Have you thought about installing a water well at home?

First, you need to ensure that you will have clean and steady supply of water.  Next, look for a good well contractor to drill the well. Look for one that is either recommended and/or that is licensed, bonded and insured.

You also need to know if the water under the bedrock is not contaminated. A good water well driller will be able to do that and will be able to tell you if investing in a water well will be good for you.

While, the water services provided by the municipality maybe good, how can you be sure that the municipalities will do their due diligence and make the necessary repairs to prevent any potential contamination of the water coming into your home. A number of homeowners drill water wells for their residential use because they want to be assured that they have access to clean and un-cantimated water.

Low cost is another advantage of having well water at home. Sure, paying for plumbing contractor can be expensive. Aside from that, you will also pay for a pump and a filtration system if you are planning to use the water for drinking. Every now and then, you also need to pay for maintenance of the water well.

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The Importance Of Water Well Drilling

Having your own water well is really beneficial.  It is a huge benefit if you are in a remote area where a water well is the only source where you can get water regularly. So if you don't have a well, planning to hire a California based well driller is a wise idea.  Knowing more about well drilling will greatly help you to know more about the latest techniques and the advanced technologies used for this purpose.

Similarly, choosing the best and well respected local well driller. Online research can also help you collect prices from various well drillers, which will in turn help you to choose the best company available in your area. Digging a residential water well or an agriculture water well is a tough job even for the experienced driller. But making sure you use the best well drilling company for the job is something that every homeowner or business, needs to keep in mind. 

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What Needs To Happen For California To Get Out Of Its Drought?

California has been experiencing a terrible drought for several year and deep water well digging for groundwater both agriculture water wells and residential water well business has been booming but what would it take to end the drought? 
The pace of snow needs to continue through the spring and hopefully due to a strong El Nino pattern this could occur. 
Moisture needs to fall in the right places meaning over the mountains. 
Sierra snowpack needs to increase because the snowpack is what eventually gives California its water. 
Even if reservoirs fill effects of the drought will linger and groundwater aquifers have to have a chance to refill. The state is also losing millions of trees to dryness which is driving up wildfire risk. It would take more than a single year of good snowpack for a drought to end.
California is losing water, money and jobs. The most affected crops are citrus crops. Farmers are giving up annual crops in order to put their water into the highest yield value crops such as perennials that grow on trees like almonds. Californians are going to have to make some tough choices in the future of water conservation and efficiency.

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Is California Running Out of Groundwater?

Deep water well digging has become a profitable business over the past few years due to California’s drought crisis but at some point there might not be any groundwater to drill. NASA has been using satellite imagery to monitor ground water depletion from space and they are monitoring ground water around the world. The monitoring system works great, the bad news is that the monitoring system is showing that we are running out of ground water which is very bad news for both agricultural and residential water well digging. 

An early study showed that between 2003 and 2010 the Sacramento and san Joaquin River Basins lost about 30 cubic kilometers of freshwater and it was determined this was due to ground water depletion. During the drought of 2006-2010 water allocations were drastically reduced which forced farmers to tap groundwater reserves. The result is groundwater levels are on a one way journey decline which has inherent bad side effects such as worsening water quality, increasing groundwater pumping costs to lift water over greater distances, increase in food cost, depletion of overlying streams and ecological damage. California’s three main water sources snowmelt from the Sierra Nevada, local groundwater and imported water from the Colorado River Basis are all declining.

Overall the picture is not pretty and unless people begin considering other options and thinking outside of the box, agriculture in California could disappear. 

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Benefits Of Drilling A Water Well

The financial benefits of drilling a water well are considerable. In addition to reducing your monthly utility bill and cutting out those unnecessary purchases of filtered water, owners of water wells are eligible for tax breaks each and every year.

Your property value is increased by installing a properly installed water well. The up-front investment in the installation is very quickly offset by the savings in the monthly bills. Families who take extreme advantage of a new well system can use the water for nearly every task in the home, including showing and other hygiene.

As the concerns for the environmental impact and cost of procuring water in the above methods comes under greater scrutiny, more and more individuals are looking into the advantages of having a water well installed in order to have constant access to fresh sources. While the process may seem like an unnecessary chore on the surface, there are many advantages that a water well can offer that the municipal systems simply cannot guarantee.

When unnecessary additives that are present in tap water are eliminated, you are sparing your own health and increasing the taste quality of the water that you consume. The water tends to be softer because it is free of many heavy metals that remain in most tap water. Chlorine is a typical additive used in the filtration process that cannot be completely removed. The presence of this chemical does not have have good long-term effects on the human body. The softening process is also more effective through a natural means versus the traditional chemical process.

The result is a much more refreshing glass of water from your very own new water well system for your home.

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Types Of Wells

Thousands of California homes use water wells as their main source of water. Wells extract water from aquifers, which are underground layers of earth, gravel, or porous stone where ground water accumulates.

Below are 3 types of wells:

Bored (also called shallow) wells are generally bored into unconfined water sources, typically found at depths of 100 feet or less.

Consolidated wells (rock wells) are drilled into subterranean formations of porous rock that contain no soil and do not collapse. Their average depth is normally around 250 feet.

Unconsolidated (or sand) wells are drilled into below ground formations consisting of soil, sand, gravel or clay material that collapses upon itself.

The proper installation of a functional water well is based on establishing its most suitable location, measuring the system correctly and choosing the appropriate construction techniques. Because of these factors, it's advisable that only professional water well contractors should undertake the installation of wells.

They're familiar with the hydrology (which is water's properties, distribution and effects above, on and below the earth's surface) of their area as well as the local codes and regulations that must be adhered to - and there are a number of them.
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