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Raymund Kho K.D.
Lives in Kyoto
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#neuroscience #neuroimaging #security #human_rights  

Interrogational Neuroimaging: The Missing Element in Counter-Terrorism

'..An fMRI is compatible with human rights law and information can now be achieve without leaving a physical trace of the trauma of torture..'

Following the September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York, governments have waged a global campaign against terrorists groups in order to ensure national security.

A crucial part of this campaign has been intelligence gathering with
different methods of interrogation in order to extract allegedly necessary information from suspected terrorists.

Similarly, it is not surprising that intelligence personnel have started recognizing that neuroimaging technologies—in particular,
functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) addresses this fundamental lack within the realm of scientific scrutiny.

The current research introduces a first step towards developing a novel experimental interrogation paradigm that aims to apply a
number of reliable and practical applications of fMRI within a rule of law and human rights framework.

This prototype is applied in such a way that implications of interrogative methodologies will become a reality for mining of knowledge from potential suspects.

The ultimate goal of our innovative methodology is the implementation of fMRI in real life situations that may serve the cause of human rights by providing an innocent person the means to scientifically prove his/her innocence.

This truth verification tool has potential to replace torture and aggressive existing interrogation strategies.

However, we discuss that there are still human rights and privacy concerns that must be addressed prior to moving this technology to real‐world application.

- Farhan Hyder Sahito

figure: topology of the envisaged aeronautical ad hoc network over the North Atlantic. A range of 150 nmi is assumed for links between aircraft - Felix Hoffmann Daniel Medina Adam Wolisz (2013)
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i am happy to open another post addressing these issues +Tony s . however you missed the fine details as suggested in my comments. you agree the past/current recourse of events is not the reality you want to see. read the publication for the reasons why this should prevent and why this is relevant to our security.
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#fun #fidofriday

that perfectly sums up my mood! thank you +David Earl Johnson :)
 
Our boy +Louis G Tor clearly demonstrates his position on #TGIF !
Have an awesome #FidoFriday everyone!  #dEj  
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You are most welcome sir!
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#art

remains an artwork with the depth and material choice worth sharing! > +Willi Bambach 
 
resharing for new friends and followers
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Bambach, Dualismus Teil 1, Mystik und Aesthetik 0-3, 2009
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thank you for your thoughts +Raymund Kho K.D. . i am pleased
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#neuroscience #visual_memory #working_memory #aging  

The rise and fall of immediate and delayed memory for verbal and visuospatial information from late childhood to late adulthood

The rise and fall of memory

'..Our results suggest an optimally efficient memory around 16 to 24 years with a steady decrease afterwards. Other authors have reported that the distinction between visuospatial and verbal memory is in place in children from about 4 years, with an increase in performance between the ages 4 and 15..'

Over 100,000 verbal and visuospatial immediate and delayed memory tests were presented via the Internet to over 28,000 participants in the age range of 11 to 80.

Structural equation modeling pointed to the verbal versus visuospatial dimension as an important factor in individual differences, but not the immediate versus delayed dimension.

We found a linear decrease of 1% to 3% per year in overall memory performance past the age of 25. For visuospatial tests, this decrease started at age 18 and was twice as fast as the decrease of verbal memory.

There were strong effects of education, with the highest educated group sometimes scoring one full standard deviation above the lowest educated group.

Gender effects were small but as expected: women outperformed men on the verbal memory tasks; men outperformed women on the visuospatial tasks.

We also found evidence of increasing proneness to false memory with age. Memory for recent news events did not show a decrease with age.

- Jaap M.J. Murre, Steve M.J. Janssen, Romke Rouw, Martijn Meeter
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pleasure to read +Ron Scroggin you combine your artistic musical talent with storytelling. do comment as you seem fit :)
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#neuroscience #sleep_consolidation #mental_rotation #gender  

Mental Rotation: Effects of Gender, Training and Sleep Consolidation

'..our data support that men and women employ different strategies to resolve MR (note: mental rotation) problems, with women mentally rotating the items in an analytic piecemeal fashion and men prioritizing a more holistic strategy. Interestingly, data revealed greater performance in both men and women from the pre- to the post-training sessions, men outperforming women. Surprisingly, when directly comparing men and women performances during the post-training session, no significant gender difference was yielded, hence suggesting greater MR enhancement in women..'

A wide range of experimental studies have provided evidence that a night of sleep contributes to memory consolidation. Mental rotation (MR) skill is characterized by fundamental aspect of both cognitive and motor abilities which can be improved within practice sessions, but little is known about the effect of consolidation after MR practice.

In the present study, we investigated the effect of MR training and the following corresponding day- and sleep-related time consolidations in taking into account the well-established gender difference in MR. Forty participants (20 women) practiced a computerized version of the Vandenberg and Kuse MR task.

Performance was evaluated before MR training, as well as prior to, and after a night of sleep or a similar daytime interval. Data showed that while men outperformed women during the pre-training test, brief MR practice was sufficient for women to achieve equivalent performance.

Only participants subjected to a night of sleep were found to enhance MR performance during the retest, independently of gender. These results provide first evidence that a night of sleep facilitates MR performance compared with spending a similar daytime interval, regardless gender of the participants.

Since MR is known to involve motor processes, the present data might contribute to schedule relevant mental practice interventions for fruitful applications in rehabilitation and motor learning processes.

- Debarnot U, Piolino P, Baron J-C, Guillot A
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Raymund Kho K.D.

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Because Grumpy Cat...bwahahahaha!!!

#caturday #grumpycat
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Good one, Raymond!
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#art #coffee #grumpy_cat

there is always a reason to drink coffee and more and mor..... ;-) +mary Zeman via +jef biot 
 
#goodmorning. Ou pas 
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#neuroscience #aging #visuospatial_memory #working_memory  

The structure of visuospatial memory in adulthood

'..Our findings thus confirm the complexity of the WM (note: working memory) system, and of the visuospatial memory system in particular, as well as reflecting the two dimensions proposed by Cornoldi and Vecchi (2003) in adulthood. Indeed, the present results suggest that visuospatial memory in adulthood should be considered as a composite system consisting of different components, as emerged from the work by Mammarella, Pazzaglia, and Cornoldi (2008) in a sample of developmental age (in a study that also involved verbal simple storage tasks)..'

The present study aimed to investigate the structure of visuospatial memory in adulthood. Adults 40–89 years of age (n=160) performed simple storage and complex visuospatial span tasks.

Simple storage tasks were distinguished into three presentation formats: (i) visual, which involved maintaining shapes and textures; (ii) spatial-sequential, which involved maintaining sequentially-presented locations; and (iii) spatial-simultaneous, which involved maintaining patterns of locations.

Confirmatory factor analyses showed that, among the domain-differentiated models, the one considering visuospatial memory in its simple visual, spatial-sequential and spatial-simultaneous components and complex visuospatial memory yielded a
good fit to our data.

Structural equation modeling also showed that age had a direct effect on visual, spatial-sequential and spatial-simultaneous memory, and on complex visuospatial memory.

Altogether these results suggest the importance of considering both the type of processing involved (in simple storage vs. complex visuospatial tasks) and the presentation format of the stimuli in the visuospatial domain.

- Irene C. Mammarella, Erika Borell, Massimiliano Pastore, Francesca Pazzaglia
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Yes +Raymund Kho K.D., that is the key. Visuospatial memory is a composite system. Thank you!
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#neuroscience #humor #creativity  

Is the Human Mind Unique? -- Entering the “Soul Niche;” An Evolved and Creative Mind; and Humor

'..Nicholas Humphrey (Darwin College, Cambridge) begins with Entering the "Soul Niche," followed by Steven Mithen (Univ of Reading) on An Evolved and Creative Mind, and Daniel Dennett (Tufts Univ) on Humor..'
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glad you liked it. perhaps one day you contact me by email and tell your life story ;-)
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#neuroscience #performance #intermodular_interactions  

Is the Human Mind Unique? - Skilled Performance and Artistry; Symbolic Communication: Why Is Human Thought So Flexible; and Inter-Modular Interactions, Metaphor, and the “Great Leap”

'..Merlin Donald (Queen's Univ) begins with Skilled Performance and Artistry, followed by Terry Deacon (UC Berkeley) on Symbolic Communication: Why Is Human Thought So Flexible?", and V.S. Ramachandran (UC San Diego) on Inter-Modular Interactions, Metaphor, and the "Great Leap."..'
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Thanks...that's not all...
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People
Have them in circles
3,993 people
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Work
Occupation
Research Director Neuroscience
Story
Tagline
currently engaged in certain matter which does confuse people because of its sheer simplicity and beauty
Introduction
Ah, yes where were we. Somewhere born in 1967, from a noble line of Asians located near the border between South Korea and North Korea. Didn't like the heat of  Kimchi and received a ticket to educated myself in Europe (Netherlands). After some runabouts and happy relations flunk the idea to settle in East Asia. Followed a wise aunts comment to get married and produce offspring. Can be reached in private rkdkho@live.jp for remarkable stories and wallops of good bourbon, in no particular order.
Bragging rights
Nailed the London traffic system by backpack/bike, highly unusual in the '80s, managed to humor 1,5 billion entities somewhere on this globe and had my fair share of 'Syriana' moments on the African continent.
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Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Currently
Kyoto
Previously
Osaka - Hong Kong - Boston - Incheon - Dallas - Amsterdam - The Hague - Arnhem - Voorburg