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John Chumack
Works at University of Dayton Research Institute
Lives in Dayton, Ohio USA
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John Chumack

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The Planet Saturn on 07-05-2016 captured from my backyard Observatory in Dayton, Ohio. Seeing was coming and going, the Red channel was the cleanest, but it was pretty rough seeing in the Blue & Green end of the spectrum. I was surprised that it came out okay..with fewer frames used, so many bad frames thrown out due to rough seeing. Celestron 8inch diameter Telescope(SCT 2000mm) & QHY5IIL Camera, Celestron 3x Barlow (F30 ), 2100 frames Stacked in Registax6.
The rings of Saturn are the most extensive planetary ring system of any planet in the Solar System. They consist of countless small particles, ranging in size from micrometers to meters, that orbit about Saturn. The ring particles are made almost entirely of water ice, with a trace component of rocky material. There is still no consensus as to their mechanism of formation; some features of the rings suggest a relatively recent origin, but theoretical models indicate they are likely to have formed early in the Solar System's history.
Although reflection from the rings increases Saturn's brightness, they are not visible from Earth with unaided vision. In 1610, the year after Galileo Galilei first turned a telescope to the sky, he became the very first person to observe Saturn's rings, though he could not see them well enough to discern their true nature. In 1655, Christian Huygens was the first person to describe them as a disk surrounding Saturn.
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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looks amazing really amazing!!!
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Hi Everyone,
The Snake Nebula (also known as Barnard 72) is a dark nebula in the Ophiuchus constellation. B72 is one of 370 dark markings of the sky cataloged in the early 20th century by astronomer E. E. Barnard.
It is a small but readily apparent S-shaped dust lane that snakes out in front of the Milky Way star clouds from the north-north-west edge of the bowl of the Pipe Nebula. 37 arc mins x 17 arc mins in Size, Its thickness runs between 2' and 3' and runs around 6' in the north-west / south-east orientation. A good view in a 4" to 6" telescope requires clear dark skies. The Brightest Star in this photo is 4.1 magnitude star 44 - Ophiuchi.
It is part of the much larger Dark Horse Nebula that hangs above the Galactic Center region of our Milky Way Galaxy!
To the right side of the Snake Nebula is found Barnard 68 a very dark dense nebula. Below it are found Barnard 69, Barnard 70, and Barnard 74.
What are dark Nebulae you ask?
Interstellar dark clouds of obscuring gas and dust!
Dark nebulae are not unlike what we normally think of as a nebula. They are expansive clouds of gas and dust that could potentially form stars in the future.
With no form of illumination, the only way that these nebulae can be observed is when they obscure the light of objects behind them.
Their shapes are visible in cosmic silhouette only because they lie in the foreground along the line of sight to rich star fields!
B72 The Snake Dark nebula is about 5 light years across, and is approximately 650 light years distance from us.
I used a Baader Modified Canon Rebel Xsi DSLR & 5.5 Newt. Reflector, ISO 1600, this is a 68 minute exposure from my Observatories at JBSPO in Yellow Springs, Ohio on 07-02-2016.
I included an illustrated version to help you ID some of the Dark Nebulae!
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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Mars Last night .06-21-2016..seeing had its moments, North is up in this image,
I capture Mars & Large Dark feature Syrtis Major Planum, The Dark Feature near center, below that toward the Southern Polar region notice the brighter patch which may easily be mistaken for a Southern Ice cap, but this is a Large bright feature on Mars known as Hellas Planitia, now go to near the top of the Globe(North) we can see Utopia Planitia.& Utopia Rupes.with Astapus Colles & some high blue limb clouds visible near the North polar region. there are many more features visible, this is why i love observing and capturing Mars the only planet that shows significant fine surface details from Earth.
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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Yes, but the blue some atmospheric Dust & Some blue limbs clouds too.
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The Constellation of Sagittarius, The Teapot & Spoon near the Galactic Center of our Milky Way Galaxy...also visible above the Teapot is M22, M25, M8, M20, & M7 on the Right edge. i kept the exposure short, so I wouldn't blur the house too much while tracking.
The dotted line at the bottom is an aircraft flying over the ocean.
Captured above the beach house on Cape Cod, MA.
06-02-2016
Canon 6D DSLR, 50mm lens, ISO3200, 60 second exposure, tracking mount.
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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The Planets Mars & Saturn & The Milky Way over the Beach House on Cape Cod, overlooking Nantucket Sound. I captured this shot with my Canon 6D DSLR, 14mm lens, F5, ISO 2500, 30 second exposure.
It was an interesting night, fighting strong winds, and had to hide between sand dunes to get a shot, Ticks everywhere, so you have to check yourself after being out there!
The Marine layer moisture started covering everything by 1:00am, moisture mixed with sand not fun on all my equipment! Seeing Mars & Saturn & the Milky Way was awesome...especially from these darker skies on the Cape than what we have in Ohio.  Captured while on Family Vacation on the Beach in Dennisport , Cape Cod, MA.
 
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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Mars at Opposition for 2016!  Yes, Mars is that brightest  Orange/Red Star due South around Midnight, you can easily see it with your eyes.
It makes a Triangle right now with Antares & Saturn.
But Mars looks awesome through a telescope!

The Planet Mars on 05-23-2016. I captured it near Midnight on 05-23-2016 from my backyard Observatory in Dayton. We had
slightly above average seeing.
Every 26 Months Mars gets close to Earth and provides Awesome views of its surface through small telescopes.
Mars Reached Opposition on Sunday May 22, 2016 at 07:10 EDT, or 11:10 UTC, and it will be at its largest (18.4”) across for this Opposition.
The View of Mars last night Centered around Elysium Planitia & Elysium Fosse, & Phlegra Dorsa region.
North a south polar caps & blue limb clouds are visible. Elysium Mons is a Massive Volcanoe on Mars, although not the Largest,
that title goes to Olympus Mons, but still impressive in size.
Look for the two little dark patches near the upper center of the globe,
Elysium Mons Volcano is the lighter beige Patch just below the longer dark patch on the left.
Elysium Mons is a volcano on Mars located in the volcanic province Elysium, at 25.02°N 147.21°E, in the Martian eastern hemisphere.
It stands about 13.9 km (46,000 ft) above the surrounding lava plains, and about 16 km (52,000 ft) above the Martian datum.
Its diameter is about 240 km (150 mi), with a summit caldera about 14 km (8.7 mi) across. It is flanked by the smaller volcanoes Hecates
Tholus to the northeast, and Albor Tholus to the southeast.
Elysium Mons was discovered in 1972 in images returned by the Mariner 9 orbiter.
Captured from my backyard Observatory in Dayton, with my C8 Telescope & Qhy5IIL CCD Camera, 2x barlow, 3000 frames RGB stacked in Registax6, Aligned & balanced in Maxim DL, and final Processing in Adobe PS.

Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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Gorgeous, inspirational work.
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John Chumack

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Here is another quick shot of The Planets Mars & Saturn above the Center of Our Milky Way Galaxy!
Due to windy conditions on the beach I had to keep the exposure short.
 
The Planets Mars & Saturn above the Galactic Center,
Antares, M4,  Rho Ophiuchi, & The Dark Galactic Horse,  M6 & M7 open Clusters, Cats-paw Nebula,  M8 The Lagoon, M20, M24 Star Cloud, M16, M17, M22, M25, Scutum Star Cloud, M11, and dozens of other DSO's (deep sky objects). The red line on the left horizon was a boat light moving during the exposure, the light pollution Glow on the horizon just below the Galactic Center are likely the lights from the town & harbor of Oak Bluff, on Martha’s Vineyard Island.  The Marine layer haze was starting to move in at the end of this exposure.
 
Canon 6D DSLR, 24 mm lens, F5,  ISO 3200,  122 second  exp., Star Adventurer tracking mount
captured on Cape Cod, Ma., overlooking Nantucket Sound on 06-01-2016
 
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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Maker of heaven and earth. Ps 146:6
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My Saturn  Close-ups,
I had slightly above average seeing…coming and going over a 2 hour period on 06-29-2016 from my backyard observatory, so I decided to crank up the power, It is pushing the limits with My old Orange tube C8,  & QHY5IIL CCD camera.  
 
Saturn is 1.2billion km away...The distance to Saturn from our planet is constantly changing as both of the planets travel through space. When the two are closest, they lie approximately 753 million miles (1.2 billion kilometers) apart, or eight times the distance between the Earth and the sun, Currently Saturn is ~ 853 million Miles from Earth in this image.
 
My  Saturn Close-ups, my best close-ups for the Season so far..B&W &  in Color, barely fit in my FOV, but seeing was co-operating, so I cranked up to 5x Barlow.(F50) or (10,000mm)..taken from my backyard Observatory, C8 + QHY5IILCCD Camera, 5X Televue Barlow, 3000 frames RGB, Stacked in Registax6, Maxim DL Alignment, & Adobe CS for final.

Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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+Hayati C. Durmaz
thanks!
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Another wide angle Milky Way shot from Libra/Scorpius all the way to Cygnus! This wide angle shot of the Milky Way with Planets Mars & Saturn, looking over the swamp rose bushes on the Sand dunes to the beach house at the top of the dune in Cape Cod..A marine Layer of Fog on the horizon coming in,..unfortunately Light Pollution in the lower left from a construction Crane & construction Site building new condos on the Beach!!! Kinda ruins the otherwise Pristine views of the Milky Way at that location. I used a Canon 6D & 14mm wide angle Lens at 3200 ISO @ F4 for 120 second exposure, tracking for a short period other wise too much blurring on the foreground. 06-02-2016
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John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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+Vladimir Pecha
thanks!
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The Planets Mars & Saturn visit Antares & M4 Globular Cluster , Rho Ophiuchi Nebula region, & The Dark Galactic Horse, The Pipe Dark Nebula, M6, & M7 Open clusters
Canon 6D DSLR, 47 mm lens, ISO 3200, 2 x 2 minutes,
captured over Cape Cod, Ma. on 06-02-2016

Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
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Sooooooo prity
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The Markarian Chain - The heart of the Virgo Cluster of Galaxies.
I converted my image to B&W & included a Negative image for ease of seeing the fainter galaxies, with ID's.
Some are as faint as 18th magnitude, The Virgo Cluster is a cluster of galaxies whose center is 53.8 Million Light years away (16.5 Mpc) away in the constellation Virgo.
Comprising approximately 1300 (and possibly up to 2000) member galaxies, the cluster forms the heart of the larger Virgo Supercluster, of which the Local Group is an outlying member, which includes our own Milky Way & The Andromeda Galaxy.
Markarian's Chain is a stretch of galaxies that forms part of the Virgo Cluster. It is called a chain because, when viewed from Earth, the galaxies lie along a smoothly curved line. It was named after the Armenian astrophysicist, B. E. Markarian, who discovered their common motion in the early 1960s.
Member galaxies include M84 (NGC 4374), M86 (NGC 4406), NGC 4477, NGC 4473, NGC 4461, NGC 4458, NGC 4438 and NGC 4435 and many other PGC & IC Galaxies. Sorry but I did not have time to label them all, but Zoom in to see some of the smaller fainter ones!
It is located at RA 12h 27m and Dec +13° 10'.
At least seven galaxies in the chain appear to move coherently, although others appear to be superposed by chance.
What does M, NGC, IC, & PGC refer to you ask??
M - Messier Object Number
The Messier objects are a set of 110 astronomical objects first listed by French astronomer Charles Messier in 1771. Messier was a comet hunter, and was frustrated by objects which resembled but were not comets, so he compiled a list of them.
NGC- New General Catalog
The New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars (abbreviated as NGC) is a well-known catalogue of deep-sky
objects compiled by John Louis Emil Dreyer in 1888 as a new version of John Herschel's General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars.
The NGC contains 7,840 objects, known as the NGC objects. It is one of the largest comprehensive catalogues, as it includes all types of deep space objects and is not confined to, for example, galaxies.
IC - Index Catalog
Dreyer also published two supplements to the NGC in 1895 and 1908,
known as the Index Catalogues, describing a further 5,386 astronomical objects.
PGC - Principal Galaxies
The Catalogue of Principal Galaxies (PGC) is an astronomical catalog published in 1989 that lists B1950 and J2000
equatorial coordinates and cross-identifications for 73,197 galaxies.
back in April..2016
While waiting for the Comet to rise...
I captured this 72 minute exposure(4 min subs x 18) using a Baader Modified Canon Rebel Xsi, & 5.5 inch F5 Newt. Reflector at my Observatories in Yellow Springs, Ohio on 04-12-2016. The Line in the image is a satellite trail as it passed through the Field of View, this happens a lot in long exposures! 
Best Regards,
John Chumack
www.galacticimages.com
 
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Congrats on the picture, +John Chumack, and thanks for the info on the catalogs (I was aware of M, IC and NGC, but did not know about PGC).
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Thank You NASA Goddard & USRA for featuring my Jupiter Photo as the "Earth Science Picture of the Day" !!!

http://epod.usra.edu/blog/2016/05/jupiter-the-giant-gas-planet.html
Photographer: John Chumack Summary Author: John Chumack Jupiter has a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun but two and a half times that of all of the other planets in the Solar System combined. Basically, you can fit each of...
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+Terry Schmidt
thanks Terry!
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