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Agronomy for Sustainable Development
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A million-years old relationship has been established between bees and weed flowers. Weeds indeed provide food to bees in the form of tasty pollen, and bees carry pollen from plant to plant to ensure pollination, weed reproduction and diversity. This win-win relationship is endangered by industrial agriculture practices such as weed control and the use of insecticides. Scientists Rollin et al. review agricultural practices that modify weed-bee long-standing collaboration.
A million-years old relationship has been established between bees and weed flowers. Weeds indeed provide food to bees in the form of tasty pollen, and bees carry pollen from plant to plant to ensure pollination, weed reproduction and diversity. This win-win relationship is endangered by ...
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Climate change is forecasted to impact deeply agricultural and food production in the next decades. Actually there is few knowledge on the major issues faced by farmers in Central Asia. Therefore agronomists Hamidov et al. reviewed 362 scientific papers published from 2008 to 2013. They classified the papers into three categories: environmental, economic and social issues. They found that the major issues of land use are the quality of air, soil, minerals and water; ecosystem services for fertilisation and food production; and biomass and energy.
Climate change is forecasted to impact deeply agricultural and food production in the next decades. Actually there is few knowledge on the major issues faced by farmers in Central Asia. Therefore agronomists Hamidov et al. reviewed 362 scientific papers published from 2008 to 2013.
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Safflower is a major crop used for flavoring foods, dyes, livestock feeds and medicine. However, safflower production is threatened by climate change that increases soil salinity and drought. To solve this issue, plant scientists Hussein et al. review the mechanisms of the impact of drought and salt on plants, and the strategies to enhance safflower resistance.
Safflower is a major crop used for flavoring foods, dyes, livestock feeds and medicine. However, safflower production is threatened by climate change that increases soil salinity and drought. To solve this issue, plant scientists Hussein et al. review the mechanisms of the impact of drought and ...
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Industrial production of soybean developed in the Argentinean Pampa since the 1990s is not sustainable. Specifically, herbicide use creates glyphosate-tolerant weeds and pollutes waters. To solve this issue scientists Salembier et al. designed a method to identify alternative practices developed by farmers. These alternative practices include diversification of crop rotations, occasional return to tillage, and low pesticide use.
Industrial production of soybean developed in the Argentinean Pampa since the 1990s is not sustainable. Specifically, herbicide use creates glyphosate-tolerant weeds and pollutes waters. To solve this issue scientists Salembier et al. designed a method to identify alternative practices developed ...
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Inorganic phosphorus (P) is a non-renewable and strategic resource for plant growth in agriculture. Most soil P is not used efficiently by plants because we do not fully understand the mechanisms of P availability and P uptake by roots. Agronomists Recena et al. uncover the role of soil organic P and root activity for P fertilisation.
Inorganic phosphorus (P) is a non-renewable and strategic resource for plant growth in agriculture. Most soil P is not used efficiently by plants because we do not fully understand the mechanisms of P availability and P uptake by roots. Agronomists Recena et al. uncover the role of soil organic ...
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Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees are grown around or among crops or pastureland. The presence of trees brings many benefits such as higher biodiversity, restoring soil fertility, cleaner water through reduced soil and fertiliser runoff and increased crop stability. A study of Nasielski et al. on soybean agroforestry suggests that yields in the tree-crop competitive zone will not be reduced under drier climate.
Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees are grown around or among crops or pastureland. The presence of trees brings many benefits such as higher biodiversity, restoring soil fertility, cleaner water through reduced soil and fertiliser runoff and increased crop stability.
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Industrial agriculture has favoured almost solely the production of for-profit high-yield crops by selecting high-yield cultivars, and adding massively mineral NPK fertilisers and pesticides. Such an approch has led to many negative consequences, such as food and water contamination, pest- and climate-sensitive crops, and food depleted in micronutrients (and taste). Dimkpa et al. review the role of micronutrients such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and Zinc (Zn), for crop protection against pest and drought.
Industrial agriculture has favoured almost solely the production of for-profit high-yield crops by selecting high-yield cultivars, and adding massively mineral NPK fertilisers and pesticides. Such an approch has led to many negative consequences, such as food and water contamination, ...
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Issues such as food contamination by toxic pesticides have fostered the need to develop safer cropping. Farmers are thus trying to implement alternative ecological practices, but the results of such changes, either positive or negative, is so far not clear. Therefore agronomists Toffolini et al. have analyzed indicators of ecological change to provide guidelines.
Issues such as food contamination by toxic pesticides have fostered the need to develop safer cropping. Farmers are thus trying to implement alternative ecological practices, but the results of such changes, either positive or negative, is so far not clear. Therefore agronomists Toffolini et al.
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Agriculture consumes more than two-thirds of the planet freshwater. As a consequence there are conflicts of freshwater allocation between agriculture and other water users. There is therefore a need for advanced methods to save water in agriculture. Scientists Gan et al. found that regulated deficit irrigation is an alternative method that saves large amounts of water without yield decrease. Moreover, deficit irrigation enhances plant adaptation to drought stress.
Agriculture consumes more than two-thirds of the planet freshwater. As a consequence there are conflicts of freshwater allocation between agriculture and other water users. There is therefore a need for advanced methods to save water in agriculture. Scientists Gan et al. found that regulated ...
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Legume farming has many benefits such as natural fertilisation by fixation of air nitrogen. However, grain legume production is decreasing in Europe, whereas Europe imports legumes, mainly soybean, to meet protein needs. To understand why farmers stop producing legumes in Luxemburg, Zimmer et al. surveyed farmer knowledge and issues of grain legume cultivation.
Legume farming has many benefits such as natural fertilisation by fixation of air nitrogen. However, grain legume production is decreasing in Europe, whereas Europe imports legumes, mainly soybean, to meet protein needs. To understand why farmers stop producing legumes in Luxemburg, ...
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Both increasing human population and pesticide pollution call for alternative food production. Agronomists are thus currrently designing new cropping practices such as ecological intensification and sustainable intensification. However, the meaning and concrete applications of such practices is not clear so far. Wezel et al. review the definitions, principles and practices of ecological intensification, sustainable intensification and agroecological intensification. The photo shows relay intercropping of wheat and undersown lucerne in south-eastern France, an example of agroecological intensification.
Both increasing human population and pesticide pollution call for alternative food production. Agronomists are thus currrently designing new cropping practices such as ecological intensification and sustainable intensification. However, the meaning and concrete applications of such practices is ...
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The growing world food demand and climate change is threatening the long term survival of the human society on Earth. Sustainable solutions are therefore urgently needed. Agronomists Jacobsen et al. describe innovative solutions based upon the use and protection of biodiversity in agriculture. Examples include cultivation of quinoa (photo), lupine, yam, watermelon, amaranth and nopal.
The growing world food demand and climate change is threatening the long term survival of the human society on Earth. Sustainable solutions are therefore urgently needed. Agronomists Jacobsen et al. describe innovative solutions based upon the use and protection of biodiversity in agriculture.
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Journal of the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA)