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Tanzania Polepole Club
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Forest for people in Kilimanjaro!
Forest for people in Kilimanjaro!

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Thank you for your kind cooperation !
We have submitted signatures of approximately 8,000 people !!

Tanzanian government implemented a policy to expand an area of the Kilimanjaro National Park which ignored livelihoods of local residents living along the forest in Mt. Kilimanjaro. Therefore, in order to protect human rights and rights to life of those local residents who have been in long term conserved the forest, we have started petition campaign to realize the community based forest conservation. We deeply appreciate your understandings and cooperation in collecting signatures from many people during this campaign.

Finally, we successfully collected signatures from more than 100 people from 7 countries by the campaign through this website in Japanese and English. Further, we also collected signatures from 7,900 people living in villages along the forest in Mt. Kilimanjaro.

Then, at the end of August this year, we submitted those signatures to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism,Tanzania. Since it is not general for Tanzanian people to express their opinions by collecting signatures, we expect that those signatures will be accept by the Tanzanian government with big impact. As the result, currently Tanzanian Government has started to take actions to hold meetings with representatives of villagers in Mt. Kilimanjaro.

In addition, we also announced to the Tanzanian government that we will still “continue” this campaign. And, we are willing to submit the signatures finally to the President of Tanzania. By adding further signatures collected continuously from local residents in Mt. Kilimanjaro and from people all over the world, we would like to achieve our goal of collecting more than 10,000 signatures!

Together with the local residents, we continuously try our best until the big issue happens in the Mt. Kilimanjaro is resolved.

Therefore, in order to protect lives of locals and the forest in Mt. Kilimanjaro, cooperation from all over the world in collecting signatures is highly appreciated!

★Our Petition Campaign page (Change.org) → https://www.change.org/p/minister-for-ministry-of-natural-resources-and-tourism-of-united-republic-of-tanzania-director-general-of-tanzania-national-parks-tanzanian-government-amend-its-expanded-policy-of-the-national-park-in-mt-kilimanjaro

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The ‘latest’ situation over the issue of the Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park
 
~ Do voices of local communities reach President ? ~
 
In the Mt. Kilimanjaro being a world heritage, in the name of forest conservation, the Government forced through a policy in 2005 to extend the National Park to the Half Mile Forest Strip (HMFS) having been buffer zone forest that had supported the lively hood of community residents. That purpose was to eliminate completely local residents from the use of forest resources and to achieve the forest conservation by it.
However, this policy had not only destroyed lives of local residents but also eliminated them who had protected forests in fact through tree planting and so on for many years and rather has exposed forests to crisis of more serious deforestation.
 
Read more
→ ・ "Lost Forests of Inhabitants" (http://polepoleclub.jp/lost_forests.html)
   ・ "What is right ?" (http://polepoleclub.jp/voice-english.html)
 
Thus, our Tanzania Pole Pole Club has cooperated with 39 villages along with the HMFS in the Moshi Rural District and has established the Kilimanjaro Half Mile Forest Strip Conservation Network (KIHACONE) being a consultative body together with 39 villages for following purposes.
 
(1) To demand the Government to exclude the HMFS from the National Park and to return it to the community.
(2) To build a new framework of forestry conservation and management to protect forests of the HMFS by community initiatives after a return of them.
  
Although we have addressed this issue since 2005 when the HMFS was incorporated into the National Park, the Tanzanian Government has regarded local residents as the main culprit of deforestation and has not listened to voices of local communities (actually, the biggest source of deforestation was commercial logging done in the past by the Government).
 
Then, the KIHACONE took an opportunity that Abdulrahman Kinana, Secretary General of the CCM (Chama Cha Mapinduzi) being the ruling party of the Administration visited the Moshi Rural District at the end of March 2015 to take the stump around the country for the mass meeting and appealed directly to him on the issue that the extension of the National Park for the purpose of elimination of local residents from the HMFS has posed to local residents and forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Knowing the severity of this issue, Secretary General promised then and there to return the HMFS to communities in the face of the public. He also promised to inform a ‘Competent Person’ of this issue. Such voices of community residents may reach Mister for the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism or President under the situation with a presidential election and general election imminent in October 2015. It was the moment that the voices of local residents having continued to be ignored might reach to motivate the Central Government.
 
Furthermore, the KIHACONE has also worked on the local government and strived for the restitution of the HMFS to be solved by the District Council at the foot of Mt. Kilimanjaro. At the end of May 2015, this restitution resolution was adopted by the District Council at long last.
 
However, despite the promise of Secretary General and the resolution of the District Council, the situation is in critical condition. The KINAPA (Kilimanjaro National Park Authority) to maintain the Kilimanjaro National Park is strongly rejecting the restitution of the HMFS using the National Parks Law as a pretext, and local residents are not allowed even to plant trees in the Strip as illegal activities.
 
As explained in detail in the separate links of “Lost Forests of Inhabitants” and“What is right ? ”, people who destroyed forests (HMFS) of Mt. Kilimanjaro as it is today are not local residents. Quite the contrary, they have grappled steadily with tree planting to recover forests as a greatest guardian of forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro. People who have wisdom and power to conserve forests can be said to be just local residents having been eliminated from forests. There is no question that as is the case with the fact it is important to protect nature (forests), the lives of residents having lived there so long are also important. Such policies to protect forests but not to care the lives of residents can never be said to be good ones and will not deliver good results.
 
We continue to tackle with activities to conserve forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro and protect the lives of local residents joining hands with them. We would like people in the world to understand this unknown heavy-handed expansion policy of the National Park and the unhappy and absurd fact of residents’ elimination caused by it. Furthermore, please raise your voices in order to solve this issue.



(Picture)
Trees planted by local residents in the HMFS. Here was one of naked places by commercial logging of the Government in the past.
Photo

Post has attachment
The ‘latest’ situation over the issue of the Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park
 
~ Do voices of local communities reach President ? ~
 
In the Mt. Kilimanjaro being a world heritage, in the name of forest conservation, the Government forced through a policy in 2005 to extend the National Park to the Half Mile Forest Strip (HMFS) having been buffer zone forest that had supported the lively hood of community residents. That purpose was to eliminate completely local residents from the use of forest resources and to achieve the forest conservation by it.
However, this policy had not only destroyed lives of local residents but also eliminated them who had protected forests in fact through tree planting and so on for many years and rather has exposed forests to crisis of more serious deforestation.
 
 Read more
 → ・"Lost Forests of Inhabitants" (http://polepoleclub.jp/lost_forests.html)
 → ・ "What is right ?" (http://polepoleclub.jp/voice-english.html)
 
Thus, our Tanzania Pole Pole Club has cooperated with 39 villages along with the HMFS in the Moshi Rural District and has established the Kilimanjaro Half Mile Forest Strip Conservation Network (KIHACONE) being a consultative body together with 39 villages for following purposes.
 
(1) To demand the Government to exclude the HMFS from the National Park and to return it to the community.
(2) To build a new framework of forestry conservation and management to protect forests of the HMFS by community initiatives after a return of them.
  
Although we have addressed this issue since 2005 when the HMFS was incorporated into the National Park, the Tanzanian Government has regarded local residents as the main culprit of deforestation and has not listened to voices of local communities (actually, the biggest source of deforestation was commercial logging done in the past by the Government).
 
Then, the KIHACONE took an opportunity that Abdulrahman Kinana, Secretary General of the CCM (Chama Cha Mapinduzi) being the ruling party of the Administration visited the Moshi Rural District at the end of March 2015 to take the stump around the country for the mass meeting and appealed directly to him on the issue that the extension of the National Park for the purpose of elimination of local residents from the HMFS has posed to local residents and forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Knowing the severity of this issue, Secretary General promised then and there to return the HMFS to communities in the face of the public. He also promised to inform a ‘Competent Person’ of this issue. Such voices of community residents may reach Mister for the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism or President under the situation with a presidential election and general election imminent in October 2015. It was the moment that the voices of local residents having continued to be ignored might reach to motivate the Central Government.
 
Furthermore, the KIHACONE has also worked on the local government and strived for the restitution of the HMFS to be solved by the District Council at the foot of Mt. Kilimanjaro. At the end of May 2015, this restitution resolution was adopted by the District Council at long last.
 
However, despite the promise of Secretary General and the resolution of the District Council, the situation is in critical condition. The KINAPA (Kilimanjaro National Park Authority) to maintain the Kilimanjaro National Park is strongly rejecting the restitution of the HMFS using the National Parks Law as a pretext, and local residents are not allowed even to plant trees in the Strip as illegal activities.
 
As explained in detail in the separate links of “Lost Forests of Inhabitants” and “What is right ? ”, people who destroyed forests (HMFS) of Mt. Kilimanjaro as it is today are not local residents. Quite the contrary, they have grappled steadily with tree planting to recover forests as a greatest guardian of forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro. People who have wisdom and power to conserve forests can be said to be just local residents having been eliminated from forests. There is no question that as is the case with the fact it is important to protect nature (forests), the lives of residents having lived there so long are also important. Such policies to protect forests but not to care the lives of residents can never be said to be good ones and will not deliver good results.
 
We continue to tackle with activities to conserve forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro and protect the lives of local residents joining hands with them. We would like people in the world to understand this unknown heavy-handed expansion policy of the National Park and the unhappy and absurd fact of residents’ elimination caused by it. Furthermore, please raise your voices in order to solve this issue.

(Picture) 
Trees planted by local residents in the HMFS. Here was one of naked places by commercial logging of the Government in the past.
Photo

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2015-07-12
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"Lost Forests of Inhabitants"

~Issues on the extended National Park of Mt. Kilimanjaro and Tanzania Pole Pole Club's grappling with them~

In Mt. Kilimanjaro having been designated as a World Heritage Site, approximately 30% of forests are said to have been lost in the past 100 years, and such trend has still continued today. Partly due to the pressure on the forestry conservation from the world, the Tanzanian Government had embarked on a countermeasure for it and had assumed that 'the main culprit behind deforestation' had been local residents. In 2005, the Government forced through incorporation of the 'half-mile forest strip' (HMFS) being forests of buffer zones to have supported the livelihood of them into the National Park by eliminating them from forests.

However, Tanzania Pole Pole Club has opposed this policy and has been requesting to lift the designation of the HMFS as the National Park for the following reasons.

(1) Is the main source of deforestation local residents?
 The areas where forests within the HMFS had widely been lost at present coincide almost with the areas of commercial logging for plantations by the Government. This is because the Government had not replanted trees after logging. However, the Government had placed the blame on local residents for deforestation and had eliminated them from the HMFS on the grounds of forestry conservation. For this reason, incorporation of the HMFS into the National Park can be said to be completely irrational as an official policy. Nevertheless, local residents have grappled with tree planting in order to recover forests on the HMFS having been bare.

(2) Who had conserved and can conserve forests?
 Studies on forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro have pointed out that the time when forests within the HMFS had been most conserved was the days for the management of forests to have been entrusted by local residents before independence of Tanzania. The HMFS had been allowed for local residents to utilize. It is obvious from satellite images that the HMFS with no plantations has been well preserved rather than that with plantations. Seen from this, it is proved that not only in the past but also in the present, the largest guardians of forests are local residents. Incorporation of it into the National Park can be said to be even equal to the measure to have curtailed guardians from forests rather than to have protected forests.

(3) The National Parks Law that no one can obey
 The National Parks Law cannot allow for local residents not only to use forestry resources but also to enter forests. However, as it does not mean that needs (for firewood, fodder, etc.) of residents disappear by the Law, they have no choice but to continue to enter forests for the purpose of maintaining their livelihood. While, the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority(KINAPA) to manages the National Park has conflicted violently with them being 'illegal intruders' and has launched the thorough elimination of them. However, as far as there are needs of residents, it will be impossible to eliminate them thoroughly, and the KINAPA sees this reality and begins to turn a blind eye partly to criminal behaviors. At this point of time, the National Parks Law has lost its force. It is obvious to be in an error that forests are left under the Law with which no one will be able to comply, and it is not likely that forests will be conserved by it.

For the realization of new conservation and management of forests by local resident initiatives on the Mt. Kilimanjaro
The incorporation of the HMFS into the National Park is unable to conserve forests and is the measure only to afflict the people. The Club has worked on the Government that removes the HMFS from the National Park, creates a new mechanism to conserve and manage forest by local resident initiatives and legislates such mechanism. And also, the Club has cooperated with 39 villages along forests having been incorporated into the National Park towards the realization of it. To be more precise, the Club has sought to realize it by following processes.

(1) To remove the HMFS from the incorporation of the National Park
   (talks with the District, Region, Central Government and
   Members of Parliament).

(2) To build a mechanism of forestry management by community initiatives;
  ① Launching of a network organization to link 39 villages along forests
    incorporated into the National Park.
  ② Building of a new framework and system to conserve and
    manage forests based on unified strategies of 39 villages.
  ③ Reviewing and enhancing of regulations to use forests in each village.

(3) To legislate a framework and system of above (2).
 
Tanzania Pole Pole Club :  http://polepoleclub.jp/index-english.html

#worldheritage #Nationalpark #kilimanjaro #tanzania #Africa #forestthreat #halfmileforeststrip
Photo

Post has attachment
"Lost Forests of Inhabitants"

~Issues on the extended National Park of Mt. Kilimanjaro and Tanzania Pole Pole Club's grappling with them~

In Mt. Kilimanjaro having been designated as a World Heritage Site, approximately 30% of forests are said to have been lost in the past 100 years, and such trend has still continued today. Partly due to the pressure on the forestry conservation from the world, the Tanzanian Government had embarked on a countermeasure for it and had assumed that 'the main culprit behind deforestation' had been local residents. In 2005, the Government forced through incorporation of the 'half-mile forest strip' (HMFS) being forests of buffer zones to have supported the livelihood of them into the National Park by eliminating them from forests.

However, Tanzania Pole Pole Club has opposed this policy and has been requesting to lift the designation of the HMFS as the National Park for the following reasons.

(1) Is the main source of deforestation local residents?
 The areas where forests within the HMFS had widely been lost at present coincide almost with the areas of commercial logging for plantations by the Government. This is because the Government had not replanted trees after logging. However, the Government had placed the blame on local residents for deforestation and had eliminated them from the HMFS on the grounds of forestry conservation. For this reason, incorporation of the HMFS into the National Park can be said to be completely irrational as an official policy. Nevertheless, local residents have grappled with tree planting in order to recover forests on the HMFS having been bare.

(2) Who had conserved and can conserve forests?
 Studies on forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro have pointed out that the time when forests within the HMFS had been most conserved was the days for the management of forests to have been entrusted by local residents before independence of Tanzania. The HMFS had been allowed for local residents to utilize. It is obvious from satellite images that the HMFS with no plantations has been well preserved rather than that with plantations. Seen from this, it is proved that not only in the past but also in the present, the largest guardians of forests are local residents. Incorporation of it into the National Park can be said to be even equal to the measure to have curtailed guardians from forests rather than to have protected forests.

(3) The National Parks Law that no one can obey
 The National Parks Law cannot allow for local residents not only to use forestry resources but also to enter forests. However, as it does not mean that needs (for firewood, fodder, etc.) of residents disappear by the Law, they have no choice but to continue to enter forests for the purpose of maintaining their livelihood. While, the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority(KINAPA) to manages the National Park has conflicted violently with them being 'illegal intruders' and has launched the thorough elimination of them. However, as far as there are needs of residents, it will be impossible to eliminate them thoroughly, and the KINAPA sees this reality and begins to turn a blind eye partly to criminal behaviors. At this point of time, the National Parks Law has lost its force. It is obvious to be in an error that forests are left under the Law with which no one will be able to comply, and it is not likely that forests will be conserved by it.

For the realization of new conservation and management of forests by local resident initiatives on the Mt. Kilimanjaro
The incorporation of the HMFS into the National Park is unable to conserve forests and is the measure only to afflict the people. The Club has worked on the Government that removes the HMFS from the National Park, creates a new mechanism to conserve and manage forest by local resident initiatives and legislates such mechanism. And also, the Club has cooperated with 39 villages along forests having been incorporated into the National Park towards the realization of it. To be more precise, the Club has sought to realize it by following processes.

(1) To remove the HMFS from the incorporation of the National Park
   (talks with the District, Region, Central Government and
   Members of Parliament).

(2) To build a mechanism of forestry management by community initiatives;
  ① Launching of a network organization to link 39 villages along forests
    incorporated into the National Park.
  ② Building of a new framework and system to conserve and
    manage forests based on unified strategies of 39 villages.
  ③ Reviewing and enhancing of regulations to use forests in each village.

(3) To legislate a framework and system of above (2).
 
Tanzania Pole Pole Club :  http://polepoleclub.jp/index-english.html

#worldheritage #Nationalpark #kilimanjaro #tanzania  #forestdegradation #reforestation
Photo

Post has attachment
"Lost Forests of Inhabitants"

~Issues on the extended National Park of Mt. Kilimanjaro and Tanzania Pole Pole Club's grappling with them~

In Mt. Kilimanjaro having been designated as a World Heritage Site, approximately 30% of forests are said to have been lost in the past 100 years, and such trend has still continued today. Partly due to the pressure on the forestry conservation from the world, the Tanzanian Government had embarked on a countermeasure for it and had assumed that 'the main culprit behind deforestation' had been local residents. In 2005, the Government forced through incorporation of the 'half-mile forest strip' (HMFS) being forests of buffer zones to have supported the livelihood of them into the National Park by eliminating them from forests.

However, Tanzania Pole Pole Club has opposed this policy and has been requesting to lift the designation of the HMFS as the National Park for the following reasons.

(1) Is the main source of deforestation local residents?
 The areas where forests within the HMFS had widely been lost at present coincide almost with the areas of commercial logging for plantations by the Government. This is because the Government had not replanted trees after logging. However, the Government had placed the blame on local residents for deforestation and had eliminated them from the HMFS on the grounds of forestry conservation. For this reason, incorporation of the HMFS into the National Park can be said to be completely irrational as an official policy. Nevertheless, local residents have grappled with tree planting in order to recover forests on the HMFS having been bare.

(2) Who had conserved and can conserve forests?
 Studies on forests of Mt. Kilimanjaro have pointed out that the time when forests within the HMFS had been most conserved was the days for the management of forests to have been entrusted by local residents before independence of Tanzania. The HMFS had been allowed for local residents to utilize. It is obvious from satellite images that the HMFS with no plantations has been well preserved rather than that with plantations. Seen from this, it is proved that not only in the past but also in the present, the largest guardians of forests are local residents. Incorporation of it into the National Park can be said to be even equal to the measure to have curtailed guardians from forests rather than to have protected forests.

(3) The National Parks Law that no one can obey
 The National Parks Law cannot allow for local residents not only to use forestry resources but also to enter forests. However, as it does not mean that needs (for firewood, fodder, etc.) of residents disappear by the Law, they have no choice but to continue to enter forests for the purpose of maintaining their livelihood. While, the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority(KINAPA) to manages the National Park has conflicted violently with them being 'illegal intruders' and has launched the thorough elimination of them. However, as far as there are needs of residents, it will be impossible to eliminate them thoroughly, and the KINAPA sees this reality and begins to turn a blind eye partly to criminal behaviors. At this point of time, the National Parks Law has lost its force. It is obvious to be in an error that forests are left under the Law with which no one will be able to comply, and it is not likely that forests will be conserved by it.

For the realization of new conservation and management of forests by local resident initiatives on the Mt. Kilimanjaro
The incorporation of the HMFS into the National Park is unable to conserve forests and is the measure only to afflict the people. The Club has worked on the Government that removes the HMFS from the National Park, creates a new mechanism to conserve and manage forest by local resident initiatives and legislates such mechanism. And also, the Club has cooperated with 39 villages along forests having been incorporated into the National Park towards the realization of it. To be more precise, the Club has sought to realize it by following processes.

(1) To remove the HMFS from the incorporation of the National Park
   (talks with the District, Region, Central Government and
   Members of Parliament).

(2) To build a mechanism of forestry management by community initiatives;
  ① Launching of a network organization to link 39 villages along forests
    incorporated into the National Park.
  ② Building of a new framework and system to conserve and
    manage forests based on unified strategies of 39 villages.
  ③ Reviewing and enhancing of regulations to use forests in each village.

(3) To legislate a framework and system of above (2).
 
Tanzania Pole Pole Club :  http://polepoleclub.jp/index-english.html

#worldheritage #Nationalpark #kilimanjaro #tanzania  #forestmanagement #Africa
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