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The Lucan Clinics

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Veneers are made of porcelain or composite and are placed over the front teeth to change their colour or shape. Veneers can significantly improve the appearance of teeth that are discoloured, chipped or slightly at an angle.

Veneers can be used as an alternative to crowns in particular for front teeth. Veneers are very thin pieces of specially shaped porcelain placed and glued over the front of your teeth with little or no tooth preparation required.
Composite Veneers

Composite (direct) veneers are usually performed in a single visit to the dentist. The procedure is an application of a veneer, which is colour-matched to existing teeth, that is bonded directly to the tooth's surface. Composite veneers have a life of five to seven years.

Porcelain Veneers

Porcelain (indirect) veneers are made in our laboratory from a very thin porcelain material. Porcelain veneers usually require two or more visits to the dentist as an impression of your teeth is taken from which a veneer, colour matched to your existing teeth, is made. The veneer is then glued directly onto your tooth. Porcelain veneers are more expensive than composite veneers but last ten years to fifteen years or more.
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A bridge is a dental device that fills a space that a tooth previously occupied.

A bridge may be necessary to prevent shifting of the teeth that can lead to bite problems (occlusion) and/or jaw problems and result in gum (periodontal) disease.

Bridges safeguard the integrity of existing teeth and help maintain a healthy, vibrant smile.
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What is a crown?

A crown is sometimes known as a cap. A crown is an artificial restoration that fits over the prepared tooth, rather like a jacket. A crown gives a tooth strength and is made to match the original shape of the tooth.

Why would I need a crown?
A crown could be used for a number of other reasons, but mainly they restore teeth that have been broken, or have been weakened by decay or a very large filling. Teeth are sometimes crowned post root canal treatment for protection and they improve the appearance of discolored teeth dramatically.

What is a post crown?
In root-filled teeth it may be necessary to insert a post before placing a crown. A post provides support and helps the crown stay in place. The post is placed into the root canal and cemented in position, ready for the crown to be attached.

What is a crown made of?
Most crowns are made from porcelain bonded to precious metal. A precious metal base is made and then porcelain is applied in layers over it. Porcelain fused to metal mix and porcelain fused to gold are commonly used crowns.

Crowns can be made of a variety of different materials and new materials are continually being introduced. We have listed some of the most popular options below:

Porcelain crowns
These are made entirely out of porcelain and are not as strong as bonded crowns but can look very natural and most often used for front teeth.

All-ceramic crowns
This modern technique offers a metal-free alternative, which can give the strength of a bonded crown and the appearance of a porcelain crown. These are very effective in the form of inlays for molars that need restoration and strength.

Circonium oxide crowns
This is a superior material. It is the most durable and has the most natural properties of all materials.

How is a crown prepared?
The dentist will prepare the tooth to the ideal shape for the crown. Much of the outer surface is removed, leaving a strong core. Once the tooth is shaped, we will take an impression of the prepared tooth; one of the opposite jaw and possibly another to mark the way you bite together. The impressions will then be given to our dental lab, along with the appropriate shade for the crowns to be made.

What will happen between visits?
A temporary crown will be made so that you can use the tooth while you wait for the crown to be made. This crown cannot be strongly cemented on, so it is advisable to avoid certain foods to prevent the temporary crown from becoming loose.

How is the crown fitted?
The crown is fixed in place with special dental cement or adhesive. The cement forms a seal to hold the crown in place.

How long does the treatment take?
You will need to have at least two visits: the first for the preparation, impression, shade taking and fitting the temporary crown; and the second to fit the permanent crown. This can be completed within a working week.

Will the crown be noticeable?
No. The crown will be made to match your other teeth exactly so that the colour will resemble that of the surrounding teeth.

Will the crown feel different?
Because the shape of the crown will be slightly different from the shape of your tooth before it was crowned, you may be aware of it to begin with. The crown may need some adjustment if your bite does not feel comfortable, so ask the dentist to check and adjust it if necessary.

How do I care for my crown?
You will need to look after the crown in the same way as you look after your natural teeth. Therefore, clean the area where the crown connects with the gum in order to prevent decay affecting the crown.

How long will the crown last?
Properly cared for crowns should last for many years, in general between 10 and 15 years.
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Root Canal Treatment
A root canal is a procedure that extracts decayed pulp from the central part of the tooth, reshapes the canal and replaces it with strengthening filler.

A cavity is the result of superficial decay of the enamel of the tooth. If this is left, decay can burrow into the deeper reaches of the tooth, causing extensive damage to tooth structure.

When the damage goes beyond what can be treated with a filling, our dentists at The Lucan Clinic can perform a root canal (or endodontics), preserving the tooth and retaining its original integrity, saving a tooth that, in the past, would have had to have been pulled.

After anesthesia, the patient undergoes a dental dam used to isolate the tooth. The tooth is opened to allow for removal of infected or dead dental pulp. The tooth is then thoroughly cleaned, including any cracks and canals. The dentist reshapes the canals and the tooth is filled with biocompatible filling material. A temporary covering is used to cover the access opening.
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These days we rarely need to carry out extractions. However, if this presents as the only option, we have a tried and trusted technique that will ensure you the most comfortable and least stressful procedure.
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Dental Fillings
The concept of a filling is replacing and restoring your tooth structure that is damaged due to decay.

We will replace old, broken-down amalgam/metal fillings that contain traces of mercury with white fillings (composites) to restore your smile and teeth to a more natural look and feel.

You will no longer have to suffer the embarrassment of unsightly and unhealthy silver/mercury fillings or metal margins of the past as we can remove any dark/black appearances in your teeth with the latest tooth-coloured resin or porcelain materials.
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Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening can make you feel more positive, happier, confident and transform your life.

In surgery teeth whitening

One of the most popular cosmetic treatments today is teeth whitening. Depending on the degree of discoloration, tooth whitening can be performed in the dental practice or in conjunction with home treatments. In surgery, teeth whitening lightens the teeth using a photosensitive gel, which is painted onto the teeth. The whole process takes around one hour.
Your gums must be healthy and teeth plaque and stain free for best results.

At home teeth whitening

A customised mouth guard into which you add a small amount of whitening gel is worn overnight and after one to two weeks your teeth will gradually lighten. The home kit can also be used to give even more whitening after in-surgery whitening if required.

Both treatments are completely safe but can only be prescribed by a professional. In surgery whitening, like home-whitening, it may be possible to achieve a change in the colour of your teeth by up to eight shades. However, the benefit of in-surgery whitening is the speed it takes to get results.
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Dental Hygienist
Our Dental Practice team includes an experienced hygienist for patients requiring oral hygiene treatment.

Our fully qualified hygienist will clean and polish your teeth and advise you on how to care for your teeth and gums on a routine day to day basis to prevent gum (periodontal) disease.

Advice is also available for the care of your children's teeth.
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On examination of your teeth, we agree the best plan of treatment for your gums and teeth.

We start with your general medical history / health
We check your gums
We check for wear and tear of the teeth
We check for tooth decay
We check your bite
We check whether you have any aches / sensitivity
We check whether you can chew without any difficulty
Are you happy with the appearance of your teeth
We check your mouth lining
We explain your treatment options to you
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