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Gerard Culhane
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Gerard Culhane

Favorite Philosophers of Mind  - 
 
Is there a discussion going on in here about W. Sellars? His 'Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind' lifted the top of my skull off.

Or a Metzinger debate? Get's my vote for best current model of "mind / consciousness".

Ray brassier's not bad either. Starts from Sellar's, but goes waaaaaay out from there.
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Ricky Grewal's profile photoGerard Culhane's profile photo
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+Ricky Grewal And again this time on the physical substartes of the brain that give rise to consciousness (same Scholarpedia article).

"Integration: The cause-effect structure specified by the system must be unified: it must be intrinsically irreducible to that specified by non-interdependent sub-systems obtained by unidirectional partitions. Partitions are taken unidirectionally to ensure that cause-effect power is intrinsically irreducible - from the system’s intrinsic perspective - which implies that every part of the system must be able to both affect and be affected by the rest of the system. Intrinsic irreducibility can be measured as integrated information (“big phi”, a non-negative number), which quantifies to what extent the cause-effect structure specified by a system’s elements changes if the system is partitioned (cut or reduced) along its minimum partition (the one that makes the least difference). By contrast, if a partition of the system makes no difference to its cause-effect structure, then the whole is reducible to those parts. If a whole has no cause-effect power above and beyond its parts, then there is no point in assuming that the whole exists in and of itself: thus, having irreducible cause-effect power is a further prerequisite for existence. This postulate also applies to individual mechanisms: a subset of elements can contribute a specific aspect of experience only if their combined cause-effect repertoire is irreducible by a minimum partition of the mechanism (“small phi”).
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Gerard Culhane

Discussion  - 
 
Hey, Frank. Hope you and yours are safe.
The terrible events over the last few days and the implication that other countries near to France may have harboured individuals that were involved should be a wake up to all of us.

Every country in the world harbours people who are mad enough to want go kill innocents. No country,  no people, no ideology is safe, nor is any country or people responsible except those who are directly act on their mad schemes and who insist on dividing us all.

Let's celebrate what is good in our world. Like cycling, where people of all nations compete together on teams with little thought about where they come from. Where teams are more important than the man/woman in most cases. Where we still celebrate  sportsmanship with no regard to anything except the idea of higher ideals.

Peace to everyone on this site. If you love cycling enough to be here then I'm sure you agree with me.
In Australia after a young woman was bullied on a train on her way home simply because she was wearing a head scarf, a huge backlash formed against the haters and a huge outpouring of sympathy and solidarity was led by the hashtag #I'llridewithyou!  (it was meant to be about public transport but its a beautifully adaptable sentiment).

So, I'm sure some people on this site are muslims. My friends, from me you are welcome. We have our first teams from north Africa starting to make big statements on the world stage and world tour races are held in north African countries.

Let's beat these fuckers by showing them they can't make us do what they want us to do - which is to divide ourselves by making us hate each other.

So, #I'llridewithyou. 

And let's get back to racing!
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Gerard Culhane

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Hi everyone!

Tomorrow I start a challenge to ride 1000 km's in a single month (October - that's 33 km's a day). It's in aid of children's cancer (and getting fit) and I need sponsors.
Nearly one million Dollars have already been pledged to cancer research through this challenge thus far. I want to help make it a million dollars. I'll do the work. You can help MOTIVATE ME by opening your pockets. If everyone gave just the price of a cup of takeaway coffee I'd make my goal. But I know many of you will want to give a little more than that and I'd be very grateful, as will the kids.
Though this is for kids, everyone gets touched by cancer. I have two friends who died recently from cancer related issues. I have another friend in relapse right now. And many years ago I lost my mum to cancer when she was far too young.
So come on. Let's help kick this fucker to the curb!
Gerard Culhane is riding in the Great Cycle Challenge this October to fight kids' cancer! Please sponsor Gerard and show your support to help these kids beat this terrible disease. CLICK to view Gerard's fundraising page!
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+Peter Hopkins Yup. Got it. Thanks Peter!
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Gerard Culhane

TOUR de FRANCE  - 
 
He's a joker isn't he?
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+Kiat Huang​ lol. 
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Gerard Culhane

Phil. of Language & Linguistics  - 
 
Link to the John Locke lecture series podcasts. The whole series from 2007 to 2011 are available as downloads though not all are relevant to PoM. However the first in the series by Robert Stalnaker titled Starting in the Middle: Our Knowledge of the Internal World, definitely is.
In his first lecture (of 6) Stalnaker does a quick review of internalist (Cartesian / rationalist) versus externalist (Humean / empiricalist) viewpoints within 20th century (mostly analytical) philosophy starting with Hume and ranging across Wilfrid Sellars, David Lewis, Tyler Burge, Putnam, Kripke and Quine. As you can probably tell from the names listed the lectures focus specifically on the debate around externalism versus internalism of mental content or 'meaning'.

From there Stalnaker goes on in the subsequent lectures to drill down in detail using modal 'other worlds' logic to construct an externalist defence.

Warning. This is dense stuff and Stalnaker assumes a reasonable working knowledge of 20th Century analytic thought. If you haven't read at least a few articles by some of the philosophers mentioned above you should probably try those first so you have the parameters and the basic terms down first. 

Not sure if "Language and Linguistics" is really the best description for this but it's as close as I could find given a lot of analytic PoM has a starting point in concerns over meaning attribution and intentions. 
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Thank you for the link! I hope these are in a debate form sowing catharsis or synthesis!
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Gerard Culhane

Shared publicly  - 
 
Couldn't agree more! 
 
Dear Ingress Agents,

Today we will send a mass of tweets about Ingress. I would ask you think about a few things if you plan to publicly post a scathing tweet about Niantic's decision on the Innovator badge.

1) Niantic gave us this game for free, and millions of people worldwide appear to enjoy it. If you are playing it, you must enjoy it
2) If you are like me, you have made dozens, or hundreds, of new friends because of Ingress. 
3) You have discovered things in your city you never knew about. You may have also visited other cities and places you've never been before Ingress.
4) We don't own Ingress.

We spend a lot of energy complaining about portal approval times, the shards/artifacts, and any other changes to the game. We spend far too little time thanking Niantic for improving our lives.

Today, I will tweet, and it will not be negative. I ask you do the same. 

Thank you
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Gerard Culhane

Shared publicly  - 
 
We forget that it's moving through.
 
This is how the solar system is actually moving as it traverses the galaxy.

it’s not circular as you’ve been taught. It does revolve around the sun, but like every other star, the sun travels, and pulls us too.
#solarsystem   #universe   #amazing  
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Gerard Culhane

Discussion  - 
 
Another side to the Saganator. 
It's morning in San Diego, and a pair of striking Slovakians are making their way through a crowd of adoring fans. Together, Peter and Katarina Sagan form a delicious combination of brawn and beauty as they prepare for a group ride with some 20 cyclists from a local bicycle club.
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Gerard Culhane

Discussion  - 
 
So, just for a laugh and to get away from all the boring debate about Froome doping or not doping - who finds watching the Froome dog ride boring and who finds it eerily, fascinating with that windmill style, all elbows and knees?
25 votes  -  votes visible to Public
Great rider but like watching paint dry.
44%
So much style; like a gekko in a blender
16%
Both; too strategic, but hugely funny!
40%
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Kiat Huang's profile photoGerard Culhane's profile photoSteve Bell's profile photo
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+Frank Opstaele Ha! You'll also be happy if he takes the Worlds.. Again... Come on.. admit it Frank!
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Gerard Culhane

TOUR de FRANCE  - 
 
Lots of people on the deck. Then lots of excited people running and hugging. :-)
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Gerard Culhane

Cognitive & General PoM Discussion  - 
 
Podcast series presenting different ways of looking at the 'unconscious'. What is it? How does it effect consciousness etc.
Five lectures up so far and the most recent is 5 days ago so I am hoping there will be more.
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This is +The Mind Voyager favorite topic 
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Gerard Culhane

ALL OTHER RACES  - 
 
Anna Meares wins an historic 11th World Title at the UCI Track World Championships

I know, I know. Not road cycling but since we were celebrating the great Marianne Vos and more so because the women just don't get anywhere near the credit and limelight they deserve, I thought I'd add this.
Remember that prior to the Beijing Olympics Meares was involved in an accident and broke her neck. She was told she might never walk again let alone ride competitively. She slung a harness from her ceiling at home and trained in secret against her husband, her coaches and her doctors wishes. Then she went to Beijing and won a silver medal in the sprint.
Anna the indomitable!
Anna Meares wins an historic 11th World Title at the UCI Track World Championships.
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"No probs" as we say In Australia, Frank. (We also say "No wucking furries" - do some first letter substitution and you'll get the Aussie sense of humour).
Concentrate on the main business. You do that well. We as a community can add our own passions and loves to complement your main thing. That after all is the point is it not? It's a community. It's as good as those who are involved make it.
Much credit to you for making this something we can partake in.

Kudos!
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This establishment closed three years ago.
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