Fluid intelligence is the capacity to think logically and solve problems in novel situations, independent of acquired knowledge. Fluid intelligence involves the ability to identify patterns and relationships that underpin novel problems and to extrapolate these findings using logic.
On the other hand, crystallized intelligence is the ability to utilize information, skills, knowledge, and experience in a way that could be measured on a standardized test. Crystallized intelligence represents your lifetime of cerebral knowledge, as reflected through your vocabulary, general explicit knowledge and Trivial Pursuit types of declarative memory of people, places, things...
Although there is some controversy and debate on the best ways to improve fluid intelligence, studies are showing a strong link between non-academic pursuits and improved fluid intelligence. I have written a wide range of Psychology Today blog posts about improving cognitive function through: physical activity, playing a musical instrument, making art, improving motor skills, meditation, daydreaming, getting a good night's sleep... The ultimate goal of The Athlete’s Way is to identify daily habits that optimize the function of the brain, body, and mind throughout a person’s lifespan.
Many experts believe that one of the backlashes of overemphasizing standardized testing as part of ‘no child left behind’ is that young Americans are gaining crystallized intelligence at the expense of their fluid intelligence. As the father of a 6-year-old, I am determined to encourage my daughter to flex both her crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence every day and would encourage other parents to do the same.
I hated school when I was growing up and did terribly on standardized tests. My SAT scores were barely above average. My older sister, on the other hand, literally got double 800s on her SATs and was a national merit scholar. Throughout my childhood the unspoken family framework was that my older sister had the ‘book’ smarts, and I had the ‘athletic’ smarts. I never had a chip on my shoulder because I didn’t like reading books or being in school. I wanted to be outside playing, listening to music or just hanging out with friends. How was your "intelligence" categorized by your parents and teachers when you were growing up?
- University of Idaho
- PortallatroSaxophone Mouthpiece Refacing, present
- Atlas TelecomOracle DBA, present
- GW InternationalOracle Apps DBA, present
- Univ. IdahoSaxophone Teacher, present
- North Idaho CollegeSaxophone/Piano Teacher, present
- The Monarch SchoolDrum teacher, present
- lionel hamptonpresent
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