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آزادیِ آقا مرتضی و آزادیِ آقا موسی!
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دو گونه آزادی؛ آزادی مرتضی و آزادی موسی

جورج اچ. اسمیث، فیلسوف سیاسی معاصر، در این نوشته در قالب تمثیلی شامل دو انسان خیالی، دو گونه آزادی را معرفی می‌کند—یکی عمل‌گرا و دیگری اخلاق‌مند. وی مثال‌هایی را به گواه می‌گیرد که چگونه این تمییز در تاریخ اندیشه‌ی آزادی‌خواهی به‌کار گرفته شده. در این ترجمه نام دو انسان خیالی او را به مرتضی و موسی برگرداندیم.

http://goo.gl/M6eTe8

#بورژوا   #آزادی   #فلسفه   #فلسفه_سیاسی   #اخلاق   #برده_داری   #خشونت  
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Zohreh Jafari originally shared:
 
Kent Jones's Interview with Woody Allen (on Midnight in Paris)

Do you find yourself looking to movies for inspiration?
Well, it happens automatically. I watch them for pleasure. I don’t study them for the lighting or the camera angles or the blocking. I watch them strictly for the story and for pleasure. And they do influence you. You see good movies and you want to make a movie like that sometime, because it was so much fun and you got such a kick out of watching it.

[Door opens] Oh, it’s time for my band practice. [Points] That’s my clarinet. I have to practice every day in order to be mediocre. :-)
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Zohreh Jafari originally shared:
 
A great deal of intelligence can be invested in ignorance. ~Saul Bellow
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معمول‏ترین مغالطات جاری نسبت به نظریه‏ی بازار آزاد، مغلطه‏ی توسل به ترس و برانگاشت‏های آخرالزمانی‏ست، و در نتیجه اثبات و توجیه دخالت همه‏جانبه‏ی برادر بزرگ‏تر و البته خِنگی به نام دولت که قرار است سوار بر شانه‏هایمان در مقابل خطرات ناشی از آن حفظمان کند...
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Zohreh Jafari originally shared:
 
Harvard Philosopher Is a Rock Star In Asia
By Thomas Friedman

Who do you think was on the cover -- named the "most influential foreign figure" of the year in China? Barack Obama? No. Bill Gates? No. Warren Buffett? No. OK, I'll give you a hint: He's a rock star in Asia, and people in China, Japan and South Korea scalp tickets to hear him.

It was Michael J. Sandel, the Harvard University political philosopher.

This news will not come as a surprise to Harvard students, some 15,000 of whom have taken Sandel's legendary "Justice" class. What makes the class so compelling is the way Sandel uses real-life examples to illustrate the philosophies of the likes of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill.

Sandel, 58, will start by tossing out a question like, "Is it fair that David Letterman makes 700 times more than a schoolteacher?" or "Are we morally responsible for righting the wrongs of our grandparents' generation?"

Students offer competing answers, challenge one another across the hall, debate with the philosophers -- and learn the art of reasoned moral argument along the way......
++++++++++++++++++++
Via <http://www.shahrvandemrouz.com>
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راهنمای حقوق طبیعی و قانون طبیعی برای استادان حقوق
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امروزه برخی با ایده‌ی طبیعت آدمی به مثابه مقوله‌ای «فطری» یا طبیعی مخالفت می‌و‌رزند و پافشاری می‌کنند که طبیعت آدمی «برساخته‌ی اجتماعی» است و محصولِ کنش و واکنشِ انسان‌ها با یکدیگر است. برای نمونه، معنی مرد یا زن بودن کاملاً وابسته به جنسیت طبیعی نیست، و علاوه بر آن همواره ریشه‌هایی در انتظارات اجتماعی نیز دارد؛ انتظاراتی که از روزگاران کهن نهادینه شده اند. گرچه این گزاره احتمالاً گزاره‌ی بسیار درستی باشد، اما رد منطقِ قانون طبیعی مبتنی بر این گزاره‌ی صحیح عملی اشتباه است، و کسی که چنین می‌کند ادعای نظریه‌پردازان قانون طبیعی را از دو جهت اشتباه دریافته است.
#بورژوا   #فمنیسم   #حقوق   #حقوق_بشر   #حقوقدان   #جامعه_شناسی_ایران  
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Ethan Siegel originally shared:
 
Why do we think we live in a Multiverse? Why is our observable Universe not the entire story?

Contrary to what you may think, you don't need string theory, quantum gravity, a landscape or any of that. All you need is inflation -- the theory that sets up the big bang -- and quantum mechanics, and you can't avoid it.

For those with vivid imaginations, you will absolutely love this.
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Zohreh Jafari originally shared:
 
An Italian experiment has unveiled evidence that fundamental particles known as neutrinos can travel faster than light. Other researchers are cautious about the result, but if it stands further scrutiny, the finding would overturn the most fundamental rule of modern physics, that nothing travels faster than 299,792,458 metres per second.

Neutrinos are fundamental particles that are electrically neutral, rarely interact with other matter, and have a vanishingly small mass. But they are all around us — the Sun produces so many neutrinos as a by-product of nuclear reactions that many billions pass through your eye every second.

The idea that nothing can travel faster than light in a vacuum is the cornerstone of Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity, which itself forms the foundation of modern physics. If neutrinos are travelling faster than light speed, then one of the most fundamental assumptions of science, that the rules of physics are the same for all observers, would be invalidated.
..........................
The OPERA (Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus) collaboration has posted a paper describing their result. <http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.4897>
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interesting read about the future of humans: could technology evolve us far faster than ever anticipated?
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Art had been lavished upon her; but it is the function of art to render attractive and significant those things that without it would not be so, and so art had nothing to give her.
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