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Tzvi Rubin
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PROJECT TITLE: Zinc air batteries for affordable, renewable energy storage
GRADE LEVEL: High School - Grades 10-12
PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The primary objective of this project is to improve access of renewable energy to residents of developing states. Despite the rapid decline in price of photovoltaics, the overall cost is still high due to expensive storage technology. Zinc air batteries are excellent candidates for this purpose, but are limited by sluggish oxygen reactions. A self-assembled carbon aerogel made from carbon nanotubes and graphene can make rechargable zinc-air batteries more efficient. The resulting zinc-air batteries can form part of the solution to lowering the cost of renewable energy storage.
MORE DETAILS:
http://www.projects.juliantrubin.com/science_fair_project/electricity/battery_3.html
IN THE IMAGE BELOW:
Animation of the operation of a zinc-air cell
(Creative Commons 4.0)
Animated Photo

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Claude Shannon 100th Birthday Celebration
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Computer Science and Engineering
Science Fair Projects and Experiments
Topics, Ideas, Resources and Sample Projects by Grade Level
http://www.juliantrubin.com/computerprojects.html
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Claude Elwood Shannon (1916 – 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon was famous for having founded information theory with a landmark paper that he published in 1948. He is perhaps equally well known for founding both digital computer and digital circuit design theory in 1937, when, as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical, numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his basic work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications. (source:Wikipedia)

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The Best European Ever Died
In His Memory:
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Sports
Science Fair Projects and Experiments
Topics, Ideas, Resources and Sample Projects by Grade Level
http://www.juliantrubin.com/topicprojects/sportsprojects.html

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Gravitation and Gravity
Science Fair Projects and Experiments
Ideas, Resources and Sample Projects by Grade Level
http://www.juliantrubin.com/topicprojects/gravitation_projects.html

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Viruses & Bacteria
Science Fair Projects and Experiments
Topics, Ideas, Resources and Sample Projects by Grade Level
http://www.juliantrubin.com/fairprojects/medicine/bacteria.html

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100th Anniversary of Einstein's Theory of General Relativity
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A century ago Albert Einstein unveiled ten equations that changed the way people saw the cosmos.
For more information:
Relativity and Black Holes
Science Fair Projects and Experiments
Topics, Ideas, Resources and Sample Projects by Grade Level
http://www.juliantrubin.com/fairprojects/physics/relativity.html
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What Did Albert Einstein Invent?
http://www.juliantrubin.com/einsteininvent.html

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Victorian Detective Camera
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Detective cameras were popular Victorian cameras before the turn of the 19th century that were designed to look something other than a camera. Most were box cameras designed to look like parcels, disguised as watches, binoculars, books, purses, walking sticks, revolvers and rifles, alarm clocks, spyglasses, and so on. Some models were designed to be worn underneath a vest with lens peaking out through a buttonhole and the shutter operated by a long cord. These cameras were popular all over Europe, especially in England, France and Germany. Most are rare and valuable today.
MORE DETAILS:
http://www.patent-invent.com/detective_camera_patents.html
http://www.juliantrubin.com/bigten/eastmancamera.html
IN THE IMAGE BELOW:
Hawk-Eye Detective Camera Patent (428448), Thomas H. Blair, 1890
Photo

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PROJECT TITLE: A Portable Photocatalytic Electricity Generation and Water Purification Unit
GRADE LEVEL: High School - Grades 10-12
PROJECT DESCRIPTION:  This project relies on photocatalytic reactions to simultaneously purify and sterilize wastewater and to generate electricity using hydrogen produced. This sustainable process only requires titania and light. What’s more is that organic pollutant doesn’t only get decomposed but will also enhance the reaction rate.
MORE DETAILS:
http://www.juliantrubin.com/science_fair_project/environmental_sciences/water_purification_3.html
IN THE IMAGE BELOW:
Only forty-six percent of people in Africa have safe drinking water - water most often comes from open holes dug in the sand of dry riverbeds, and it is invariably contaminated.

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PROJECT TITLE: Mimicking fruit fly response patterns for threat evasion of airborne machines
GRADE LEVEL: Middle School - Grades 7-9
PROJECT DESCRIPTION:  Based on the dynamic, unstructured, and unknown nature of the environments in which both flying robots and flying organisms must operate, a novel biologically-inspired approach was used to create a simpler, faster, and more practical method of onboard threat evasion in a flying robot. Thus, a computationally and physically lightweight sensor module inspired by the fruit fly's rudimentary visual system, combined with algorithms to escape from approaching threats by mimicking fruit fly escape behaviors, was used to demonstrate a simpler, faster, and more practical method of onboard threat evasion in a quadrotor (a quadcopter - a multirotor helicopter that is lifted and propelled by four rotors).
MORE DETAILS:
http://www.juliantrubin.com/science_fair_project/zoology/fly_1.html

IN THE IMAGE BELOW:
Leonardo da Vinci's design for a flying machine with wings based closely upon the structure of bat wings

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PROJECT TITLE: An affordable AAC device for people suffering from Developmental-Disabilities
GRADE LEVEL: High School - Grades 10-12
PROJECT DESCRIPTION: People suffering from Developmental-Disabilities like ALS are almost entirely paralyzed and this disables them to communicate in any way except using an AAC (Augmentative and Alternative Communication Device) device. Current AAC devices are expensive, slow and bulky. This project suggests an AAC device which is affordable, faster and portable - a system that allows the user to exhale through the nose as Morse Code. It is able to speak and give commands in English using one of 9 different voices.
MORE DETAILS:
http://www.juliantrubin.com/science_fair_project/medicine/developmental_disabilities.html
IN THE IMAGE BELOW:
Stephen Hawking, physicist and SGD (Speech-Generating Device) user
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