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Paul Huber
Works at ElectricalFun Media
Attended University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Lives in Buffalo, NY, USA
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Paul Huber

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The core physics of global warming/climate change in one graph.
280 (blue) vs. 400 (red) ppm of CO2 in the atmosphere
This graph was generated using the University of Chicago's MODTRAN computer model (link below). It is a theoretical calculation based on the HITRAN absorption data for CO2. The smooth curved lines represent black body radiation at different Kelvin temperatures, approximating the long-wave infrared emission of the Earth's surface at those temperatures. The CO2 absorption of that radiation is the band that spans ~540 to ~800 wavenumber, and the dip is the combined absorption of CO2 and water vapor. The absorbed IR energy "bends" the CO2 molecule from its natural arrangement. It is then released as kinetic energy which heats the troposphere primarily. The warmer troposphere loses this thermal energy through convection to the upper atmosphere, and by emitting its own long-wave IR in all directions - to space and towards Earth as back radiation.
I thought this graph was interesting because it puts the problem in some perspective. Global warming derives from this. You can see the difference between the blue and red lines, for that absorption band, is slight. The program quantifies the overall difference as ~1.66 watts/square meter. Solar radiation at the top of the atmosphere is ~1,360 W/m^2, varying slightly according to natural cycles.
You can play around with several different parameters. The default parameters (used here) essentially represent max. conditions. For example, no clouds/rain and 299.7 Kelvin (~80F) ground temperature.
model link:
http://climatemodels.uchicago.edu/modtran/
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I should mention, for anyone not familiar, that 280 parts-per-million (ppm) of CO2 is roughly the amount in the atmosphere before the Industrial Revolution. The current amount is roughly 395 ppm (as per NASA's OCO-2).
395 ppm = 0.0395%.
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The South Pole Telescope is perfectly located to gaze deep into the universe, but it takes a hardy group of astronomers to live there over the winter.
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"Pleased to see H.R. 353 (2017) Weather Forecasting Improvement Bill pass House."
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Likely that people such as Betty White - 95 and clear-minded - have a healthy astrocyte population in the brain.
Astrocytes, the brain’s most abundant cells, are essential to the survival and healthy function of nerve cells. But aberrant astrocytes may be driving brain disorders.
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The linked article is pretty reasonable and explains that last year's El Nino cycle was a factor. Naturally the animation uses deep reds for psychological effect - that's standard procedure these days. :-) But it seems to me that the article makes some attempt to move away from hysteria and back towards science. I think the next 20 years should be both interesting and educational. I do think there's been some anthropogenic warming ( a few 10ths C), but I also think we're going to understand a greater influence from natural cycles and their effects.
 
2016 was the hottest year on record, continuing a decades-long warming trend. Surface temperatures were the warmest since modern recordkeeping began in 1880. Learn more: http://go.nasa.gov/2jnVLxx
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+Paul Huber DOOOOOOMED!!! :)
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Proof that Betty White causes hurricanes. :-)
18m18 minutes ago. John Boyer @boyerweather . @philklotzbach and it looks like only one of them was named Betty! (1972) pic.twitter.com/DDteWusssX · Philip Klotzbach. 17m17 minutes ago. Philip Klotzbach @philklotzbach. @boyerweather Great catch! Sorry, Twitter is taking too long to load.
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Even Flagstaff, AZ got some snow.

#SodiumLightSunday
Saeed Alnahde · 23h23 hours ago. Saeed Alnahde @saeednahde. @AshleeDeMartino weather together. Dan. 13h13 hours ago. Dan @DBR96A. @AshleeDeMartino @RyanMaue Please send some of that snow to Georgia for me, and I'll send you a couple of tornadoes in exchange! #AZwx #GAwx.
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+Paul Huber Flagstaff was the first "Dark Sky" city - they did this to preserve the usefulness of the local astronomical resources. Interestingly, they promote the use of sodium lighting as the lighting source with the least environmental impact.

flagstaffdarkskies.org - Low Pressure Sodium Lighting - Flagstaff Dark Skies Coalition
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"Sodium Sun" exhibit in 2013 #SodiumLightSunday

"Old low-pressure sodium lamps from the Helsinki–Turku highway were used in Jenni Kääriäinen's light installation"
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This Is How YOU Can Do Science During the Great American Solar Eclipse http://www.seeker.com/great-american-eclipse-august-2017-crowdsourcing-science-2202880356.html
Professional and amateur astronomers will unite this August, taking part in several crowdsourced science projects to get the most out of the solar eclipse that will dazzle the US.
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Can't wait, going to visit family in Madras Oregon which is in the path of totality.
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Maybe Bill Nye could point out the CO2 signature in this precipitation graph. I'm having trouble seeing it.
Sign up · Log in · Ryan Maue – Verified account @RyanMaue. For current "water year" in California, thru Wed (Jan 18th, 2017), now the most precipitation statewide since at least 1982 (PRISM data). Embedded image. 9:53 AM - 19 Jan 2017. 30 Retweets35 Likes. Reply to @RyanMaue ...
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+Jac Goudsmit  You need to tell Bill Nye that. :-)
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So G+ changed me to 3 columns from 2, and is making some other changes too. There's been a noticeable drop-off in activity and I hope they can turn that around. I like it here and I enjoy the people I interact with.
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I have it set to single-column layout. A little CSS tweaking then makes it actually readable (wider content boxes, smaller text).
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New tools!
New images taken with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile have revealed otherwise invisible details of our Sun, including a new view of the dark, contorted centre of a sunspot that is nearly twice the diameter of the Earth. The images are the first ever made of the Sun with a facility where ESO is a partner. The results are an important expansion of the range of observations that can be used to probe the physics of ou...
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Lover of science and technology.
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Just a guy trying to understand the Universe like everyone else and having some fun along the way.
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