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Judy LaVerde
Attended Sullivan County Community College
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Judy LaVerde

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This dashboard tracks your file format, aperture, lens usages and more.

Nerd-out: http://bit.ly/1fn7t80
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Judy LaVerde

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I designed an ebook cover for a great short story by K.L. Neidecker (It's n•eye•decker). You can get the story here http://amzn.to/1Ch3hhk

#story #writer #fiction #fantasystory 
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Too funny 😆
 
Surprise



Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

#gif #cats #animals #caturday #caturdayeveryday #caturday2014 #catsrule #catsallovertheworld #catholic #catlovers #animallovers #animalphotography #catphotography #catphotos #catpictures #catpics #lol #funny #funnypics #funnypictures #funnyphotos #funnystuff #ANNIMATEDGIFS   #trendingnow   #lolcats
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Cinderella's Forgotten Shoe - Print for sale in these sizes 5x5 and 8x8
Visit my Etsy shop for more info http://etsy.me/1EgNOki :)

#photography   #blackandwhitephotography   #etsy   #fineartphotography   #print  
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This is my cat, Sniggles. She loves to get pet outside on a warm sunny day. 

You can view more of my photos at my website http://bit.ly/glowjarphotoweb.

#photography   #blackandwhitephotography   #cat   #cuteanimals  
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Check out my video called Night Travel I made it with #PremiereClip My husband and I were traveling to visit my mom and recorded some of the road trip. 😀

http://premiereclip.adobe.com/videos/97bxVPQrUY6

#streetlights #trip #adobe 
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Judy LaVerde

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Digital drawing of my husband

#art #sketch #ipadart #portrait 
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Grossinger's Paradise. Grossinger's Catskill Resort Hotel opened in the early 1900's and closed in 1986. This photo is of the hotel's pool area that has turned into a greenhouse on its own.

#photography   #abandoned   #abandonedphotography   #pool  
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She sat alone, wondering where she would find another like herself. She couldn’t be the last, could she? If so, where did they all go?

For now, she searched, avoiding the clumsy feet of the massive beings and the watchful eyes of the owls and beasts, for a place to call home.

*
I created this image using my camera and photoshop magic. If you would like your own digital copy for personal or commercial use, you can purchase here http://bit.ly/loneliestsatyress

Thanks for your support :)

#digitalart    #photography   #fantasy   #story   #goat   #nature   #fauness   #lonely   #sadness   #horns   #legs   #tree   #moss  
 
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Made a quick music video called Not Coming Back on my iPhone using the Premiere Clip app. Music by Nine Inch Nails - Came Back Haunted

http://premiereclip.adobe.com/videos/GfkFEpKfxDP

#abandoned #premiereclip #NIN #music #video #grungy #dark #man
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Ancient Howling Tree

#Blackandwhite #creepy #tree #photography #nature #alive

You can visit my website to see more of my photos at www.glowgarphotography.com
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People
In her circles
57 people
Have her in circles
27 people
Mohammad Murshid's profile photo
Retnuh Resolution's profile photo
Jignesh Kamdar's profile photo
Arianne Swieca's profile photo
Mohammed Nilam's profile photo
Gryphon Nest's profile photo
They Tweet For You's profile photo
DSC Arts's profile photo
Kristopher Neidecker's profile photo
Work
Occupation
Self-Employed Graphic Designer
Skills
Proficient in Photoshop, Illustrator, Indesign, Lightroom
Basic Information
Gender
Female
Story
Tagline
Telling stories through photographs
Introduction
One of my favorite things to do is to take pictures of the world around me. When I first got my Canon Rebel XTI I started to view the world in a different way and appreciate it a lot more! Taking pictures of nature, animals, and creepy places are aways fun subjects for me. I've created my own website named glowjarphotography.com to show off my pictures. Like any photographer, I love to tell a story with every photograph. Hopefully my photographs will tell a story to you. 
Bragging rights
Photographer, explorer, graphic designer and nature lover.
Education
  • Sullivan County Community College
    Computer Graphics/ Graphic Design, 2003 - 2005