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Roderick Fitts
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Roderick Fitts

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Consciousness as Possessing Identity
My previous essay on sensory qualities indicated that past philosophies generated doubts about the validity of the senses. As would be expected, historically there have been criticisms levied against all of the standard forms of gaining knowledge: perceptio...
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Roderick Fitts

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Pre-Epistemology: The Senses as Necessarily Valid
Epistemology
is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature and means of human
knowledge.   The field lays out the rules
and principles to guide the formation of concepts, the construction of logic,
and generally how to gain knowledge and show its vali...
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Roderick Fitts

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**
Objections to the Axioms (Part 5) Objection: The Axioms Equivocate on Their Content This objection
concerns exactly what it is that the axioms are explaining and implying.   It highlights a seeming equivocation: […]In the Logical Structure of Objectivism , ...
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Objections to the Axioms (Part 3)
Question: “Are Axioms
Proven or Merely Assumptions?” “Are first
principles or the axioms of logic (such as identity, non-contradiction)
provable? If not, then isn't just an intuitive assumption that they are true?[...]”[1] The axioms are neither “proven” no...
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Objections to the Axioms (Part 1)
The axioms lay the proper foundation for a philosophy.   But for any statement or expression, there is
almost always someone who disagrees.   Axioms are of no exceptions.   Of
the people who are dismissive of Objectivism, I believe many are especially
oppos...
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The Metaphysically Given as Absolute
The Objectivist view of metaphysics ends with the principle
that alternatives to facts of reality are impossible and unimaginable.   These facts, which Ayn Rand called the
“metaphysically given,” necessarily exist.   Man-made facts, on the other hand, are c...
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Roderick Fitts

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Pre-Epistemology: Sensory Qualities as Real
If
Objectivism had been created earlier in history, perhaps a mere mention of the
validity of the senses combined with the consciousness axiom would have
sufficed.   However, this is not the case:
centuries, even millennia of philosophical debates have clou...
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Objections to the Axioms (Part 6)
This
will probably be my last response to the metaphysical axioms for some time. A
commenter raises the following issue: It's
often said that to deny axiom[sic] is to engage in self contradiction - and
that wouldn't be a valid objection because in order to ...
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Objections to the Axioms (Part 4)
Objection: The Axioms are Circular The axioms rest on the law of noncontradiction for their validity, but the law of noncontradiction itself rests upon the axioms.[1]  The Validity of the Axioms The (basic) axioms do not rely on each other for their validit...
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Objections to the Axioms (Part 2)
This next objection is about the utility of the axioms.   Objection: “Axioms
Must Have Deductive Implications” [...]A first principle is only useful and workable if you can
deduce the rest of the worldview from it. You can't deduce anything from
'whatever e...
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The Order of the Objectivist Metaphysics
With the final principle of the Objectivist metaphysics
articulated, we can now see the structure of this branch of philosophy. The Basic Axioms, and
Their Corollaries We begin with the metaphysical axiomatic concepts and
axioms, which I’ve already discusse...
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The Primacy of Existence
Objectivism is named for one of its key concepts that it
emphasizes and upholds—the concept of “objectivity.”   Ayn Rand said this about objectivity in part:
“It pertains to the relationship of consciousness to existence. Metaphysically
[by the nature of re...
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