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Wai H. Tsang
Works at Fractal Brains
Attended Imperial College London
Lives in London
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Wai H. Tsang

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At an anti-library closure protest, local magician and comics legend Alan Moore had some surprising words for those who hope to break into the wide world of published writing.
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Wai H. Tsang

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Almost three years have passed since married ambassador Craig Murray found Nadira Alieva bellydancing in a Tashkent nightclub, slipped $20 down the back of her knickers and gave her his number. But against all the odds, the 49-year-old father-of-two and the 26-year-old are still together
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Wai H. Tsang

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A quick update, the Fractal Brain book is coming soon. It became an expanded project so is taking longer than expected. It's become 350+ pages of a tightly integrated weave of neuroscience, genomics, evolutionary theory, artificial intelligence and maths, but with loads of diagrams 100+ and only 2 simple equations (Mandelbrot and Bayes), to make it easy to understand.
In the meantime, the 'Quest' book is now out in ebook format, go to Amazon, search 'quest tsang' and you'll definitely find it. Also a talk I did last month at the new Central St Martins campus in London, has been posted by the organizers. It's quite a brief presentation but gives an overview of some of the things to come and some of the new ideas in the book and more recent talks get covered a bit, see...https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M34zHdUS4I0
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Here's an update on the progress of the next book. It's coming along, and below is a sneak preview of some of the new diagrams and the book cover, in this photo album below. The new book has a lot of diagrams, well over a hundred! and mostly completely new. I'll also be using these in future public talks and the upcoming videos.

Things are slightly delayed on the multimedia and book production front because over the past 3 or 4 weeks I've had a massively productive and inspired theoretical phase where some huge ideas have emerged and some large pieces of the jigsaw have fallen into place. In a brief nutshell this is what has become crystal clear to me very recently.

For the past year I've been learning a lot about genomics, the workings of DNA etc, and have come to the conclusion that the genome works like a little fractal brain, genes are as neurons, arranged in hierarchies like brain hierarchies, and that the mode of recursive computation by which a genome calculates a body from a fertilized egg i.e. ontogenesis, is exactly the same as the way the brain generates thoughts and behaviour. And the connection is not merely superficial but very deep and described in the same discrete formalism, right down to how the brain codes space and time, and the way the genome navigates orthogonal x,y,z space to specify spatial patterns and precisely locate body parts and regions. Anyway, the new big idea is this. In the same way the genome is changed through the process of evolution and phylogenesis, so it is that learning and adaptation in the brain is also a process of evolution. This is nothing new of course, and relates to existing ideas of 'neural darwinism', 'memes' and genetic algorithms and genetic programming. But what is very new in the progress of the theory of evolution is all the new results coming from molecular biology, i.e. gene regulatory networks, Cis regulatory modules or CRMs, evolution by retrotransposition of CRMs and also all the cell fusion, symbiosis/synergy and whole genome duplication ideas. Anyway what I've been able to do is to synthesize all this new thought into the existing fractal brain theory to show that to every one of these phenomena there corresponds identical processes in the brain, but of course working on a different substrate and with greater temporal and spatial complexity. On a basic level, it means I've figured out a better way to do genetic algorithms, but on a far deeper level it means I can see very clearly now that there really is on an abstract level, a perfect equivalence to on the one hand what we think of as life, i.e. genomics, ontogenesis and phylogenesis, and on the other hand what we think of as intelligence, i.e. brains, behaviour, thought, learning and problem solving. So life and intelligence are really just manifestations of the same underlying process that is explained by a single theory. I know this is not a new idea but what I've managed to do in the past year and especially in the past few week is to work it all out in minute detail and incorporate all the latest findings from genomics and molecular biology. If previously I was mainly considering the ontogenesis, i.e. body from fertilized egg aspect, in the past few week I've managed to fully incorporate the phylogenesis or evolutionary aspect.

And there's more! The mathematization of the brain theory is progressing nicely and this goes hand in hand with the long term goal of completely coding the brain theory into software, which is its ultimate expression and which is really to create AI and realize a new kind of whole brain emulation based on the fractal brain theory. Anyway, what is really exciting is that I've managed to explain all the above in terms of recursively self modifying functions. It's as if all the brain, psychological, genomic and evolutionary stuff is a vast collection of data points, and somehow you have to fit a function to all these myriad data points. Of course it's impossible to do this using the toolkit of traditional physics and the mathematics of differential equations. So what you need is what Gregory Chaitin calls 'postmodern mathematics' which is discrete, combinatorial and algorithmic. But the real power of algorithmics I believe is recursive functions and especially recursively self modifying ones and all the complexity of the brain, mind, life, ontogenesis & phylogenesis all emerge from recursively self modifying functions; after all the process of evolution, cell division and progenitor field formation, thought and behavioiur are all recursive functions. But there is a special and most exquisite twist which is needed to join all the dots and explain all the above. The fractal brain theory describes recursive functions which modify themselves, so that operand is also the operator and vice versa. And the function and the parameter is expressed in the same coding and so is able to work on itself, and recursively modify itself. And also recursively modify itself so that it can later recursively modify itself in better ways.

All the patterns of thought, evolution and life exist as broken symmetries. Biologists actually use this expression 'broken symmetry' to describe ontogenesis and also the process of speciation and phylogenesis, as do some mathematicans. So what the fractal brain theory describes is the process by which that which breaks the symmetry is itself a broken symmetry, to creatively generate recursively broken symmetries of myriad and infinite variety. This is really the trick behind life and intelligence. I call it 'Self Modifying Recursive Symmetry Breaking' SMRSB. The much anticipated Technological Singularity is also a process of recursive self modification and symmetry breaking happening on a planetary scale; and the polar frontal cortex, the one part of the human brain which can be said to be uniquely human can be shown to allow the human brain to implement fully recursive self modification and SMRSB(This is explained in the new book). So this powerful idea has now been extended to not just explain the brain and mind, but also the process of ontogenesis and all the new evolutionary thought.

The AI philosopher Nick Bostrom writes in his widely read book Superintelligence, which I read only recently, that he thinks that recursive self modification is something that happens in some complex AI, but really it actually occurs at the most basic, simple and abstract levels, i.e. at the level of the fertilized egg and the genomic processes working within it. He thinks it's possible that true, strong and general AI will emerge from nowhere and much sooner than everything thinks, what he calls the lone hacker scenario. He thinks it's unlikely, I think different.

I read the new Master Algorithm book by Pedros Domingos recently with some interest and watched some of his lectures online. He's a professor of AI specializing in machine learning and seems to be highly rated by some big names in AI. He admits that his attempt at the master algorithm isn't really it and he also writes and says in his talks that he thinks the true master algorithm will come from outside the AI and machine learning community. He has attempted to create a sort of master algorithm by bolting together some popular ideas in AI, i.e. neural networks, markov chains, bayes, genetic algorithms, support vector machines etc. But the real master algorithm is able to subsume all these seperate technologies into a single self modifying recursive algorithm, and also incorporate a whole load of other powerful AI algorithms, and also double up as a comprehensive theory of brain, mind, genomics and evolution. He also wonders aloud in his book whether the AI and machine learning community have missed or neglected some big idea and even speculates that it might be 'ontogenesis'. I can't help thinking that he's been influenced by my ideas and perhaps not, but I know he'll totally get the fractal brain theory.

So I've been digesting and mulling over this flood of new ideas relating to the new evolutionary thinking, genomics and self modifying recursive symmetry breaking, in the past few weeks, so this has taken me away from work on the book, but we're back on it now. It's looking good, it's basically the book about the brain, mind and AI which I always wanted to get hold of but never found, so now I writing it! Some of the new genomics and evolutionary ideas will be incorporated into the fractal brain book, but I already know what the book after that will be about, the fractal genome and new evolutionary theory. Better get the brain book finished though.....

If anyone would like to do some proof reading of the new book and is good at his sort of thing, then please contact me on facebook or email wai.tsang69@gmail.com, the new book has 10 chapters, so if you'd like to go through a chapter or two of pdf and mark in corrections then drop us a line.
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You're not going to believe where the brain theory has got to, it gets better, stay tuned!
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Update on recent activities: Mainly been writing a lot, and more than half way through producing the fractal brain theory book. So it's been lot's of Adobe Indesign, Illustrator and sitting in front of computers. Should be finished end of October. Also the first Quest book is coming out in electronic edition soon and currently sorting out Amazon and BarnesNoble distribution for everything.
Also I've recently set up my spare room for video production and have been getting the hang of green screening and video production. So surrounded by lights and video gear. A long but segmented video of the new Fractal Genomics and AI ideas as well as an updated video presentation of the Fractal Brain theory is coming out in a few weeks, to coincide with the book releases.
Not many talks planned, as busy producing books and media, but doing one in Canterbury UK 6th October, and Dubai sometime in the next few months. Will be doing loads more public talks after the current book and video production is out of the way.
Check out this short practice video of some holiday footage, some live performance and me learning Adobe PremierePro and green screening. Starting from around now, there's going to lots of regular video output coming out. There is a ton of new material and ideas I need to get out there! Stay tuned.....
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Wai H. Tsang

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Here's the video of a talk I did last month about the past, present and future of psychedelics and entheogens. There seems to be a growing interest in this area right now. Some very controversial topics are discussed here. See link ... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IpPRiTKv8Gw
The Fractal Brain Theory book is almost finished, it's over 400 pages now, royal size format 43 lines per page, with over a 100 diagrams, so will be a fair sized book. Most of the chapters are completely done, the others mostly finished. It became an expanded project so has taken much longer than originally planned, there are entire chapters 40 pages plus on ontogenesis, evolutionary theory, recursive self modification and AI. Two other chapters which are more mathematics and computer science but with loads of diagrams to make things easy to understand. Overall it will present a seamless integration of neuroscience, genomics, maths and AI, a completely unified outlook. Also it will contain literally dozens of completely new, original and significant ideas.
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The next talk is in London Central St Martins on the 16th Feb, it's already completely booked out but they do nice video and sound captures of the presentations which go up on their website, see http://www.londonlaser.net/

The following week I'll be doing the same presentation in Oxford UK, Flora Anderson Hall, Somerville College, 25th February 5pm start. It'll be myself doing a 20 minute presentation with 3 other speakers and panel afterwards. Open to the public and FREE entry. I'll be hanging around for a while afterwards so it'll be a good time to meet me and have a chat.

More details...

Devised by Bronaċ Ferran, Astronauts of Inner Space* brings together speakers interested in diverse interfaces between science and the psychic. 
For Somerville Arts Festival, Bronaċ will introduce Luciana Haill, David Luke and Wai H. Tsang. Together they will tackle topics relating to art, neuroscience and the body including the art and science of psychedelic perception, neuromorphic computing, fractal brains, entopic visuals and Dreamachines.

About the Speakers:

Bronaċ Ferran is a writer and curator specializing in the intersection between disciplines and the art of the 1960s. A former Director of Interdisciplinary Arts at Arts Council England and Senior Tutor at RCA, she is author of Neuromorphobia (hypehypehyper) an essay being published in Spring 2016 by Archives Books Berlin as part of the Psychopathologies of Cognitive Capitalism series edited by Warren Neidich. She recently curated three exhibitions of concrete poetry from the ‘sixties and is co-editing a forthcoming issue of the Interdisciplinary Science Reviews journal, with Elizabeth Fisher; its working title: The Experimental Generation: Interdisciplinary Trends in Post-War British Culture. 

Luciana Haill is a contemporary Surrealist working with neurotechnologies; her recent practice has focused on artist Brion Gysin’s Dreamachine, Entoptic visuals and the phenomena ‘Flicker’. She has developed this into a series of performances and installations involving the real-time monitoring and sonification of the participants own brainwaves using techniques from hypnosis and meditation. She is considered a pioneering artist in her field. The ‘Phrontesterion’ (EEG & Dreamchine) referencing the notion of ‘The Visionary’ has been shown internationally including The Royal Academy, The Royal Institution, The Waag Society in Amsterdam and KIBLA in Slovenia. She is also Artist in residence in the Department of Informatics at the University of Sussex in the UK.

David Luke is Senior Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Greenwich where he teaches an undergraduate course on the Psychology of Exceptional Human Experience. He was President of the Parapsychological Association between 2009 and 2011 and as a researcher he has a special interest in transpersonal experiences, anomalous phenomena and altered states of consciousness, having published 100 academic papers in this area. Dr Luke is co-editor of Talking with the Spirits: Ethnographies from Between the Worlds (Daily Grail, 2014) and Breaking Convention: Essays in Psychedelic Consciousness (Strange Attractor, 2013), editor of Ecopsychology and the Psychedelic Experiences (2013), and is also coauthor, with Professor Chris French, of the undergraduate textbook Anomalistic Psychology (2012, Palgrave Macmillan).

Wai H. Tsang studied Computing Science and Artificial Intelligence at Imperial College London. He is best known for his application of fractal geometry as an approach to understanding the brain, mind and genome; and also as a powerful new path to AI. As well as communicating his Fractal Brain Theory he also does public talks about technology and politics, and has spoken at international conferences, including the Bitcoin conference and the Towards a Science of Consciousness Conference. He is currently in the process of launching his AI startup Fractal Brains Corp.
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An update on the work in progress and a couple of UK events coming up, Birmingham 2nd FEB & London 16th FEB.

In Birmingham I’m doing a talk about genes, the revolution happening in genomics and evolutionary thinking, also talking about the new genomic extensions of the fractal brain theory and other things. For more details see… 
http://www.truthjuice.co.uk/wai-h-tsang-in-birmingham-on-0…/

The London event is a 20 min talk about fractal brains, genomics, cosmology and consciousness followed by a panel with Bronac Ferran, David Luke & Luciana Haill. Everyone does a 20min talk. The event is hosted by London Laser and is called ‘Astronauts of Inner Space’. Lots of space cadets I expect but also artists, technologists and scientists in attendance probably. It’s at the new Central Saint Martins campus near Kings Cross. For more details see…
http://www.londonlaser.net/

Progress on the fractal brain book, I’ve decided to include the new genomics ideas that have emerged in the past year into it, because I discovered it’s not that much more work, perhaps an extra 60 pages and a dozen or so extra diagrams, but it means there’s been extensive rewrites and work on the new material. We’re looking at the second half of Feb for the release, and some finished copies on sale for the London talk hopefully.

Exciting developments on the theoretical front. I’ve recently made a lot of progress on the mathematization of the brain theory, which feeds into process of coding it into software. The fractal brain theory is essentially a recursively self modifying (RSM) algorithm. It does what I call self modifying recursive symmetry breaking and the mathematization of the theory is at the level discrete maths, in a sense the most fundamental level of mathematics. But at a level even simpler than set theory or boolean algebra. I’m really working with the simplest possible FAS, or formal axiomatic system, and which operates at the bit level.

The recursively self modifying autobootstrap process starts from a single bit, and generates all the structures and representations of brain, mind and genomics. In the same way bodies and brains are generated from a single cell and complex genomic sequences are generated from 4 genetic codes. And all through a recursively self modifying process. So it is with the fractal brain theory. I’ve been working with this minimal FAS for years, since 1999, and the entire fractal brain theory reduces to it. Dare I say it, a full understanding and mathematization of the brains, minds and genomics leads to the simplest FAS there can possibly be and the simplest way of doing recursive self modification.

In December around the time of the Solstice it occurred to me that I’d unified Chomsky, Chaitin, Wolfram and Deutsche. The minimal RSM FAS is the universal grammar Chomsky has spent his life searching for, it completes Chaitin’s programme for a digital biology by incorporating in its recursive self modifying and self augmenting functioning the processes of ontogenesis and phylogenesis, it is able to generate Wolfram’s cellular automata (CA) rules and enable a extra type 5 CA class which is able to use the patterns it generates as new CA rules; and lastly this minimal RSM FAS is the simplest constructor system that can generate constructors and the elements of construction in a manner not dissimilar to Deutsches new thinking. So these are some of the more abstract implications of the fractal brain theory.

There has emerged in the past month or so a new level of clarity with this most foundational and mathematical aspect of the brain theory. And which is the necessary key to creating artificial intelligence. Much more about this exciting aspect of the fractal brain theory is coming in the future…….
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This is a nice start to the day! Here I am with some top scientists and philosophers discussing the consciousness thing.
The materialist reductionists are looking for that special arrangement or state of matter that they suppose gives rise to consciousness. What more special arrangement of physical form in our heads, can there be than one that is a perfect self similar or fractal reflection of the entire Universe.
The idea of a fractal universe that reflects the brain/mind and a fractal brain theory is really the key to solving the hard problem of consciousness, for only it can show how all consciousness in the universe is the same sort of consciousness (through scale invariant organizational invariance) and which is the stepping stone for showing how all consciousness is one, undivided and indivisible. Which is to also to say that consciousness is primary and the ground of existence, i.e. Idealism; and which is the ontological position taken by many of the greatest minds in world history, from Einstein, Godel, all the german speaking founders of quantum mechanics and great philosophers, to Plato and Pythagoras. It is also the truth at the heart of all world religion and the answer to so called 'hard problem' of consciousness.
See link... http://www.conscious-pictures.com/store/p10/Consciousness_Chronicles_4_DVD.html
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Work
Occupation
I'm in the process of communicating a complete fractal theory of brain and mind to the World
Skills
Public Speaking, Computer Programming, Writing, Electric Guitar, Multi-Media Design
Employment
  • Fractal Brains
    Public Speaker, Writer, Computer Programmer, 5 - present
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Currently
London
Story
Tagline
I'm a Public Speaker, Writer, Thinker, Musician and Computer Programmer
Introduction
My adult life has mainly been characterized by an obsession with working out how the brain works and understanding the nature of the human mind. My goal is to create Artificial Intelligence. A finished brain theory and the demonstration of A.I. will provide me with the means for my ultimate purpose which is explaining to the World that the mystery of consciousness and the mystery of God are really one and the same. I've started to reveal my work beginning in 2012.
Bragging rights
I have two small children and live with my partner in North London
Education
  • Imperial College London
    Computing Science, 1988 - 1991
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Gender
Male