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Ni Xu Gang Metta
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Hi guys, I have uploaded the photos from the CD given for you guys. Happy video making! 

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2013 GCP Alabama Reflection - 15/11/2013 
Graduation Ceremony
Time flies. It's The last day in the USA. I have had so much fun participating in the activities and making new "friends " with the staff. I have definitely got to know my fellow SST friends better. It's just so memorable. The jam-packed week is about to end with a bang - the graduation ceremony. The ceremony did nit have a good turnout though only the teachers came to support us and witness our achievement. Day one of space camp: I was still exploring the habitat.  And now, day six: I know about space programmes and the basics of shuttle hardware. The customised patch we bought holds a meaning for me. That patch represents friendship, teamwork, courage, commitment, confidence, resilience, happiness, encouragement... and the list goes on. It's the most meaningful souvenir I have ever had. This patch represents my experience in space camp. Quoting Mel Sirosky, "It's been fun. " That concludes my trip.

2013 GCP Alabama Reflection - 14/11/2013

Rocket Launch
After hours of hard work, it was finally the day. Kelvin place our rockets on the wires. This reminded my of Homer. It all started with a tiny dream and he worked his way through to NASA. To me, it is just a beginning of me. This is my first rocket. I may not go into rocket science in the future,but I have definitely become more interested in rocket science. It is just so interesting to see how three different rockets have different outcomes. Just like in life, every one will walk a different path.

Ablative Shielding 
Ablative Shield is an armor which prevents damage through the process of ablation. In contemporary spacecraft, ablative plating is most frequently seen as an ablative heat shield for a vehicle that must enter atmosphere from orbit. Making the ablative shield was an eye-opener. I didn't knew making just the outer layer of the Orbiter was so complicated. That shield is a matter of life and death for the astronauts in the Orbiter. One small mistake and disaster can happen. It is no wonder engineers have to be so meticulous.

Multi-Axis Trainer 
The Multi-Axis Trainer simulates the disorientation one would feel in a tumble spin during re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere. It uses the concept of a gyroscope. A gyroscope is a device for measuring or maintaining orientation, based on the principles of angular momentum. This can be found on ships or airplanes to navigate. This incorporates principles of torque, angular momentum, and orientation. Being an astronaut is very tough. First you have to pass the requirements, next you have to train and go through tests. That's really taxing. Sitting in such a trainer will made me also made me feel that if I was an astronaut, I would be very proud and feel accomplished. I have done so much, especially all those trainings. This has added a new definition to the word "difficult ". Now to me, being in a difficult situation and solving it would mean I have accomplished more .

2013 GCP Alabama Reflection - 13/11/2013

Alpha Mission - EGIL 
Beta Mission - EECOM 
Charlie Mission - MS 1 
Delta Mission - ISS

Mission time! It was time to put what we have learnt over the past few days to the test. The difficult part, as the endless stream of acronyms and the slow pace in which we were going. There were times we raised our voices, but we all settled and mediated them. That's part and parcel of being in a  team. Conflicts are inevitable, but we do try to avoid them. However, conflicts are not necessary negative, they bring out relevant points and allow us to learn more about each other. 

Area 51 - Zip-line The high ropes course in Area 51 has allowed me to conquer my fear of heights, build trust amongst the staff and my friends - I trusted that they held the ropes tight enough and the staff ensured that the ropes were not damaged or worn out, encourage communications between the staff and my peers and promote teamwork especially when the few of us are doing the belaying or running back and forth to transport the ropes.

Lean Manufacturing 
Lean Manufacturing is a production practice that considers the expenditure of resources for any goal other than the creation of value for the end customer to be wasteful, and thus a target for elimination. Working from the perspective of the customer who consumes a product or service, "value" is defined as any action or process that a customer would be willing to pay for. I didn't know lean manufacturing was applicable to the Space programmes. I would like yo think the Space programmes as little companies, you need funds, public interest, investors etc. It does affect to time and quality of the mission. Although each mission was carefully planned, some were better than others. Each time they do it, they try to reuse and reduce.and sometimes they over do it making it not so good. However, lean manufacturing pushes people to make the manufacturing process more efficient and effective. Waste should be a no no and will be minimal. A huge factor of lean manufacturing is time and time management is extremely important, even in out daily lives. We have to prioritise and make full use of time.

2013 GCP Alabama Reflection - 12/11/2013

IMAX Movie experience - Hidden Universe 
The giant-screen documentary adventure took me on an extraordinary journey deep into space in the cinematic medium that transports realistic visual  effect like no other. With the full power of IMAX 3D cinematography, the deepest reaches of our universe are brought to life with unprecedented clarity through real images captured by the world’s most powerful telescopes. Stunning, high-resolution 3D images of space have allowed me to explore the earliest galaxies, watch stars being born in vivid clouds of gas and dust, tour the surface of Mars and witness images of distant celestial structures including stunning views of the Sun. I am speechless. Although it is not as risky as venturing to the moon, the telescopes are the results of the blood and sweat of scientists and engineers. The Very Large Telescope (VLT) became mobile because of the creativity of the engineers. The problem pushed them to think deeper to look for solutions and today, they made the world's largest remote controlled vehicle, just to transport the VLT (this is because the venue to gaze at the sky is very high and the air is thin, therefore astronomers cab only stay up there for a short period of time. Problems forces us to think out of the box, just like how we came out with NEWater.

Space Medicine 
Space medicine is the practice of medicine on astronauts in outer space. Space medicine attempts to ensure that astronauts work in a safe environment. The main objective is to discover how well and for how long people can survive the extreme conditions in space, and how fast they can adapt to the Earth's environment after returning from their voyage. This is finally something that is related to Biology is space. Space Medicine is a new field in medicine. There's just so much to explore. In space, anything is possible, no one knows where's the limit, perhaps something incurable in Earth can be cured in space. This is really exciting. With deeper understanding in space medicine, we will comprehend ourselves better. However, our knowledge of space medicine is still limited, I believe with commitment, hard work and perseverance, there will be a breakthrough.

ECLSS - Filtering Water
Environmental Control and Life Support System(ECLSS) is a life support system that provides or controls atmospheric pressure, fire detection and suppression, oxygen levels, waste management and water supply. The highest priority for the ECLSS is the ISS atmosphere, but the system also collects, processes, and stores waste and water produced and used by the crew—a process that recycles fluid from the sink, shower, toilet, and condensation from the air. I believe some part of ECLSS is similar to our NEWater. Recycling is easily spotted in the ISS. Again, challenges challenge us to do better and to come up with various solutions. In our little activity, we had to filter water. Sometimes in life, expect the unexpected. Turns out the winning team used macaroni as part of their filter.

2013 GCP Alabama Reflection - 11/11/2013

Area 51 - Low Ropes Course
We had three activities: Crossing space, traffic jam and balance. However, before we started our activity, we had to choose three words in which we thought would be most helpful to us during the activities. We chose leadership, communication and patience. Leadership, because we felt that in a team, we always need to have a leader. We need not have to explicitly show or tell who is the leader. In fact,most of the time, within a team, the team members are acting as team leaders. For example, sometimes when a team is stuck with a problem, the appointed leader is also helpless. Subconsciously, members will stand up to give ideas to solve the problem. Communication, because when you work in a team, you have to tell the other party your ideas and you need to communicate to do just that. With effective communication, we can reduce the number of  misunderstandings amongst members and the team can work more efficiently. Patience, is just a trait we hope to see. This was the first time all of us work together and we might not know each other that well. Therefore, we preempted conflicts and we hoped that the word "patience " will serve as a reminder to talk less, listen more -listen to what others got to say first before giving comments and nit jump to conclusions. There is something called "Law of closure ". Sometimes when we see an incomplete picture, we will see it as a complete picture. For example, if you see a drawing of a cube with two missing lines that forms the base, you somehow will see that drawing as a cube. This is how our mind functions and it is the same for listening. We do sometimes jump to conclusions. For the first activity, we had to use four planks to get five people to cross from point a to point b without touching the ground and making sure that the five people a connected with the planks at all times. At first, I was a little lost. I knew we had to come up with some sort of a system like who places their hands here  who puts their feet there etc., but I didn't know how. I was nervous but decided to give this activity a try. It doesn't matter if we failed since it was not a life or death thing. I mean it's okay to fail, what's important is how you bounce back. So we started and I accidentally "dropped " a plank into "space ". That was a setback for me as I was the one who had caused the team to miss an opportunity to complete the activity successfully. However, we soon got the hang of it and complete the activity the second round. I was thrilled, needless to say, everyone was euphoric. The second activity was traffic jam. That took us quite a while , although some of us have played this game before. It was very frustrating that we had played the game before, and the answer was revealed to us when we played in Singapore, but we just couldn't seem to recollect what was the solution. After attempting several rounds,we finally solved it. Come to think of it. Every time I play the traffic jam game is a whole new experience for me. I never get it right straight away, but I do enjoy the challenge. It's a simple yet sophisticated activity. The last activity was balance. We had to stand on a giant wooden seesaw and get all five of us on that with the seesaw in balance. We had to apply what we have learnt in physics - moment. The heavier people had to stand closer to the pivot. While the those people who aren't as heavy would have to move slightly away from the pivot. It took us a while to find that balance and we did it.  The Low Ropes Course has helped to foster trust, respect, care, and concern for every person. It has a balanced presentation of all the skills and confidence levels in the group. Learning in a group environment is powerful when coupled with reflection and transference into daily living situations. Dash and Shaggy did a debrief with us, throwing us some questions to allow us to probe further. I have learnt a lot from those three activities. We have bonded and do trust each other more now.

IMAX Movie Experience - Magnificent Desolation
Exploring the moon was humankind’s most incredible journey. Watching the IMAX movie was as if I was  transported to the lunar surface to walk alongside the 12 extraordinary astronauts who have been there to experience what they saw, heard, felt, thought and did. The movie is such an inspiration. I could see the effort and hard work the astronauts have put in to walk the moon. To see Earth from the Moon is an amazing experience. I may not be a huge fan of the moon, but I love Mother Nature. This is our only planet. It’s the only one we’ve got. Treasure it.

Scuba diving - Lifting a 13 pound bowling ball
I do count myself very fortunate to be able to experience scuba diving without a week or few weeks long of training. It is one of the few places in the world to be able to do that. Through this experience, I have.learnt about water pressure and underwater neutral buoyancy. When a person swims under the water, water pressure is felt acting on the person's eardrums. The deeper that person swims, the greater the pressure. The pressure felt is due to the weight of the water above the person. As someone swims deeper, there is more water above you and therefore greater pressure. The pressure a liquid exerts depends on its depth. As for Neutral Buoyancy, it is used extensively in training astronauts in preparation for working in the microgravity environment of space. NASA and the Russian space program maintain facilities in which suited astronaut trainees interact with mock-up space hardware, with the assistance of scuba divers. I have had a first hand experience of microgravity simulation. Everything underwater is so much lighter. I could lift a 13 pound bowling ball effortlessly and throw it as if it was a basketball. While I was underwater, I could not talk or speak like I do normally. Therefore, I had to use hand signals. The hand signals were easy to master and they made communicating underwater a whole lot easier. 

2013 GCP Alabama Reflection - 10/11/2013

Cathedral Caverns
The first thing I noticed about Cathedral Caverns is the massive entrance. The huge opening measures 126 feet wide and 25 feet high. And it gets even better. Inside the cavern, there were Big Rock Canyon, Mystery River and some of the most beautiful formations Mother Nature has ever created. Among them, was the Stalagmite Mountain, the Frozen Waterfall and Goliath, a huge stalagmite column that reaches the ceiling of the cave some 45 feet above. It is just a splendid sight. I cannot believe what I saw. It took Mother Nature thousands and millions of years to carve out such a cave. I remember the tour guide said that Jay Gurley bought the cave and made it into a tourist attraction. Although he did not venture that far into the cave, his work of constructing a path must be applauded. I am amazed that he did it in such dim conditions. In the cave you can hardly see. However, his passion allowed him to continue and be committed. Although he had some disagreement with his wife with regards to the cave, he persevered and reap what he got. Even his spouse was awed but the beauty of the rock formation. He has displayed a whole lot of courage to venture into the cave, not knowing how deep the cave might be or what kind of animals lives in the cave. There were so many uncertainties and yet he was brave enough to explore. Although Singapore do not have such caves, but we can learn from him and apply it in Singapore. He was courageous, committed and willing to take risks. 

Mission Orientation 
It was the beginning of the Space Camp and I am really excited. We got to learn the various mission positions and what they do. They are just so many positions. It takes so many people to work together and so very long to make a space programme, or rather a rocket launch possible. Everyone has to work as a team and to do that everyone has to maintain good relationships, put aside the differences and share a common goal. Having a team is important. I doubt a single person can ever make a trip to space all by himself/herself. With everyone knowing and understanding their roles and specialising in that particular field, the whole crew will be topping themselves up each time. 

Safety briefing for Scuba Diving
“Safety first.” That’s what I always hear almost everywhere I go. Staying safe is just so important. Life is really fragile. Anything can happen and people are minimising that chance of getting hurt. Although there are risks in everything that we do, we should not be paranoid about them. Well, not pain, no gain. As long as you have a safety backup plan, you should be safe. However, accidents do happen. Therefore, we should live everyday like it is the last day of our lives. Every morning, when we wake up, we have two options: to be happy or to be sad. We choose the way we want to live. 

Da Vinci Exhibition
Da Vinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomised the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination". Few people can think like him. He has contributed so much to the world. Was it just pure luck? I am dubious about it. He was very inquisitive for knowledge and culture. In his paintings, he has depicted people’s faces, displaying their emotions and bringing life out of paintings. In his sketches, he has written down so many ideas and principles. It is just unbelievable. In the 10Cs that we have, I believe Da Vinci has displayed Creative Thinking - to be able to think more than “out of the box” and come up with numerous ideas, Curiosity - to be hungry for knowledge, Commitment - to be able to commit time and effort to his passion and especially his large paintings in which took him anything from a week to a few months, Critical Thinking - he had to sieve out the theories people had whether it was true and whether he can apply it to his own work, Courage - he dared to be different and persevered, Communication - through his writings, people are able to understand how his machines work and Citizenship - needless to say, he was a useful person in the society then and now.
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