"Moonlight Serenade" is an American popular song with original music by Glenn Miller and subsequent lyrics by Mitchell Parish. When Miller recorded "Sunrise Serenade" in 1939, he placed this song on the back. The song, recorded on April 4, 1939 on RCA Bluebird, was a Top Ten hit on the U.S. pop charts in 1939, reaching number three on the Billboard charts, where it stayed for fifteen weeks. It was the no.5 top pop hit of 1939 on Billboard in the year end Billboard tally of the top records of 1939. Glenn Miller had 5 records in the top 20 songs of 1939 on Billboard's list. In the UK, "Moonlight Serenade" was released as the A side of a 78 on His Master's Voice with "American Patrol" as the B side. The recording reached number twelve in the UK in March, 1954, staying on the chart for one week. In a medley with "Little Brow Jug" and "In the Mood", "Moonlight Serenade" reached number thirteen on the UK charts in January, 1976, where it stayed for eight weeks. It was an immediate phenomenon when first released in May 1939 as an instrumental arrangement and was adopted as Miller's signature tune. The recording was also issued as a V-Disc, No. 39A, in November, 1943.
In 1991, the recording of "Moonlight Serenade", released on RCA Bluebird in 1939 as Bluebird B-10214-B by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra, was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
"Moonlight Serenade" has been covered by Barry Manilow, Carly Simon, Charlie Haden, Marc Reift, Santo and Johnny, Thelma Houston, Carol Burnett, Toots Thielemans, Deodato, who reached #18 on the Billboard Easy Listening Chart, Count Basie and his Orchestra with vocals by Helen Humes, The Modernaires, Gene Krupa and his Orchestra, Freddy Martin and his Orchestra, Bert Kaempfert, Ray Conniff, Lloyd Gregory on solo guitar, Dick Hyman, Maxwell Davis and his Orchestra, Tony Evans, Los Indios Tabajaras, David Rose, Waikikis, Oleg Lundstrom, Charlie Byrd, Taco, Alix Combelle, Richard Vaughn, Eddie Maynard, Simone Kopmajer, Hamburg Philharmonia, Frankie Capp, Karel Vlach, Transatlantic Swing Band, the Frankie Condon Orchestra, The Romantic Strings, Paul Mauriat, Tommy Leonetti, Johnny Desmond, the Boston Pops under Arthur Fiedler, John Williams, and Keith Lockhart, Charlie Calello Orchestra, J.P. Torres and the Cuban All Stars, Tex Beneke and His Orchestra, the Manhattan Jazz Orchestra, Mario Pezzotta and His Orchestra, 101 Strings, Pep Poblet, Ray Anthony, Cheryl Bentyne, jazz trumpeter Bobby Hackett in 1965, The 12 Cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic, Joe Loss, Ted Heath, Lawrence Welk, Henry Mancini, James Last, John Blair, Ray Eberle, Enoch Light, Buddy Emmons on steel guitar, The Rivieras, a 1950s Doo Wop group whose recording reached no.47 on the pop charts in 1959, Tuxedo Junction, Yasuko Agawa, German bandleader Kurt Edelhagen, Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Rabin, Henry Jerome and his Orchestra as a 45 single, Decca 25545, Kurt Elling, Syd Lawrence, The Ventures, Archie Bleyer, Bobby Vinton, who reached #97 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1976.