Social Deprivation Has a Measurable Effect On Brain Growth

- On MRI, children with histories of any institutional rearing had significantly smaller gray matter volumes in the cortex of the brain than never-institutionalized children, even if they had been placed in foster care.

- Children who remained in institutional care had significantly reduced white matter volume as compared with those never institutionalized.

-For children who had been placed in foster care, white matter volume was indistinguishable from that of children who were never institutionalized.

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