This is Kodak Ektar film from a Canon FT with a 21mm lens.
This is Kodak Ektar film from a Canon FT with a 21mm lens.
The "Linearity" parameter, for conversion to sRGB color coding, is poorly documented and has a default value of 0.100 instead of the standardized 0.055.
I failed to understand or test the parameter, I misidentified it, and set it to 0.077 in all of my past processing. But the correct setting results in a quite noticeable brightening of the shadows in my pictures.
And with these new results I am considering whether to add some additional highlight contrast into my processing, so that a loss of contrast from my lenses can be accounted for.
Kindly include all of the following in this list. None survive the proper treatment of the subject (that includes: a covariant coordinate system which is free of artifacts, the application of the Bianchi identities using the topological operator - the exterior derivative - to the metric in that coordinate system, and the use of the Bianchi identities to extrapolate the metric from purely geometric boundary conditions). "The boundary of a boundary is zero." is the principle that just rules over all of classical physics. It is responsible for the conservation laws when translated into the language of classical mechanics.
So even quantum effects, such as a high energy of the vacuum and the slowing of gamma rays by quantum foam, are disallowed by this strongly principled version of spacetime with a metric. Cosmic inflation is as impossible as dark energy when the Bianchi identities are properly applied within their sway. Warp drive, worm holes, exotic matter and the superluminal expansion of parts of the universe are excluded. A stationary gravitational field does not curve space. And if the universe is closed, then it makes no coherent sense to speak of a closely adjacent multiverse; the magnitude of the interval to such a thing is necessarily undefined.
I had developed an emphatic dislike for two of my other cameras, and I was slow to realize that pain in advancing the film was responsible for it. The Moskva 5 blistered my fingertip, and my Mamiya C3 makes for painful torque on the left hand grip when advancing the film with the right hand crank.
I gave the Moskva 5 to my barista. But maybe I can reconcile with my Mamiya C3 by careful technique.
But, for about every physicist, it is the complications and artifacts of the Friedmann coordinates that prevent any understanding of this supernovae data. (These coordinates are contravariant rather than covariant, are nonhomogeneous, and are very noninertial.) No physicist has demonstrated an ability to deal successfully with these artifacts.
Many physicists have not even entertained the notion of using different coordinates. My classical simplification of the kinetics using a covariant and artifact free coordinate system is sufficient for the task of understanding that the variation of supernovae brightness over time does not stem from the kinetic behavior of the universe.
These strict conditions include a coordinate system free of artifacts, the zeroing of the cosmological constant, and the inclusion of a modernized gravitational potential on the right-hand side of the equation. Otherwise, Einstein's equation does not successfully capture and implement the principles of general relativity that he does clearly state.
The relativity of motion, the equivalence of accelerated frames and the experience of gravity, the equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass, and general covariance - the independence of physically real things from any coordinate system, all of these principles lead to reliable understanding.
But Einstein's equation is merely a correspondence principle, or a translation between two mathematical systems, spacetime on the left and mechanics on the right. And it contains a coordinate dependent object, the metric, so that an artifact-free coordinate system is required to avoid uncontrolled artifacts in the calculations that follow.
So the necessity of these restrictions on Einstein's equation of gravity has been adequately justified, I think.
But Dcraw, Libraw, and UFRaw take the simpler approach of using a linear matrix, and so they suffer from none of this miscalibration whatsoever! Properly adjusted, the software and cameras from Canon also do not suffer from this miscalibration. So now I can enjoy calibrated color from my digital cameras.
There are complications from redshifting and curvature, but the conclusion does not change. And if the cosmological constant is taken seriously, then the choice of whether to hold the earth almost stationary, or the various supernovae makes a difference to the result. This is a violation of the principle of general covariance.
It is a novelty to physicists to alternatively think of holding the supernovae stationary in a study of the kinetics, so the conclusion would then be novel too, considering the confusion caused by the violation of general covariance.
And this conclusion, that nearby supernovae would be dimmed more by the action of dark energy, does not fit the observations, where supernovae in the middle distances average 10% dimmer than those nearer or further.
Spacetime is a fundamental mathematical system in its own right. When the context "out there" provides the axioms for spacetime, then even the powerful claims to existence of the consequences of quantum logic and the S matrix can be partially overruled.
And then quantum things just rule over reality when the context cannot mandate all of the invariants of spacetime.
So there is no unified theory. The physical, nonsymbolic, universe is the only possible logically coherent unification of these mathematical systems "competing" for existence.
- UM, GRCC, GVSU, WMU - all in MichiganMathematics, Physics, 1982
- West Catholic HS, Grand Rapids, Michigan1965
- Assumption HS, Winsor, Ontario
- Slashdot (current)
- Citizens House Publishers (current)
- sci.physics usenet group (current)
- Dissenting Physics (current)
- CFI Michigan (current)
- yahoo cfimichigan group (current)
- kuro5shin (current)
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