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Ivan Vasin
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Am I doing this right?
Am I doing this right?

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This is how I make hot & sour soup.
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YES. Pick Your Line 016 160W
Love at first sight 😍🏂
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The folk etymology of burger

Many have asked, "If a hamburger is not a burger with ham, then why is it called a hamburger?", or something along those lines.  We have many other examples of burgers whose names all reflect their actual contents: beef burgers, lamb burgers, cheeseburgers, veggie burgers, bean burgers, and so on.  So what's the deal with hamburger?

Looking back on the history of the word and the food [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamburger], it seems that its original form in the late 19th century was a Hamburger steak sandwich, wherein the Hamburger means "native or resident of Hamburg".  Depending on whose account you believe, this referred either to its derivation from the Hamburger beefsteak, or to the popularity (and possible but unconfirmed origin) of such a dish among immigrants to the United States from Hamburg (Germany), or to its invention in the city of Hamburg (New York).  This was later shortened to hamburger around 1909 [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hamburger].

The generalized form burger, which is now commonly recognized as meaning "a patty of meat or similar substance sandwiched between two halves of a bun", wasn't introduced until 1939 [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=burger].

In the original term, Hamburger steak sandwich, wherein Hamburg referred (in some way) to the German city, the Ham- meant "bend", referring to the bend in the river Elbe around which the city is situated.  This was derived from hamma, which meant "back of the knee or hock" in Proto-Germanic (which split around 250 AD) and many derived languages.  Much later, around the 1630s, hamma gave rise to the modern meaning of ham [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ham].  The -burger in the original Hamburger just meant "native or resident of the town or fort".

Thus the modern word burger derives its meaning, in this circuitous manner, in a way that is unrelated to the original -burger of German, as a back-formation [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Back-formation] of the 20th century.  The lack of ham in a hamburger is inconsistent with the now-accepted folk etymology of the word [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_etymology], but there is a sensible original etymology to the name.

Originally, neither the Ham- nor the -burger meant what they do now.
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the ESA has joined the MPAA and the RIAA in being thoroughly out of touch with common sense and basic decency.

"""
[The ESA] say that modifying games to connect to a new server (or to avoid contacting a server at all) after publisher support ends—letting people continue to play the games they paid for—will destroy the video game industry. They say it would “undermine the fundamental copyright principles on which our copyright laws are based.”
"""

of course!  what is copyright law for, if not to put your no-longer-monetizable customers in jail or financial ruin?  god forbid anyone has fun without paying for newer products that they don't want.
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Kubuntu 15.04 Beta 1

running this now on my MacBook Pro Retina.  i'm liking KDE Plasma 5.

it looks and feels very slick, with many noticeable improvements over KDE 4 (Kubuntu 14.10) on the same system.  there are a few kinks to work out, but it's coming along very nicely.

a few days in, here are the biggest improvements i've noticed:

* Plasma 5 and the Breeze theme look and feel more crisp, clean, and presentable.  the Plasma 5 desktop brings nice detailings, tweaks, and redesigns of many of the familiar elements of Plasma 4.  in some ways, the renovation feels similar to the transition from Android 4 to 5 or Windows XP to 7.

* much faster login.  it takes around 15 s, down from around 30 s with KDE 4.

* better handling of high-DPI displays.  after setting the font DPI in System Settings (as the DPI of my display), Plasma and KWin appear to scale their icons and decorations accordingly.  i haven't seen any breakage in the rendering of the system tray and panel widgets at high DPI (as there is aplenty in KDE 4).

* a proper built-in dark theme styled after the primary theme.  Breeze Dark looks great everywhere, including Qt and GTK apps.  it has somewhat better compatibility with older and non-KDE apps, such as Firefox.

* more useful organization of System Settings.

here are the shortcomings i've noticed:

* icon size is no longer configurable in System Settings.  the dropdowns are still there, but they are not populated.  as a result, i cannot scale up icons to look reasonable on my 220 DPI display.

* font size is no longer configurable in increments of 0.1 except when applying the same size to all fonts.

* adding fonts through System Settings is buggy.

* with Breeze Dark, some apps still end up with the same breakage that's typical of dark themes (text fields with extremely low contrast).  it seems to be less breakage than with dark themes in KDE 4, but it's still there.

* something about either DPI scaling or font sizing makes fonts too large in GTK apps.  they're still usable, but it looks silly.  [this problem has gone away]
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Mobile Handset Exploitation Team

in 2010, the NSA and GCHQ formed a joint effort called the Mobile Handset Exploitation Team (MHET).  among other companies, they infiltrated Gemalto—the world's largest SIM producer, whose customers include T-Mo, AT&T, and hundreds of telcos worldwide—and have been stealing a huge amount of the encryption keys for Gemalto's SIM cards.  they get the keys by cyberstalking the company's employees, collecting their emails and file transfers via XKeyscore, and mining for the ones that had weakly encrypted (or unencrypted) keys, all of which they've automated as a bulk process.  since SIM encryption has no perfect forward secrecy, the keys allow for fast decryption of affected devices' data, SMS, and voice comms, even those that are collected before the keys are known.  Gemalto's HQ is in Amsterdam,  which probably means the attack broke Dutch laws.  however, in the USA, the attack could be considered to be authorized by the Patriot Act.

"""According to one secret GCHQ slide, the British intelligence agency penetrated Gemalto’s internal networks, planting malware on several computers, giving GCHQ secret access. We “believe we have their entire network,” the slide’s author boasted about the operation against Gemalto."""

edit: apparently the mass surveillance provisions of the Patriot Act are set to expire 2015-06-01, and even the original sponsor of the Act is campaigning against reauthorization of the provisions.  [http://www.demandanexpirationdate.com/?code=98percent&can_id=78fb9d5b33434e5025127366e0c5a5b4]
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it's the 10-year birthday of +DIRTYBIRD+Claude VonStroke and +Shadow Child commemorate the occasion with a delicious mix of dirty birdie beats.  massive!
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