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Shilpa Gadgil

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May 12 ‘World Migratory Bird Day’
On 26th October 2017 on the sidelines of the CMS COP12 in Manila, Environment of the Americas,(EFTA), the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Water birds (AEWA), announced an innovative partnership to boost awareness of the plight of migratory birds around the world. The new partnership formally unites two of the world’s largest bird education campaigns, IMBD and WMBD to strengthen recognition and appreciation of migratory birds and highlight the urgent need for their conservation. From 2018 onwards, the new joint campaign will adopt the single name of “World Migratory Bird Day”, and major celebration events will be organized twice a year, on the second Saturday in May and October. World Migratory Bird Day is a two- day’s event annually held on the second weekend of May to highlight the need to protect migratory birds and their habitats.
This year is important as it unify planet’s major migratory bird corridors or flyways, e.g. the African-Eurasian flyway, the East Asian-Australian flyway, and the American Flyways.
Why birds migrate?
Humans have many ways to adjust with seasonal temperature and need of food, but the other animals don’t. Animals and specially birds need to move from one place to another to avoid extreme weather, to breed and to be in the vicinity of abundant food.
We can say bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
Birds have an internal clock to decide they have gathered enough fat to travel so far, they show the behavior to flock together. Even when they gather they carry on to forage till the time of migration arrives. Along with the internal clock, availability of food and weather conditions play important role in the movements of birds.
During the migration birds have to face mortality, predatory and hunting by humans, though birds migrate to the availability of food.
Why India is favorite abode of migrating birds?
India being a tropical country has pleasant weather throughout the year and due to 3 seasons has abundant of food and water resource. Hence India is the favourite spot of temporary residence and breeding ground. India being a tropical country comprises grasslands and wetlands which are important for birds and their migration. Grasslands and wetlands are important for migrating birds as they provide great volumes of food. They provide high level of nutrients and primary organisms which are the base of innumerable food chains and web. , Himalayato Kanyakumari the mainland of India provides wetlands and grasslands for birds where they either rest in their long journey or reside for the breeding season.
Some wetlands and grassland sites in India:
Asthamudi wetland, Chilka Lake, Bhoj, Pong Dam, Point Calemere, estuaries and delta regions of rivers, back waters, etc.
Grasslands like: shola, Terai region, Banni grasslands, etc.

,Rosystarling,AmurFalcon,greaterFlamingo.LesserFlamingo,DemoisileCrane,BlueThroat,Black wing Stint ( Five types),Blue-tailed Beeeater,Bar –headed Goose,Great White Pelican , Black –tailed Godwit,RuddyShelduck,PallidHarier ,Common Starling ,Eurasian Sparrow Howk,WhiteWagtail,Combduck ,Pied Crested Cuckoo,Eurasian Golden Oriole,Black crowned Night Heron.
By -Shilpa Gadgil -9423973115
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No to Nyloan Manja
Our country is mostly depend on agricultural production. So all the festivals celebrations in our country are related to nature cycle .These festivals are celebrated throughout India.However, in some states they have special significance .e.g. Durga puja in West Bengal, Gudhi Padva in Maharastra, Holy in U.P.and M.p. Similarly, during the uttarayan period, the Kite Flying Festival is celebrated all over India. .It is known by different names and celebrated with different customs’ in different parts of the region. e.g. Pongal in South Indian states , Magh Bihu in Assam and Makar Sankrant in Maharashtra.
It has been observed every year in month of January according to solar cycles. The whole society celebrating this festival with colourful decorations , wear traditional cloths ,singing and dancing in melas. Children visiting home to home and get blessings and tilgul from adults.
In Maharashtra on this day people exchange multicolored halwa and tilgul Ladoo. People offer prayers to सूर्यदेवता and prepare गुळाची पोळी किंवा पुरणपोळी as a नैवेद्या. While exchanging tilgul people greet each other with the words “ तीळ गुळ घ्या आणि गोड गोड बोला !’. Giving massage is forget the past ill-feelings and to speak sweetly and remain friends. And most favorable game is kite flying .which playing throughout in India. Kites are the real part of the culture not only in Asia but also in Europian countries. In India the game mostly play in Gujrat State. Specially ,in Ahamadabad on this festival the sky is full of colourful kites of all sizes and shapes . The first international festival was celebrated in 1989.
But from last two decades kite flying game became deadly hobby, because many birds, animals and people died from injuries and accidents caused by string that has been fortified for kite flights.
In my city Jalgaon near about 10-20 days before Makar Sankranti 14 th January kites are seen in the sky and after Makar Sankranti it observe till end of this month. Between this period many birds get injured due to manja. This year in the city many birds got injuries due to nylon manja such as cattle egrets, black shouldered kite and rock pigeon. To avoid this, precautionary measurement should be there. So I have made some posters and organized poster exhibition in different parts of the city and out of the city to create awareness not only among the kite flyers but also common man and students.
Through this posters I focused on injured birds, animals and human beings. material which is used for manja .when people, students and children were visited exhibition I explained them that this manja is coated with grinded glass powder ,which is dangerous for birds when they trap in this threads. It is also dangerous for pedestrians’ and two wheelers. Instead , everyone should use cotton threads. .The manja have been causing serious injuries to people and birds , road accidents and loss of life in some cases. There is provision under the Aircraft Act 1934 :- that makes negligent kite flying a crime. You may land in jail for negligent kite flying . The state Govt. of Maharashtra ,Panjab and Gujarath have now banned not only the use of nylon manja but also prohibited its storage which is known to cause injuries to birds and even people. And Govt. also appealed that every manufacturers , traders, or sellers of kites or kite flying material shall get himself registered with the concerned city ,district Govt.
An exhibition venue and schedule given below :
1) Date 01/01/2018 Exhibition at Chuagule Plot,Kanchan Nagar , Jalgaon I reached there at 5.00 pm. Some boys helped me to display the posters near a temple . After half an hour there was a rush of people and students returning home from offices and schools. From 5.00 pm to 6. 30 pm. so many people, house wives came and read the posters.
2) Date 02/01/2018 Near Gram-p[anchayat, Mamurabad Village, Jalgaon: I have gone there in the morning at 6.30 am. Inside of the main gate there was a square. Around the square there were shops, milk dairy, grampanchayat building, bus- stand and school.6.30 am. to 9.30 am. Near about 250 to 300 people such as elders, students, farmers, employers visited and read the posters
3) Date 07/01/2018 Sidhhatrth Garden , Aurangabad: The school students from Karmala city were came with their teachers to visit the Sidhhartha Garden .I also was there with my grandsons .I requested them that I want to talk about nylon manja and its deadly effects .They allowed me to speak for five minutes .I took a chance and told about Kite Flying Festival and appealed them to avoid nylon manja. The students responded very well.
4) Date 10/01/2018 Ganesh wadi ,Jalgaon : The well-educated ,employed and wealthy people live in this area. I displayed exhibition near Tea centre situated around the main chauk .Only the school students were responded heartily. and common people response fell short of expectation.
5) Date 11/01/2018 North Maharashtra University Jalgaon : I displayed the exhibition beside the canteen situated in N.M. University area. Only few students and professors visited it.
6) Date 12/01/2018 Shivaji Nagar Jalgaon: I arranged the exhibition in my residence area .I hanged the posters with my home`s fencing. People ,and children travelling by road read this posters .
7) Date 07/01/2018Sidhhatrth Garden , Aurangabad: The school students from Karmala city were came with their teachers to visit the Sidhhartha Garden .I also was there with my grandsons .I requested them that I want to talk about nylon manja and its deadly effects .They allowed me to speak for five minutes .I took a chance and told about Kite Flying Festival and appealed them to avoid nylon manja. The students responded very well.
Observations : 1- kite flying craze has seen in big cities.2-villagers were asking questions and discussing 3- this matter wasn`t taken seriously by students live in Jalgaon city .

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My Celebration “Wild life Week - Nisarg Vachan 3 oct.
Poster exhibition: 4 oct: Bahinabai Uyan 6 Oct.: Shirsoli village
To celebrate Wildlife Week, I organized two events. The first one was Nisarg vachan and second was the bird photographs exhibition.
1) Nisarg Vachan ( Nature Reading 3 October) held at Late DR. Shyamaprasad Mukhargi Udyan , Jalgaon. Twenty school students participated in this event. Purpose was that to introduce the student with nature.5.oo pm to 7.00 pm. I told them about Fruit trees, flowering plants and explained the relation between flora and fauna. We took a stroll in garden .Students noted the name of trees and birds. We noted down twenty three species of tree and found ten species of bird there. Asian Koel , Common Myna, Brahminy Starling, Indian Pond Heron, Cattle Egret, Spottet Owlet, House Crow, Greater Coucal,Rose Ringed Parakeet and Tailor Bird. Apart from this we found a pair of Mongoose and hanging hundreds of Bats on Pipals trees.
2) Exhibition: I displayed poster exhibition on 4 Oct. at Bahinabai Udyan in Jalagaon. People who came there to take a walk at 4.30 to 7.00 pm in the evening.
3) And 6 Oct. 2017 at Shirsoli village. Most of the villagers were farmer and a farmland. Some of them were company workers and labors. Most of them left the village up to 10.30 am.. So I choose the place where villagers get together in the morning mainly, this programm was the first of its kind in the Shirsoli village and was met the positive response by each age group. The place has Bus stop, Temple, School, Bank and Village Council (Gram Panchayat) Office. I reached there at 6.30 am. and displayed 33 posters. Each poster has bird photograph, its English name, local Marathi name and scientific name. All photos are clicked by me. This exhibition focused on common birds which found in Jalgaon city surrounding. I choose birds which found in all season alternately in rural field. People are saw them but have not more knowledge about it, except the name of some .So I made this exhibition to give more information about birds, which help them to improve awareness about birds.
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