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Scott Toste
Explorer - Scientist - Scholar - Farmer - Family Man
Explorer - Scientist - Scholar - Farmer - Family Man

Scott's posts

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News source bias diagram.

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Here's a short (25 minute) animated version of William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar."

O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,
That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!
Thou art the ruins of the noblest man
That ever livèd in the tide of times.
Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!
Over thy wounds now do I prophesy—
Which, like dumb mouths, do ope their ruby lips
To beg the voice and utterance of my tongue—
A curse shall light upon the limbs of men.
Domestic fury and fierce civil strife
Shall cumber all the parts of Italy.
Blood and destruction shall be so in use,
And dreadful objects so familiar,
That mothers shall but smile when they behold
Their infants quartered with the hands of war,
All pity choked with custom of fell deeds,
And Caesar’s spirit, ranging for revenge,
With Ate by his side come hot from hell,
Shall in these confines with a monarch’s voice
Cry “Havoc!” and let slip the dogs of war,
That this foul deed shall smell above the earth
With carrion men, groaning for burial.

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"Friends, Roman, Countrymen, I come to bury Caesar not to praise him." -- from Mark Antony's funeral speech in Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar"

The significance of Antony's speech is to persuade the citizens that Brutus is wrong and that Caesar did not deserve to die. By saying that Brutus is an "honorable man," then giving examples of Caesar's altruistic qualities, he is using verbal irony. The oration style is clearly persuasive - or rhetoric.

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Beware the Ides of March.

On this day, in 44 B.C., Julius Caesar was assassinated by Roman Senators who feared Caesar's growing power. At that time the Senate was the source of power in the Roman world. An uneasy alliance had developed between Julius Caesar and the Senate. They granted him many titles such as dictator perpetuo (dictator for life) hoping it would satisfy his aspirations for more power. Fearing that he would crown himself king, a group of 60 Senators conspired against Caesar and plotted his assassination in order to preserve their power. A fortuneteller (seer) warned that harm would come to Caesar no later than the Ides of March. On his way to the Theatre of Pompey, where he would be assassinated, Caesar passed the seer and joked, "The Ides of March are come", implying that the prophecy had not been fulfilled, to which the seer replied "Aye, Caesar; but not gone." This meeting is famously dramatized in William Shakespeare's play "Julius Caesar," when Caesar is warned by the fortuneteller to "beware the Ides of March." At the theater, the conspirators gathered and stabbed Caesar to death. Among them was Caesar's close friend, Brutus, whose treachery shocked him. Shakespeare immortalized this act of betrayal in the line uttered by the dying Caesar, "Et tu, Brute?" It translates, "You, too, Brutus?"

Why is Julius Caesar's death so important? It is seen as the end of the Roman Republic and beginning of the Roman Empire. After Julius Caesar's death, a civil war broke out between the conspiring Senators and Caesar's heir, Octavius, and his ally Mark Antony. Octavius and Antony were victorious over the Senators. Mark Antony then aligned himself with Cleopatra hoping to use the wealth of Egypt against Octavius. A second civil war then happened between Octavius and Mark Antony with Antony losing. The victorious Octavius adopted the name Caesar Agustus and declared himself the first Roman Emperor.

Now you know why the Ides of March are famous, but where does the name come from? March, in the oldest Roman calendar, was the first month of the year. The Romans did not number days of a month sequentially from the first through the last day. Instead, they counted back from three fixed points of the month: the Nones (5th or 7th, depending on the length of the month), the Ides (13th or 15th), and the Kalends (1st of the following month). The Ides occurred near the midpoint, on the 13th for most months, but on the 15th for March, May, July, and October. The Ides were supposed to be determined by the full moon, reflecting the lunar origin of the Roman calendar. On the earliest calendar, the Ides of March would have been the first full moon of the new year.

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What do you do with poop in space?

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