The oldest one
This is a tarsier
, filmed by Michael Bowers. There are several kinds of tarsiers. All of them live in Southeast Asia - mainly the Philippines, Sulawesi, Borneo, and Sumatra. But tarsiers used to live in many other places too.
They are, in fact, the oldest known primates that survive today! Fossils show that they've been around for the past 45 million years.The ancestors of tarsiers branched off from the ancestors of lemurs about 83 million years ago, considerably before the dinosaurs went extinct!
This particular guy is a spectral tarsier
. I guess that 'spectral' here means 'like a ghost, or specter' rather than 'like the colors in a rainbow'. Probably their eyes look spooky at night when they reflect light.
The spectral tarsier lives on Selayar, an island off the larger island of Sulawesi, in Indonesia. It's less specialized than some other species of tarsiers: it doesn't have adhesive toes, for example. Its Latin name is Tarsier spectrum
or sometimes Tarsier tarsier
, since some consider it the prototype of all tarsiers.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectral_tarsier
Michael Bowers is here on G+:https://plus.google.com/u/0/116248116353532955491/posts #biology