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Rick Meril
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Learn about Grizzly Bears, Black Bears, Polar Bears, gray wolves/eastern wolves/red wolves,timber wolves, cougars/mountain lions/panthers/painters/pumas, bobcats, lynx, red and gray foxes, wolverines, martens, fishers, coyotes/eastern coyotes/coywolves with pictures, videos, photos, facts, info and news. http://coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com/
Learn about Grizzly Bears, Black Bears, Polar Bears, gray wolves/eastern wolves/red wolves,timber wolves, cougars/mountain lions/panthers/painters/pumas, bobcats, lynx, red and gray foxes, wolverines, martens, fishers, coyotes/eastern coyotes/coywolves with pictures, videos, photos, facts, info and news. http://coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com/

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"12 of the 13 Pumas(mountain lions) being tracked by the National Park Service in the greater Los Angeles Santa Monica Mountains have been accounted for in the wake of the Woolsey Fire"..............,"In addition, all four bobcats the agency monitors have also shown up on telemetry monitors".............."The only mountain lion still missing is dubbed P-74, a young male that was born last year and is the newest lion added to the National Park Service study of big cats".............. "Another lion dubbed P-42 was located Friday morning, along with the last of four bobcats in the mountain area"............... "Park officials confirmed Thursday that they had located P-22, arguably the most famous of the lions in the study"................"P-22 is famous for his camera appearances in Griffith Park(Burbank) and for successfully crossing the San Diego (405) and Ventura (101) freeways".............."P-22's location was verified Wednesday night by a fuzzy picture in Griffith Park"..............."Concern for the cats escalated this week with news that roughly 88 percent of National Park Service land in the area was burned by the Woolsey Fire"............"Though fire is a natural part of the Santa Monica(Greater Los Angeles) ecosystem, too much fire can harm plant communities, reduce wildlife habitat, and actually increase future fire risk"................"Historically, scientists believe that coastal Southern California only had a fire every 100 years or so"................ "Current fires (more than every 20 years) are not natural to this region"................."If the landscape burns more than once in a 20-year span, invasive, exotic, alien weeds and grasses can establish themselves, making the area even more prone to fire".............. These non-native weeds and grasses, also known as flashy fuels. burn quickly and are more susceptible to wind-driven flames"..............."In general, large animals like deer, coyotes, bobcats, and mountain lions can cover lots of ground and may be able to escape flames".................."Smaller animals have a much more difficult time".............."Reptiles and amphibians try to burrow underground"..........."Moving forward, biologists will monitor if all of the fauna of the Santa Monicas will be able to find the resources they need to continue to survive and breed successfully"
https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=https://www.sacbee.com/news/state/california/article221725285.html&ct=ga&cd=CAEYACoUMTQ3NzM2ODgwMTE3NTg1NDEyNDAyGjQ2OTIwYTk2ZWZjMTE1ODg6Y29tOmVuOlVT&usg=AFQjCNERU8AqB2DP1Tr9aNnK-ijgVkZ23A There’s ‘some hope’ missing...
"12 of the 13 Pumas(mountain lions) being tracked by the National Park Service in the greater Los Angeles Santa Monica Mountains have been accounted for in the wake of the Woolsey Fire"..............,"In addition, all four bobcats the agency monitors have also shown up on telemetry monitors".............."The only mountain lion still missing is dubbed P-74, a young male that was born last year and is the newest lion added to the National Park Service study of big cats".............. "Another lion dubbed P-42 was located Friday morning, along with the last of four bobcats in the mountain area"............... "Park officials confirmed Thursday that they had located P-22, arguably the most famous of the lions in the study"................"P-22 is famous for his camera appearances in Griffith Park(Burbank) and for successfully crossing the San Diego (405) and Ventura (101) freeways".............."P-22's location was verified Wednesday night by a fuzzy picture in Griffith Park"..............."Concern for the cats escalated this week with news that roughly 88 percent of National Park Service land in the area was burned by the Woolsey Fire"............"Though fire is a natural part of the Santa Monica(Greater Los Angeles) ecosystem, too much fire can harm plant communities, reduce wildlife habitat, and actually increase future fire risk"................"Historically, scientists believe that coastal Southern California only had a fire every 100 years or so"................ "Current fires (more than every 20 years) are not natural to this region"................."If the landscape burns more than once in a 20-year span, invasive, exotic, alien weeds and grasses can establish themselves, making the area even more prone to fire".............. These non-native weeds and grasses, also known as flashy fuels. burn quickly and are more susceptible to wind-driven flames"..............."In general, large animals like deer, coyotes, bobcats, and mountain lions can cover lots of ground and may be able to escape flames".................."Smaller animals have a much more difficult time".............."Reptiles and amphibians try to burrow underground"..........."Moving forward, biologists will monitor if all of the fauna of the Santa Monicas will be able to find the resources they need to continue to survive and breed successfully"
"12 of the 13 Pumas(mountain lions) being tracked by the National Park Service in the greater Los Angeles Santa Monica Mountains have been accounted for in the wake of the Woolsey Fire"..............,"In addition, all four bobcats the agency monitors have also shown up on telemetry monitors".............."The only mountain lion still missing is dubbed P-74, a young male that was born last year and is the newest lion added to the National Park Service study of big cats".............. "Another lion dubbed P-42 was located Friday morning, along with the last of four bobcats in the mountain area"............... "Park officials confirmed Thursday that they had located P-22, arguably the most famous of the lions in the study"................"P-22 is famous for his camera appearances in Griffith Park(Burbank) and for successfully crossing the San Diego (405) and Ventura (101) freeways".............."P-22's location was verified Wednesday night by a fuzzy picture in Griffith Park"..............."Concern for the cats escalated this week with news that roughly 88 percent of National Park Service land in the area was burned by the Woolsey Fire"............"Though fire is a natural part of the Santa Monica(Greater Los Angeles) ecosystem, too much fire can harm plant communities, reduce wildlife habitat, and actually increase future fire risk"................"Historically, scientists believe that coastal Southern California only had a fire every 100 years or so"................ "Current fires (more than every 20 years) are not natural to this region"................."If the landscape burns more than once in a 20-year span, invasive, exotic, alien weeds and grasses can establish themselves, making the area even more prone to fire".............. These non-native weeds and grasses, also known as flashy fuels. burn quickly and are more susceptible to wind-driven flames"..............."In general, large animals like deer, coyotes, bobcats, and mountain lions can cover lots of ground and may be able to escape flames".................."Smaller animals have a much more difficult time".............."Reptiles and amphibians try to burrow underground"..........."Moving forward, biologists will monitor if all of the fauna of the Santa Monicas will be able to find the resources they need to continue to survive and breed successfully"
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"Steelhead are a form of oceangoing trout endemic to some rivers draining to the Pacific from North America and Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula".......Some of the finest Steelhead habitat is found along the Skeena River which flows some 350 miles in a southwesterly direction from its headwaters in northwestern British Columbia to the Pacific near Prince Rupert"........"Along the way, it picks up tributaries that represent a “who’s who” of the world’s most celebrated steelhead fisheries — the Babine, the Bulkley/Morice, the Copper, the Kispiox, the Sustut"............"Some anglers will spend over $7,000 a week to visit fishing lodges on the Skeena’s rivers"..........Why spend a small fortune just to fish for Steelhead?........."Because Steelhead Trout exhibit a general reluctance to eat once they enter fresh water"......... "Unlike the resident fish, these vagrants of oceans and rivers can rarely be fooled by "matching the hatch"........... "Instead, Fly Fishers cast their flies with the hope only to find a fish in a mood to grab the fly out of aggression, frustration, hate, annoyance, or curiosity"..........Steelhead, "a true heavyweight adversary" for Fly Fisherman!
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/09/sports/steelhead.html The Lure of  the Steelhead Image Chris Santella about to release a wild steelhead  on the Morice River near Houston,  British Columbia. Credit Credit Mike Marcus Nov. 9, 2018
Chris Santella about to release a wild steelhead
Chris Santella about to release a wild steelhead
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"Today’s abundance of backyard prey may be causing some hawks to forgo fall migration".......... "When migrating Sharpie Hawk numbers dropped steeply off Cape May, New Jersey from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, many feared it signaled a declining population"............"But ornithologist Charles Duncan, then at the University of Maine at Machias, had “a hunch that hawks had less pressure to migrate because they could prey on birds who frequent bird feeders in winter"............"To test the hypothesis, he analyzed 18 years of CBC data on New England’s sharpies"........... "Duncan discovered that between 1975 and 1992, the number of hawks that overwintered in the region increased by more than 500 percent"............“The raptors were surviving on bird seed once-removed"............"Might feeder birds be suffering from increased hawk predation?".............. "There is no evidence that hawks have caused declines in any prey species taken at feeders".........."Feeder birds such as sparrows, juncos and mourning doves are all doing well"............. “People should be happy to witness these cool, natural predator/prey interactions in their own backyards"
https://phys.org/news/2018-11-woodland-hawks-flock-urban-buffet.html Woodland hawks flock to urban buffet November 6, 2018 by Terry Devitt,  University of Wisconsin-Madison For the nearly 35 million Americans who faithfully stock their feeders to attract so...
Wolves, Wolf Facts, Cougars, Cougar Facts, Coyotes, Coyote Facts - Wolves, Cougars, Coyotes Forever: "Today’s abundance of backyard prey may be causing some hawks to forgo fall migration".......... "When migrating Sharpie Hawk numbers dropped steeply off Cape May, New Jersey from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, many feared it signaled a declining population"............"But ornithologist Charles Duncan, then at the University of Maine at Machias, had “a hunch that hawks had less pressure to migrate because they could prey on birds who frequent bird feeders in winter"............"To test the hypothesis, he analyzed 18 years of CBC data on New England’s sharpies"........... "Duncan discovered that between 1975 and 1992, the number of hawks that overwintered in the region increased by more than 500 percent"............“The raptors were surviving on bird seed once-removed"............"Might feeder birds be suffering from increased hawk predation?".............. "There is no evidence that hawks have caused declines in any prey species taken at feeders".........."Feeder birds such as sparrows, juncos and mourning doves are all doing well"............. “People should be happy to witness these cool, natural predator/prey interactions in their own backyards"
Wolves, Wolf Facts, Cougars, Cougar Facts, Coyotes, Coyote Facts - Wolves, Cougars, Coyotes Forever: "Today’s abundance of backyard prey may be causing some hawks to forgo fall migration".......... "When migrating Sharpie Hawk numbers dropped steeply off Cape May, New Jersey from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, many feared it signaled a declining population"............"But ornithologist Charles Duncan, then at the University of Maine at Machias, had “a hunch that hawks had less pressure to migrate because they could prey on birds who frequent bird feeders in winter"............"To test the hypothesis, he analyzed 18 years of CBC data on New England’s sharpies"........... "Duncan discovered that between 1975 and 1992, the number of hawks that overwintered in the region increased by more than 500 percent"............“The raptors were surviving on bird seed once-removed"............"Might feeder birds be suffering from increased hawk predation?".............. "There is no evidence that hawks have caused declines in any prey species taken at feeders".........."Feeder birds such as sparrows, juncos and mourning doves are all doing well"............. “People should be happy to witness these cool, natural predator/prey interactions in their own backyards"
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"Coyotes have incorporated themselves into nearly every major city in North America"........... "Coyotes’ ability to thrive in cities testifies not only to the Anthropocene’s blurring of human-wildlife boundaries; it also undermines the idea that cities and suburbs are places where people don’t have to contend with wild predators"..........."Conservation scientists are deemphasizing conflict management in favor of peaceful coexistence"............. "For the most part, residents in Philadelphia and in Chino/Chino Hills don’t blame coyotes for moving into their neighborhoods".......... "People may not want to follow some urban coyote advocates in imagining cities as twenty-first-century coyote preserves, but many residents tolerate, even value the presence of wildlife next door."...... "A commitment to a more fully egalitarian interspecies inclusivity, though, would involve a more complete ontological shift, whereby people see cities as being for coyotes, as well as for themselves"
https://drexel.edu/coas/news-events/news/2018/September/urban-coyotes-pennsylvania-california/ There Goes the Neighborhood: Urban Coyotes in Pennsylvania and California September 24, 2018 By  Christian Hunold, PhD , associate professor of politics, and Tere...
"Coyotes have incorporated themselves into nearly every major city in North America"........... "Coyotes’ ability to thrive in cities testifies not only to the Anthropocene’s blurring of human-wildlife boundaries; it also undermines the idea that cities and suburbs are places where people don’t have to contend with wild predators"..........."Conservation scientists are deemphasizing conflict management in favor of peaceful coexistence"............. "For the most part, residents in Philadelphia and in Chino/Chino Hills don’t blame coyotes for moving into their neighborhoods".......... "People may not want to follow some urban coyote advocates in imagining cities as twenty-first-century coyote preserves, but many residents tolerate, even value the presence of wildlife next door."...... "A commitment to a more fully egalitarian interspecies inclusivity, though, would involve a more complete ontological shift, whereby people see cities as being for coyotes, as well as for themselves"
"Coyotes have incorporated themselves into nearly every major city in North America"........... "Coyotes’ ability to thrive in cities testifies not only to the Anthropocene’s blurring of human-wildlife boundaries; it also undermines the idea that cities and suburbs are places where people don’t have to contend with wild predators"..........."Conservation scientists are deemphasizing conflict management in favor of peaceful coexistence"............. "For the most part, residents in Philadelphia and in Chino/Chino Hills don’t blame coyotes for moving into their neighborhoods".......... "People may not want to follow some urban coyote advocates in imagining cities as twenty-first-century coyote preserves, but many residents tolerate, even value the presence of wildlife next door."...... "A commitment to a more fully egalitarian interspecies inclusivity, though, would involve a more complete ontological shift, whereby people see cities as being for coyotes, as well as for themselves"
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We have a HALLOWEEN drill lesson(the U.S.Military might benefit from viewing this) on how hundreds of thousands of Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats simultaneously emerge every Summer evening in the Hill Country(Austin/San Antonio region) of Texas from their single limestone cave without nary occurring a casulty------great 7 minute video for you to enjoy and digest
CLICK TO WATCH THE 7 MINUTE VIDEO https://www.earthtouchnews.com/natural-world/how-it-works/bat-ballet-slo-mo-footage-reveals-how-thousands-of-bats-emerge-from-a-cave-without-injury Bat Ballet: Slo-mo footage reveals how thousands of bats emerge from a cave...
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Interactions between two species can take many forms. Predators hunt prey, humans tame animals, groups compete for territory, and so on. Most meetings between different species of animals could arguably be described as antagonistic or aloof. But positive, mutually beneficial interactions occur as well. Some of these collaborations can be incredible and unexpected.
https://listverse.com/2015/02/23/10-amazing-cooperations-between-different-animal-species/ 10 Ravens Guide Wolves To Prey In the past, gray wolves were considered too dangerous to tolerate and were nearly annihilated in North America by the 1970s. Populatio...
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One of the most passionate native plantsman in the USA, U. Of Delaware's Doug Tallamy is back at it urging all of us homeowners to abandon planting exotic, alien and non-native trees, shrubs and flowers that do nothing to encourage wildlife diversity in our neighborhoods......"While less susceptible to pest damage and demanding less maintenance, non-native plants are extremely poor at supporting insects—critical food for higher order consumers like birds"......."In the United States, 432 species—more than one-third of birds—are insectivorous and, thus, could be harmed by declines in food availability and at risk of local extinction in urban and suburban areas due to our tendency to plant non-native plants"........."As the amount of non-native plants increase in a yard, birds are less likely to occupy and breed there; for ones who do breed, they produced fewer young than birds breeding in native-dominated yards"............"The important lesson is that use of non-native plants in landscaping has a 'trickle-up' effect".........."Those attractive, non-native plants just provide less food at the base of the food chain and thus support fewer birds than native plants".......... Tallamy, his U. Of Delaware colleagues and Smithsonian researchers have determined that the key threshold to bird biological diversity in a suburban yard is 70 percent native plants".............."If the yard has more than 70 percent native plants biomass, chickadees(and other birds) have a chance to reproduce and sustain their local population".........."As soon as the number of native drops under 70 percent, that probability of sustaining the species plummets to zero"--------That is an "OUCH" that all of us should feel must not be perpetuated---GO NATIVE!
l https://phys.org/news/2018-10-non-native-homeowners-yards-endanger-wildlife.html Non-native plants in homeowners' yards endanger wildlife, researchers report October 23, 2018 by Dante Lapenta,  University of Delaware Human-dominated landscapes are one of ...
Wolves, Wolf Facts, Cougars, Cougar Facts, Coyotes, Coyote Facts - Wolves, Cougars, Coyotes Forever: One of the most passionate native plantsman in the USA, U. Of Delaware's Doug Tallamy is back at it urging all of us homeowners to abandon planting exotic, alien and non-native trees, shrubs and flowers that do nothing to encourage wildlife diversity in our neighborhoods......"While less susceptible to pest damage and demanding less maintenance, non-native plants are extremely poor at supporting insects—critical food for higher order consumers like birds"......."In the United States, 432 species—more than one-third of birds—are insectivorous and, thus, could be harmed by declines in food availability and at risk of local extinction in urban and suburban areas due to our tendency to plant non-native plants"........."As the amount of non-native plants increase in a yard, birds are less likely to occupy and breed there; for ones who do breed, they produced fewer young than birds breeding in native-dominated yards"............"The important lesson is that use of non-native plants in landscaping has a 'trickle-up' effect".........."Those attractive, non-native plants just provide less food at the base of the food chain and thus support fewer birds than native plants".......... Tallamy, his U. Of Delaware colleagues and Smithsonian researchers have determined that the key threshold to bird biological diversity in a suburban yard is 70 percent native plants".............."If the yard has more than 70 percent native plants biomass, chickadees(and other birds) have a chance to reproduce and sustain their local population".........."As soon as the number of native drops under 70 percent, that probability of sustaining the species plummets to zero"--------That is an "OUCH" that all of us should feel must not be perpetuated---GO NATIVE!
Wolves, Wolf Facts, Cougars, Cougar Facts, Coyotes, Coyote Facts - Wolves, Cougars, Coyotes Forever: One of the most passionate native plantsman in the USA, U. Of Delaware's Doug Tallamy is back at it urging all of us homeowners to abandon planting exotic, alien and non-native trees, shrubs and flowers that do nothing to encourage wildlife diversity in our neighborhoods......"While less susceptible to pest damage and demanding less maintenance, non-native plants are extremely poor at supporting insects—critical food for higher order consumers like birds"......."In the United States, 432 species—more than one-third of birds—are insectivorous and, thus, could be harmed by declines in food availability and at risk of local extinction in urban and suburban areas due to our tendency to plant non-native plants"........."As the amount of non-native plants increase in a yard, birds are less likely to occupy and breed there; for ones who do breed, they produced fewer young than birds breeding in native-dominated yards"............"The important lesson is that use of non-native plants in landscaping has a 'trickle-up' effect".........."Those attractive, non-native plants just provide less food at the base of the food chain and thus support fewer birds than native plants".......... Tallamy, his U. Of Delaware colleagues and Smithsonian researchers have determined that the key threshold to bird biological diversity in a suburban yard is 70 percent native plants".............."If the yard has more than 70 percent native plants biomass, chickadees(and other birds) have a chance to reproduce and sustain their local population".........."As soon as the number of native drops under 70 percent, that probability of sustaining the species plummets to zero"--------That is an "OUCH" that all of us should feel must not be perpetuated---GO NATIVE!
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"Populations within ecological communities constantly fluctuate due to a multitude of interactions that can be influenced by climate change"................ "Moose populations in northern New Hampshire and western Maine are suspected to be declining due to increasing frequency of winter tick epizootics that cause >50% late winter mortality of 9-12 month-old calves"............... Researchers captured and examined 179 Moose calves at 2 New Hampshire and Maine study sites during the span of January 2014-2016".........."They found that 66% were in normal condition,and 32% were in thin condition".............."All of the calves(both normal and thin ) had high infestations of winter ticks"............... "88% of these calves subsequent mortalities were associated with moderate to severe infestations of winter ticks".............."Emaciation, anemia, and lungworm were also found in most (87%) of these dead calves".............. "To experience three consecutive years (2014-2016) of winter tick epizootics is unprecedented in this New England region, rare in North America, and arguably reflects a host-parasite relationship strongly influenced by abnormally warmer temperatures( fall lingers longer, winters are milder and shorter and spring comes into bloom earlier) at the southern fringe of moose habitat in the northeast"
https://phys.org/news/2018-10-winter-moose-alarming.html Researchers say winter ticks killing moose at alarming rate October 17, 2018; U. of New Hampshire Known as “ghost moose,” this adult moose illustrates typical hair loss associated with high loads of w...
"Populations within ecological communities constantly fluctuate due to a multitude of interactions that can be influenced by climate change"................ "Moose populations in northern New Hampshire and western Maine are suspected to be declining due to increasing frequency of winter tick epizootics that cause >50% late winter mortality of 9-12 month-old calves"............... Researchers captured and examined 179 Moose calves at 2 New Hampshire and Maine study sites during the span of January 2014-2016".........."They found that 66% were in normal condition,and 32% were in thin condition".............."All of the calves(both normal and thin ) had high infestations of winter ticks"............... "88% of these calves subsequent mortalities were associated with moderate to severe infestations of winter ticks".............."Emaciation, anemia, and lungworm were also found in most (87%) of these dead calves".............. "To experience three consecutive years (2014-2016) of winter tick epizootics is unprecedented in this New England region, rare in North America, and arguably reflects a host-parasite relationship strongly influenced by abnormally warmer temperatures( fall lingers longer, winters are milder and shorter and spring comes into bloom earlier) at the southern fringe of moose habitat in the northeast"
"Populations within ecological communities constantly fluctuate due to a multitude of interactions that can be influenced by climate change"................ "Moose populations in northern New Hampshire and western Maine are suspected to be declining due to increasing frequency of winter tick epizootics that cause >50% late winter mortality of 9-12 month-old calves"............... Researchers captured and examined 179 Moose calves at 2 New Hampshire and Maine study sites during the span of January 2014-2016".........."They found that 66% were in normal condition,and 32% were in thin condition".............."All of the calves(both normal and thin ) had high infestations of winter ticks"............... "88% of these calves subsequent mortalities were associated with moderate to severe infestations of winter ticks".............."Emaciation, anemia, and lungworm were also found in most (87%) of these dead calves".............. "To experience three consecutive years (2014-2016) of winter tick epizootics is unprecedented in this New England region, rare in North America, and arguably reflects a host-parasite relationship strongly influenced by abnormally warmer temperatures( fall lingers longer, winters are milder and shorter and spring comes into bloom earlier) at the southern fringe of moose habitat in the northeast"
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"Hard to believe, but trees can actually provide more habitats for wildlife dead than when they are alive".................. "Standing dead and dying trees, called “snags” or “wildlife trees,” are important for wildlife in both natural and landscaped settings, occurring as a result of disease, lightning, fire, animal damage, too much shade, drought, root competition, as well as old age".................."Birds, mammals, and other wildlife use snags for nests, nurseries, storage areas, foraging, roosting, and perching"................" Live trees with snag-like features, such as hollow trunks, excavated cavities, and dead branches can provide similar wildlife value"............... "Snags occurring along streams and shorelines eventually may fall into the water, adding important woody debris to aquatic habitat"................."Dead branches are often used as perches; snags that lack limbs are often more decayed and, may have more and larger cavities for shelter and nesting"................"Snags enhance local natural areas by attracting wildlife species that may not otherwise be found there".................All trees of all sizes are potential snags"................."Unfortunately, many wildlife trees are cut down without much thought to their wildlife value or of the potential management options that can safely prolong the existence of the tree"..............."Wildlife trees offer a one-stop, natural habitat feature"................"In short, snags “live on” as excellent wildlife trees for all to enjoy!"
https://www.nwf.org/en/Garden-for-Wildlife/Cover/Trees-and-Snags T rees and Snags Dead trees provide vital habitat for more than 1,000 species of wildlife nationwide. They also count as  cover  and  places for wildlife to raise young  in the requirements fo...
"Hard to believe, but trees can actually provide more habitats for wildlife dead than when they are alive".................. "Standing dead and dying trees, called “snags” or “wildlife trees,” are important for wildlife in both natural and landscaped settings, occurring as a result of disease, lightning, fire, animal damage, too much shade, drought, root competition, as well as old age".................."Birds, mammals, and other wildlife use snags for nests, nurseries, storage areas, foraging, roosting, and perching"................" Live trees with snag-like features, such as hollow trunks, excavated cavities, and dead branches can provide similar wildlife value"............... "Snags occurring along streams and shorelines eventually may fall into the water, adding important woody debris to aquatic habitat"................."Dead branches are often used as perches; snags that lack limbs are often more decayed and, may have more and larger cavities for shelter and nesting"................"Snags enhance local natural areas by attracting wildlife species that may not otherwise be found there".................All trees of all sizes are potential snags"................."Unfortunately, many wildlife trees are cut down without much thought to their wildlife value or of the potential management options that can safely prolong the existence of the tree"..............."Wildlife trees offer a one-stop, natural habitat feature"................"In short, snags “live on” as excellent wildlife trees for all to enjoy!"
"Hard to believe, but trees can actually provide more habitats for wildlife dead than when they are alive".................. "Standing dead and dying trees, called “snags” or “wildlife trees,” are important for wildlife in both natural and landscaped settings, occurring as a result of disease, lightning, fire, animal damage, too much shade, drought, root competition, as well as old age".................."Birds, mammals, and other wildlife use snags for nests, nurseries, storage areas, foraging, roosting, and perching"................" Live trees with snag-like features, such as hollow trunks, excavated cavities, and dead branches can provide similar wildlife value"............... "Snags occurring along streams and shorelines eventually may fall into the water, adding important woody debris to aquatic habitat"................."Dead branches are often used as perches; snags that lack limbs are often more decayed and, may have more and larger cavities for shelter and nesting"................"Snags enhance local natural areas by attracting wildlife species that may not otherwise be found there".................All trees of all sizes are potential snags"................."Unfortunately, many wildlife trees are cut down without much thought to their wildlife value or of the potential management options that can safely prolong the existence of the tree"..............."Wildlife trees offer a one-stop, natural habitat feature"................"In short, snags “live on” as excellent wildlife trees for all to enjoy!"
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A 30 year veteran of advocacy for wildllife and ecosystem health in the American West, Louisa Wilcox always brings a researched and measured foundation to her writings and recommendations............In her most recent GRIZZLY TIMES BLOG, she ruminates on the September 24, 2018 ruling by Federal Judge Dana Christensen which restored Endangered Species status for Yellowstone Grizzly Bears stating: "There is prestige in a trophy and money to be made in bear habitat"............."And greed, ego gratification, and violence are still drivers of wildlife management, especially among the states in the Northern Rockies"..........."With low reproductive rates and a need for vast areas of secure habitat, grizzlies are especially vulnerable to extinction"............."We succeeded in wiping out 97% of former numbers in less than a hundred years of European settlement"............"Forty years of recovery efforts under the ESA has increased total numbers by only several hundred bears, still just 3% of what we once had"............ "We need to redouble efforts here in Yellowstone as climate warming and human population growth take an increasing toll"............."More key foods such as army cutworm mothsand some berry species will likely be driven into catastrophic decline by a worsening climate"..........."More bears will be killed in conflicts, many avoidable"............"What we do now for grizzlies and their wild country will shape what is possible tomorrow".............."We would not have won this latest round(of protections) if we had not laid a strong foundation many years before".................."Moreover, our grandkids won’t have a chance to enjoy healthy bear populations in wild ecosystems if we stop fighting for them now"
http://r20.rs6.net/tn.jsp?f=001gAd-fptHADoJF5sJz9nPaD8nRuwefd22ofu_S12LtuGhPRVG0LqIPrwA--V5dUkm_ZOwfUJJOSNu1Alnq3PeSXTFNhp-Gr0JzHj8IkieF0TEyP2MseTRi4xYobvEFvvbn1UjytRh-PMYlqmqfftOSQOGrGtob5FdRul0CS7eHGsWvEKVA9rkeIpo9MIYUEASFrPnqbCr4OK8PpdclSvONVxplZeC1ZoqC4...
A 30 year veteran of advocacy for wildllife and ecosystem health in the American West, Louisa Wilcox always brings a researched and measured foundation to her writings and recommendations............In her most recent GRIZZLY TIMES BLOG, she ruminates on the September 24, 2018 ruling by Federal Judge Dana Christensen which restored Endangered Species status for Yellowstone Grizzly Bears stating: "There is prestige in a trophy and money to be made in bear habitat"............."And greed, ego gratification, and violence are still drivers of wildlife management, especially among the states in the Northern Rockies"..........."With low reproductive rates and a need for vast areas of secure habitat, grizzlies are especially vulnerable to extinction"............."We succeeded in wiping out 97% of former numbers in less than a hundred years of European settlement"............"Forty years of recovery efforts under the ESA has increased total numbers by only several hundred bears, still just 3% of what we once had"............ "We need to redouble efforts here in Yellowstone as climate warming and human population growth take an increasing toll"............."More key foods such as army cutworm mothsand some berry species will likely be driven into catastrophic decline by a worsening climate"..........."More bears will be killed in conflicts, many avoidable"............"What we do now for grizzlies and their wild country will shape what is possible tomorrow".............."We would not have won this latest round(of protections) if we had not laid a strong foundation many years before".................."Moreover, our grandkids won’t have a chance to enjoy healthy bear populations in wild ecosystems if we stop fighting for them now"
A 30 year veteran of advocacy for wildllife and ecosystem health in the American West, Louisa Wilcox always brings a researched and measured foundation to her writings and recommendations............In her most recent GRIZZLY TIMES BLOG, she ruminates on the September 24, 2018 ruling by Federal Judge Dana Christensen which restored Endangered Species status for Yellowstone Grizzly Bears stating: "There is prestige in a trophy and money to be made in bear habitat"............."And greed, ego gratification, and violence are still drivers of wildlife management, especially among the states in the Northern Rockies"..........."With low reproductive rates and a need for vast areas of secure habitat, grizzlies are especially vulnerable to extinction"............."We succeeded in wiping out 97% of former numbers in less than a hundred years of European settlement"............"Forty years of recovery efforts under the ESA has increased total numbers by only several hundred bears, still just 3% of what we once had"............ "We need to redouble efforts here in Yellowstone as climate warming and human population growth take an increasing toll"............."More key foods such as army cutworm mothsand some berry species will likely be driven into catastrophic decline by a worsening climate"..........."More bears will be killed in conflicts, many avoidable"............"What we do now for grizzlies and their wild country will shape what is possible tomorrow".............."We would not have won this latest round(of protections) if we had not laid a strong foundation many years before".................."Moreover, our grandkids won’t have a chance to enjoy healthy bear populations in wild ecosystems if we stop fighting for them now"
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com
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