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Rick Meril
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Learn about Grizzly Bears, Black Bears, Polar Bears, gray wolves/eastern wolves/red wolves,timber wolves, cougars/mountain lions/panthers/painters/pumas, bobcats, lynx, red and gray foxes, wolverines, martens, fishers, coyotes/eastern coyotes/coywolves with pictures, videos, photos, facts, info and news. http://coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com/
Learn about Grizzly Bears, Black Bears, Polar Bears, gray wolves/eastern wolves/red wolves,timber wolves, cougars/mountain lions/panthers/painters/pumas, bobcats, lynx, red and gray foxes, wolverines, martens, fishers, coyotes/eastern coyotes/coywolves with pictures, videos, photos, facts, info and news. http://coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com/

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"During nesting season, the Eastern Screech Owl don't just hunt for themselves"......... "When they capture prey, they kill it – often removing its head just to be sure – bringing it back to the tree hole where hungry owlets are waiting"...... "But one animal seems to be safe from the screech owls' talons: The Texas Blind Snake".............. "These snakes are captured by the Owls and are brought back to the nest alive"............Why?..................."It turns out that nests with snakes in them have far fewer bugs"......."The snakes burrow in the debris at the bottom of the nest dining on critters like ants, termites or larvae, some of which likely hitchhiked in from the outside world on the momma ow"l.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Nests with The Blind Snakes present allow the Owlets to be less bothered by parasites, therefore optimizing their chances of survival............Click the link below to hear the "hoot" of the Eastern Screech Owl
CLICK ON THIS LINK TO WATCH AND LISTEN TO THE CALL OF THE EASTERN  SCREECH OWL https://www.earthtouchnews.com/natural-world/animal-behaviour/screech-owls-keep-blind-snakes-as-live-in-housekeepers Screech owls keep blind snakes as live-in housekeepers Screec...
"During nesting season, the Eastern Screech Owl don't just hunt for themselves"......... "When they capture prey, they kill it – often removing its head just to be sure – bringing it back to the tree hole where hungry owlets are waiting"...... "But one animal seems to be safe from the screech owls' talons: The Texas Blind Snake".............. "These snakes are captured by the Owls and are brought back to the nest alive"............Why?..................."It turns out that nests with snakes in them have far fewer bugs"......."The snakes burrow in the debris at the bottom of the nest dining on critters like ants, termites or larvae, some of which likely hitchhiked in from the outside world on the momma ow"l.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Nests with The Blind Snakes present allow the Owlets to be less bothered by parasites, therefore optimizing their chances of survival............Click the link below to hear the "hoot" of the Eastern Screech Owl
"During nesting season, the Eastern Screech Owl don't just hunt for themselves"......... "When they capture prey, they kill it – often removing its head just to be sure – bringing it back to the tree hole where hungry owlets are waiting"...... "But one animal seems to be safe from the screech owls' talons: The Texas Blind Snake".............. "These snakes are captured by the Owls and are brought back to the nest alive"............Why?..................."It turns out that nests with snakes in them have far fewer bugs"......."The snakes burrow in the debris at the bottom of the nest dining on critters like ants, termites or larvae, some of which likely hitchhiked in from the outside world on the momma ow"l.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Nests with The Blind Snakes present allow the Owlets to be less bothered by parasites, therefore optimizing their chances of survival............Click the link below to hear the "hoot" of the Eastern Screech Owl
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com

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Click on the link below to watch what is almost always the outcome between Grizzly Bear and Gray Wolves when contesting a kill or a scavenged meal.................The Griz almost always prevails over the Wolves and there is a zero chance that a lone Wolf can usurp a Grizzly from a meal...............I have seen pictures and video(as many of you have) of a Pack of 6 to 10 Wolves making an Elk kill and then a Griz comes along and chases the Pack off the kill.................Wolves help Grizzlies thrive in this way,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,and the Wolves go hungry for a while but then find another meal to pursue and dine on........Additional information below discusses how the Denali National Park's 13 Wolf Packs are shrinking in size due to human hunting of Wolves outside the Park boundaries...............Without "prospecting wolves from outside the Park able to get past the "gunners", the "island biogeography" effect kicks in whereas a given population will eventually contract and b"blink out" if others of their kind are not able to enter the "island domain" to freshen the gene pool of the animals there
CLICK ON THIS LINK BELOW TO SEE THE DENALI NATIONAL PARK GRAY WOLF BE HURRIED OFF A SCAVENGED KILL THAT A GRIZZLY BEAR HAS CLAIMED https://www.earthtouchnews.com/natural-world/predator-vs-prey/watch-wolf-tries-to-reclaim-caribou-kill-from-napping-bear Watch...
Click on the link below to watch what is almost always the outcome between Grizzly Bear and Gray Wolves when contesting a kill or a scavenged meal.................The Griz almost always prevails over the Wolves and there is a zero chance that a lone Wolf can usurp a Grizzly from a meal...............I have seen pictures and video(as many of you have) of a Pack of 6 to 10 Wolves making an Elk kill and then a Griz comes along and chases the Pack off the kill.................Wolves help Grizzlies thrive in this way,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,and the Wolves go hungry for a while but then find another meal to pursue and dine on........Additional information below discusses how the Denali National Park's 13 Wolf Packs are shrinking in size due to human hunting of Wolves outside the Park boundaries...............Without "prospecting wolves from outside the Park able to get past the "gunners", the "island biogeography" effect kicks in whereas a given population will eventually contract and b"blink out" if others of their kind are not able to enter the "island domain" to freshen the gene pool of the animals there
Click on the link below to watch what is almost always the outcome between Grizzly Bear and Gray Wolves when contesting a kill or a scavenged meal.................The Griz almost always prevails over the Wolves and there is a zero chance that a lone Wolf can usurp a Grizzly from a meal...............I have seen pictures and video(as many of you have) of a Pack of 6 to 10 Wolves making an Elk kill and then a Griz comes along and chases the Pack off the kill.................Wolves help Grizzlies thrive in this way,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,and the Wolves go hungry for a while but then find another meal to pursue and dine on........Additional information below discusses how the Denali National Park's 13 Wolf Packs are shrinking in size due to human hunting of Wolves outside the Park boundaries...............Without "prospecting wolves from outside the Park able to get past the "gunners", the "island biogeography" effect kicks in whereas a given population will eventually contract and b"blink out" if others of their kind are not able to enter the "island domain" to freshen the gene pool of the animals there
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com

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Like throughout its historical east of the Mississippi range, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is either a species of special concern or outright endangered..........."Pennsylvania experienced a major decline in its timber rattlesnake population during recent decades attributed mainly to unrestricted commercial and sport hunting, den raiding, and land development"..........."That said, the Keystone State's (Pennsylvania) 2.2 million acres of State Forest lands provide the largest block of timber rattlesnake habitat remaining in the Northeast". ............"The frequency of encounters between humans and timber rattlesnakes increases in July and August when male snakes actively seek mates"................ "Mature males may travel up to six miles trying to intersect the scent trails of receptive females".................. "This activity often coincides with hot, dry summer weather leading to the misconception that rattlesnakes are “coming down for water".................... "Near the end of August the pregnant females give birth to live, fully-developed young"............ "Within about 10 days of birth, the newborn snakes shed their skins and disperse for several weeks of foraging and dodging predators".............. "Rattlesnakes usually return to the same den each year throughout their lifetime".............. "Youngsters follow the adults’ scent trails to denning sites by mid-October"...........Note that Timber Rattler's(and all rattlesnakes) want contact with us even less than we want contact with them".......... "They generally go out of their way to avoid us, or at least remain motionless and hidden until we pass"............... "Only when they feel cornered or threatened will most snakes even feign aggression"........... "Avoid the snake for a few minutes".........."When it feels the threat has passed, the snake will go back to what it was doing before your encounter, either slithering along on its way, relaxing back into a basking spot or taking up an ambush position to await some small prey animal"
https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=http://www.pennlive.com/wildaboutpa/2017/07/visit_to_a_pennsylvania_rattle.html&ct=ga&cd=CAEYACoTMzQ3MzIzNjQyMDE1MDUzODQwMjIaYWJiMmMxNTM2YWY2YWQ1Mzpjb206ZW46VVM&usg=AFQjCNHhs4PVuTBzTCYMgyRPMVylzS3hXg THE TIMBER RATT...
Like throughout its historical east of the Mississippi range, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is either a species of special concern or outright endangered..........."Pennsylvania experienced a major decline in its timber rattlesnake population during recent decades attributed mainly to unrestricted commercial and sport hunting, den raiding, and land development"..........."That said, the Keystone State's (Pennsylvania) 2.2 million acres of State Forest lands provide the largest block of timber rattlesnake habitat remaining in the Northeast". ............"The frequency of encounters between humans and timber rattlesnakes increases in July and August when male snakes actively seek mates"................ "Mature males may travel up to six miles trying to intersect the scent trails of receptive females".................. "This activity often coincides with hot, dry summer weather leading to the misconception that rattlesnakes are “coming down for water".................... "Near the end of August the pregnant females give birth to live, fully-developed young"............ "Within about 10 days of birth, the newborn snakes shed their skins and disperse for several weeks of foraging and dodging predators".............. "Rattlesnakes usually return to the same den each year throughout their lifetime".............. "Youngsters follow the adults’ scent trails to denning sites by mid-October"...........Note that Timber Rattler's(and all rattlesnakes) want contact with us even less than we want contact with them".......... "They generally go out of their way to avoid us, or at least remain motionless and hidden until we pass"............... "Only when they feel cornered or threatened will most snakes even feign aggression"........... "Avoid the snake for a few minutes".........."When it feels the threat has passed, the snake will go back to what it was doing before your encounter, either slithering along on its way, relaxing back into a basking spot or taking up an ambush position to await some small prey animal"
Like throughout its historical east of the Mississippi range, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is either a species of special concern or outright endangered..........."Pennsylvania experienced a major decline in its timber rattlesnake population during recent decades attributed mainly to unrestricted commercial and sport hunting, den raiding, and land development"..........."That said, the Keystone State's (Pennsylvania) 2.2 million acres of  State Forest lands provide the largest block of timber rattlesnake habitat remaining in the Northeast". ............"The frequency of encounters between  humans and timber rattlesnakes increases  in July and August when male snakes actively seek mates"................ "Mature males may  travel up to six miles trying to intersect the scent trails of receptive females".................. "This activity often coincides with hot, dry summer weather leading to the misconception that  rattlesnakes are “coming down for water"....................  "Near the end of August the pregnant females give birth to live, fully-developed  young"............ "Within about 10 days of birth, the  newborn snakes shed their skins and  disperse for several weeks of foraging and  dodging predators".............. "Rattlesnakes usually return to the  same den each year throughout their lifetime".............. "Youngsters follow the adults’ scent  trails to denning sites by mid-October"...........Note that Timber Rattler's(and all rattlesnakes) want contact with us even less than we want contact with them".......... "They generally go out of their way to avoid us, or at least remain motionless and hidden until we pass"............... "Only when they feel cornered or threatened will most snakes even feign aggression"...........  "Avoid the snake for a few minutes".........."When it feels the threat has passed, the snake will go back to what it was doing before your encounter, either slithering along on its way, relaxing back into a basking spot or taking up an ambush position to await some small prey animal"
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com

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Like throughout its historical east of the Mississippi range, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is either a species of special concern or outright endangered..........."Pennsylvania experienced a major decline in its timber rattlesnake population during recent decades attributed mainly to unrestricted commercial and sport hunting, den raiding, and land development"..........."That said, the Keystone State's (Pennsylvania) 2.2 million acres of State Forest lands provide the largest block of timber rattlesnake habitat remaining in the Northeast". ............"The frequency of encounters between humans and timber rattlesnakes increases in July and August when male snakes actively seek mates"................ "Mature males may travel up to six miles trying to intersect the scent trails of receptive females".................. "This activity often coincides with hot, dry summer weather leading to the misconception that rattlesnakes are “coming down for water".................... "Near the end of August the pregnant females give birth to live, fully-developed young"............ "Within about 10 days of birth, the newborn snakes shed their skins and disperse for several weeks of foraging and dodging predators".............. "Rattlesnakes usually return to the same den each year throughout their lifetime".............. "Youngsters follow the adults’ scent trails to denning sites by mid-October"...........Note that Timber Rattler's(and all rattlesnakes) want contact with us even less than we want contact with them".......... "They generally go out of their way to avoid us, or at least remain motionless and hidden until we pass"............... "Only when they feel cornered or threatened will most snakes even feign aggression"........... "Avoid the snake for a few minutes".........."When it feels the threat has passed, the snake will go back to what it was doing before your encounter, either slithering along on its way, relaxing back into a basking spot or taking up an ambush position to await some small prey animal"
https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=http://www.pennlive.com/wildaboutpa/2017/07/visit_to_a_pennsylvania_rattle.html&ct=ga&cd=CAEYACoTMzQ3MzIzNjQyMDE1MDUzODQwMjIaYWJiMmMxNTM2YWY2YWQ1Mzpjb206ZW46VVM&usg=AFQjCNHhs4PVuTBzTCYMgyRPMVylzS3hXg Visit to a Penn...
Like throughout its historical east of the Mississippi range, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is either a species of special concern or outright endangered..........."Pennsylvania experienced a major decline in its timber rattlesnake population during recent decades attributed mainly to unrestricted commercial and sport hunting, den raiding, and land development"..........."That said, the Keystone State's (Pennsylvania) 2.2 million acres of State Forest lands provide the largest block of timber rattlesnake habitat remaining in the Northeast". ............"The frequency of encounters between humans and timber rattlesnakes increases in July and August when male snakes actively seek mates"................ "Mature males may travel up to six miles trying to intersect the scent trails of receptive females".................. "This activity often coincides with hot, dry summer weather leading to the misconception that rattlesnakes are “coming down for water".................... "Near the end of August the pregnant females give birth to live, fully-developed young"............ "Within about 10 days of birth, the newborn snakes shed their skins and disperse for several weeks of foraging and dodging predators".............. "Rattlesnakes usually return to the same den each year throughout their lifetime".............. "Youngsters follow the adults’ scent trails to denning sites by mid-October"...........Note that Timber Rattler's(and all rattlesnakes) want contact with us even less than we want contact with them".......... "They generally go out of their way to avoid us, or at least remain motionless and hidden until we pass"............... "Only when they feel cornered or threatened will most snakes even feign aggression"........... "Avoid the snake for a few minutes".........."When it feels the threat has passed, the snake will go back to what it was doing before your encounter, either slithering along on its way, relaxing back into a basking spot or taking up an ambush position to await some small prey animal"
Like throughout its historical east of the Mississippi range, the Eastern Timber Rattlesnake is either a species of special concern or outright endangered..........."Pennsylvania experienced a major decline in its timber rattlesnake population during recent decades attributed mainly to unrestricted commercial and sport hunting, den raiding, and land development"..........."That said, the Keystone State's (Pennsylvania) 2.2 million acres of  State Forest lands provide the largest block of timber rattlesnake habitat remaining in the Northeast". ............"The frequency of encounters between  humans and timber rattlesnakes increases  in July and August when male snakes actively seek mates"................ "Mature males may  travel up to six miles trying to intersect the scent trails of receptive females".................. "This activity often coincides with hot, dry summer weather leading to the misconception that  rattlesnakes are “coming down for water"....................  "Near the end of August the pregnant females give birth to live, fully-developed  young"............ "Within about 10 days of birth, the  newborn snakes shed their skins and  disperse for several weeks of foraging and  dodging predators".............. "Rattlesnakes usually return to the  same den each year throughout their lifetime".............. "Youngsters follow the adults’ scent  trails to denning sites by mid-October"...........Note that Timber Rattler's(and all rattlesnakes) want contact with us even less than we want contact with them".......... "They generally go out of their way to avoid us, or at least remain motionless and hidden until we pass"............... "Only when they feel cornered or threatened will most snakes even feign aggression"...........  "Avoid the snake for a few minutes".........."When it feels the threat has passed, the snake will go back to what it was doing before your encounter, either slithering along on its way, relaxing back into a basking spot or taking up an ambush position to await some small prey animal"
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com

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Are deer a part of the Orca Whales diet?..............In British Columbia, a scene played out where a pod of Orcas encountered a deer in the Ocean off the Province..........While the deer avoided predation, anecdotal evidence of venison-eating orcas dates all the way back to 1961 when Canadian fishery officers reportedly observed a predation near Jackson Bay on the central coast"................ "And according to National Marine Mammal Laboratory biologist Marilyn Dahlheim, who has published a book on the killer whales of Southeast Alaska, a pod near Gustavus managed to take down a cow moose and her calf in 2010"
https://www.earthtouchnews.com/oceans/whales-and-dolphins/off-british-columbia-a-deer-meets-killer-whales-in-the-water Off British Columbia, a deer meets killer whales in the water BY  SARAH KEARTES  DECEMBER 21 2016 Orcas are well equipped to handle just a...

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Our largest wild "felid", the Jaguar is proving how important it is to keep "all the cogs and wheels" in our natural systems...............The Jaguar known as "El Jefe" that has beeen documented roaming the Santa Rita Mountains of southeastern Arizona has been killing black bears as well as deer and other creatures, a testimony to it's ability to be the ultimate top down trophic carnivore in our southwest if encouraged and permitted to once again reclaim its historical western USA habitat.............With just 5 jaguars documented in the USA over the past 37 years, it will take the ultimate political will of our nation to actually rewild and translocate additional "Jags" to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California, Colorado, Arkansas across to Florida---all once harboring the magnificent Jaguar at the time European colonization, circa AD1500..........."FOSSIL RECORDS INDICATE JAGUARS IN FLORIDA 7,000 TO 8,000 YEARS AGO"..............."THE SPECIES IN HISTORIC TIMES MAY HAVE RANGED AS FAR EAST AS THE APPALACHIANS"............... "WILDLIFE HISTORIAN PETER MATTHIESSEN CITED REPORTS OF “TYGERS” IN THE MOUNTAINS OF NORTH CAROLINA IN 1737 AND EVEN ON THE ATLANTIC COAST OF THE CAROLINAS IN 1711"............. "BUT THESE MAY HAVE BEEN SOME OF THE LAST FOUND IN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES (ALTHOUGH NATURALIST AND ARTIST JOHN JAMES AUDUBON CITED REPORTS, WHICH HE AND SUBSEQUENTLY MATTHIESSEN BOTH DEEMED UNLIKELY, OF JAGUARS EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY)"................. "FURTHER WEST, RECORDS OF JAGUARS ARE MORE COMPLETE AND THE SPECIES PERSISTED LONGER"........ "IN THE 1840S SEVERAL JAGUARS WERE SHOT IN THE VICINITY OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, ACCORDING TO A GERMAN NATURALIST, DR. FERDINAND ROEMER, WHO REPORTED PELTS FOR SALE FOR $18 APIECE AND OBSERVED COMANCHES WEARING JAGUAR SKIN QUIVERS"
c https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiakKm31NfUAhWEKyYKHUJlCwAQFggpMAE&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.earthtouchnews.com%2Fnatural-world%2Fpredator-vs-prey%2Famericas-celebrity-jaguar-el-jefe-is-a-bear-hunter&us...
Our largest wild "felid", the Jaguar is proving how important it is to keep "all the cogs and wheels" in our natural systems...............The Jaguar known as "El Jefe" that has beeen documented roaming the Santa Rita Mountains of southeastern Arizona has been killing black bears as well as deer and other creatures, a testimony to it's ability to be the ultimate top down trophic carnivore in our southwest if encouraged and permitted to once again reclaim its historical western USA habitat.............With just 5 jaguars documented in the USA over the past 37 years, it will take the ultimate political will of our nation to actually rewild and translocate additional "Jags" to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California, Colorado, Arkansas across to Florida---all once harboring the magnificent Jaguar at the time European colonization, circa AD1500..........."FOSSIL RECORDS INDICATE JAGUARS IN FLORIDA 7,000 TO 8,000 YEARS AGO"..............."THE SPECIES IN HISTORIC TIMES MAY HAVE RANGED AS FAR EAST AS THE APPALACHIANS"............... "WILDLIFE HISTORIAN PETER MATTHIESSEN CITED REPORTS OF “TYGERS” IN THE MOUNTAINS OF NORTH CAROLINA IN 1737 AND EVEN ON THE ATLANTIC COAST OF THE CAROLINAS IN 1711"............. "BUT THESE MAY HAVE BEEN SOME OF THE LAST FOUND IN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES (ALTHOUGH NATURALIST AND ARTIST JOHN JAMES AUDUBON CITED REPORTS, WHICH HE AND SUBSEQUENTLY MATTHIESSEN BOTH DEEMED UNLIKELY, OF JAGUARS EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY)"................. "FURTHER WEST, RECORDS OF JAGUARS ARE MORE COMPLETE AND THE SPECIES PERSISTED LONGER"........ "IN THE 1840S SEVERAL JAGUARS WERE SHOT IN THE VICINITY OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, ACCORDING TO A GERMAN NATURALIST, DR. FERDINAND ROEMER, WHO REPORTED PELTS FOR SALE FOR $18 APIECE AND OBSERVED COMANCHES WEARING JAGUAR SKIN QUIVERS"
Our largest wild "felid", the Jaguar is proving how important it is to keep "all the cogs and wheels" in our natural systems...............The Jaguar known as "El Jefe" that has beeen documented roaming the Santa Rita Mountains of southeastern Arizona has been killing black bears as well as deer and other creatures, a testimony to it's ability to be the ultimate top down trophic carnivore in our southwest if encouraged and permitted to once again reclaim its historical western USA habitat.............With just 5 jaguars documented in the USA over the past 37 years, it will take the ultimate political will of our nation to actually rewild and translocate additional "Jags" to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California, Colorado, Arkansas across to Florida---all once harboring the magnificent Jaguar at the time European colonization, circa AD1500..........."FOSSIL RECORDS INDICATE JAGUARS IN FLORIDA 7,000 TO 8,000 YEARS AGO"..............."THE SPECIES IN  HISTORIC TIMES MAY HAVE RANGED AS FAR EAST AS THE APPALACHIANS"............... "WILDLIFE HISTORIAN PETER MATTHIESSEN CITED REPORTS OF “TYGERS” IN THE MOUNTAINS OF NORTH CAROLINA IN 1737 AND EVEN ON THE ATLANTIC COAST OF THE CAROLINAS IN 1711"............. "BUT THESE MAY HAVE BEEN SOME OF THE LAST FOUND IN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES (ALTHOUGH NATURALIST AND ARTIST JOHN JAMES AUDUBON CITED REPORTS, WHICH HE AND SUBSEQUENTLY MATTHIESSEN BOTH DEEMED UNLIKELY, OF JAGUARS EAST OF THE  MISSISSIPPI RIVER IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY)"................. "FURTHER WEST, RECORDS OF JAGUARS ARE MORE COMPLETE AND THE SPECIES PERSISTED LONGER"........ "IN THE 1840S SEVERAL JAGUARS WERE SHOT IN THE VICINITY OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, ACCORDING TO A GERMAN NATURALIST, DR. FERDINAND ROEMER, WHO REPORTED PELTS FOR SALE FOR $18 APIECE AND OBSERVED COMANCHES WEARING JAGUAR SKIN QUIVERS"
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com

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As we start this mid June week with new born coyote pups and their vigilant parents in our midst, a Coyote Primer for all of us to ingest with a reminder of the "Songdogs" survival instinct, curiosity, family values and habits
http://www.ocregister.com/2017/06/07/what-the-inside-of-a-coyotes-den-looks-like/ June 7, 2017  The inside of a coyote’s de n More and more  coyotes  are being spotted within urban areas of Southern California. Here’s a look at coyote dens. The coyote’s den...

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Are Eastern/Red Wolf as a separate species from Gray Wolves or are Eastern/Red Wolves an admix of Gray Wolves and Western Coyotes?.........The back and forth debate between two of the worlds foremost teams of North American carnivore biologists/geneticists led by von Holdt(the admix avocates) and Hohenlohe/Rutledge(the distinct species advocates) was heightened with the release of the June 2017 Hohenlohe paper in SCIENCE ADVANCES MAGAZINE entitled : COMMENT ON "WHOLE-GENOME SEQUENCE ANALYSIS SHOWS TWO ENDEMIC SPECIES OF NORTH AMERICAN WOLF ARE ADMIXTURES OF THE COYOTE AND GRAY WOLF"...............Bottom line is that the Hohenlohe/Rutledge teams study of the vanHoldt research has them concluding that in fact "their(vonHoldt) data do not support a lack of unique ancestry in red and eastern wolves",,,,,,,,"Rather, substantial evidence still supports the conclusion that red and eastern wolves represent genetically distinct taxa among North American canids"............"The team's review of the vonHoldt study's analyses of genomic data finds the data do not establish definitive evidence for a recent hybrid origin of red and eastern wolves(the Gray Wolf/Coyote admix proposition), but rather are consistent with multiple evolutionary possibilities".............."Other data from the previous(vohHoldt) study, such as the amount of unique genetic variation found only within red or eastern wolves, further support the genetic distinctiveness of these(Eastern/Red Wolf) taxa"............ "These possibilities include red wolves originating from a hybridization event tens of thousands of years ago, or diverging as a distinct lineage as long as 100,000 years ago and experiencing some subsequent hybridization"............."Along with the ecological role of top predators and the benefits they provide to ecosystems through natural regulation, we believe that these genomic data argue for continued recognition of red and eastern wolves as distinct taxa for the purpose of conservation policy"
https://www.google.com/url?rct=j&sa=t&url=https://phys.org/news/2017-06-doesnt-theory-red-eastern-wolves.html&ct=ga&cd=CAEYBCoUMTIxMTAxNjM2Nzk2NDMyMDg5OTkyGjNlNTJiNDg3ZTUyODZjZjE6Y29tOmVuOlVT&usg=AFQjCNERi7KAGD-6Z7hF62jlDuCNwB0nKQ VIEW TIME LAPSE FOOTAGE OF...
Are Eastern/Red Wolf as a separate species from Gray Wolves or are Eastern/Red Wolves an admix of Gray Wolves and Western Coyotes?.........The back and forth debate between two of the worlds foremost teams of North American carnivore biologists/geneticists led by von Holdt(the admix avocates) and Hohenlohe/Rutledge(the distinct species advocates) was heightened with the release of the June 2017 Hohenlohe paper in SCIENCE ADVANCES MAGAZINE entitled : COMMENT ON "WHOLE-GENOME SEQUENCE ANALYSIS SHOWS TWO ENDEMIC SPECIES OF NORTH AMERICAN WOLF ARE ADMIXTURES OF THE COYOTE AND GRAY WOLF"...............Bottom line is that the Hohenlohe/Rutledge teams study of the vanHoldt research has them concluding that in fact "their(vonHoldt) data do not support a lack of unique ancestry in red and eastern wolves",,,,,,,,"Rather, substantial evidence still supports the conclusion that red and eastern wolves represent genetically distinct taxa among North American canids"............"The team's review of the vonHoldt study's analyses of genomic data finds the data do not establish definitive evidence for a recent hybrid origin of red and eastern wolves(the Gray Wolf/Coyote admix proposition), but rather are consistent with multiple evolutionary possibilities".............."Other data from the previous(vohHoldt) study, such as the amount of unique genetic variation found only within red or eastern wolves, further support the genetic distinctiveness of these(Eastern/Red Wolf) taxa"............ "These possibilities include red wolves originating from a hybridization event tens of thousands of years ago, or diverging as a distinct lineage as long as 100,000 years ago and experiencing some subsequent hybridization"............."Along with the ecological role of top predators and the benefits they provide to ecosystems through natural regulation, we believe that these genomic data argue for continued recognition of red and eastern wolves as distinct taxa for the purpose of conservation policy"
Are Eastern/Red Wolf as a separate species from Gray Wolves or are Eastern/Red Wolves an admix of Gray Wolves and Western Coyotes?.........The back and forth debate between two of the worlds foremost teams of North American carnivore biologists/geneticists led by von Holdt(the admix avocates) and Hohenlohe/Rutledge(the distinct species advocates) was heightened with the release of the June 2017 Hohenlohe  paper in SCIENCE ADVANCES MAGAZINE entitled : COMMENT ON "WHOLE-GENOME SEQUENCE ANALYSIS SHOWS TWO ENDEMIC SPECIES OF NORTH AMERICAN WOLF ARE ADMIXTURES OF THE COYOTE AND GRAY WOLF"...............Bottom line is that the Hohenlohe/Rutledge teams study of the vanHoldt research has them concluding that in fact "their(vonHoldt) data do not support a lack of unique ancestry in red and eastern wolves",,,,,,,,"Rather, substantial evidence still supports the conclusion that red and eastern wolves represent genetically distinct taxa among North American canids"............"The team's review of the vonHoldt study's analyses of genomic data finds the data do not establish definitive evidence for a recent hybrid origin of red and eastern wolves(the Gray Wolf/Coyote admix proposition), but rather are consistent with multiple evolutionary possibilities".............."Other data from the previous(vohHoldt) study, such as the amount of unique genetic variation found only within red or eastern wolves, further support the genetic distinctiveness of these(Eastern/Red Wolf) taxa"............ "These possibilities include red wolves originating from a hybridization event tens of thousands of years ago, or diverging as a distinct lineage as long as 100,000 years ago and experiencing some subsequent hybridization"............."Along with the ecological role of top predators and the benefits they provide to ecosystems through natural regulation, we believe that these genomic data argue for continued recognition of red and eastern wolves as distinct taxa for the purpose of conservation policy"
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Today another insightful article from the JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT on the dilemma of the remaining 50 Red Wolf(Eastern Wolf) population in the USA, located in the 5 county region of North Carolina(Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Tyrrell and Washington counties)................Completely exterminated from its East of the Mississippi River historical domain running from Texas east to Florida, NY, Maine and all eastern states in between by the mid 1950's,, the last wild Red Wolves found in Louisiana and Texas were removed from the wild and placed into a captive breeding program in the 1970's as they were facing extinction due to decimation of habitat, potential of disease epidemic and hybridization with Western Coyotes......................Re-introduced in the North Carolina barrier island counties in 1987, researchers felt that with protection from coyote hybridization and human hunters, the region could support 150 of the animals.............Indeed, as of 2001, 131 Red Wolves called their reintroduced Carolina habitat home..........................This was short lived as year round coyote hunting has whittled the Wolf population to about 50....................With the Obama Administration having first decided to end the reintroduction program and then the Federal Courts countering that order with instructions for a re-evaluation of the rewilding, we await to see what the Trump Fish and Wildlife folks decide to do for the Wolves....................As many of you know, Red Wolves are a distinct species, an American Wolf that split from an Ancient Coyote species millenia ago(as did our modern western coyotes).................For this reason, when we humans killed off all large wildlife east of the Mississippi by the dawn of the 20th century, the few remaining Red Wolves found it necessary and ecologically possible to hybridize with westward colonizing coyotes(not enough red wolves to keep it all in the family).....................I know that many researchers feel that at this point why not just let Eastern Coyotes and the 50 Eastern Wolves mix and match and let the resulting "homogenized" canid be the "new wild dawg" of the east..............I say that Eastern Coyotes do not fully execute ecological deer/beaver/Moose/Elk eating functions of the Red Wolf(coyotes still smaller on average than the wolves) and that we should "keep all the cogs and wheels" of genetic diversity that the Red Wolves bring to the planet
click on article or PDF to read full article Abstract Article PDF(742K) Survival and population size estimates of the red wolf Authors Joseph W. Hinton , Gary C. White, David R. Rabon Jr., Michael J. Chamberlain First published:  18 December 2016 ABSTRACT E...
Today another insightful article from the JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT on the dilemma of the remaining 50 Red Wolf(Eastern Wolf) population in the USA, located in the 5 county region of North Carolina(Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Tyrrell and Washington counties)................Completely exterminated from its East of the Mississippi River historical domain running from Texas east to Florida, NY, Maine and all eastern states in between by the mid 1950's,, the last wild Red Wolves found in Louisiana and Texas were removed from the wild and placed into a captive breeding program in the 1970's as they were facing extinction due to decimation of habitat, potential of disease epidemic and hybridization with Western Coyotes......................Re-introduced in the North Carolina barrier island counties in 1987, researchers felt that with protection from coyote hybridization and human hunters, the region could support 150 of the animals.............Indeed, as of 2001, 131 Red Wolves called their reintroduced Carolina habitat home..........................This was short lived as year round coyote hunting has whittled the Wolf population to about 50....................With the Obama Administration having first decided to end the reintroduction program and then the Federal Courts countering that order with instructions for a re-evaluation of the rewilding, we await to see what the Trump Fish and Wildlife folks decide to do for the Wolves....................As many of you know, Red Wolves are a distinct species, an American Wolf that split from an Ancient Coyote species millenia ago(as did our modern western coyotes).................For this reason, when we humans killed off all large wildlife east of the Mississippi by the dawn of the 20th century, the few remaining Red Wolves found it necessary and ecologically possible to hybridize with westward colonizing coyotes(not enough red wolves to keep it all in the family).....................I know that many researchers feel that at this point why not just let Eastern Coyotes and the 50 Eastern Wolves mix and match and let the resulting "homogenized" canid be the "new wild dawg" of the east..............I say that Eastern Coyotes do not fully execute ecological deer/beaver/Moose/Elk eating functions of the Red Wolf(coyotes still smaller on average than the wolves) and that we should "keep all the cogs and wheels" of genetic diversity that the Red Wolves bring to the planet
Today another insightful article from the JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT on the dilemma of the remaining 50 Red Wolf(Eastern Wolf) population in the USA, located in the 5 county region of North Carolina(Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Tyrrell and Washington counties)................Completely exterminated from its East of the Mississippi River historical domain running from Texas east to Florida, NY,  Maine and all eastern states in between by the mid 1950's,, the last wild Red Wolves found in Louisiana and Texas were removed from the wild  and placed into a captive breeding program in the 1970's as they were facing extinction due to decimation of habitat, potential of disease epidemic and hybridization with Western Coyotes......................Re-introduced in the North Carolina barrier island counties in 1987, researchers felt that with protection from coyote hybridization and human hunters, the region could support 150 of the animals.............Indeed, as of 2001, 131 Red Wolves called their reintroduced Carolina habitat home..........................This was short lived as year round coyote hunting has whittled the Wolf population to about 50....................With the Obama Administration having first decided to end the reintroduction program and then the Federal Courts countering that order with instructions for a re-evaluation of the rewilding, we await to see what the Trump Fish and Wildlife folks decide to do for the Wolves....................As many of you know, Red Wolves are a distinct species, an American Wolf that split from an Ancient Coyote species millenia ago(as did our modern western coyotes).................For this reason, when we humans killed off all large wildlife east of the Mississippi by the dawn of the 20th century, the few remaining Red Wolves found it necessary and ecologically possible to hybridize with westward colonizing coyotes(not enough red wolves to keep it all in the family).....................I know that many researchers feel that at this point why not just let Eastern Coyotes and the 50 Eastern Wolves mix and match and let the resulting "homogenized" canid be the "new wild dawg" of the east..............I say that Eastern Coyotes do not fully execute ecological deer/beaver/Moose/Elk eating functions of the Red Wolf(coyotes still smaller on average than the wolves) and that we should "keep all the cogs and wheels" of genetic diversity that the Red Wolves bring to the planet
coyotes-wolves-cougars.blogspot.com
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