"The transition of the energy system towards greater use of renewable energy is a precondition for the envisaged reduction of greenhouse gas emission,for a sustainable use of the finite resources and for a longtermpayable and fair access to energy. The use of renewable energy sources has been increased worldwide. Bioenergy includes heat and power provision from different biobased fuels and the use as a transport fuel. With those different conversion concepts, biomass provides 75% of renewable energy at global scale.With an increasing share of all renewables on the one hand side and a limited availability of biomass on the other hand, the provision of bioenergy has to consider the demands of the future energy system with higher shares of fluctuating wind and solar power. Therefore the actual concepts and technologies have to be developed further - towards a smart bioenergy supply, filling the gaps and providing a local and regional backbone of a secure supply."