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monica m pinheiro
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"Public regulation and governance deal with questions such as:

> Do the current policy instruments ensure a sustainable use of energy and resources?

>Which incentives do the regulations provide for different target groups? Do the incentives match the behavioural changes that are targeted by the regulations?

>Which policy instruments can minimise the costs associated with reaching future targets? Are green-taxes, subsidy schemes or information campaigns optimal or is it perhaps best to use a combination of instruments?

>How does the current regulation interact with the regulation in other sectors, e.g. agricultural or transportation policies? Do the policies conflict with each other and if so can they be better integrated?

>How can regulation at different levels, local, regional, national and EU level, be integrated?"
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"Based on the knowledge gained on the renovation rates of the non-profit housing stock we compare and evaluate future renovation rates through dynamic building stock modelling and empirical data validation. In essence, we examine the effect that the improvement of thermo-physical characteristics of dwellings has on efforts to make the existing housing stock almost emission-neutral by 2050, as advocated by the European Commission since 2011."

FILIPPIDOU, Faidra. Energy performance progress of the Dutch non-profit housing stock: a longitudinal assessment. A+BE | Architecture and the Built Environment, [S.l.], n. 14, p. 1-256, june 2018.

ISSN 2214-7233. Available at: <https://journals.open.tudelft.nl/index.php/abe/article/view/2400>. Date accessed: 12 july 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.7480/abe.2018.14.
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"Bioenergy development projections, while attempting to take policy progress into account, do not always directly reflect the effects of policy measures, as it can usually be difficult to predict behavior (including the behavior of markets). (...) There is a knowledge gap concerning biomass's future presence in the sectors of electricity, heating and transport, as well as the supply potentials of EU – which region will need to import biomass, to what amounts and what will be the source region."

Ioannis Dafnomilis, Ric Hoefnagels, Yudistira W. Pratama, Dingena L. Schott, Gabriel Lodewijks, Martin Junginger, (2017). Review of solid and liquid biofuel demand and supply in Northwest Europe towards 2030 – A comparison of national and regional projections. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,
Vol 78, 31-45.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.108.

Keywords: Biomass; Bioenergy; Biomass trade; Biomass imports; Northwest Europe
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Netherlands football stadium creates its own energy and stores it in (re-used) electric car batteries
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"(...) the expected commercial FCH technologies (mainly PEM and alkaline electrolysers as well as PEM and Solid Oxide fuel cells) are not prepared for full deployment in what regards to recycling and dismantling stage. The main goal of proposal is to deliver reference documentation and studies about existing and new recycling and dismantling technologies and strategies applied to Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) technologies, paving the way for future demonstration actions and advances in legislation."
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OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development, The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activities, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264239012-en.
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Dai, Q., E. Shin and C. Smith (2018), "Open and inclusive collaboration in science: A framework", OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers, No. 2018/07, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/2dbff737-en.
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"This publication investigates key aspects surrounding the sustainability of bioeconomy development: the use of biomass as feedstock for future production; the design and building of biorefineries for the manufacture of a range of fuels, chemicals and materials, and also for electricity generation; and the use of biotechnologies such as synthetic biology, metabolic engineering and gene editing. Today more than 50 countries have a dedicated bioeconomy strategy or related policies. While the bioeconomy is consistent with sustainability policy (examples are the circular economy, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, green growth, re-industrialisation, rural regeneration, climate change mitigation), synergies must be ensured to avoid over-exploitation of natural resources and conflicting global needs."

in OECD (2018), Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264292345-en.
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