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LYKA PET CLINIC AND SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL
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SUN CONURE - TIBIOTARSUS LEG FRACTURE - MANAGEMENT WITH INTRA MEDULLARY PINNING DONE UNDER ISOFLURANE INHALENT GAS ANAESTHESIA

@ LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL
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A SEQUELAE TO IMPROPER DEWORMING

INTUSSUSCEPTION AND RECTAL PROLAPSE ON A 35 DAY OLD GSD PUPPY DONE UNDER ISOFLURANE INHALENT (GAS) ANAETHESIA

@ LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

SURGICAL CORRECTION BY

1. ENTERCTOMY ( is a surgical procedure used to remove a portion of the intestine)

2. INTESTINAL ANAESTOMOSIS ( is a surgical procedure to establish communication between portions of the intestine)

3. COLOPEXY (is a surgical procedure in which the colon is attached to the abdominal wall and secured)

4. ENTROPLICATION (adjacent loops of intestine are sutured to each other to prevent recurrence)

Intussusception is the telescoping or invagination of one intestinal segment into the lumen of an adjacent segment.

Rectal prolapse is a protrusion or eversion of the rectal mucosa from the anus

This poor pooch was presented very late with severe anemia & low haemoglobin. This pup underwent complicated surgery with very safe gas anaesthetic protocol & blood transfusion. But this poor pooch succumbed to this ailment & poor condition.

Intussusception

Intussusception is the sliding or telescoping of the intestine within itself. It occurs primarily in the small intestine but may occasionally occur in the large intestine. When the intestine slides within itself the blood supply to that section is greatly reduced and the tissue begins to swell and then die. The entire process can occur rapidly, which makes early detection and treatment essential.

Which animals are more prone to intussusceptions?

Puppies and kittens are the most likely ones to develop intussusception although it can occur in any age or species. There does not appear to be a specific breed predilection.

What causes intussusceptions?

There are several conditions that predispose a dog to developing an intussusception. Many of these conditions affect the motility of the intestine.

Intussusception is seen more commonly in puppies carrying large numbers of intestinal parasites such as roundworms, hookworms, or whipworms. Viral (e.g., parvovirus in puppies) or bacterial gastroenteritis is another common cause. Pieces of plastic, bone or wood in the intestine of a dog can lead to the development of intussusception.

Tumors or recent abdominal surgery may also contribute to the development of this condition.

What are the symptoms of intussusception?

When the small intestine telescopes into itself, movement of intestinal contents is partially or completely blocked, therefore, the dog or cat commonly vomits. Once the gastrointestinal tract behind the intussusception empties, stools are scant to none. Any fecal material that is passed is jelly-like, may be bloody, and not well formed. The appetite will be greatly depressed. The animal experiences severe abdominal pain, and eventually shock and then death.

How is intussusception diagnosed?

Diagnosis is usually tentatively made based on the symptoms and the palpation of a firm sausage-shaped mass in the abdomen. Diagnosis is confirmed with x-rays (usually using barium) and possibly exploratory surgery.

What are the risks associated with an intussusception?

An intussusception is serious; left untreated, it will result in death. As the intestines telescope into one another, pressure restricts blood flow to the area. Portions of the intestines therefore may actually die, and toxins and bacteria may be released into the rest of the body.

What is the treatment of intussusception?

Treatment consists of either surgically 'sliding' the telescoping portion of the intestine apart, or complete surgical removal of the intussusception. The size of the intussusception, amount of damage to the tissues, and the length of time the animal has had the condition will dictate which procedure is used. Post surgically the animal will have to go through a normal recovery period. If the intussusception is caught soon enough and the animal undergoes a successful surgery, most will recover completely. One recent study suggested that up to 25% of dogs that develop an intussusception would have a reoccurrence in the future. There is a surgical procedure called 'enteroplication' in which the loops of intestine are attached to one another and thus reduces the incidence of reoccurrence in some pets.

What can be done to prevent an intussusception?

If the owner follows good deworming and vaccinating programs as well as preventing access to foreign bodies, the incidence of intussusception can be reduced. Early recognition and treatment of other intestinal diseases can also help minimize the chance of an intussusception. Finally, if the owner recognizes the symptoms of an intussusception early, and the animal receives prompt veterinary care, most animals can be successfully treated.
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ANOTHER CASE OF LATE PRESENTATION!

ONE DEAD PUPPY REMOVED BY CAESAREAN SECTION DONE ON A DOBERMANN FROM TIRUPUR

@ LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

CAESAREAN SECTION AT RIGHT TIME WILL SAVE LIFE OF BOTH MOTHER & DEARER PUPPIES

Pet owners & breeders are advised to read important key points below to save your dearer puppies & dam as well

Key Points

Signs that you should take your whelping dog to LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL :

Strong abdominal contractions for greater than 30 minutes with no production of a fetus

Weak straining for greater than two hours

Greater than four hours between puppies

Prolonged gestation greater than 68 days

Retained pup at the vulva

Lochia (green/black discharge from vulva) present for 3 hours with no delivery of pup

Copious clear discharge

Bloody discharge
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A CASE OF LATE PRESENTATION!

ONE DEAD PUPPY REMOVED BY CAESAREAN SECTION DONE ON A CHIHUAHUA

@ LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

CAESAREAN SECTION AT RIGHT TIME WILL SAVE LIFE OF BOTH MOTHER & DEARER PUPPIES

Pet owners & breeders are advised to read important key points below to save your dearer puppies & dam as well

Key Points

Signs that you should take your whelping dog to LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL :

Strong abdominal contractions for greater than 30 minutes with no production of a fetus

Weak straining for greater than two hours

Greater than four hours between puppies

Prolonged gestation greater than 68 days

Retained pup at the vulva

Lochia (green/black discharge from vulva) present for 3 hours with no delivery of pup

Copious clear discharge

Bloody discharge
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LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE DINDIGUL
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10/03/2018
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Myiasis (Maggots) in Dogs Eye at LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE DINDIGUL
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PYOMETRA & AZOTEMIA

OVARIO HYSTERECTOMY DONE ON A 10 YEAR OLD LABRADOR UNDER ISOFLURANE (GAS ANAESTHESIA) BROUGHT FROM MADURAI @

LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

PYOMETRA is infection in the uterus

AZOTEMIA is a medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds in the blood)

ADVICE FROM LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

Pyometra is defined as an infection in the uterus. Pyometra is considered a serious and life threatening condition that must be treated quickly and aggressively. Pyometra is a secondary infection that occurs as a result of hormonal changes in the female's reproductive tract.

Pyometra and Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia in Dogs

The abnormal thickening (pyometra) of the uterus lining can occur in dogs at any age, although it is more common in dogs that are six years of age or older. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia, meanwhile, is a medical condition characterized by the presence of pus-filled cyst inside the dog's uterus, causing the endometrium to enlarge (also known as hyperplasia).

Prognosis is often positive for both conditions; however, if the dog's cervix is closed, it can be a life threatening condition requiring immediate medical attention.

These two conditions can affect both dogs and cats.

Symptoms and Types

Signs may include:

Abdominal distention (from an enlarged uterus)
Vulvar (vaginal) discharge
Closed cervix
Lethargy
Depression
Lack of appetite
Vomiting
Frequent urination

Causes

One of the known causes of this condition in dogs is repeat exposure to estrogen and progesterone. The formation of cystic endometrial hyperplasis is often progressive, often following the development of a thickened uterine lining.
Intact older female dogs that have never given birth are at a higher risk of developing pyometra or cystic endometrial hyperplasia.

Diagnosis

We at LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL
will perform an examination to review the type and severity of your dog’s discharge, as well as to view whether the cervix is open or closed. X-rays and ultrasounds will be used detect the size of the uterus, and to determine if the dog is pregnant.

Treatment

In many cases, treatment for pyometra will be given on an outpatient basis. However, if the cervix is closed, the condition can be life threatening and immediate action will be required. The preferred treatment for this medical condition is a hysterectomy -- the removal of the dog's ovaries and uterus. Other options are available, but at a higher risk to the animal's wellbeing; these are only recommended for dogs with a high breeding value.

A lavage of the uterus and surrounding areas will be performed to remove the pus and fluids, and to support the healing process. Antibiotics are often administered to fight off infection.
Prostaglandins, meanwhile, are administered to control the dog's cell growth and control hormone regulation, and to cause the smooth muscles in the dog's body to contract.

Living and Management

Your dog will be released from medical care once its uterus has returned to normal size and there are no signs of fluids. Antibiotics should be administered for several weeks to prevent infection. It is normal for vaginal discharge to continue until the healing process is complete.

Prevention

Allowing your dog to go through its heat (estrus) cycles without being bred has been shown to increase the incidence of pyometra. Therefore, spaying your dog (or removing its ovaries) is the best form of prevention.
PYOMETRA & AZOTEMIA

OVARIO HYSTERECTOMY DONE ON A 10 YEAR OLD LABRADOR UNDER ISOFLURANE (GAS ANAESTHESIA) BROUGHT FROM MADURAI @

LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

PYOMETRA is infection in the uterus

AZOTEMIA is a medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds (such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds in the blood)

ADVICE FROM LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

Pyometra is defined as an infection in the uterus. Pyometra is considered a serious and life threatening condition that must be treated quickly and aggressively. Pyometra is a secondary infection that occurs as a result of hormonal changes in the female's reproductive tract.

Pyometra and Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia in Dogs

The abnormal thickening (pyometra) of the uterus lining can occur in dogs at any age, although it is more common in dogs that are six years of age or older. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia, meanwhile, is a medical condition characterized by the presence of pus-filled cyst inside the dog's uterus, causing the endometrium to enlarge (also known as hyperplasia).

Prognosis is often positive for both conditions; however, if the dog's cervix is closed, it can be a life threatening condition requiring immediate medical attention.

These two conditions can affect both dogs and cats.

Symptoms and Types

Signs may include:

Abdominal distention (from an enlarged uterus)
Vulvar (vaginal) discharge
Closed cervix
Lethargy
Depression
Lack of appetite
Vomiting
Frequent urination

Causes

One of the known causes of this condition in dogs is repeat exposure to estrogen and progesterone. The formation of cystic endometrial hyperplasis is often progressive, often following the development of a thickened uterine lining.
Intact older female dogs that have never given birth are at a higher risk of developing pyometra or cystic endometrial hyperplasia.

Diagnosis

We at LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL
will perform an examination to review the type and severity of your dog’s discharge, as well as to view whether the cervix is open or closed. X-rays and ultrasounds will be used detect the size of the uterus, and to determine if the dog is pregnant.

Treatment

In many cases, treatment for pyometra will be given on an outpatient basis. However, if the cervix is closed, the condition can be life threatening and immediate action will be required. The preferred treatment for this medical condition is a hysterectomy -- the removal of the dog's ovaries and uterus. Other options are available, but at a higher risk to the animal's wellbeing; these are only recommended for dogs with a high breeding value.

A lavage of the uterus and surrounding areas will be performed to remove the pus and fluids, and to support the healing process. Antibiotics are often administered to fight off infection.
Prostaglandins, meanwhile, are administered to control the dog's cell growth and control hormone regulation, and to cause the smooth muscles in the dog's body to contract.

Living and Management

Your dog will be released from medical care once its uterus has returned to normal size and there are no signs of fluids. Antibiotics should be administered for several weeks to prevent infection. It is normal for vaginal discharge to continue until the healing process is complete.

Prevention

Allowing your dog to go through its heat (estrus) cycles without being bred has been shown to increase the incidence of pyometra. Therefore, spaying your dog (or removing its ovaries) is the best form of prevention.
PhotoPhotoPhotoPhotoPhoto
11/4/17
14 Photos - View album
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DIWALI TIPS TO KEEP PETS STRESS FREE

@ LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE - DINDIGUL

KEEP THEM STRESS-FREE

Do not shout at the pets or exhibit signs of frustration and displeasure while they are frightened and running for safety. They will be more stressed in such situations.

Do not pick them up or comfort them too much if they seem anxious. Over-cuddling of a distressed pet can add to the stress, as it might think that the owners are also terrorized by the noise.

The best thing is to let it settle in its preferred hideout and remain as normal as possible.

Do not leave the pet all alone in the room. Create a safe place of a ‘hidey-hole’ with proper ventilation. Fill this place with old clothes that the pet can burrow into to feel safe.

Bring them inside the house long before fireworks begin. Keep cotton wool carefully in the outer ears as insulation against loud noises.

Switch on the radio or TV as it might help distract the pets form loud noises. Some pets accept headphones to listen to music while crackers blaze outside.

Close all windows when the display is at peak outside. Fill the gaps with thermocol to temporarily insulate the room.

The vet can also suggest medication to reduce the pet’s anxiety levels. Never give over-the-counter medicines without consulting the vet.

PLEASE KEEP EVERY DIWALI AS THE FESTIVAL OF LIGHT RATHER THAN FESTIVAL OF SOUND.

LYKA PET CLINIC & SURGICAL CENTRE

H76A, Haravi St (1st Left),
7th Cross,
RM Colony, DINDIGUL.

consultation only on appointment

cell - +9198421-24235
9677973261

Web: www.lykapetclinic.com
visit us on
www.facebook.com/lykapetclinic
www.facebook.com/lykapetclinicdindigul
www.google.com/+lykapetclinic
www.youtube.com/lykapetclinic
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