Once upon a time ... there was Turin - Piedmont
Once upon a time... there was Julia Augusta Taurinorum rose on the ashes of Taurasia, the capital of the Tauri, destroyed in the 3rd century B.C. by Hannibal during his march on Rome. A colony of the Roman Empire, as seen by the Roman Theater and Porta Palatina, and then a Lombard duchy, it was subsequently annexed to the Carolingian Empire and then became a free commune until the 15th century, when its name joined that of the dynasty, which made it the capital of Italy in the 19th century.The advent of the Savoy in the 1400's coincided with the transformation of the small urban center into an important crossroads of Western Italy. Under Duke Emmanuel Philibert and his son Charles Emmanuel I, it became the capital of the Duchy of Savoy, replacing Chambéry, and the ducal seat was transferred from Palazzo Madama to the current Royal Palace. Turin continued to flourish until 1630, the year of the terrible plague that decimated the population. Once the crisis had passed, the Savoy family went ahead with their urban program with the assistance of master architects like Guarino Guarini in the 17th century and Filippo Juvarra in the 18th, who produced the Basilica of Superga. In the meantime, the Duchy, under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia. However, less than a century later it fell into the hands of the Napoleonic government, at least until the Congress of Vienna, which restored the throne to the Savoys. In the 19th century, the first ideas of independence grew within the walls of Turin's palaces and cafés, such as Caffè San Carlo and Caffè Fiorio, which led to its rise as the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy in 1861. At the beginning of the 20th century, Turin was an important political, cultural and economic center, thanks to the birth of Fiat, Italy's leading automobile manufacturer. This industrial evolution continued over the following decades, and Turin became the driving force of the Italian economy, thus attracting many immigrants. This aspect of its recent history has often overshadowed Turin's prestigious past and many of its other interesting facets.

Discover Turin on Italia.it: http://goo.gl/H4Anu
Virtual Tour: http://goo.gl/OZS7C
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