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Fynali Iladijas
Attended School of Life
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Animation showing how Maltese cross in gear mechanism works.

The Geneva drive or Maltese cross is a gear mechanism that translates a continuous rotation into an intermittent rotary motion. The rotating drive wheel has a pin that reaches into a slot of the driven wheel advancing it by one step. The drive wheel also has a raised circular blocking disc that locks the driven wheel in position between steps.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geneva_drive

#maths   #mathematics   #mechanical  
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        ❝ ...due to the current extent of
        criminalization of politics and the quantum
        of delay in pending trials, the reform proposal
        will only be effective if applied retroactively”.
        That is, on the date of these amendments
        coming into effect, all persons with
        criminal charges, punishable by more than
        five years, pending on that date are liable
        to be disqualified subject to certain safeguards ❞
        —The Law Commission in report to Law Ministry

2014-04-20
Amend laws to bar criminals from polls: Law panel
TIMES NEWS NETWORK 

New Delhi: The Law Commission in its report to the law ministry in February had suggested that government should consider amendments in electoral laws to disqualify politicians from contesting elections if charges are framed against them for serious offences, and put them behind bars for not less than two years if they make false disclosures in their affidavit at the time of filing of nomination. 

The law panel had observed that “due to the current extent of criminalization of politics and the quantum of delay in pending trials, the reform proposal will only be effective if applied retroactively”. That is, on the date of these amendments coming into effect, all persons with criminal charges, punishable by more than five years, pending on that date are liable to be disqualified subject to certain safeguards. 

The disappointment of the commission on its recommendations not being considered by the government was apparent when last week, in an interaction with TOI, Law Commission chairman Justice A P Shah said criminals getting into politics were subverting the judicial process

The law panel’s report had proposed that a new section 8B be introduced in the Representation of People Act after Section 8A that would disqualify a politician from contesting election for a period of six years or till the date of quashing of charges or acquittal whichever is earlier if charges have been framed against him by a court for an offence punishable by at least five years imprisonment.

The government had submitted the panel’s report to the apex court which had in a ruling last month said that trials of all chargesheeted MPs/MLAs should be completed within a period of one year

The commission had argued that though “the proportion of sitting MPs/MLAs facing some form of criminal charges is as high as 30%, by contrast only 0.5% have been convicted at some point (of criminal charges) in a court”. 

“It is clear that there is an extremely wide gap between legislators with trials pending and those whose trials have actually resulted in convictions,” the commission had said in its report. 

The law panel chief had also rejected the argument that stopping a candidate from contesting was against criminal jurisprudence saying, “Right to be elected is not a fundamental right so how can one claim that it is against criminal jurisprudence. What we have recommended is disqualification for only six years, and that too if charges have been framed by a court one year before elections. That way if the trial is not complete, by next elections the candidate will be free to file his nominations and contest elections.”

Image caption: Amend laws to bar criminals from polls: Law panel
Editorial view: goo.gl/nhtwgZ

#india #legal #politics #criminalisation
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        ❝ The 'Rashtriya Sky Sena' will do
        all the groundwork for BJP's Modi Govt. ❞
           —Ajit Ninan, Just Like That, TOI
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...and you're thrilled about that, aren't you, +prashant sharma!?
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        ❝ ...all those opposed to BJP’s PM candidate
        Narendra Modi should go to Pakistan
        as they have no place in India. ❞
           —Giriraj Singh, BJP

What an unconstitutional statement to make in public!
A case must be filed against persons who make such communal and divisive speech! I dread and detest being part of such a failed (or failing) state like Pakistan! Besides I'm proud of being an Indian! Just that sometimes the stuff that our people do makes me feel ashamed being an Indian; nevertheless, I'm proud of being and Indian.

And God! What sort of a Muslim is this Mukhtar Abbas?

2014-04-20
We want a Ram temple to be built in Ayodhya: Naqvi
BJP Leader’s Demand Could Embarrass Party
by Divya Khare TNN 

Bokaro: Contrary to BJP’s attempts to play down the Ayodhya agenda, BJP leader Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi on Saturday raked up the [Babri Masjid] Ram temple issue when he said that the party will pursue the demand if voted to office. 

Asserting that BJP will take up the temple demand, Naqvi told the media that “we want a Ram Mandir to be built and will find ways to solve the issue within the constitutional framework after forming the government.” 

Naqvi’s comments are likely to embarrass BJP that had kept the temple demand on the back-burner, barely reiterating it in a line at the end of its manifesto released on April 7. 

Even before the start of the campaign, BJP chief Rajnath Singh and state in-charge Amit Shah had said that the Ram temple at Ayodhya was not an “electoral issue” and should be seen as a matter of faith. 

The decision to focus on issues like development and decisive governance, even while tapping the polarization due to Muzaffarnagar riots, is deliberate as the Ram temple demand is not seen to resonate with voters. 

Naqvi’s comments do not have much traction in the party and seem to fly against BJP prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi’s conscious effort to avoid any references to Hindutva issues in his poll speeches [note: only in poll speeches!]. 

Earlier addressing an election meeting, Naqvi said Congress has destroyed the country in the last 10 years. “In the coming years, Congress will be reduced to a party belonging to just Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi, Robert Vadra, Priyanka and their sons and daughters.” 

Taking a dig at Congress’s “obsession” with Modi, Naqvi said: “Modi dar ka nahin, development ka naam hai (Modi stands for development, not fear). Even the minorities have started believing in him. Some terrorist groups have named Modi as their enemy number one. It is sad similar statements are being made by our political rivals.” 

Accusing Congress of misusing CBI, Naqvi said: “They recently targeted Lok Janshakti Party chief Ram Vilas Paswan in the Bokaro Steel Plant recruitment scam only because he linked up with BJP.”

‘Anti-Modi people should go to Pak’
Patna: Senior BJP leader and former minister in the Nitish Kumar cabinet Giriraj Singh has kicked up a row by saying that all those opposed to BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi should go to Pakistan as they have no place in India. The Election Commission is likely to examine Singh’s remarks. “Those opposing Narendra Modi are looking at Pakistan, and such people will have place in Pakistan and not in India,” Singh told a poll meeting at Mohanpur Haat Maidan near the temple town of Deogarh on Friday. Singh’s remark drew strong protests from various political parties. TNN

Image caption: Anti-Modi people should go to Pak
Editorial view: goo.gl/VNIV8o

#modi #bjp #antiConstitutional #rapeOfDemocracy
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        ❝ But who is a transgender?
        A man who wears a saree?
        A woman who feels she is a male trapped
        in a female body?
        
        Well, bothand more.
        
        ...no single definition for a transgender,
        as the condition could be a result of
        biological, hormonal, genetic, psychological,
        environmental or just delusional factors.
        A person’s gender is what the person chooses. ❞

2014-04-18
BY THE WAY, WHO’S A TRANSGENDER?
When Psychology Overrules Biology, The Decision Is Best Left To The Individual, Say Experts; Doctors, Govt Have No Say
by Arun Ram | TNN 

The Supreme Court has finally opened the third eye. Transgenders are now legally recognised as a third gender, putting to rest — albeit temporarily — struggles, demands and inequities of a minority. 

But who is a transgender? A man who wears a saree? A woman who feels she is a male trapped in a female body? Well, bothand more.

Endocrinologists, psychologists and surgeons are united in their opinion that there can be no single definition for a transgender, as the condition could be a result of biological, hormonal, genetic, psychological, environmental or just delusional factors. The bottom line hence sounds as philosophical as scientific: A person’s gender is what the person chooses. In other words, no government, no doctor can decide someone’s gender. 

“What right do I have to tell you that you are a male or a female?” says Dr Kalpesh Gajiwala, a Mumbai-based plastic surgeon who specialises in sexual reconstruction surgeries. Dr Gajiwala, who treats scores of transgenders every year, says the factors that make one feel uncomfortable with the biologically assigned gender are complicated. Changes in an embryonic stage can leave someone with ambiguous genitalia. Similarly, abnormalities in the adrenal gland can make a biological female develop male genitalia. Then there are those consideredpsychologically neutral,’ who could fall to either side, depending on environmental influences

Hormonal imbalance is often cited as a reason for psychological ambivalence, but endocrinologist Dr Jayashree Gopal counters this. “Most often the hormone levels in such people are normal. Hormonal changes come into play only when we induce them as part of sex reassignment,” says the Apollo Hospitals consultant who favours a central agency to scientifically assess a candidate and a protocol to carry out sex change surgeries

In the West, where endocrinologist Harry Benjamin first took up systemic studies on transsexuality in the first half of the 1900s, a person requesting sexual reassignment surgery is made to go through a process that may extend up to five years. A male wanting to become a female is interviewed repeatedly by psychologists, then given a ‘real-life test’ to live as a woman before hormone therapy starts as a prelude to the surgery. 

Chennai-based sexual reconstructive surgeon V Jayaraman says though there is no such official protocol in India, authorised surgeons pick up the scalpel only on psychiatrists’ opinions and after several rounds of tests

“We do a complicated surgery to change the physical attributes of a person, but what is more important is the psychological aspect,” says Jayaraman who did the first institutionalised penal amputation in 2006 at Government General Hospital, Chennai. 

In fact, one need not go under the knife to be acknowledged a transgender. Chennai-based Rose Venkatesan, India’s first transgender television anchor, says experts may continue with their research on treating transgenders, society should stop looking for black-and-white definitions. 

“Indian mythology shows that we were a much more inclusive society when it comes to transgenders, but sometime a couple of centuries ago, due to foreign influence, we lost this inclusiveness,” says Rose, 35, who underwent a sexual reconstructive surgery in Bangkok four years ago. 

GOING UNDER THE KNIFE
Based on Benjamin's findings experts in 1979 drew up protocol (right) for sexual reconstructive surgery. No set rules in India as in other countries

■ A clinical behavioural scientist evaluates the person for 90 days. An endocrinologist provides hormonal therapy to bring about physical changes like facial hair and breast size 
■ Six months to one year of cross-living before surgery. A male who wants to become a female should dress and behave like a female 24x7, even use women’s restrooms as real-life experience to ascertain need for irreversible proceedure
Evaluation for sex reassignment surgery. Therapists give authorisation letters; surgeons take final call on requirement 
■ For Male-to female (MTF), castration and vaginoplasty. In FTM, surgeons use genitoplasty to convert testosterone, enlarge clitoris to small penis. Labia used to form scrotum. Counselling, continued support from friends, 

GO FIGURE
Estimates on the number of transgenders vary widely, from 1 in 40,000 to 1 in 1,00,000 in any given population

'DISORIENTATION' BY SCALE: 1 TO 6
Dr Harry Benjamin (1885-1986), a German-born US endocrinologist considered first clinical researcher of transsexualism, developed a ‘gender disorientation scale’. Research has advanced based on his findings

■ TYPE 1 | Transvestite (pseudo) | Gender feeling: Masculine; lives as a man, gets occasional kick out of crossdressing. heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual; rejects operation and psychotherapy
■ TYPE 2 | Transvestism (fetishistic) | Gender feeling: Masculine; lives as a man; cross-dresses periodically; heterosexual, rarely bisexual; has guilt feeling. Rejects operation, but likes hormones
■ TYPE 3 | Transvestism (true) | Gender feeling: masculine, low conviction; cross-dresses constantly; heterosexual; may purge and relapse; finds operation and hormones attractive, rejects operation
■ TYPE 4 | Transsexual (nonsurgical) | Gender feeling: Confused. Constantly cross-dresses; low libido; could be bisexual. finds operation attractive, but doesn’t request; prefers psychotherapy for guidance
■ TYPE 5 | True transsexual (moderate intensity) | Gender feeling: Feminine (trapped in male body); lives as woman; low libido with passive homosexuality; requests operation, but not psychotherapy 
■ TYPE 6 | True Transsexual (high intensity) | Gender feeling: Feminine; lives as a woman; desires normal male; urgently requests operation; requires hormone therapy

Image caption: By The Way, Who’S A Transgender
Editorial view: goo.gl/N8KaBd

#transgender #lgbt #india #legal
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Have them in circles
1,359 people
 
OUT OF MONEY, OUT OF RECKONING
In the 11th LS polls, 13,952 candidates contested for 543 seats.
The number of contestants came crashing down to 4,750 in the 12th LS polls (1998).

The reason: The security deposit amount was increased in Aug 1996.

#india #elections
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        ❝ He'd like to say what you want him to say,
        but his dictionary just doesn't seem
        to list the word 'Sorry' ❞
           —Jug Suraiya & Ajit Ninan

#modi #butcherOfGujarat #toTheGallows
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        ❝ ...Marquez effect for Malayalis who
        started thinking globally much before
        globalization was invented! ❞
           —P Sudhakaran

2014-04-20
Celebrating magical realism the Malayali way
by P Sudhakaran | TNN 

Much before the ‘global village was discovered,’ there was one writer who built a bridge between God’s Own country and Latin America. And he became a household name here, like Vaikom Muhammed Basheer, M T Vasudevan Nair and O V Vijayan. Gabriel García Márquez, the writer who needs no introduction! And he is the most popular Malayalam writer in the words of N S Madhavan! 

Marquez literally happened to the Malayalis in the 80s, after his winning Nobel Prize for ‘One Hundred years of Solitude’, and a wide array of his works got published here within years. When One Hundred Years of Solitude was published in 1984, Malayali readers felt no alienation from the fictitious town of Macondo and Melquiades the Gypsy became one among them, swinging between memories and forgetfulness and cracking the family tree with great pain

A few years ago, when mysterious red rains were reported from some parts of Kerala, someone commented that there was nothing strange because such miracles could happen in a state that celebrates Marquez and magic realism

No doubt, for Malayalis Macondo was a neighbouring village bordering Vijayan’s Khasak in their world sans border, while R K Narayanan’s Malgudi still remained an alien land in a faraway planet.

That was Marquez effect for Malayalis who started thinking globally much before globalization was invented!

Image caption: Celebrating magical realism the Malayali way
Editorial view: goo.gl/07cd2P

#gabrielGarcíaMárquez #magicalRealism #kerala #malayalis
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        ❝ It is an uncanny coincidence that literate
        Malayalis still talk in awe about two books
        written in a gap of two years by two
        different novelists, which went on to become
        critically acclaimed cult novels,
        inspiring writers both locally and internationally.
        
        One Hundred Years of Solitude &
        The Legends of Khasak:
        Both Khasak and Macondo eventually became
        symbols of lost civilizations, trapped in
        a time that seems to move in cyclical manner,
        whose doomed destinies were pre-ordained. ❞
                                          —Viju B

2014-04-20
MACONDO BORDERS KHASAK
Kerala and Latin America share many geographical and cultural similarities which account for the cult status that both Garcia Marquez and O V Vijayan's books on magical realism enjoy in this part of the world
by Viju B | TNN 

It is an uncanny coincidence that literate Malayalis still talk in awe about two books written in a gap of two years by two different novelists, which went on to become critically acclaimed cult novels, inspiring writers both locally and internationally.

It was in 1969 O V Vijayan’s The Legends of Khasak (Kasakhinte Ithihasam) was published, a magical fable of sorcery, myth, guilt and retribution set in an imaginary land called Khasak. Two years before, in 1967, Gabriel Garcia Marquez had penned One Hundred Years of Solitude, set in mythical Macondo, an epic magical saga spanning five generations. 

Both Khasak and Macondo eventually became symbols of lost civilizations, trapped in a time that seems to move in cyclical manner, whose doomed destinies were pre-ordained. Even before One Hundred Years of Solitude became a best seller in the state, completing its fifteenth edition last year, the literate Malayali was familiar with its underlying ethos, thanks to Vijayan. But, One Hundred Years of Solitude is a modern epic which is not easy to comprehend, while Legend of Khasak remains a classic fable written mostly in a smaller, linear framework. 

“There are elements of magic and heightened poetic imagery which were described in a sensuous language like never before in both the classics,” says literacy critic P K Rajasekharan. “Marquez has become a household name and adorns the books shelves of Malayali homes,” he adds and points out that Marquez is the only foreign author that has been a dominating presence in the Kerala literary scene for the last thirty years

“I doubt even Russian literary giants like Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky had this kind of cult following. The reason being contemporary Latin American landscape, its clime and folklore are very similar to that of villages in Kerala,” he says. 

National revolutions and their eventual disintegration into anarchy and dictatorship is an underlying motif in novels like The Autumn of the Patriarch and General in His Labyrinth and these themes fascinated readers in Kerala, as the Leftist idealism was on the wane by early eighties. 

“Except for the ruthless dictator, we had many things common with Latin America. Our myths are richer and deeper and so are our grandma tales which are equally magical. There is a familiar strangeness one feels while reading Marquez’s books,” points out Rajasekharan. 

Contemporary writers like K R Meera agree. “I found that many myths that resonated in the novel were the ones I heard during the childhood I spent in my village at Kunnathur in Kollam,” she says. Meera has no qualms in saying that her oeuvre was deeply influenced by the works of Marquez and reading Marquez made her aware of different possibilities while approaching a story plot. 

Filmmaker Madhupal who had been to Latin American countries says that even the marshy landscape of Colombia that blended into the sea and undulating banana farms is a familiar terrain for the Malayali reader. “Marquez could weave a fantastic theme like unrequited love in the novel Love in The Time of Cholera, whose imagery surpasses even some of the best visuals of modern cinema. Here is one novelist whose books when adapted into cinema did not do well because the genius of narration was impossible to be recreated in another medium,” says Madhupal.

Image caption: MACONDO BORDERS KHASAK
Editorial view: goo.gl/2UWKzx

#gabrielGarcíaMárquez #magicalRealism #kerala #malayalis
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Fynali Iladijas

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Astounding!
 
New Hubble view shows objects a billion times fainter than your eyes can see. Astronomers say this image also offers a remarkable depth of field that lets us see more than halfway to the edge of the observable Universe.

Read more: http://buff.ly/QiBgTd
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People
Have them in circles
1,359 people
Work
Occupation
Consult on IT processes implementation/re-engineering, IT Governance & Enterprise Security Architecture, IT Service Management, I-&-O Management, Business-IT Alignment, Enterprise Architecture & Project Management.
Basic Information
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Friends, Networking
Birthday
September 27
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Tagline
❝ It isn't what we don't know that gives us trouble, it's what we know that ain't so. ❞ —Will Rogers
Introduction
Briefly: INTJ (NT)! ...take it with a pinch of salt, please! :-)

Things I share may fall under a variety of topics:
    — film, photography, diving, biking
    — information technology, science
    — jazz, art, literature, architecture
    — anthropology, philosophy, theology
    — unix, Linux, Android news & development
    — ITSM, EA, ESA, IT Gov, Project Mgt, IT Mgt, I&O Mgt
    — environment, social science & occasional political topics

I have opinions on many things, and sometimes keep them to myself. But at other times I surprise myself posting topics that may be critical of commonly held beliefs! And here are a few words to all the Internet Philosophers, and then some to all the Internet Poets out there!

By the way, I use the Oxford comma, but very carefully & and I do respect the comma a lot!

Follow at your own risk; and before you judge me, make sure you're perfect! ;-)

Noteviews & opinions expressed here are my own, and not my employers', present or past; no other party necessarily agrees with them (views) either!

      ❝ When I get a little money I buy books;
      and if any is left I buy food and clothes. ❞
      —Erasmus
Bragging rights
All of my best friends are rich… in trust, friendship and sincerity!
Education
  • School of Life
    Life, 19x2 — 2014, planet Earth, Solar System, Outer Arm, Milky Way, Virgo Cluster.
  • National College
    BS Computer Science, late last century, Bangalore, India.
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