A passion for discovery is alive and well at Brookhaven National Laboratory
, a multipurpose research institution established in 1947 for the peacetime exploration of science. Located on a 5,300-acre site on Long Island, NY, the Laboratory employs nearly 3,000 scientists, engineers, and support staff. Brookhaven is funded primarily by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science and houses large-scale instruments and facilities — many available nowhere else in the world.
Each year, about 5,000 laboratory, university, and industry scientists use these facilities to delve into the basic mysteries of physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, energy, and the environment — and at the intersections of these disciplines. Seven Nobel-Prize-winning discoveries and countless other advances have their origins at the Lab, with applications in fields as diverse as medicine and national security.
Brookhaven scientists are expanding our understanding of the properties and function of matter from the microscopic to the cosmic scales. At the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
(RHIC), a 2.4-mile-circumference particle accelerator designed to replicate conditions microseconds after the Big Bang to better understand subatomic particles and their interactions, researchers have found that the early universe was a nearly “perfect” liquid.
At the Center for Functional Nanomaterials
(CFN), scientists are probing the unique properties of matter at the nanoscale — on the order of billionths of a meter — with the aim of developing new materials to help solve our nation’s energy challenges.
And at the National Synchrotron Light Source
(NSLS), researchers are studying the inner workings of materials ranging from catalysts, to computer chips, to biological materials. To take their research to the next level — to probe even smaller, subtler details of their samples — scientists need more intense, better-focused light. Now under construction, theNational Synchrotron Light Source II
(NSLS-II) will deliver world-leading intensity and brightness, producing x-rays 10,000 times brighter than the existing NSLS. This will enable scientists to image materials down to a nanometer — a capability not available at any other light source in the world.