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The number of victims of suicide bombings continues to rise. Recent attacks in Lahore (Pakistan), Brussels (Belgium), Istanbul (Turkey), and Jalalabad (Afghanistan) are recent locations in a legacy of violence. Gaining insight into the circumstances and mindset of the perpetrators is a necessary step in understanding the rise and spread of these atrocities.

In the past 20 years, the number of suicide attacks has multiplied, peaking in the mid-2000s. Since the "invention" of this method of violence in 1980s Lebanon, scholars have tried to identify the reasons for the adoption of and the motivation of the individuals who perpetrate them. While there appears to be a link between religion and suicide bombings, its nature isn't yet clear. Societal factors could also play a role, depending on the socioeconomic status of the attackers, the regime under which they operate, or the social networks they belong to.

This research could help us understand, model, and possibly predict when and how terrorists will favor suicide bombing, and in doing so, it could help state actors protect vulnerable populations.

Learn more in "The Rise and Spread of Suicide Bombing" in the 2015 Annual Review of Political Science: http://arevie.ws/1qKGjyl
This article reviews the existing literature, mostly from political science, on suicide bombing. A prominent weapon in the toolkit of violent nonstate actors for a generation, suicide bombing generates a significantly larger number of casualties per attack than other uses of force by terrorist ...
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As the ‪#‎Zika virus spreads, as many as four million people could be infected by the end of the year.

The illness, which may be tied to microcephaly and brain damage in newborns, concerns all of South and Central America, and parts of the U.S. Countries like Colombia and El Salvador have urged women to delay pregnancy, and the Centers for Disease Control is now recommending that pregnant women postpone travel to areas with ongoing virus transmission.

We know Zika is a flavivirus, like dengue and yellow fever, and that infection occurs through mosquitoes. In order to to fight the disease, we must first understand how it works. How do flaviviridae replicate? What are the environmental factors that accelerate the epidemic? What if, instead of fighting the virus itself, we focused on mosquitoes?

To do our part in assisting researchers and others who have to address this situation, we’ve made these three expert Review articles on directly related fields freely available.

A final note: as publishers, we should strive to help long before crises occur. It is our job to spark and encourage investigation that can prevent such outbreaks. We can and must do better.

Role of the Vector in Arbovirus Transmission
http://arevie.ws/VIarbotrans

Flaviviridae Replication Organelles: Oh, What a Tangled Web We Weave
http://arevie.ws/VIflavireporg

EMERGING AND RESURGING VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES
http://arevie.ws/VIvectorbornediseases
Many arboviral diseases are uncontrolled, and the viruses that cause them are globally emerging or reemerging pathogens that produce significant disease throughout the world. The increased spread and prevalence of disease are occurring during a period of substantial scientific growth in the ...
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2016 Annual Review of Marine Science
For articles about global ocean integrals and means, oceanic motion, cross-shelf exchange, southern hemisphere on the meridional overturning circulation, near inertial internal gravity waves, physical-biological-biogeochemical interaction at the oceanic mesoscale, submesoscale physics on primary productivity of plankton, and more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/marinesci8
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2016 Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
For articles about cancer nanomedicine, T cell chimeric antigen receptors and cancer treatment, cancer drug resistance, RNA interference-based therapies, genome editing, biobanking, triclosan, drugs to treat addiction, and much more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/arpharmtox56

For free access to an autobiographical article by Linda S. Birnbaum, of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, click here: http://arevie.ws/lbirnbaum
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In a New York Times opinion piece about the effects of stress on children, Vicki Abeles, director and producer of the documentaries “Race to Nowhere” and "Beyond Measure", cites an article titled "Routine Versus Catastrophic Influences on the Developing Child." She argues that unrealistic expectations placed on children may cause illnesses such as depression and anxiety. Read more here, and then read the article in the 2013 Annual Review of Public Health: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/03/opinion/sunday/is-the-drive-for-success-making-our-children-sick.html
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Annual Review of Genetics, Vol. 49

For articles about Brachypodium distachyon, human-tropic pathogens, pluripotent cells and genome editing, secondary metabolism, patenting genetic material, chromothripsis, microRNA and the evolution of the human microRNAome, nitrogen use in crop plants, and much more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/genetics49
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Annual Review of Vision Science, Vol. 1
The first volume of our new journal is now available. You can enjoy complimentary access for a year. 

For articles about image formation in the human eye, imaging glaucoma, genetics and macular degeneration, genetics and mitochondrial neuropathy, zebrafish as models of retinal disease, and much more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/visionsci1
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We always think of emotions as an internal feelings. Research shows, however, that emotions are contagious, and can spread quickly amongst co-workers.

Studies have even demonstrated that shared positive and negative emotions influence productivity. So how does emotional contagion help maintain group cohesiveness in a professional environment, and how can leaders cultivate positive affect for better results?

Sigal Barsade and Andrew Knight discuss their work in their article on group affect and its accompanying animated video. Watch it here: https://youtu.be/CmVlaEz6UoQ
Read the article here: https://arevie.ws/groupaffect

Find it all in the Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior.
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What an amazing day for science and our understanding of the universe.

If you listen carefully to the chirp of Gravitational Waves, you can almost hear Einstein say "I told you so"! Extraordinary that his general theory of relativity has finally been fulfilled.

As if that wasn't enough excitement for one day, this is also the first direct detection of black holes which are captured colliding a billion light-years away.

For those of you who really like to dig into the scientific news, we've made this fantastic Review article freely available for your background reading pleasure:

New Technologies in Gravitational Wave Detection by experts Stefan Ballmer and Vuk Mandic. http://arevie.ws/1QafLet

The Review describes the technology choices used or planned for second- and third-generation Gravitational Wave detection - technology that has clearly done its job rather well!

All we can say is nice job LIGO (the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) for tracking down those space time ripples.

Video credit: Black Holes Collide, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Flickr, CC BY
When two black holes collide, they release massive amounts of energy in the form of gravitational waves that last a fraction of a second and can be "heard" throughout the universe - if you have the right instruments. Today we learned that the #LIGO project heard the telltale chirp of black holes colliding, fulfilling Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. NASA's LISA mission will look for direct evidence of gravitational waves. go.nasa.gov/...
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2016 Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 
For articles about biomimetics survival hydrodynamics and flow sensing, elastic capsules and vesicles in flow, Taylor-Couette turbulence, shear banding of complex fluids, bacterial hydrodynamics, turbulence research, fine-particle formation in turbulent flames, cerebrospinal fluid mechanics and cerebrovascular dynamics, fluid mechanics of heart valves, droplets and bubbles in microfluidic devices, and more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/fluidmechanics48
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2016 Annual Review of Psychology
For articles about drug addiction, hippocampal amnesia, communication through sound, episodic memory, counterfactual thought, psychological reasoning in infancy, child maltreatment, the affective neuroscience of aging, habit, norms and behavior, and much more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/arpsych67

For free access to an autobiographical article by Thomas F. Pettigrew, of the University of California, Santa Cruz, click here: http://arevie.ws/psychgpettigrew
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Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 17

For articles about microfluidic cell sorting for biomedical applications, viral vectors for gene therapy, digital microfluidic cell culture, aging, signaling networks and cancer therapies, antibody design, soft robotics, immunomodulation, positron emission tomography, and more, browse the table of contents here: http://arevie.ws/biomeng17
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A non-profit publisher of high impact Review articles.
Introduction

Annual Review articles synthesize and analyze the literature in clear and compelling style to stimulate discussion about the research that shapes our lives. 

Our collection of Journals helps academics and students at all levels increase their knowledge of vital research contributions across a broad range of disciplines within the Biomedical, Life, Physical and Social Sciences, including Economics. From historical context and current understanding, to major questions that remain to be addressed in and the general significance of the field.

Topics and Authors are selected by expert committees in each of the 46 fields that AR covers. Trusted authorities accept the invitation to write a review as a service to scholars and society. This is what makes Annual Reviews a unique and indispensable part of the research communication landscape.