Today in History: Moon Landing Goal Announced
On May 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — President John F. Kennedy announced his goal of landing a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s and returning him safely to Earth. The U.S. met that goal when Neil Armstrong set foot on the Moon in July, 1969, and returned safely to Earth.
Background: The old Soviet Union became the first nation to send a man into space: On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin orbited the earth inVostok 1. Less than a month later, the U.S. sent a man into space for just a few minutes in a sub-orbital flight: On May 5, Alan Shepard piloted Freedom 7 into a sub-orbital flight that splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean. At this point, the Soviet Union was clearly ahead in what was becoming a "space race" between the two global super-powers. Before long, the U.S. had become the leading pioneer in space, but budgetary restraints are now impeding U.S. leadership in space exploration.
•John F. Kennedy “Landing a Man on the Moon” Address to Congress, May 25, 1961 (length 03:46). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUXuV7XbZvU
• Failure is Not an Option: Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond
by Gene Kranz. http://amzn.to/1FxFWcT
• NASA’s Moon Program: Paving the Way for Apollo 11
by David M. Harland. http://amzn.to/1Sy37KM
• The Race to the Moon
by the History Channel. http://amzn.to/1ITsWlB
•John F. Kennedy addressing Congress, May 15, 1961, and bolding putting forth the goal of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth before the end of the decade.
•The moon landing program was composed on 3 projects: (1) Mercury (single manned flights), (2) Gemini (2-manned flights), and finally Apollo (3 manned flights using the spacecraft that would be required for the moon landing). NASA drawings and my text overlays.#history #Kennedy #moon