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alan joseph
Works at Government USPS
Attended Modesto Junior College
Lived in Honolulu, HI
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alan joseph

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Why not make your own instrument? This kid made one out of pvc pipe. His performance will blow you away. 
It's one thing to learn a bunch of songs and put them together in an interesting way. It's something entirely different to make your own entirely new instrument out of non-traditional materials and play those songs. This kid's PVC pipe instrument will blow you away.
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Today SF based indie band, #Geographer dropped their latest album #ghostmodern. If you love #indiemusic show some love. ❤️ #itunes #imready
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Jeffrey Young (lilazndude)'s profile photoalan joseph's profile photo
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+Jeffrey Young 😂
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alan joseph

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Day 1 over and I'm beat. We are trying a highly recommended Thai Restaurant for dinner. #disneyland 
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The Legend of Zelda Wii U
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Kissing Booth



Cat communication is the transfer of information by one or more cats that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal, including humans. Cats use a range of communication modalities including visual, auditory, tactile, chemical and gustatory.

The communication modalities used by domestic cats have been affected by domestication.


Vocalizations

Cat vocalisations have been categorised according to a range of characteristics.

Schötz categorised vocalizations according to 3 mouth actions: (1) sounds produced with the mouth closed (murmurs), including the purr, the trill and the chirrup, (2) sounds produced with the mouth open and gradually closing, comprising a large variety of miaows with similar vowel patterns, and (3) sounds produced with the mouth held tensely open in the same position, often uttered in aggressive situations (growls, yowls, snarls, hisses, spits and shrieks).

Brown et al. categorised vocal responses of cats according to the behavioural context: (1) during separation of kittens from mother cats, (2) during food deprivation, (3) during pain, (4) prior to or during threat or attack behavior, as in disputes over territory or food, (5) during a painful or acutely stressful experience, as in routine prophylactic injections and (6) during kitten deprivation. Less commonly recorded calls from mature cats included purring, conspecific greeting calls or murmurs, extended vocal dialogues between cats in separate cages, “frustration” calls during training or extinction of conditioned responses.

Miller classified vocalisations into 5 categories according to the sound produced: the purr, chirr, call, meow and growl/snarl/hiss.


Purr

The purr is a continuous, soft, vibrating sound made in the throat by most species of felines. Domestic cat kittens can purr as early as two days of age. This tonal rumbling can characterize different personalities in domestic cats. Purring is often believed to indicate a positive emotional state, but cats sometimes purr when they are ill, tense, or experiencing traumatic or painful moments.

The mechanism of how cats purr is elusive. This is partly because cats do not have a unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the vocalization. One hypothesis, supported by electromyographic studies, is that cats produce the purring noise by using the vocal folds and/or the muscles of the larynx to alternately dilate and constrict the glottis rapidly, causing air vibrations during inhalation and exhalation. Combined with the steady inhalation and exhalation as the cat breathes, a purring noise is produced with strong harmonics. Purring is sometimes accompanied by other sounds, though this varies between individuals. Some may only purr, while other cats include low level outbursts sometimes described as "lurps" or "yowps".

Domestic cats purr at varying frequencies. One study reported that domestic cats purr at average frequencies of 21.98 Hz in the egressive phase and 23.24 Hz in the ingressive phase with an overall mean of 22.6 Hz. Further research on purring in four domestic cats found that the fundamental frequency varied between 20.94 and 27.21 Hz for the egressive phase and between 23.0 and 26.09 Hz for the ingressive phase. There was considerable variation between the four cats in the relative amplitude, duration and frequency between egressive and ingressive phases, although this variation generally occurred within the normal range.

One study on a single cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) showed it purred with an average frequency of 20.87 Hz (egressive phases) and 18.32 Hz (ingressive phases). A further study on four adult cheetahs found that mean frequencies were between 19.3 Hz and 20.5 Hz in ingressive phases, and between 21.9 Hz and 23.4 Hz in egressive phases. The egressive phases were longer than ingressive phases and moreover, the amplitude was greater in the egressive phases.

It was once believed that only the cats of the genus Felis could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards) also produce sounds similar to purring, but only when exhaling. The subdivision of the Felidae into ‘purring cats’ on the one hand and ‘roaring cats ’ (i.e. non-purring) on the other, originally goes back to Owen (1834/1835) and was definitely introduced by Pocock (1916), based on a difference in hyoid anatomy. The ‘roaring cats’ (lion, Panthera leo; tiger, P. tigris; jaguar, P. onca; leopard, P. pardus) have an incompletely ossified hyoid, which according to this theory, enables them to roar but not to purr. On the other hand, the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), as the fifth felid species with an incompletely ossified hyoid, purrs (Hemmer, 1972). All remaining species of the family Felidae (‘purring cats’) have a completely ossified hyoid which enables them to purr but not to roar. However, Weissengruber et al. (2002) argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid.





Meow

The meow is one of the most widely known vocalizations of domestic kittens. It is a call apparently used to solicit attention from the mother.

Adult cats commonly vocalise with a "meow" (or "miaow") sound, which is onomatopoeic. The meow can be assertive, plaintive, friendly, bold, welcoming, attention soliciting, demanding, or complaining. It can even be silent, where the cat opens its mouth but does not vocalize. Adult cats do not usually meow to each other and so meowing to human beings is likely to be an extension of the use by kittens.








Language differences

Different languages have correspondingly different words for the "meow" sound, including miau (Belarusian, Croatian, Hungarian, Dutch, Finnish, Lithuanian, Malay, German, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish and Ukrainian), mnau (Czech), meong (Indonesian), niau (Ukrainian), niaou (?????, Greek), miaou (French), nya (??, Japanese), miao (?, Mandarin Chinese, Italian), miav/miao or mjav/mjau (Danish, Swedish and Norwegian), mjá (Icelandic), ya-ong (??, Korean), ????? / Miya?un_ (Urdu) and meo-meo (Vietnamese). In some languages (such as Chinese ?, mao), the vocalization became the name of the animal itself.

Read more : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_communication

#cats #animals #caturday #caturdayeveryday #caturday2014 #catsrule #catsallovertheworld #catholic #catlovers #animallovers #animalphotography #catphotography #catphotos #catpictures #catpics #lol #funny #funnypics #funnypictures #funnyphotos #funnystuff #ANNIMATEDGIFS   #trendingnow   #lolcats
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alan joseph

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best parody. 
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Am liking the colours .. I think.😯
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Have him in circles
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The #samsunggalaxys6: the iPhone6 replica for android users. 
The Samsung Galaxy S6 looks just like an iPhone, but it is decidedly not an Apple smartphone.
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#Apple engineer talks about the new #2015macbook at keynote presentation. 😂
 
Apple Engineer Talks about the New 2015 Macbook
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I know. I shared this a couple days ago ;)
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The new 2015 "new macbook" also ultra thin but not to be confused with the MacBook Air.
Who would have thought that the most interesting thing to come out of Apple's "spring forward" event would actually be a new laptop? In addition to spill
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@ the happiest place on earth. #disneyland 
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Not going to lie, stared at it for a while :)
http://beesandbombs.tumblr.com/
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#Google will be joining T-MOBILE, At&t, and Verizon in the wireless service industry. Others need not mention. 
Google will sell wireless service directly to customers, the company announced.
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Have him in circles
286 people
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Work
Skills
Triforce of Wisdom holder.
Employment
  • Government USPS
    CCA, 2013 - present
  • American Medical Response
    Records Lead/IT, 2006 - 2011
  • Gap Inc.
    Sales-Associate, 2005 - 2006
  • MCI Worldcom
    Relay Operator, 2004 - 2005
  • Aloha Nursing & Rehab Centre
    Medical Records, 2010 - 2010
Places
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Previously
Honolulu, HI - Modesto, CA
Story
Tagline
that one geek who is cool enough to write his name like e.e. cummings.
Introduction
Tech enthusiast, sharing my lovely qualms with the ever evolving (or regressing) world of technology, innovation, and design. Self-proclaimed programmer and wannabe scientist/videographer. I love to methodically take things apart to only understand it's function.
 
You can find me ranting about tech, baseball, indie music, design, house remixes, or cars. Feel free to circle and I'll circle back as long as you have an interesting profile.

Languages:
  • Objective C
  • Javascript (in progress) 

Gadgets:
  • Palm Treo
  • Blackberry Pearl
  • Blackberry Curve
  • Blackberry Bold
  • HTC G1
  • iPhone 3G
  • Archos Android Tablet (1st model)
  • iPhone 4 (16GB)
  • iPad 1
  • Palm Pre
  • iPhone 4s
  • HP TouchPad
  • HTC One X
  • iPhone 4 (8GB)
  • Samsung Galaxy Note
  • Samsung Galaxy Note II
  • iPhone 5 
  • iPhone 5s (current device)
  • Nexus 7 32GB 
  • Nexus 7 16GB (2013 edition)
Tag Handles:
PS3- ittleMONSTER
3DS- 1263-6795-6619
other Platforms- alanjoseph

Obsession:
Trying to catch'em all & save Princess Zelda.       
Bragging rights
I'm a fun guy but not a fungi.
Education
  • Modesto Junior College
    Psychology, 2003 - 2005
  • Kaplan College
    Criminal Justice, 2005 - 2008
Basic Information
Gender
Male