A huge and incredibly heavy glacier slowly flowing here made it all nice and flat, eons ago. A dense forest followed then it melted, then we came, homo sapiens, and we began to burn or cut down all trees where we could easily grow our food and animals.
People who live in apartments and use public transportation have a significantly lower carbon footprint than people living in the middle of nowhere who drive their pickup truck 30 miles to work every day.
Half the world's population or more currently live in cities. What would happen if they were all spread out everywhere? We'd have to cut down all the forests and double the density of rural areas.
In order for some folks to live in rural areas, and in order to preserve the little wilderness we have left, cities are an efficient solution. Cities have allowed the efficient use of resources for over 10,000 years.
It would be great if every family had 40 acres. But then you'd need a whole lot less people. It is not a sustainable lifestyle given the reality of current population levels.
Efficient compact cities where people work and live and have access to transportation and everything else they need, on the other hand, are sustainable,
Here are the last religious monuments I visited in Moscow before going to St.Petersburg. For some reasons we weren't allowed to take pictures inside the Dormition (➊) so I could only use my smartphone to snap a couple of clumsy shots. It was worth it because, as often in Russian cathedrals, no square inch of the surface of the internal walls has been forgotten to compose the final giant canvas.
In my eyes the other two markant elements of these last hours were the portals of cathedrals, the damaged one of the Cathedral of the Archangel (➋) versus the beautiful northern door of the Dormition Cathedral. It greatly helps understanding how time and weather can affect monuments and also, especially, the huge challenge that a lasting and faithful restoration project represents (➌).
➡➌ http://www.kreml.ru/en-Us/research/research-and-projects/kolokolnya-ivana-velikogo-restavratsiya-i-muzeefikatsiya/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_the_Great_Bell_Tower
As I loved them last week I visited yet another castle, one I didn't have pictures from. I did it through my lunch time break and arrived by bicycle so I had to hurry a bit. I thus didn't get the best possible picture quality with my smartphone, should be good enough for you to come visit it with me.
Note: The cover picture is not mine, I wanted to add an overview of the castle from outside.
From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trachselwald_Castle
The name of the rulers of the castle was first mentioned in 1131. The castle itself may date back to the 10th century but the 11th or 12th century is more likely. At first it belonged to the barons of Trachselwald, then to the barons of Rüti bei Lyssach, and then those of Sumiswald. The barons of Sumiswald sold the castle and surrounding lands to the city of Bern. Bern turned the castle into a sheriff hood.
The castle was rebuilt or expanded several times. Its oldest parts are the keep, which was built out of tuff, and one half of the main building. These parts of the castle were built in the second half of the 12th century. The stair tower was probably built by a master craftsman from Prismell in 1641.
During the Swiss peasant war of 1653, the peasant leader Niklaus Leuenberger, who was arrested on June 19, 1653 was held in Castle Trachselwald until being taken to Bern, where he was executed on August 27. The castle was sacked during the 1798 French invasion, but was not burned. It became the center of administration of the district of Trachselwald.
The first castle consisted of a square keep that was about 10 m (33 ft) on each side. The walls were up to 2.7 m (8.9 ft) thick. The keep and outer walls are made of tuff stone cut into roughly squared blocks which indicates construction before 1200. The dendrochronology dating of the beams indicates that they came from 1251 to 1253. Along with the keep, part of the main building was added during the first construction period. The original keep was probably surrounded by an elliptical ring wall.
In the 14th century the original two story keep doubled in height. In the 16th or 17th century a palace, dungeon and other buildings were added to the castle. The new additions were built in a Romanesque style, which included larger windows and thinner walls. A stair tower was added in 1641 and a granary was built in 1683. The palace was renovated during the 17th and 18th century into its current appearance. In 1751 a new, more decorative gate house was built along with a french garden.
Privately, for me Gmail has gradually made spam a thing of the past to a point that today I get none, yay! A situation that, not so long ago, I was still dreaming about. I am certainly grateful to Google for that. Makes me believe that 80% of the Internet traffic being caused by spam is a myth in need of some update.
A few like this one below have recently began to reach me through my work email, after a solid ten years of a nearly continuous absence. They are rare enough that I take a minute to parse them and seek after a reason why they got through our filter and also what our boundless creativity can come up with.
When I retire I might want to actually spend time answering such emails finding out how far and how well the trickery has been put together. Also how such malevolent activities can actually be profitable.
Having some fun while doing the society a service, sounds like another hobby I could later adopt.
Before I forget about them, here is the last batch of images I got from that Pokemon Go hunting trip. Funny how different this city appeared in my eyes on this weekend. It was also the first time that my main intention was to walk around while taking some pictures.
➤ Part 1: https://goo.gl/jGfP27
➤ Part 2: https://goo.gl/skzO3g
➤ The backside of the castle: https://goo.gl/LAi1dU
Hope you're having a great Sunday. Here is a live panorama from where I am right now. Google Photos composed it for me. I hadn't mounted my mountain bike in quite a while.
Now to illustrate my values let's just look a bit back in history. Definitely no need to reinvent the wheel here.
✿ "There is no force so powerful as an idea whose time has come." Everett Dirkson
✿ "A little help at the right time is better than a lot of help at the wrong time." Teyve
✿ "Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities." Voltaire
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