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Zahra Sadeghi
Worked at University of Tehran
Lived in Menlo Park, CA
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Zahra Sadeghi

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“The phrase "in the #dark ," as I'm sure you know, can refer not only to one's shadowy surroundings, but also to the shadowy #secrets of which one might be unaware.
Every day, the sun goes down over all these secrets, and so everyone is in the dark in one way or another. If you are sunbathing in a park, for instance, but you do not know that a locked cabinet is buried fifty feet beneath your blanket, then you are in the dark even though you are not actually in the dark, whereas if you are on a midnight hike, knowing full well that several ballerinas are following close behind you, then you are not in the dark even if you are in fact in the dark. Of course, it is quite possible to be in the dark in the dark, as well as to be not in the dark not in the dark, but there are so many secrets in the world that it is likely that you are always in the dark about one thing or another, whether you are in the dark in the dark or in the dark not in the dark, although the sun can go down so quickly that you may be in the dark about being in the dark in the dark, only to look around and find yourself no longer in the dark about being in the dark in the dark, but in the dark in the dark nonetheless, not only because of the dark, but because of the ballerinas in the dark, who are not in the dark about the dark, but also not in the dark about the locked cabinet, and you may be in the dark about the ballerinas digging up the locked cabinet in the dark, even though you are no longer in the dark about being in the dark, and so you are in fact in the dark about being in the dark, even though you are not in the dark about being in the dark, and so you may fall into the hole that the ballerinas have dug, which is dark, in the dark, and in the park.”

--Lemony Snicket
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Going back to #Kohlberg , moral development research affirms that people progress through different stages of #moral reasoning as #cognitive abilities mature. Individuals at a lower level of moral reasoning judge moral issues mainly based on self-interest (personal interests schema) or based on adherence to laws and rules (maintaining norms schema), whereas individuals at the post-conventional level judge moral issues based on deeper principles and shared ideals. 


Kolberg's theory specifies six stages of moral development, arranged in three levels.

Level 1. Preconventional Morality

    Stage 1 - Obedience  and #Punishment
    The earliest stage of moral development is especially common in young #children , but adults are also capable of expressing this type of reasoning. At this stage, children see rules as fixed and absolute. #Obeying the rules is important because it is a means to avoid punishment.

    Stage 2 - #Individualism and Exchange
    At this stage of moral development, children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs. In the Heinz dilemma, children argued that the best course of action was the choice that best-served Heinz’s needs. Reciprocity is possible at this point in moral development, but only if it serves one's own #interests .

Level 2. Conventional Morality

    Stage 3 - Interpersonal Relationships
    Often referred to as the "good boy-good girl" orientation, this stage of moral development is focused on living up to #social expectations and roles. There is an emphasis on conformity, being "nice," and consideration of how choices influence relationships.

    Stage 4 - Maintaining Social Order
    At this stage of moral development, people begin to consider society as a whole when making judgments. The focus is on maintaining #law and order by following the rules, doing one’s duty and respecting authority.

Level 3. Postconventional Morality

    Stage 5 - Social Contract and Individual Rights
    At this stage, people begin to account for the differing values, #opinions , and #beliefs of other people. Rules of law are important for maintaining a society, but members of the society should agree upon these standards.

    Stage 6 - #Universal Principles
    Kohlberg’s final level of moral reasoning is based upon universal ethical principles and abstract reasoning. At this stage, people follow these internalized principles of #justice , even if they conflict with laws and rules.


http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0122914

http://www.haverford.edu/psychology/ddavis/p109g/kohlberg.stages.html
#sciencesunday  
Going back to Kohlberg, moral development research affirms that people progress through different stages of moral reasoning as cognitive abilities mature. Individuals at a lower level of moral reasoning judge moral issues mainly based on self-interest (personal interests schema) or based on adherence to laws and rules (maintaining norms schema), whereas individuals at the post-conventional level judge moral issues based on deeper principles and s...
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Researchers recorded the #brain 's reaction to each group of #letters in a few study words, focusing on the part of the brain associated with reading and #recognizing words. They found that participants' brains reacted differently to each acronym, enough that a computer system was able to identify each volunteer with 94 percent accuracy. The results suggest that #brainwaves could be used by security systems to verify a person's identity.

"If someone's #fingerprint is stolen, that person can't just grow a new finger to replace the compromised fingerprint -- the fingerprint for that person is compromised forever. Fingerprints are 'non-cancellable.' #Brainprints , on the other hand, are potentially cancelable. So, in the unlikely event that attackers were actually able to steal a brainprint from an authorized user, the authorized user could then 'reset' their brainprint," Laszlo said.

Journal Reference:
 Blair C. Armstrong, Maria V. Ruiz-Blondet, Negin Khalifian, Kenneth J. Kurtz, Zhanpeng Jin, Sarah Laszlo. Brainprint: Assessing the uniqueness, collectability, and permanence of a novel method for ERP biometrics. Neurocomputing, 2015; DOI: 10.1016/j.neucom.2015.04.025

#sciencesunday  
#scienceeveryday  
You might not need to remember those complicated e-mail and bank account passwords for much longer. According to a new study, the way your brain responds to certain words could be used to replace passwords.
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Thanks +Zahra Sadeghi  That makes perfect sense.. I was thinking to far ahead on how a person could still a brain wave pattern, like a portable scanning device of some type.. I must read to much sci-fi. :-D
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Professor +Geoffrey Hinton who was hired by  #Google two years ago to help develop #intelligent operating systems, said that the company is on the brink of developing algorithms with the capacity for logic, natural conversation and even flirtation.

Google is working on a new type of algorithm designed to encode #thoughts as sequences of #numbers – something described as “thought vectors”.

The idea that thoughts can be captured and distilled down to cold sequences of #digits is controversial, Hinton said. “There’ll be a lot of people who argue against it, who say you can’t capture a thought like that,” he added. “But there’s no reason why not. I think you can capture a thought by a vector.”

He painted a picture of the near-future in which people will chat with their computers, not only to extract information, but for fun – reminiscent of the film, Her, in which Joaquin Phoenix falls in love with his intelligent operating system.

 The technique works by ascribing each word a set of numbers (or #vector ) that define its position in a theoretical “meaning space” or cloud. A sentence can be looked at as a path between these words, which can in turn be distilled down to its own set of numbers, or thought vector.

The “thought” serves as a the bridge between the two languages because it can be transferred into the French version of the meaning space and decoded back into a new path between words.

The key is working out which numbers to assign each word in a language – this is where #deeplearning comes in. Initially the positions of words within each cloud are ordered at random and the translation algorithm begins training on a dataset of translated sentences.

At first the translations it produces are nonsense, but a #feedback  loop provides an error signal that allows the position of each word to be refined until eventually the positions of words in the cloud captures the way humans use them – effectively a map of their meanings.

Hinton said that the idea that #language can be deconstructed with almost #mathematical precision is surprising, but true. “If you take the vector for Paris and subtract the vector for France and add Italy, you get Rome,” he said. “It’s quite remarkable.”

#sciencesunday  
#scienceeveryday  
An algorithm developed by Google is designed to encode thought, which could lead to computers with ‘common sense’ within a decade, says leading AI scientist
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Which is why Inbox doesn't have any features?
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There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a #new order of things. Because the innovator has for enemies all those who have done well under the old conditions, and lukewarm defenders in those who may do well under the new.
This coolness arises partly from fear of the opponents, who have the laws on their side, and partly from the incredulity of men, who do not readily believe in new things until they have had a long experience of them.

--Niccolò Machiavelli 

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Standing desks– also known as stand-biased desks – are raised desks that have stools nearby, enabling students to sit or stand during class at their discretion. 

Mark Benden, Ph.D., CPE, associate professor at the Texas A&M Health Science Center School of Public Health, who is an ergonomic engineer by trade, originally became interested in #standing desks. Lessons learned from his research in this area led to creation of Stand2Learn™, an offshoot company of a faculty-led startup that manufactures a classroom version of the stand-biased desk.
http://www.stand2learn.com/

Benden’s previous studies have shown the desks can help reduce #obesity – with students at standing desks burning 15 percent more calories than students at traditional desks (25 percent for obese children) – and there was anecdotal evidence that the desks also increased engagement. The latest study was the first designed specifically to look at the impact of classroom engagement.

“Standing workstations reduce disruptive behavior problems and increase students’ attention or academic behavioral engagement by providing students with a different method for completing academic tasks (like standing) that breaks up the monotony of seated work,” Benden said. Simply put, we think better on our feet than in our seat.”

The key takeaway from this research, Benden said, is that school districts that put standing desks in classrooms may be able to address two problems at the same time: academic performance and childhood obesity.

#sciencesunday  
A new study reports students engage better in classroom activities when standing up.
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I think this could be very useful for meeting rooms too. It stops people from falling asleep!
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Zahra Sadeghi

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Half of the insanity of world is induced by the  #silence of those who understand.

--zahsa
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#Iran stands at the third position in #engineering graduates with an annual total of 233,695.
Which countries churn out the most engineering graduates every year? When it comes to engineering degrees, the United States, Japan and other developed nations produced the majority of the world's graduates over past few decades. However, things have started to change and a significant number of new engineering, manufacturing and construction [...]
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Old #friends are important. We can't make new old friends.

Researchers believe we may only have the brainpower to invest emotionally and mentally in a limited number of people.
The British and Finnish researchers believe we may only have the brainpower to invest emotionally and mentally in a limited number of people.
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"Always treat people as ends in themselves and never solely as means to an #end ."
--Kant

The idea here is that everyone, insofar as he or she is a rational being, is intrinsically valuable; we ought therefore to treat people as having a value all their own rather than merely as useful tools or devices by means of which we can satisfy our own goals or purposes. Other people are valuable not merely insofar as they can serve our purposes; they are also valuable in themselves.

Note that the formula does not rule out all cases of using someone else to satisfy my own desires or projects. That would seem to eliminate a very large number of human interactions!

http://www.trinity.edu/cbrown/intro/kant_ethics.html

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+peyman sheikholharam If you're asking my opinion, I'd say yes it is. But mostly, there's nothing wrong with desires but rather the actions we choose to take in order to materialize our desires and dreams. I think we're always aware of the consequence of our actions and how it affect others and the harm it might impose. However, in my experience, most people tend to blame someone/something to avoid holding themselves responsible and accountable for their deeds. 
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Not everyone with a PhD deserves to be called #Professor !
 
A mom stood up to leave Prof. Engelberg’s lecture when her baby wouldn’t stop crying. Instead, however, the professor took the child into his arms and continued teaching – as if nothing had happened

http://www.boredpanda.com/lecturer-soothes-crying-baby-professor-sydney-engelberg-hebrew-university/
Professor Sydney Engelberg, a 45-year lecturing veteran at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, was unfazed when the child of a mother at his lecture on organizational behavior began to cry. The embarrassed mom tried to leave the class, but instead, the father-of-four and grandfather-of-five scooped the kid up and soothed him in his arms – without missing a beat in the lesson.
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There are many theories about why so many dissertation #advisors are inadequate. These include:

    They have no training in advising
    They had poor advisors and thus no role models
    They lack motivation, because they are not rewarded for advising well

There is another reason for poor advising. #Professors fear being seen as inadequate. 

How Your Advisor Avoids Having You “Find Out”

In order to avoid being observed in this way, some advisors become very good at maintaining their distance. There are so many ways to do this:

    Make your graduate students feel like idiots. Then they will avoid you.
    Avoid contact with the students. They will think you hate them and avoid you.
    Take forever to return their work. They will think you hate their work and avoid you.
    Don’t return their phone calls and emails. They will think you’re upset because they’re avoiding you, and avoid you more.
    Become their friend, but forget to advise them. They won’t want to hurt your feelings by asking for more.

There are infinite variations on the theme of how not to let your graduate students know that you really didn’t deserve your Ph.D. in the first place. Today someone wrote me after taking my assessment “Do You Deserve a #PhD ?“, and asked a profound question, “Do (professors) deserve a Ph.D.?” My guess is that many of them would say, “No.”
If your dissertation advisor is not living up to your expectations, here are some hints as to how to handle it.
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Work
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  • University of Tehran
    Graduate Research Assistant, 2015
  • Stanford University
    Researcher, 2013 - 2014
  • Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM)
    Researcher, 2012 - 2015
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Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Previously
Menlo Park, CA - Palo Alto, CA - Mountain View, CA - Tehran, Iran - Manchester, UK - Turkey - Dubai - Italy - Los Angeles, CA - Seattle, Washington
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"Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go."--T. S. Eliot
Introduction
My interests lie in the following fields:
#Cognitive Science
#Computer Vision
#Neuroscience
#Brain Science
#Machine Learning
#Psychology
#Artificial Intelligence 
#Bio-inspired Algorithms
#Robotics
#Technology
#Quotes
#Photos



Education
  • Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
  • Software Enginnering
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