米大手教育出版社「マグロウヒル」（本社・ニューヨーク）が出版した 高校の世界史の教科書 2015.5.2 10:30 更新 【緯度経度】 米歴史教科書慰安婦記述へ批判、 米学界に「新風」 古森義久 （ 2/3 3/3 ページ） 米国の学問の自由もまだまだ健在のようだ。 慰安婦問題での米国の教科書の誤記への日本側の抗議を逆に糾弾した 米国側の歴史学者１９人の主張に対して、新進の米国人学者から 鋭い批判がぶつけられたのだ。 米国側の学者たちこそ慰安婦問題の事実関係を真剣にみず、 日本側からの正当な抗議...
So he needed to have or create just cause to participate in war. What he thought was to provoke and make Japan take action against the US. In other words, Japan was tactfully taken into a dirty plot of Roosevelt, who was a communist influenced by Joseph Stalin.
Economic sanctions against Japan
"President Franklin Roosevelt decided to apply oil embargo to Japan in 1941 trying to assist China where Japanese military forces were deploying. As he said, he took action stronger than words though he was not totally free from the Neutrality Acts. He was actually in a dilemma. In fact President Franklin Roosevelt pledged in presidency election campaign that he would not send American boys into any foreign wars. It was a promise which he made in order to win the presidential election. He regretted saying so later, but because these words of his, he might have won the presidential election.
He wanted to rescue the most important ally, which was Great Britain, and Prime Minister Churchill requested the United States to step in the European turmoil caused by Germany and even to Asia where Great Britain had colonies such as Burma, India, Malaysia, Hong Kong, etc.
President Roosevelt was steadily heading for war against Japan though he promised the US citizens not to send American boys to foreign wars. The United States put the following in practice against Japan.
Jul 1939 The US gave a notice to cancel the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between Japan and the United States
Dec 1939 Ceased the export of airplanes, gasoline production facilities and related technologies as the moral embargo
Jan 1940 The Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between Japan and the US expired, and not renewed
Jun 1940 The Export Control Act came into effect to forbid the exporting of aircraft parts, chemicals and minerals to Japan
Jul 1940 Exports of irons and steel cutting oils were restricted
Aug 1940 Fuels for aircraft was banned to export to areas except the West hemisphere
Sep 1940 Scrap steels were banned to export to Japan
Dec 1940 Aircraft lubricant oil production equipment and other related items were required to receive permission for exporting to Japan
Jun 1941 Exporting of oil to Japan needed a license
Jul 1941 All Japanese assets in the US were frozen
Aug 1941 Oil embargo began
On June 22, 1941, German armed forces attacked the Soviet Union. Two months later President Roosevelt decided on oil embargo against Japan. It is obvious that the actions of German Armed Forces and Japanese Armed Forces were linked in making such economic sanctions against Japan.
It is a historical myth indeed that the United States started to support the Soviet Union namely Stalin just because she was attacked by the enemy of Great Britain.
Any war strategy has the prime important purpose of winning. To win a war, military actions will have to be justified in the name of protecting the community or the country in danger from a foreign military threat. Was the US in danger in 1940’s? Not at all indeed. Both Germany and Japan had no intention to be engaged in war with the United States.
However, Great Britain badly needed supports from the United States. Prime Minister Churchill wanted President Roosevelt to pay attention to the war in Europe. President Roosevelt had no just cause to help Great Britain because his promise of not sending American boys to foreign wars to the voters of the United States restricted his action. Moreover, the US was not under attack by Germany or Japan at all. There was no visible danger to the United States.
What President Roosevelt did was to impose economic sanctions on Japan. Sanctions are much stronger than words, but not war of aggression. In other words, judging from the series of economic sanctions imposed on Japan by President Roosevelt may have been decided to induce Japan to attack the United States. If it had happened, the US would have had a reason to step in the war in the name of protecting the community which included Great Britain.
Japan was indeed put into serious trouble especially owing to the oil embargo. Japan was short of natural resources including not only oil but also other important minerals like iron ores, without which Japan faced grave difficulty to survive as a sovereign country.
The following phrase is written in page 113 of Freedom Betrayed.
“… The only known effective methods short of war and more than words are that we either support one side with supplies of food, raw materials, finance and munitions, or that we deny these to the other side by embargoes, boycotts or other economic sanctions…These proposals to use some sort of coercion against nations are of course a complete departure from neutrality in other peoples’ wars…”
Slowly and steadily Japan was coerced to fight the United States by President Roosevelt. It is the so called strategy well understood in the West but not in Japan. Perhaps Japanese might have faced this problem for the first time since Japan opened up to the West thanks to Commodore Perry and Consul General Harris. The two gentlemen, especially Harris tried all his best to understand Japanese mentality and the culture of Japan. Was he a rare American? Come to think about his profession as an educator with ardent Christianity belief, perhaps he was one of American intelligent gentlemen with high moral values. Japanese might have generalized that all Americans were like Harris, who didn’t use force or Western style strategy to open Japan to the West.
The United States had evolved so rapidly since Harris came to Japan. The US experienced the Civil War, during which she didn’t have much advanced military forces compared with Great Britain, but thanks to the Civil War, the US had formidable military forces in addition to very powerful economy. Great Britain wanted to have such powers to protect the nation from German military threats. "
I have just posted a message on my English blog to cheer up Premier Abe, who will deliver a speech at a joint meeting of the US Senate and House of Representatives on April 29, 2015.
Speaking your opinion in English is good for many non-Japanese people to understand facts about Japan while many non-Japanese people have been deceived by so called propaganda.
I attended a press conference at the Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan performed by Prof. Hata as one of his staff members on March 17th, and took its video, which was edited with English subtitled and posted on my YouTube site as follows.
I have access to renowned Japanese scholars including Prof. Fujiwara Nobukatsu not to mention Prof. Hata Ikuhiko, etc who have been studying Asian history on the comfort women issue and the Nanking Incident.
Perhaps we can cooperate each other.
1. THE NANKING MASSACRE: Fact Versus Fiction
A Historian’s Quest for the Truth
By HIGASHINAKANO Shudo, Professor of Intellectual History, Asia University, Tokyo
2. What Really Happened in Nanking
The Refutation of a Common Myth
by Tanaka Masaaki
Translated by Sekai Shuppan
3. Analyzing the “Photographic Evidence” of the Nanking Massacre
By Higashinakano Shudo, Kobayashi Susumu and Fukunaga Shinjiro
4. TOP-SECRET CHINESE NATIONALIST DOCUMENTS REVEAL THE TRUTH ABOUT THE NANKING INCIDENT
Higashinakano Shudo, Professor of Intellectual History, Asia University, Tokyo
About a month ago I deleted several Japanese members who were clashing and quarreling outside the community among themselves on quite a trifle matter, perhaps being instigated and trapped by bogus patriots, who could have been anti-Japan people. There are many dirty traps set up on the Internet, and we have to be careful not to be easily deceived and entrapped by them.
Those anti-Japan people especially who are manipulated by the Chinese Communist Party are good at disseminating disinformation on patriot's activities with lies. They have terrible thick skin in telling lies. Their philosophy or belief is that telling a lie strongly, openly and blatantly for more than 100 times will be taken as a fact by many people. This is how they spread lies on the Nanking Incident, comfort women incident, etc as if they were enjoying the competition of fabricating stories.
Many Japanese are unfortunately vulnerable at lies because the Japanese Samurai spirit which has strong influence on the mindset of ordinary Japanese are taught not to lie by society of Japan.
I will keep on fighting against anti-Japan people who have been producing and fabricating lies.
Friends, it is a very fine day here in the Kanto area Japan. I hope everyone has a good day!
- Futen no ToraVagabond a.k.a. Futen-no-Bill, 1951 - presentI have been travelling to many places on the globe, trying to find out the meaning of life.
- BuddhaApprentice, 1951 - presentTo practice what Buddha teaches me
William ("Bill") provides cross-cultural business advice, coaching, consulting and training to native and nonnative English speaking business people. Training includes "Effective Presentation to Japanese Business People", "Cross-cultural Communication with Japanese Business People" and "Win-win Negotiation with Japanese Business People". On the other hand, he provides cross-cultural training to Japanese business people who are engaged in cross-border business.
Many attendees to Bill's seminars and training sessions enjoy his entertainer-like performance. He learned this method from an American professional trainer in Boston Massachusetts in 1990 when he received sales management train-the-trainer training from a fortune 500 company. The trainer said to Bill, "Sales is a show where a salesman is an entertainer", which in fact was said by Ed McMahon, the greatest talk show entertainer in the US. Thanks to this exciting experience, he has become an entertainer cum trainer.
All programs that Bill produces are based on his empirical, down-to-earth, practical international business experiences for more than 30 years. He has analyzed such experiences and elicited important elements existing in actual cross-cultural business transactions.
They are utilized in the programs that Bill has made by himself. One of the strongest features is that his programs are not created from armchair theories but practical and actual business experiences of his own through mingling and struggling with a variety of business people in the world. Therefore, the benefits that the attendees can get from Bill's training are "effective, practical and useful solutions", which can be immediately applied to the business in relation to Japanese business people.